NOTE: Elizabeth Swiger, a descendant of Tunis, compiled the book, "History and Family Record of the Morton Family of Webster County, West Virginia - The Continuing Story," and she related the following information in her book:

Tunis filed papers on 10 Dec 1833, claimed his age was 74 (born 19 Aug 1759), and presented an elaborate story of his Indian spy activities from 1776 to 1783. (S.9043) The purpose of the application was to obtain a Revolutionary War Pension, which was granted. However, "His name was dropped from the pension roll 13 March 1835 because in an investigation made by the U.S. District Attorney in 1834 it was found that he was only 61 years of age and therefore could not have served as alleged." (Letter from Commissioner, Rev War Section, 20 Apr 1914.)

Apparently, "he was only 61 years of age" refers to his age at the date of his application in 1833.

Does anyone know anything more about this? - Linda Fluharty



On this 10th day of December, 1833, personally appeared before me the subscriber a Justice of the peace in and for said Kanahawa County in the State of Virginia, Tunis Mucklewaine a resident of Kanawha County in the State of Virginia aged 74 years who being first duly sworn according to law doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefits of the act of Congress of the 9th June 1832. That he entered the service of the United States under the following named officers and served as herein stated. That in August 1776, he volunteered as an Indian Spy for three months under Captain Robert Davis in what is now Pendleton County in Virginia that he was marched to Evicks Fort and placed under Colonel Gregg. He with others of Captain Davis Company was ordered to spy westward in the North Fork and Seneca and as far as the top of the Allegany mountains which separates the waters that falls into Cheat river from those of the North fork and other waters of the South Branch of Potomac. He done so until in November 1776 when he was discharged by Captain Davis. Then in March 1777 he volunteered to serve six months as an Indian Spy under the same Captain Robert Davis. Captain Davis was this year under Col. Hutton, he was again ordered to spy from Eviks fort to a fort at a place called the upper tract and so westward on the North fork and its waters around their sources to the top of the Allegany. This year a man named Wilfong was returning home with a web from the weavers and a keg of five gallons of whiskey was taken prisoner by the Indians. On the succeeding night on the head of a right hand branch of Seneca creek, which empties into the North fork, he procured the Indians all to be drunk on the whiskey and escaped from them came to the fort at the tract and gave his narrative. Captain Davis with 20 chosen men of which declarent was one, pursued the Indians . We found their trail and pursued them through what is now called Tygarts valley in Randolph County crossing Leading creek, Sugar creek and the valley river below where Booths or Anglin's ferry now is into and through Harrison and Tyler Counties now West Augusta then to the Ohio river near the mouth of Middle Island. We could not overtake them, we returned much fatigued from a long march with scanty provisions. Continued to spy as before until in September when he was discharged having served six months this tour as an Indian Spy. Then in March 1778 he again volunteered to spy for six months in a company commanded by Captain McCoy in that part of Virginia which is now Pendleton County in Virginia the same place where his above recited service was performed although it was then Augusta County. His Captain McCoy rondevoued at Shrivers fort at the upper tract in now Pendleton County, Va. under the command of Col. Dyer. He was ordered again to spy westward in what is now Pendleton County across the North fork as well as up and down it, and up Seneca creek to report at Shrivers and Evicks forts every two weeks, this done till September 1778 when he was discharged having served six months this tour as a private and Indian Spy. Then again in May 1779 he again volunteered under Captain Trimble for six months as an Indian Spy in what is now Pendleton County in Va. He was ordered to what is now called Randolph County to Wilson's fort and ordered to spy across the county toward Buckhannon and back every two weeks. This he did till in November late when he was discharged, this year the command was given to Col. Duvall who was what was in those days in Virginia called "County Lieutenant." He was for many years in that part of Virginia a brave and vigilant officer.

In April 1780 he again volunteered in what is now Randolph County in Virginia under a Captain Stuart to act as an Indian Spy. He was ordered to spy from Wilsons fort to Buckhannon thence back to Westfalls fort in Taygarts Valley 15 miles above Wilsons and down the valley by Cassadays fort, two and a half miles above where Beverely Town now stands in Randolph County thence to Wilsons fort every two weeks, this he did till late in the month of October, 1780, when he was discharged having served six months this year as a private and Indian Spy. Again in March 1781 he was ordered out as an Indian Spy in what is now Randolph County under Captain Bogard by Col. Duvall for six months. He was ordered to spy in what is now Randolph, Lewis and Nicholas Counties and report to Buckhannon Warrecks and Cassadys forts, this he did from in March 1781 till in September of the same year when he was discharged after a hard and perilous service of full six months. In this year Cornwallis was captured and in 1782 he volunteered for three months in March under the command of Captain Bogard and Col. Duvall. He was ordered to perform the same routine of duty which he did in 1781 till in June 1782. There being more men remaining at home this year than usual he performed no more service this year. In 1783 he again volunteered in March to serve three months under Captain Wilson, Col. Westford, he spied on the same ground performing the same tours of service reporting to the same forts which he did in 1781 and 1782 till in June 1783 when he was discharged having served three months in each of the years 1782 and 1783 as private and Indian Spy. This was the last service during the continuance of the revolutionary war, but he acted as an Indian Spy, a ranger or scout every year after down to the year 1795. He served during the revolution not less than three years and three months as a private and Indian Spy during the revolution from 1776 till 1783 including both years. He saw no general officers that he now remembers, nor did he see any regular troops. He saw militia and Indian Spys a kind of mixed service. He knew Col. Gregg, Hulton, Matthews, Dyer, Westfall and Lowther. He does not now remember the numbers or names of regts. He has no documentary evidence. He knows of no person whose testimony he can procure who can testify to his services. He hereby relinqiushes every claim whatever to a pension or surruty except the present and declares that his name is not on the pension roll of the agency of any state. Subscribed and sworn to this day and year aforesaid.

Jacob  X  Mucklevaine

The seven interrogatories prescribed by the War Department were propounded to the applicant to which he answered as follows, viz:

1st That he was born on the 19th day of August 1759 in what is now Rockingham County in Virginia as he always heard.

2nd That he has no record of his age.

3rd That he was living in what is now Pendleton County in Virginia from thence to Randolph thence to Nicholas then to Kanahawa where he now lives.

4th That he volunteered first in 1776, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81. He was ordered out as an Indian spy, and in 1782 & 83 he again volunteered in all three years and three months.

5th He knew no general officers. He knew Col. Gregg, Hutton, Matthews, Dyer, Westfall and Lowther. He does not remember the numbers or names of regts. He saw no regular troops. The general circumstances of his service is as set forth above.

6th He received discharges from Captains Davis, McCoy, Trimble, Stuart, Bogard and Wilson, he has lost them all long since.

7th He is known in his present neighbourhood to Daniel B. Hardway and Jacob Mucklewaine.

They can testify as to his character for veracity and their belief of his services as a soldier of the revolution. There are no Clergymen residing near him. Sworn & Subscribed this day and year aforesaid.

Jacob  X  Mucklevaine

We, Daniel B. Hardway and Jacob Mucklevaine residing in the County of Kenhawa in said State of Virginia do hereby certify that we are well acquainted with Tunis Mucklevaine who has subscribed and sworn to the above declaration. That we believe him to be 74 years of age. That he is respected and believed to in the neighbourhood where he resides to have been a soldier of the revolution, and we concur in that opinion. Sworn and subscribed the day and year aforesaid.

Daniel B. Hardway

Jacob  X  Mucklevaine

And I the said Barnabas Cook a Justice of the Peace as aforesaid in and for the said County of Kenhawa in the said State of Virginia do hereby declare my opinion after the investigation of the matter and after putting the interrogatories prescribed by the War Department that the above named applicant Tunis Mucklevaine was a revolutionary soldier and Indian Spy and served as he states. And I the said Justice of the peace do further certify that Daniel B. Hardway and Jacob Mucklevaine who have signed and before me sworn to the proceeding certificate are resident citizens of the said county of Kenhawa in the said state of Virginia, that they are credible men and that their statement is entittled to credit. And I the said Justice do further certify that the applicant lives 55 miles from the courthouse of Kenhawa County, that he is to infirm and deseased to travel there without great inconvenience and that there is no Clergyman residing near him.

Given under my hand at my County and State aforesaid the 10th day of December 1833

B. Cook, J.P.

I, Alexander Quarrier, Clerk of the county Court of said County of Kenhawa do here certify that Barnabas Cook, Gent. before whom the foregoing declaration affidavits were made and who also makes the foregoing certificate, at that time was and still is an acting Justice of the Peace in and for the County aforesaid duly commissioned and sworn and that to all his acts as such full faith and credit is and ought to be given. And I do further certify that I believe his signature hereto affixed to be genuine.

In witness where of I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my Seal of office this 16th day of December 1833 and in the 58th years of the Commonwealth.

A. W. Quarrier, Clerk
Kenhawa County Court

Submitted by Norma Knotts Shaffer.

To submit Revolutionary soldiers,