Michael Stump Sr.



1709 - 1768


A Treatise on the Origin and Ancestry

With Surname Armorials



Thurman Stump

McClain Printing Company
Parsons West Virginia 26287


Standard Book Number 87012-191-X
Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 73-93200
Printed in the United States of America
Copyright © 1975 by Thurman Stump
Burbank, California
All Rights Reserved


Table of Contents

 Records 6
 Synopsis 114
Overseas:Foreword 119
 Records 124
Armorial:Foreword 160
 Arms 164
 Synopsis 195
Lineage:Prologue 199
 Synopsis 214
Epilogue 216
Notes 319
Bibliography 221
Index 225




Colonial:H. B. Ball, Stumptown, West Virginia
Catherine Ball Carlston, Arlington, Virginia
Mae and Jack Elliott, Grantsville, West Virginia
Justus Ernst, Salt Lake City, Utah
Mormon Temple Library Staff, Los Angeles, California
Felix Budwell Stump, Admiral, U.S. Navy (Retired)
James A. Stump Family, Romney, West Virginia
B. F. Tatterson, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
West Virginia University Library, Morgantown, West Virginia
Overseas:Elfrieda Boehm, Claremont, California
Justus Ernst, Salt Lake City, Utah
Wilhelm Weintraud, Ph.D., Stuttgart, Germany
Armorial:Joe T. Boyes, M.A.S., North Hollywood, California
Photographs: Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. - the George Washington 1747-48 Diary excerpts, map of the Northern Neck of Virginia and the maps of Baden, Hessen, Wurttemberg and Berlin of the Germanies
 James A. Stump Family of Romney, West Virginia pictures of the old homestead site
 Mae and Jack Elliott, Grantsville, West Virginia -- burial monument of Michael 3rd and wife Magdalena
Photography:Paul E. Wolfe and Associates, Burbank, California - reproductions of old family documents



The same desire for making permanent the memory of their dead . . . prompted the Romans to produce waxen masks, or imagines, which were preserved in the houses . . . and were carried in funeral processions of members of the family. 1



The earliest civil record dated June 18, 1746, for Michael Stump, whereby he, Daniel Richardson, and Benjamin Harden were appointed to review a road petition, is noted in Chalkley's Abstracts of Augusta County in Virginia. This is the search start date. Apparently the public record has been the end of the trail for any prior attempts that may have been made to establish an ascendant lineage for today's descendant families. Numerous inquiries did elicit the information that two or three applications for membership to patriotic organizations listed the place of birth as "Pennsylvania or Germany."

Family legends from my grandfather, Taylor Randolph Stump (1847-1918), were:

The family emigrated from Hessen, Germany. (That is, the Staat or state of Hessen in contrast to Stadt meaning a town or city.)

The surname was spelled STUMPF, "with a single F" (emphasized), when they arrived here in the colonies.

The family were High German from the Black Forest. (The "high" designates the language spoken in the southern highlands versus Old High, Middle High, and the Low German languages. The Black Forest lies in a range of mountainous hills running north and south in the state of Baden [now Baden-Wurttemberg] which is the southwest corner boundary of Germany today.

They were woodworkers and cabinetmakers.

They came to Philadelphia, first settled in Pennsylvania then moved to Virginia.

The oldest son, Michael Junior, was "bound out" (indentured) to pay for the family's passage to the colonies.

There are two connotations usually associated with the surname when spelled with the suffix f: "dull or blunt" or "the stump of a tree." Other variations of the base surname spelling that were encountered were: Stumpe, Stumpff, Stumph, and Stumpp.


The development of surnames as such is an interesting topic. It seems as though the Romans were the first Europeans to use family names regularly. Later, second names were used but they were not hereditary. For instance, a Tom Miller, who ran a gristmill, may have had a son Tom Carpenter who was a carpenter. Our modern surnames seem to have been originated during the feudal era of the Middle Ages when royal and noble families often appended the names of their estates to the personal or given names. Family names can be conveniently classified according to the manner of origin: (1) They were originally descriptive of an individual's character or appearance; (2) record an incident or exploit; (3) identify by connection to some other person, usually the father; (4) designated residence or former residence; (5) specify occupation. Once started the use of hereditary surnames spread steadily. To be in style may have been a factor. From the nobility to the bourgeoisie to the lower classes. Further, increasing population and more accurate record keeping undoubtedly contributed to the spread too. 2

From the foregoing it would seem that the surname Stumpf was derived from the preceding (4) and (5), i.e., it denotes an antiquity occupation of logger, lumberman, raftsman, or woodworker, one who lived near or on a field, hill, or a mountain covered with tree stumps - the residue of those particular occupations.

The material that follows is a presentation of recorded events in chronological sequence. Annotations, map sketches, and photos of original documents of intrinsic value and interest to the many members of the family are included when deemed advisable for clarity and to sustain interest in a writing of this nature. The basic purpose of the colonial search is twofold: (1) positive identification of the individual, and (2) tracing him to the port of debarkation in the colonies. This is presented as an open-end writing; that is, subject to further clarification, correction, or additional valid documentary data. The word treatise in the subtitle of this endeavor has an intended meaning of "a discussion of the known facts to the date that this is written" in addition to the formal definition thereof. The difficulties encountered will unfold as we pro- ceed. The starting date is 228 years ago as noted in the opening of this introduction.


To start the narration: A Christopher Stump of northern Lancaster County in Pennsylvania had three sons named George, Leonard, and Michael according to the order of their births. Michael's son was also named Michael (Jr.). The Virginia Colony's Michael Stump had sons named Michael, George, and Leonard in the order of their birth again and this Michael, Jr., had a son who was the Michael 3rd, or III. There were one pair of Michael Sr. and Jr. in the colony of Pennsylvania and another pair of Michaels Senior and Junior in the colony of Virginia at the same time.


Next: Colonial - Foreward

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