Federal Soldiers from Barbour County

From The History of Barbour County, West Virginia by Hu Maxwell,
published at Morgantown, WV, 1899.

No list has ever been compiled of the Union soldiers who went to the war from Barbour County Many went to other counties, and some to other states, and enlisted. In March, 1864, the county court voted a bounty of $200 for each volunteer credited to Barbour, and negotiations were entered into by the Board of Supervisors to borrow money from the Bank of Clarksburg to pay the bounty. In case the money could not be obtained at Clarksburg, the agent appointed for the purpose was authorized to go to Wheeling for it. No record is found in the court house here by which it is shown whether any money was obtained; but probably none was procured at that time, for on May 31, 1864, the court ordered that two notes, of $100 each, payable in nine and twenty-one months, with interest, be given to soldiers as their bounty. Following is a list of the soldiers entitled to the notes.

John ChipsCalvin CourtneyJohn D. Reese
Bernard W. FisherSamuel RandallPreston Campbell
Lloyd WrightJohn YatesFrancis Loman
Noah J. SipeJohn AndersonHenry H. Clutter
Joseph H. SatterfieldHenry H. GusemanThomas F. Wilson
A. F. WilsonOtha MooreSamuel W. Boyles
John CritsWilliam M. DuffieldAllen C. Marsh
Philip CoontsRolley WrightAndrew J. Wilmoth
George H. RichardsonJohn MillanJoseph H. Clayton
John R. GeorgeJoseph E. HillWesley Bolton
Adam MinearDavid H. CoxFrancis B. McDermott
James F. HarveyDavid D. RileyJ. M. C. Harris
Henry FortneyJames W. McAteeWilliam E. Walker

In June, 1864, an additional list of soldiers is found who were ordered to be paid the bounty. The names are given below:

William W. CainJ. F. CumberledgeJoseph S. Durrah
Remembrance L. FergusonBraly GumpHiram Gump
John HogeRobinson HostuttleAbraham Hostuttle
Joseph B. JohnsonNoah J. MerinerAlfred McMaster
William B. MartinDaniel WhiteWilliam O. Hennen
Vernon M. ClaryHenry S. WhiteStephen Stiles
Thomas J. AshleyGeorge W. AshleyJohn Boller
George H. BistellEmory B. ClaryElias N. Cornwell
Silas CornwellSabeus MainThomas H. Neal
Samuel RiggsRezin W. RegerOzias T. Richardson
Euric StrasniderStephen ShrislerJohn L. Scritchfield
Armor StrasniderFrancis M. StansberryHenry Taylor
William Van HornWilliam T. WhiteHamilton Wise
Lewis B. WorkmanDavid W. HeatherlyAbraham Johnson
 William Howell 

The Union soldiers from Barbour were exempt from poll tax. In September, 1864, the bounty was raised to $300, payable in three installments in four, eight and twelve months. At the same time a bounty was provided of $10, to go to the recruiting officer for each volunteer whom he might induce to enlist. The volunteer was required to be a citizen of Barbour. This measure was deemed necessary to prevent volunteers from other counties coming to Barbour to get the bounty. All counties did not offer the same bounty, and men who contemplated volunteering would go to the county which paid the highest bounty. Preston County, which was very liberal with bounties, paid them to many a volunteer from other counties. Additional soldiers from Barbour who were paid bounties, were Samuel Shanabarger, L. A. Egan, John Minear, Nehemiah Howell, C. G. Walsh, J. F. Wilson, A. Harris and Isaac Husk.

In November, 1864, the supervisors ordered the sheriff to nail up all the doors and windows of the court house, except the front door, which was to be kept locked. Soldiers and the public generally had disfigured and defaced the building, and it was the purpose to keep trespassers out. After the war closed the supervisors employed Edwin Frey and W. G. L. Totten, of Buckhannon, as the attorneys of Barbour County in its claim against the Government for damage done the court house and jail by United States troops. Their fee was to be fifteen per cent of all they could collect off the Government. There is no record that any money was ever collected.

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