Nation Makers

A Centennial of Stump Soldiery

 

By Tim Sullivan

 

 

French and Indian War

 

Michael: While Michael was not in the military, he was as brave as any man who ever dared the perils of the wilderness. When France and Britain vied for a new continent, the inhabitants of the South Branch Valley suffered a savage border war with all its horrors. The pioneers of western Virginia were under arms at all times, defending the infant settlements, against a savage foe. (Lewis, 6, 19, 22, Norman, 2)

 

 

Lord Dunmore's War

 

Michael II: It is said that Michael served in the Militia during Lord Dunmore's War and was stationed at Fort Culbertson, Summers Co., WV. Michael participated in the Battle of Point Pleasant.(Norman, 5, 6)

 

 

Revolutionary War

 

George: Major in George Washington's Army. Battle of Claypole.  b. 4/8/1745 Augusta Co., VA d. 4/22/1805 Hardy Co., VA. (Mineral Co., Norman, 7)

 

Leonard: Lt. Colonel, Hardy Co. Militia. Battle of Claypole. b. 11/21/1749 Augusta Co., VA d. 11/19/1828 Hardy Co., VA. (Mineral Co., Norman, 8)

 

Michael II: Lt. Colonel, Hardy Co. Militia, 1776-1781. Resigned Colonelcy and received commission as Captain of Light Infantry. Michael's Company engaged Lord Cornwallis' forces in the Battle of New Kent C.H. and witnessed his surrender at Yorktown, securing America's independence. (Norman, 6)

 

 

War of 1812

 

John: Pvt., Captain John Cunningham's Cav. Co. 3rd Regt., Hardy Co. VA. b. Hardy Co., VA. By General Orders of Jan. 12 and 15, 1815 Capt. Cunningham's Co. was called into service and was discharged in Richmond at the cessation of hostilities. (Lineage of John Stump has not yet been determined by the author. He maybe the John b.c. 1791, son of Leonard Jr. and Elizabeth See who m. Prudence Parsons, or the John b. Jan. 18, 1795, son of George and Elizabeth Wilson who m. Sarah Neff.) (Lewis, 171, Neff, Norman, 7)

 

Leonard: (son of Michael II) Captain b. Hardy Co. It is said that Leonard served in the War of 1812 and died from the ill effects of the war. (The author's research has failed to provide any official record of military service.) (Norman, 6)

 

 

Black Hawk War

 

George II: Pvt. Indiana Militia, dragoons. b. 1787, Hardy Co. VA, Farmer and Blacksmith, died in Pulaski Co., Ind., 1863. (Loftus, Norman, 10, 11)

 

 

War Between the States

 

Confederate

 

Albert Shock: Pvt. Co. K, 19th VA Cav. Imprisoned and paroled in May 1865 at Charleston, WV, age nineteen, 5'9" tall, dark eyes, dark hair, fair complexion. (Osborne, Weaver, 267, Sinnett)

 

Allen: Co. B, 3rd Regt. VSL. Later served in Co. B and Co. A, 19th VA Cav. b. ca. 1841. Enl. Frankfort, WV, 3/7/63, in Co. B. Enl. Williamsburg, WV, 3/1/64 in Co. A. Paroled at Charleston, WV, 5/10/65 as a member of Co. A, age 24, 6' 11', fair complx. brn hr, gray eyes and a mustache. Co. A 19th VA Cav. was comprised mostly of rangers from Calhoun Co. (Armstrong, 173, Norman, 19, Osborne, Weaver, 267)

 

Asa: (son of Jesse) Pvt. 1st Co. I and 2nd Co. G, 62nd VA  Inf. (mounted).  Enl. 8/20/62 in Braxton Co. VA. Present in quarantine as of 2/28/63. Deserted 10/25/63, took the oath of allegiance and posted bond. ( Delauter, 109, Norman, 16, 33)

 

Benjamin H: Pvt. Co. G, 8th VA Cav. Regt. Enl. 9/25/? In Calhoun Co. WV. On rolls of 10/31/64. (CCCW, 40, Dickinson, 109, Osborne, Weaver, 267, Norman, 28)

 

George W: Capt., Partisan Ranger who scouted for Col. Angus McDonald and Gen. Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson for the first year of the war. Enl. 8/20/62 in Hampshire Co., in 1st Co. G, 62nd VA Inf. (mounted) CSA. Appointed Capt. 9/6/62. Transferred as Capt. To Co. B 18th VA Cav. Regt. (Gen. Imboden's Brigade). Equipped the men of his Co. largely at his own expense. Severely WIA in the neck near Forrestville, VA 9/24/64. Captured and murdered by Union scouts led by Maj.Young at the home of his father, Adam Stump in Hampshire Co., (2/5/65). WV. Capt. Stump's Co. was much prized for their knowledge of the region. (CSR, Delauter, 93, 109, Blue, 13, 93, Jeff Davis, 84)

 

Jacob Shock: Pvt. Co. D, 31st VA Cav. Regt., b. 12 Dec.1837, d. 19 Feb. 1916, buried Shock Cemetery near Mt. Zion. (CCCW, Sinnett)

 

Levi Boggs: Lived near Orton and was a member of Co. D, 31st VA Inf. Regt. (Gilmer Rifles). (Family Papers, Sinnett, Norman, 13)

 

Levi: Pvt. Co. D, 31st VA Inf. CSA (Gilmer Rifles). Enl. 5/31/61 at Gilmer Co., C.H. by Capt. Mitchell for a period of one year. Age 19, 5'7", lt. complx., blue eyes, lt. hr., farmer. Co. Muster Roll dated 8/31/64 lists Levi as present and a sharpshooter. Captured at Beverly, WV, 10/29/64 by 8th Ohio Cavalry and forwarded 11/2/64, from Clarksburg, WV to Wheeling, WV, Military Prison, enroute for Camp Chase, Columbus, Ohio. clo. chits in 3 yrs. Signed for$1.98 commutation for rations which on furlough at 33 cents per day. (Ashcraft, 157, CSR, Norman, 31, 32)

 

Michael Stout: Sgt. Co. K. 19th VA Cav. Regt. Enl. Frankfort, Greenbrier Co., WV, 3/20/63. Age 29, farmer, Braxton Co., WV, 1860 Census. Attached to Hosp. At Warm Springs as a nurse 4/1/63 - 1/1/64. Sent to his Co. 5/4/63 and listed as Sgt. Cpd. Loudon Co. (near Harpers Ferry, WV), 7/15/64. Sent to Harpers Ferry then to confinement at Old Capital Prison, Washington, DC. Transf. To Elmira Prison, NY 7/23/64. Took the oath of allegiance and was released 6/16/65. 5'10", fair comp., light hair and gray eyes, a resident of Clarksburg, WV. (Osborne, Weaver 267, Sinnett)

 

 

Union

 

Albert H: Pvt. 165th Militia, Capt. R. W. Walker's Co., Appears on muster roll dated Aug. 28, 1862. (WVDCH, Norman, 20, 36)

 

Anderson: Pvt. Capt. Burkes - J. H. Co. Appears on muster roll dated Aug. 28, 1862 (WVDCH, Norman 16)

 

Andrew: Enl. 1864, 121st Indiana Vol. Inf. "100-day-man". Enl. 1/65 in 151st Indiana, but never received baptism of fire. (Battey)

 

Asa L: (son of Lemuel) Pvt. Capt. R. W. Walker's Co. Appears on muster roll dated Aug. 28, 1862. Later served in Co. H, 6th Inf. Regt. (WVDCH, Norman, 23)

 

Bailey: Pvt. 165th Militia, Capt. R. W. Walker's Co., Appears on muster roll dated Aug. 18, 1862. (WVDCH, Norman, 14)

 

Charles E: Pvt. Home Guard, Enrolled Oct. 28, 1863, Walton, WV in Capt. Wm. Gandee's Scouts for a period of one year. B. 7/29/1847. (Cummings, 105, Norman, 19, WVDCH)

 

Elliot: Pvt. 165th Militia, Capt. R. W. Walker's Co. Appears on muster roll dated Aug. 28, 1862. (WVDCH, Norman, 13, 22)

 

Henderson Beall: Pvt. Co. C, 11th WV Regt. of Vols. b. Lewis Co.  Enl. at Arnoldsburg 18 Aug.1862 for three years. Captured 19 Oct. 1864 at Cedar Creek, VA. Died at Pine Bottom, Calhoun Co., 11 Oct. 1865 of chronic disease contracted in service, buried Big Bend Cemetery. ( CCCW, 3, Norman, 14)

 

Henry: Pvt. Enl. 1/21/62, Co. G, 9th WV Inf. Regt, Spencer, VA for a period of three years. Co. Muster Roll dated 3/1/62 lists Henry as sick in hospital. Promoted 6/30/62 to Corporal. Muster Roll dated 11/62-12/62 lists Henry absent, sick. 5/63-6/63, absent on furlough. 6/63-12/63 on detached service in Roane, Co., WV recruiting for Co. 10/5/63 promoted to 1st Lt., Co. K 13th WV Inf. Regt. Discharged as enlisted man by order of Gen. Kelly. S.O. #82 dated 2/19/64 from the War Dept. grants Lt. Stump leave of absence to enable him to attend the present session of the WV Legislature, of which he is, a member, by order of the Secretary of War, E. D. Townsend.  2/9/64 promoted to Captain. On 7/3/64 Henry tenders his resignation, as he is no longer able to perform his duties due to physical disability. Col. Rutherford B. Hayes approves and respectfully forwards with the request that the resignation be accepted for the good of the service. Upon the Surgeon's recommendation that Henry is suffering from chronic rheumatism and the debility disables this officer from duty to a remarkable degree, Henry is mustered out of service on 10/18/64. b. 1/25/1819. d. 8/23/1905. Buried, Looney Cemetery, Johnson Creek. (Cummings, CSR, 105, Norman, 19)

 

Jacob J: Pvt. 165th Militia, Capt. R. W. Walker's Co. Appears on muster roll dated Aug. 28, 1862. (WVDCH, Norman 15, 26)

 

Maranda H: Pvt. 165th Militia, Capt. Burkes - J. H. Co. Appears on muster roll dated Aug. 28, 1862. Later served as Sgt. Gilmer Co. Scouts, Capt. Wm. T. Wiant Indp. Co. Enrolled June 24, 1864 at Glenville for a period of one year. Mustered out on May 30, 1865. (WVDCH, Norman, 16, 32)

 

Michael: Pvt. Co. G, 9th WV Inf. Enl. 8/29/62 at Gauley Bridge, VA for three Years. Died at Camp Beverly, VA 11/7/62 of typhoid fever. (The fever claimed more lives than combat did) b.c. 1846. Buried Looney Cemetery, Johnson Creek. (Cummings, 105, CSR, Norman, 19)

 

Melville: Pvt. 165th Militia, Capt. R. W. Walker's Co. Appears on muster roll dated Aug. 28, 1862 (WVDCH, Norman, 14, 25)

 

Salathiel:  Lt. Colonel, 165th Militia, Gilmer Co. Received commission 6/5/62. b. 1/23/1832. Salathiel was a successful miller who owned and operated a saw and gristmill near Brooksville. He was a generous and hospitable man, a kind neighbor and a useful citizen. (Hardesty, WVDCH, CCCW, 41, Norman, 14)

 

Sida H: Pvt. 165th Militia, Capt. R. W. Walker's Co. Appears on muster roll dated Aug. 28, 1862 (WVDCH, Norman, 18)

 

 

Prisoner of War

 

John: The Reverend John Stump, though sympathetic to the Southern cause, tried to remain neutral and as result, suffered maltreatment from both sides. During the war the Reverend was engaged in a series of evangelistic meetings at the old Bethlehem Baptist Church. A Confederate soldier named Burroughs, who was home on furlough and was attending the meetings. One night a body of Union soldiers surrounded the house and arrested the rebel along with the Reverend and his brother-in-law, Daniel Huffman. The prisoners were taken to Glenville and put to work on the prison work-gang. On Saturday evening the Reverend Mr. Huffman approached the Captain and asked if they would be permitted to preach while they were in prison. The Captain said, "We have services every Sunday morning and that he would be pleased to have them preach at these services as often as they wished." Daniel ran off quickly to tell the Reverend Stump the good news, as he called it. The Reverend looked at Daniel with a disgusting expression on his face and said, "If there's any preaching to this gang of cut-throats, you'll do it yourself, I'll die before I'll preach to such scoundrels." On Sunday morning the Reverend Huffman spoke from Isaiah 16:3, "Take counsel, execute judgment; make thy shadow as the night in the midst of the noonday; hide the outcasts; betray not him that wandereth." While the Reverend Huffman was never termed a big preacher, he was considered in those days an exhorter, but an awful good man. But the Reverend Stump, to his old days, said he never heard such a sermon come from the lips of man, be great or small. At the close of the service the Captain came up to both of them with tears running down his face and said: "Men, go home. You have no business here. That kind of preaching is far better for home folks than an army which has to fight." The men went home and were never again, molested by the Union army. (Stump, Norman, 20)

 

 

Notes

 

George W., Levi and Levi Boggs were in Gen. Stonewall Jackson's Army of the Valley during his Shenandoah Valley Campaign.

 

George and Asa were in the same regt. (62nd) Under Gen. John D. Imboden.

 

During the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1864, Capt. Henry Stump's Co. was under the command of General Crooks' army of WV, which was attached to General Sheridan. At the Battle of Fishers Hill, Gen. Crooks' army overran the Confederate left, which Gen. Imboden's Cavalry, (dismounted) held. While it is doubtful that Capt. Henry and Capt. George meet in combat, their companies did engage one another.

 

 

Bibliography

 

Armstrong, Richard L. "19th and 20th Virginia Cavalry" Lynchburg, H. E. Howard Publishing, 1994

 

Ashcraft, John M. "31st Virginia Infantry" Lynchburg, H.E. Howard, Inc., 1988

 

Battey, F. A. & Co. "Counties of White and Pulaski Counties, Indiana - White Post Township" Pulaski County Biography Ref. Page, file://C:\My%20Documents\Pulaski%20County%20Biography%20Ref_%20Page.htm

 

Blue, John Lt. "Hanging Rock Rebel" Shippensburg, Burd Street Press, 1994

 

Calhoun County in the Civil War (CCCW) "Some Civil War Soldiers of Calhoun County"    http://www.rootsweb.com/~wvcalhou/soldiers.htm  5/16/2002

 

Compiled Service Records (CSR) National Archives

 

Cummings T. R. "Roane County Blue and Gray" Spencer, Roane County Historical Society, 2000

 

Delauter, Roger U. "18th Virginia Cavalry", "62nd Virginia Infantry" Lynchburg, H. E. Howard Publishing, 1985, 1988

 

Dickinson, Jack L. "8th Virginia Cavalry", Lynchburg, H. E. Howard Publishing, 1986

 

Family Papers

 

Hardesty, "Hardesty's History of Calhoun Co. WV", Calhoun County Biography's, (Linda Fluharty) http://www.rootsweb.com/~wvcalhou/biosstump.txt  5/18/2002

 

Hewett, Janet B. "The Roster of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865", The Roster of Union Soldiers" Broadfoot Publishing Co.

 

Lewis, Virgil A "Soldiery of West Virginia" Clearfield Company, Inc., 1998

 

Loftus Carrie "Indiana Militia in the Black Hawk War" Signal Mountain, Tennessee Mountain Press,

 

Mineral County "Hampshire Tory Insurrection" http:///www.rootsweb.com/~wvminera/revtoryinsur.htm

 

Neff, J. W. "Leonard Stump Jr. and Sr. Hardy Co., VA" http://www.genforum.genealogy.com/stump/messages/321.html

 

Norman, Don "Descendants of Michael Stump" http://wwww.rootsweb.com/~hcpd/norman/Stump.1  5/16/2002

 

Osborne, Randall and Weaver, Jeffrey C. "The Virginia State Rangers and State Line" Lynchburg, H. E. Howard Publishing, 1994

 

Sinnett, Joyce A. (Presented By) "Michael Stump Descendants", Calhoun County Pioneers http://www.rootsweb.com/~wvcalhou/stump-michael.txt

 

Stump, Ofa E. Rev. "Traditional Stories" Calhoun Co. in the Civil War, http://www.rootsweb.com/~wvcalhou/stump.htm  5/18/2002

 

"The Papers of Jefferson Davis" (Jeff Davis) Vol. 9, Jan.-Sept. 1863, Baton Rouge, Louisiana State University Press, 1997

 

West Virginia Division of Culture and History, (WVDCH) "West Virginia Union Militia in the Civil War" http://129.71.134.132/militia/wvunmil.html 5/16/2002