September 1868

of the George William Washington Diary

1st, 70°, Tuesday: Rained some during the night, still threatening, two plows running and one harrow. Set the small boys to hauling manure on the meadows. I go to attend court, having been summoned as a juror. Paid Baker for two Cling bridles $4, paid Jno. Pearce balance on subscription to defray cost on Rebel Suits $55. Paid Keller tavern bill, 85 cents. We had some speaking from Colonel Johnson, Thomas Carshaddon Esquires. The Judge being sick there was no court nor will there be next term.

2nd, 72°, Wednesday: I rode to Springfield. Paid William Adams $80.50 in full on the Connelly note-for the colt I bought of him last fall. Went to James Brady's to pay him, but he did not want his money, insisted I should keep it.....will do so, and pay H. R. Hoffman what I owe him. We let Worthy Montgomery have the repair of the church for $275. He is to put it in perfect order. Do all the work that is to be done except the painting, for that sum. Discharged Old Wash paid him in full $5.

3rd, 70°, Thursday: Commenced raining about light and every prospect of a settled rain. 11 o'clock and still at it. Too bad for the boys to be out. Set them to cleaning up the flax seed, etc. Mr. Pugh commenced work in the shop for me. Dave not come. A day of rain. The ground has got the best soaking it has had for months.

4th, 66°, Friday: While cloudy and damp think the rain not over yet. Dave not come. Gave Arty Young $5 and had two grubbing hoes sharpened for him $. Bert Parker came to see us. Mrs. W. and myself rode to Springfield. Paid for furring 80 cents; paid for the church which is to be refunded, $100, advanced that amount to Worthy Montgomery, the undertaker, in order that he may go on with the repairs of the church. I subscribed $25 which is to be deducted from the $100. We are to give him $275 for putting the church in perfect repair, save the painting and papering.

5th, 60°, Saturday: Heavy fog. I go to Mr. Conrad Long's; he had left home consequently transacted no business with him. Returned by Springfield, took up a note held by Wheeler Green in the hands of Edward Green by paying in full $270! Three plows running, Dave not come yet. Saw him in Springfield, he apologized for not coming to his work. Said he had been hunting his father-in-law's horse. Ben Daily and Jno. Inskeep spent the evening with the young folks. Dr. Daily took tea with us.

6th, 56°, Sunday: Heavy fog. The young folks go to Springfield to church and from there home, on to their uncle Robert's. My young people went with them, and they stayed till evening.

7th, 58°, Monday: Commenced raining about 4 o'clock and rained till sunrise. A fine rain. Three plows running. Dave not returned yet. I rode to the ridge to salt the cattle. They are going wild. Chester came for two weeks for Patterson. Got 8 bushels , 10 more coming to him, having got 12 sometime since. Mr. Conrad Long come and offered me some money. I took from him $1100 including $90.70 interest on two other notes he holds against me. One for $631.25 and the other $250. Received in cash $1009.30, making my whole indebtedness to him $1981.25.

8th, 56°, Tuesday: Heavy fog, I rode to Springfield, there met with William T. Taylor and paid him $16 in full for a balance due him since 1864 on some brandy bought of him which was to have been paid in Vic money, but not doing it before the war closed, he claimed current money. Wrote L.F. Allen and sent him $5 balance in full for 8 Volume of A & B and recording pedigree in same. Paid Jno. Hause $30. Gave Jno. Daily $1350 to send by express to H.R. Hoffman on a note of $2800 I owe him. Received a letter from Hoffman instructing me to send it by express. Received a letter from Ettie, the Missouri friends all well. Talked with Jno. Daily who fell in my debt $28.

9th, 60°, Wednesday: Another heavy fog, finished plowing and start two harrows. George went to Romney to see Mr. Dinwiddie relative to taking Sally to board; he agreed to take her, she coming each Friday evening at $16 per month. R.W. Parker and lady spent the day with us. The Lieutenant Parsons and sister- in-law spent the evening. I wrote Richard Hoffman for a Bickford and Hoffman drill for R.W. Parker. Wood Daily came home with George. Late in the evening a shower.

10th, 64°, Thursday: Raining every prospect of a settled rain. Should it continue will make the boys shell some corn, preparatory to going to the mill. I rode to Springfield, had a day of chat with a gentleman by the name of Manshim and Jno. Daily. George went to the depot with his mother's onions and flaxseed, and for the cloth Mr. Kirk got in Philadelphia for George and myself. Gave George $60, he returned $9, making the cloth $51. Mr. Manshim came home with George and spent the night with us.

11th, 79°, Friday: A night of rain. Keep the boys harrowing wet as it is. Mr. Manshim left after breakfast, sold him a fine ? $5. Note for a $2 Greenback. The river rising quite fast. Edward came, left all well. Commenced raining about 5, quite a hard rain. Chester got the balance of Patterson's total wheat, 10 bushels.

12th, 70°, Saturday: Heavy fog, too wet to work in the Land, but keep the harrow running. Send Robert to mill with 12 bushels of corn, nine for self and three for Don W. Pugh. Left at noon, paid him $5. About 5 a heavy rain.

13th, 72°, Sunday: Family at home Edward left for home in the rain. About 12 two men from Washington Co., PA, put in with a lot of sheep. It was too late to turn them off. So let them stay. I find them two right clever Yankees.

14th, 66°, Monday: Still raining, Dave not come. Mr. Cotton went back to Isaac Inskeep's to sell him a lot of sheep. I picked out a lot of wethers. Have some idea of buying them. Jno. Inskeep came down to put in a lot. I think they offer these sheep on economical terms.

15th, 60°, Tuesday: Still raining. Quite cool. Edward came over for my old drill which I gave him. Mrs. Washington takes Sallie and Bet to Romney to school. Gave her $80 to pay on their board and tuition. Jno. took 100 ewes at $2 per head. Brother Fitz spent the evening and night.

16th, 64°, Wednesday: Still raining lightly. Brother Fitz left after breakfast. Mr. Cotton returned, having gone to Frankford with the sheep he sold Inskeep and Farr. I bought 300 for $400. They are take the wool that comes off them at 40 cents per lb. in part payment. Brothers Cotton and Swisher went back to Inskeep's and Farr's to try and sell out the balance of their flock, about 475. They will not get back today. While George and myself picked out my 300, Jno. Inskeep came down and paid me $200 for Cotton. I am to pay $4 for him. Old Mr. Pugh came back. Dave not come yet. Make the boys cut some corn after dinner as there is a prospect of its clearing off. Getting quite cool. Paid Cotton for the 21 commissioned sheep. A check on the Washington County Bank sent me by Wright $24.30 and $25.70 in cash and in full of the price I was to pay. Gave him my note 6 months after date for $264, it being for a lot of 110 Merino wethers.

17th, 42°, Thursday: Quite a fall morning. Set the boys to cutting corn. Dave not come in. Settled with old Mr. Pugh and paid him in full $5, having paid him $5 last Saturday. Cotton and Swisher returned quite dispirited. Canceled the bargain we made yesterday or rather flew from it. They are pretty much scamps, I think. They left with their sheep. The next I take in will be my fault, not theirs. Made them pay $15 for their bill yesterday and today. Paid them $204 for John Inskeep. I advanced $4 for him. George rode to Springfield to see if he could get some hands to help cut corn. Succeeded in getting the promise of three hands. Roy, Tom, and Yellow John.

18th, 38°, Friday: Heavy fog, but for which we would have had frost. Roy and John helping. Tom came at noon. Started the drill, it does finely. Miss Ellen left, Mrs. Washington's settled with her and paid her off in full, $ 15, having paid her $45 before. Sallie rode the horse home she rode to Romney. Brought a letter from Ed to Miss Ellen. Nothing of interest occurred.

19th, 38°, Saturday: Another heavy fog, saving us another time from frost. Roy, John and Tom helping cut corn, Dan's John also, work today, yesterday, and the day before. I rode over the river to see if I could raise any more hands. Failed to get any. Sent Robert and Sam over after what pouches they had left and the quinces. Paid off the boys for helping cut corn. Roy, 2 Days $2; Jno. 2 days $2. Tom 1 1/2 days $1.50. They promised to come back if they could and help me next week.

20th, 42°, Sunday: Raining lightly. The equinoctial storm. The darkies all go to Springfield to their big meeting. They will have a worst time. George took a horse for Kate Stump who wants to come out to spend a while with her cousin Sallie.

21st, 40°, Monday: Still cloudy, the clouds look hard and cold. Think it will clear off. I rode to the bridge to get some hands to cut corn. Archibald Young came, made half a day. Brother Butt got home, I think improved in health, and appearance. Jno. cutting corn.

22nd, 44°, Tuesday: Moderated during the night, and the appearance of rain. Commenced snowing about 10 o'clock. Young made half a day. They sent for him, his child being sick. Jno. cutting corn. Commenced raining about 3. Drove us from the field. Young got 1 gallon of vinegar.

23rd, 46°, Wednesday: Still showery, rained hard during the night. I rode to Romney to attend to some business for Mr. Gibson. Called at Mrs. Parsons for S.W. Blue at the request of Mr. Gibson who wanted us to promote his Act as President of the Valley Bank at Romney. The foreknown ? to not to do anything. Returned to dinner. Set the boys cutting corn on my return.

24th, 50°, Thursday: Still showery. Too wet to drill or cut corn. Start 3 plows in the stubble in the upland. Plowed until about 3 o'clock when the rain got too hard & we had to quit.

25th, 48°, Friday: A night of hard rain, the river rising fast, fear we will have a big water. The boys getting wood. In the evening Mr. Brown came with a lot of sheep & a need for pastures for the night, let him stay as I wished to make some arrangement with him relative to the lot of sheep I have of Wright & Polock.

26th, 48°, Saturday: Some appearances of clearing off. I concluded to keep the lot of sheep I have another year, as Brown was anxious I should do so. He releases me from all responsibility for loss by death or otherwise. I am to carry out the spirit of the original contract, except that I am not bound for any loss. Should any of the sheep die, I am to give them the wool of such dead sheep, delivering with the other wool the 18th day of June 1869 at Greenspring Run Depot on the B.O.R.R. As several of the sheep look badly he let me have the two lots - mine & the Morehead sheep, at 138 head, throwing in 8 sheep. I also bought from him 180 head for which I expected a note on demand for the sum of $45 & the wool that they produced next shearing time, the wool to be delivered as the other wool in good order on the 18th day of June 1869 at Greenspring Depot. He made me a present of two fine ewes. I let him take my shepherd dog with him to train him. Sallie got home, it being too inclement for her yesterday. Mr. Hamilton came to meet Brown, they are right clever Yankees, like them very much. The Boys cutting corn, the ground too wet to work. Jno. Inskeep paid me the $4 I advanced to Cotton for him.

27th, 54°, Sunday: Still cloudy & damp - fear we will have more rain, family all at home except George who rode away last evening. No preaching today in Springfield, the river too high for us to cross even if there was preaching. George returned, Jno. Inskeep with him who sat an hour or two with us.

28th, 56°, Monday: Heavy fog. Start the drill again. Dan and Jno. and Sam cutting corn. I rode to the ridge to salt the cattle, and see if I could get some hands to help cut corn. Didn't succeed in getting any. Young being at his own and Hinkle working in Frankford, Jake promised to come and shuck for the hogs.

29th, 40°, Tuesday: Clear and windy or there would have been frost. Jake came to shuck corn. Old Mr. Pugh at work in the strip. Finished seeding the Bottom.

30th, 36°, Wednesday: Quite a frost and some fog. I hope the fog will counteract the effects of the frost. Old Jake shucking. Mr. Pugh at work. Rode to Springfield. Took Mrs. Hause 3 lbs. of rolls. Bought from Mr. Gushwin & Shanholtz 19 sheep bells.

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