The Hinkle Family


My family's connection to the Hinkle line began with the marriage of Mary Magdalena Hinkle to John Skidmore in 1760. Hannah Skidmore, a daughter from that marriage, married Charles Rogers who emigrated from Ireland in 1776. Charles and Hannah established my mother's paternal line in this country. My mother was Clemmie Ann Rogers who married Levy D. Friend. Both parents were born and lived in Ivydale, Clay County, West Virginia.

The Hinkle family emigrated to America from Germany, and the name is spelled various ways - Henckel, Henkel, Hinkle - but the original German spelling was Henckel. Different lines of the family eventually used different spellings of the name.

The family is said to have descended from the German nobility through Count Conrad Henckel von Donnersmarck, who was one of the commanders of the Hungarian Army in its battle with the Turks in 1527. I have no further information about this connection.

There are scattered dates available for three early generations of Henckels in our line, but I have no further information on these ancestors: Ludwig Henckel, b. 1535; Caspar Henckel, b. 1576, d. March 2, 1650/51; and Matthias Henckel, b. 1605. All were born in Allendorf, Hesse Darmstate, Germany.

With the next generation, information is more complete. George Henckel, who lived in Merenberg, Germany, was born in 1635 and died January 29, 1678. He is buried in the Lutheran churchyard at Merenberg. He married Anna Eulalia Dentzer on May 2, 1666. Anna, the daughter of Othmar Dentzer and Loysa Wagner, was born in 1640 and died March 11, 1700. She is buried in the Lutheran churchyard at Steinberg. Loysa Wagner was the daughter of Ludwig Wagner of Steinberg. George Henckel attended the University at Giessen and was schoolmaster of Merenberg from 1662 until he died in 1678.

George and Anna Henckel had six children who were baptized in the Lutheran Church in Merenberg: Elizabetha Catherina, April 19, 1667; Anthonius Jacobus, October 27, 1668; Johannes Christiannus, April 16, 1671; Johan Konrad, February 15, 1674; Johann Georg, November 28, 1675; Philipp Konrad, July 17, 1678.

Anthony Jacob (Anthonius Jacobus) Henckel, the forbearer of our line, emigrated to America with his family to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in his forty-ninth year. He was part of the German migration encouraged by William Penn in an effort to get settlers for his new colony. There is speculation also that his emigration was motivated by his conflicts with the Catholic Church in Germany.

Before Anthony Jacob Henckel's arrival in America, he had a distinguished career as a Lutheran minister in Germany. He attended Geissen University and graduated on January 16, 1692. He was ordained as a Lutheran minister at Eschelbronn, February 28, 1692, and was pastor at Eschelbronn, Monchzell, Daudenzell, Neckargemund, and Zutzenhausen. His two older children were born in Eschelbronn and were baptized in that church where he was pastor from 1692 to 1695. His ten younger children were born at Daudenzell and were baptized in that church where he was pastor from 1695 to 1714. Five children died in infancy, and seven came with him and his wife to America. He and his family left for America some time after June 3, 1717 and arrived at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. They settled near Philadelphia near the New Hanover Lutheran Church, and Henckel preached there and to many other German Lutheran congregations and settlements.

Described by his contemporaries as being six feet tall with great physical strength, he was bold and courageous and had a vigorous missionary zeal. As a Lutheran minister, he traveled on horseback as a circuit preacher into the wilderness in southeastern Pennsylvania, to the Germans in Virginia, and to the German Lutheran congregations within distance of his home. Credited with the establishment of the Lutheran Church in Germantown, a memorial tablet was placed in St. Michael's Lutheran Church in Germantown, Pennsylvania in 1917 citing him as the founder and first pastor of St. Michael's Church. On August 17, 1728, as he was returning home one dark night from the sick bed of one of his congregation, his horse stumbled and threw him off. He was taken to the home of Herman Goothausen where he died that night. His wife Maria Elizabetha died January 24, 1744 at seventy-three years of age. They are both buried in St. Michael's Lutheran churchyard, Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Their children were: Johann Nicolaus, b. February 18, 1693, d. May 14, 1693; Johanna Frederika, b. March 29, 1694; John Melchior, b. January 30, 1696, d. September 27, 1706; John Gerhard Anthony, b. January 12, 1698; Maria Elizabetha, b. December 31, 1699; George Rudolphus, born October 19, 1701; Anna Maria Christina, b. February 9, 1704, d. September 25, 1708; John Justus, b. February 10, 1706, d. August, 1778; Benigna Maria, b. September 30, 1707, d. December 22, 1708; Jacob Anthony, b. July 9, 1709; Maria Catherine, b. May 10, 1711; Johann Philipp, b. April 26, 1713.

In his will Anthony Jacob Henckel left to his two youngest sons, John Justus and Anthony Jacob, the 250-acre home farm in New Hanover Township, then in Philadelphia County, now Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. John Justus' share was 150 acres. In about 1730, John Justus married Maria Magdalena Eschmann, daughter of Abraham and Elizabeth Eschmann of German-Swiss origin, and settled on a farm near Macungie Creek, now Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, paying taxes as late as 1748 in Pennsylvania.

By 1750 he sold his property in Pennsylvania and made the long journey down the mountain valleys from Pennsylvania into North Carolina. In 1751 he was living on Dutchman's Creek in the Fork of the Yadkin, approzimately 13 miles from Salisbury, Rowan County, now Davidson County, North Carolina. He and his family lived there until danger from Indians prompted him to move his wife and twelve children to what is now Germany Valley, Pendleton County, West Virginia. Their new land was near the Shawnee Indian Trail, so there the family built a log fort for protection in 1761-62, the site of which can still be seen today. John Justus, his sons, and his sons-in-law participated actively in the defense of the frontier during the Revolutionary War and furnished supplies for the Continental forces. The Hinkle Fort farm became the headquarters and training grounds of the North Fork Battalion.

After John Justus' death in 1778, his son Abraham owned the property and carried on through the remainder of the war and until danger from Indians passed. A granite marker was unveiled by the Henckel Family Association at the site of the Hinkle Fort on September 29, 1936. A monument was also erected to the memory of John Justus and his wife in the graveyard of the Henckel homestead at a spot near the grave of Abraham Henckel.

Children of John Justus and Mary Henckel were: Anna Maria Elizabeth, b. 1731, m. Moses Ellsworth; Jacob Henckel, b. ca. 1733, d. 1779, m. Mary Barbara Teter; Rebecca, m. Paul Teter; Catherine, m. Adam Biffel; Mary Magdalena b. 1739, d. October 18, 1829, m. John Skidmore; Abraham b. ca. 1749, d. 1815, m. Mary Catherine Teter; Susannah Henkel, married Philip Teter; John Justus, Jr., b. January 14, 1752, d. 1794, married Christiana Negely; Hannah, m. Andrew Johnson in 1791; Elizabeth, m. Christian W. Ruhlman, d. 1754; Isaac, b. ca. 1756, d. October, 1824.

Solomon and Ambrose Henkel, great grandsons of John Justus Henckel through his son, Jacob Henkel, established the Henkel Press in 1806 at New Market, Virginia. They published, among other items, church minutes and pamphlets, small graded school books, and hymnals. In 1807, Ambrose Henkel began the publication of the first German newspaper in the South, "Virginia and New Market Popular Instructor and Weekly News." Nearly all the publications were in German; some pamphlets were in English. They were noted, however, for their publication of the works of Luther in the English language, sanctioned by the Tennessee Synod. Henkel family papers, correspondence, and items printed by their press have been preserved in the rare books and manuscripts collections at the College of William and Mary, the University of Virginia, and Duke University.

Mary Magdalena Hinkle, daughter of John Justus, married John Skidmore in 1760. Skidmore was born June 10, 1736 and died October 12, 1809. A farmer on the North Fork, he was Captain of the North Fork Company in the Revolutionary War and was later promoted to Major. He was severely wounded in service at Point Pleasant.

Their children, surnamed Skidmore, were: James b. ca. 1763, d. ca. 1829, m. Rachel Morrell; Phoebe, b. October 22, 1765, d. September 1824, m. Alexander Taylor; John, b. ca. 1767, d. August 9, 1828, m. Nancy Pringle, April 11, 1791; Ezekiel, b. ca. 1769, d. ca. 1771; Elijah, b. January 9, 1773, d. August 21, 1815, m. Eleanor Westfall, January 7, 1794; Nancy, b. January 10, 1775, d. July 10, 1856, m. ---Samuels, m. John George Dahmer, November 20, 1810; Hannah, b. 1776, d. 1847, m. Charles Rogers; Rachel, b. ca. 1777, d. January 3, 1850; Andrew, b. May 10, 1779, d. September 24, 1863, m. Elizabeth Taylor Stonestreet; Levi, b. ca. 1781, d. April 15, 1828, m. Nancy Belknap, June 15, 1810; Isaac, b. ca. 1783, d. July 1833, m. Mary Benson; Mary, b. 1785, d. November 20, 1854, married Adam Lough; Susannah, b. June 4, 1788, d. April 1, 1868, m. Nicholas Harper September 30, 1819; Edith, b. September 15, 1789, d. 1857, m. Robert Chenoweth.

Hannah Skidmore, daughter of Mary Magdalena Hinkle and John Skidmore, married Charles Rogers who was born in Londonderry, Ireland, in 1774 and supposedly entered America as a stowaway in a hogshead on a freighter which landed on the Virginia coast in 1796. They were married in the same year in Pendleton County, Virginia (now West Virginia) where they lived for fourteen years in the Shenandoah Valley, later moving to what is now Wallback in Clay County, West Virginia. Hannah died in 1847 and Charles died in 1849, and they are buried in Pleasant Hill Cemetery at Wallback. Their children were: John, b. 1796; Margaret, b. 1799; Levi b. 1803; Noah, b. 1806; Elijah, b. 1809; and James, b. 1820.

Levi Rogers, a son of Hannah and Charles Rogers, was born January 5, 1803 and died on August 2, 1871. He was married to Naomi Skidmore on March 3, 1825 in Nicholas County, Virginia (now West Virginia). Naomi, the daughter of Andrew and Margaret Ellen Skidmore and a cousin to Hannah Skidmore, Levi's mother, was born in Nicholas County on December 4, 1809 and died February 7, 1877. Levi and Naomi had nineteen children, ten of them reaching adulthood: Hanna H., b. March 30, 1826, d. April 9, 1868, m. Adam J. Hyer, May 17, 1845; Andrew Seth, b. September 20, 1831, d. Sept. 10, 1875, m. Mary Jane Griffith, October 30, 1851; Allen S., b. February 21, 1837, d. December 4, 1877, m. Susan M. Hill, November 13, 1859; Mary E., b. March 24, 1843, m. Samuel Fugate; Margaret Jane, b. September 17, 1845, m. George Fitzwater, November 17, 1859; Emma, b. April 29, 1846, d. May 13, 1889, m. James J. Smith, December 5, 1860; Alfred Morgan, b. June 18, 1848, d. 1927, m. Mary Florence Davis, December 31, 1868, m. Sarah Summers, September 13, 1877; Sarah E., b. April 17, 1850, d. September 10, 1928, m. Matthew H. Davis, September 14, 1882; Levi P., b. May 16, 1851, m. Mary E. Hanshaw, March 1, 1877, m. Sally A. Coger, June 12, 1884; James A., b. 1814, d. October 15 or November 7, 1861, m. Christina Cook.

Allen S. Rogers, son of Levi Rogers, married Susan M. Hill in Kanawha County, Va. (now West Virginia) on November 13, 1859. Susan, daughter of Henry and Susannah Smith Hill, was born August 27, 1837. She was married previously to John C. Booker on November 3, 1852 in Kanawha County and after Allen's death married Thomas M. Arthurs on February 6, 1879 in Clay County, West Virginia. The children born to Allen and Susan were: Levi Bascom, b. August 24, 1861, d. January 15, 1918, m. Susan M. Moore January 17, 1882; Adaline V., b. ca. 1865, m. Henry F. Cline, December 23, 1885, m. Samuel Camp; James Anderson, b. March 16, 1868, d. January, 1932, m. Malinda Belle Dawson, November 8, 1894, married again, name not known; Selina M., b. August 22, 1866, m. Francis M. Reed; Jerusha Adaline, b. May 1, 1870, d. February 24, 1937, m. Marshal Clark Friend; William H. Harrison, b. about 1871, d. July 21, 1911, m. Mary A. Boggs; Columbia b. and d. 1873.

James Anderson Rogers, son of Allen S. Rogers and Susan M. Hill, and Malinda Belle Dawson had seven children: Gilbert, b. April 16, 1895; Lula Jane b. 1896; Henry Herman, b. November 3, 1901; Clemmie Ann, b. April 2, 1904; James Jenkins, b. October 9, 1906; Rhoda Gay, b. October 27, 1908; and Westy Caroline (Lina) b. July 30, 1897.

As I indicated in the beginning of this paper, my mother was Clemmie Ann Rogers. She married Levy D. Friend and she, along with my father, is buried in the Friend Cemetery at Ivydale, West Virginia. This research paper clearly shows the genealogical ties between my maternal ancestors and the Skidmore and Hinkle families. Both of these families are old and distinguished lines in this Country and both have well documented ties to the American Revolutionary War and beyond.


This research paper was written by Linda Friend Adams in February of 1998. The following resources were used in its preparation:

1. Henkel Memorial Association, The Henkel Memorial, York, PA, 1910

2. Henckel Family Association, Henckel Family Records, New Market, VA. 1926

3. Friend, Art, The Rogers Family of Clay County,

4. Don Norman Web Site, www.everton/com/norman.don/

5. The Jarvis Family and Other Relatives, cgibin1,