OCCUPATIONS OF EARLY GREENBRIER BLACK RESIDENTS

Compiled by Carol L. Haynes

    The majority of early Black/Mulatto residents of Greenbrier County appear to have been farmers, laborers, servants, cooks, laundresses/washerwomen, draymen, wagoners, railroad workers, hostlers, or keeping house. This writer has found only a few coal miners before 1900. There are also a number of children who are designated as "nurses". The following is a list of some early Greenbrier residents who were engaged in other occupations, namely:

 (1) Carpenters/Stone and Brick Masons
 (2) Lawyers
 (3) Blacksmiths
 (4) Silversmiths
 (5) Shoemakers
 (6) Barbers
 (7) Physicians/Doctors
 (8) School Teachers/Educators
 (9) Chauffeurs
(10) Clergymen/Ministers
(11) Business Owners
(12) Butchers

CARPENTERS/STONE AND BRICK MASONS

Name Census Year Age Trade
Allen, Byron 1880 45 Carpenter
Allen, James 1880, White Sulphur Springs District, Mulatto Male 36 Carpenter
Davis, Jordan 1870 40 Bricklayer/Plasterer
Ellis, Shields 1910 25 Plasterer
Gray, James 1880 50 Carpenter
Harris, Samuel 1870 30 Carpenter
Hayes, Adam 1880 49 Carpenter
Haynes, Dudley 1910 48 Plasterer
Haynes, George W. n/a   Stonemason
Haynes, James D. 1920 48 Stonemason
Jones, Adam 1880, White Sulphur Springs District, Mulatto Male 42, b. in Va. Carpenter
Kyle, James 1870 41 Brick Mason
Lacy, James 1880
1900
31
37
House Painter
Cabinet Maker
Richardson, James 1880 31 House Painter
Scott, George 1870 23 Brick Mason
Davis, Jordan 1880 54 Brick Mason

LAWYERS

Name Census Year Age
Gardner, James P.D. n/a not known
Sweeney, Thomas 1900 32

BLACKSMITHS

Name Census Year Age
Allen, Robert n/a not given
Brown, William 1880, White Sulphur Springs District, Mulatto Male 32, b. in Va.
Holmes, Peter 1880 40
Lee, Daniel 1870
1880, Black Male, Williamsburg District
1900
26
37, b. in Va.
63
Long, George 1880 39
Messenburg, George 1850 23
Nabers, Madison 1880 45
Watson, Benjamin 1880, White Sulphur Springs District, Mulatto Male, boarder with James Allen. 50, b. in Va.

SILVERSMITHS

Name Census Year Age
Woods, William 1870 35

SHOEMAKERS

Name Census Year Age
Allen, Banner 1870 68
Banister, James 1880 22
Jefferson, Henry 1870
1880
34
43
Johnson, Edmond/Edward 1880 53
Lacy, Joseph 1880, Lewisburg District, Black male 35, b. in Va.
Lipscomb, William 1880 22
Pryor, Haskins 1880
1900
24
44
Salsberg, Daniel 1850 47
Walters, ?Caleb 1880, White Sulphur Springs District, Black Male 43, b. in Va.
Wylie, William 1880, White Sulphur Springs District, Mulatto Male 37, b. in Va.

BARBERS

Name Census Year Age
Anderson, John 1920 60
Carter, E. 1900 28
Cousins, Hamlin 1870
1880
37
46
Hopkins, Angis A. 1910 21
White, Charles 1880, White Sulphur Springs District, Black Male 40, b. in Va.

PHYSICIANS/DOCTORS

Name Census Year Age
James, Thomas
Mulatto male
1870, Physician
1880, Root Doctor
47
58
Noble, William 1850 30

SCHOOL TEACHERS/EDUCATORS

Name Census Year Age
Armstead, Isaac 1880 37
Bolling, Edward Anderson n/a b. 11/18/1860
Bowles, William 1910 30
Brown, Lucy 1900 22
Crawford, Andrew 1880 48
Perkins, Benjamin 1880 21
Perkins, Harry 1900 19
Taylor, George W.
Mulatto Male
1880, Lewisburg District, living with Jordan Davis. 28, b. in Va.

CHAUFFEURS

Name Census Year Age
Patterson, B. B. 1920 49

CLERGYMEN/MINISTERS

Name Census Year Age
Barnett, W.J. 1870 33
Butler, James H.
Mulatto male
1880, Lewisburg District 41
Collins, Daniel 1870 34
Diskins, George W. 1880 29
Dunable, Trifin 1910 47
Franklin, Benjamin A. 1880, Lewisburg District 24, b. in Texas
Lewis, Charles 1900 55
Messenbourg, Caesar **
Maston, Lemuel 1870 25
Maston, William
Black Male
1880, White Sulphur Springs District, Methodist Minister 68, b. in Va.
Saunders, Edward
Black male
1880, Lewisburg District 42, b. in Va.

* Caesar Messenbourg is mentioned in an article entitled "OLD LEWISBURG ACADEMY" which appeared in the Greenbrier Independent (July 20, 1882).

BUSINESS OWNERS

Name Census Year Age Type
Crawford, Garfield 1910 30 Restaurant

BUTCHERS

Name Census Year Age
Crawford, Taylor 1910
1920
56
72

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