Graveyards Visited on Big Sand Creek and its Waters

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The Independence Graveyard

The town is crowded and hard and rough,
But the little Churchyard is quiet enough,
And there's room in the Churchyard, still.
(Author Unknown)

The Magee Chapel, M.E.S. stands on a point above the railroad and is about a mile below Sandyville Bridge. It was built in the Centenniel year and is a neat and commodious building and pleasantly located. The graveyard lies above it. It is irregular in shape and contains about an acre.

It is well fenced with barbed wire and the boundaries were considerably extended when the new fence was put up.

There is a nice shade on the north side of White Oak, Black Oak and hickory trees. Second growth, I would think, but of good size.

The top of the point is nearly level, sloping gently to the east, in the northeast corner, a steep bank has been included within the bounds of the fence and there is fresh dirt on it, caused I think, by the dumping of dirt from the graves.

After visiting the churchyard, I returned a short distance to where lives an old lady, Mrs. Elizabeth Custer, and spent a pleasant hour in conversation with her. Mrs. Custer was born Knotts, on the second day of July 1816, and was well started in her eighty-ninth year. She was raised in Preston County, where in 1834, she married Jeptha Magee and moved to Sandy Valley. They lived a while on Daniel Sears' place at Sandyville and seven years on the Joe Leap Farm. In 1847, Magee bought land where she now lives and put up the house she yet lives in. It has been weather boarded and has a wide old fashioned porch in front, cool and shady on which the old lady was seated.

She was very communicative and seemed glad to have some one to talk to, someone who had come ten miles just to talk with her. She said it seemed like people didn't pay much attention to her, that she had outlived her time. What the present generation talked about did not interest her and the young people did not like to talk about old times.

She was well preserved, intelligent and quite spry for her age. She is living with some of her grand children, perhaps. The house is at the head of two little runs, in a low gap, one of them is a tributary of Copper Fork, the other of Beatties Run.

In the yard is a magnificent beech tree, three feet in diameter with wide spreading top. The old lady is quite attached to this tree which was about as thick as a stove pipe when they moved there in the woods, fifty-seven years ago.

She told me much of the first settlers, of their customs and hardships and victories.

She said the graveyard was opened some years before the church was built, but it is of comparatively recent date, yet there are many old people buried there, some of them pioneers.

The first grave was that of a daughter of William Ables, and the next, of a man named Baker, who was killed by lightning in a barn at Joe Leap's. He was no kin to the Leroy Bakers.

The oldest dates are in the side of the cemetery next to the church. One stone reads:

William David Crum, died 1877, aged thirteen.

Then, there are two daughters of Squire Sayre, S. and E.D. 1880 and 1881.

Squire Sayre died June 18, 1900 aged seventy-seven years nine months. On the other side of the monument is: Eliza J. wife of Squire Sayre, born October 21, 1831.

As there is no date of death, she may be living yet. If so, I wonder if she ever wonders what date will be carved there.

One tombstone reads: Isaac Thompson, died April 14, 1892, aged seventy seven years nine months.

Another inscription is: Adaline, wife of Isaac Thompson, died June 1895 aged sixty seven years. I do not know who these people were.

Other inscriptions tell of:

Oliver Atkins, died February 4, 1888, aged thirty one years four months.

Frances P. wife of A.H. Casto, born February 28, 1851, died August 4, 1891.

Clarence, son of A.H. and F.P. Casto, died 1874 at seven months.

J.A. McGlothlin's wife, Letta, aged forty nine, died November 11, 1876.

Mary E. wife of James Blake and Reuben Douglas, died May 20, 1898 aged seventy nine years.

James Blake died March 18, 1872, aged fifty-nine years.

Evidently, Douglass survives or perhaps, the Blake children put up the monument.

Another odd appearing inscription, if I have made no mistake in copying is:

Eleanor M. Waskey, wife of Arthur Regnand, died January 23, 1877, aged thirty six years nine months.

The Crum plat was edged with cut stone and contained two graves, J.T. Crum had a fine and costly marble monument and was sixty eight at the time of his death, March 25, 1898. Florence Crum, wife of M. Cole, 1863 - 1896 had, also a very fine monument.

The Haynes family also had a plot marked off with cut stone, three graves and room for three more,

John Haynes died July 13, 1895, seventy five years of age. He lived on the farm just below Crow Summit. His place was a favorite stopping point for teams in the old mud road days when all goods for Reedy, Spencer, and the wide beyond were transported on wagons. Nancy J. Haynes, wife of John I. died July 5, 1875 aged forty six years seven months. James C. Haynes, a son, died 1875. aged twenty one years.

In what was the back part of the old graveyard, under some trees, a white oak at the head and a hickory at the foot was a row of humble graves with four square, tapering blocks of sandstone, marked as below:

J.D. Sarah V.
Son Dau. of
of I.W. J.H. &
and Hannah
S.E. Died
Powers Nov. 22, 1893
Died Age 11 Mo.
Dec. 21, 1881
1 yr. 2 mo.

There were four other of these peaked sandstone markers for:

B.C. son of J.H. and M.F. Power, died July 14, 1880, aged eight months four days. Another, E.W. died June 16, 1880, one year. Around the side, on the left, was inscribed "Powers".

The other told that Margaret Hartshorn died December 27, 1875, aged sixty one years seven months.

Jane Powers died March 11, 1875 aged sixty years eight months. These graves were together as if of relatives.

Near these is a little decorated wooden cross stuck by a grave with no name.

Mary Duer and Virginia Morgan, both died in 1874.

M.J. wife of J.J. Higgins in 1872, May 31, aged thirty seven.

Three Benson children in 1875 and 1880.

Two Ableses in 1871 and 1872, James J, son of W.G. and M. Ables, aged twenty years. Julia E. daughter of W.G. and M/ Ables and is aged twenty years. Probably one of these was the first grave.

Francis, son of H.D. and M.B. King, died February 27, 1871.

Irma Bonto, born March 10, 1824 and died October 10, 1897, aged seventy three years seven months.

Henry Bonto, (Bontempt is correct) was buried by same monument, but date of death had not yet been cut.

Some of Solomon Powell's family buried in 1873 and 1877. John A, son of Solomon and Elizabeth Powell, August 11, 1877, aged twenty-three years four months. Francis M, son of Solomon and Elizabeth Powell, 1873, aged twenty four years.

Tacy, wife of Armistead Morehead died March 24, 1872 aged seventy three years nine months. Armistead Morehead, October 17, 1878, aged eighty five. Tacy, his wife died March 24, 1872, aged seventy-three years nine months. A.H. Morehead, born 1830 died in 1890.

Ezra Johnson, August 3, 1889 aged eighty three years ten months. Born July 17, 1805. Catharine, wife of Ezra Johnson, died May 25, 1879, aged sixty-eight years nine months.

Nathan Archer "Co C. 186 O.V.I."

W.L. Rogers, Co. I. 77 O.V.I.

Lydia F. wife of A.J. Bord, September 11, 1879, aged twenty nine years.

Rene Bontempt born January 6, 1826 date of death not yet engraved.

Adelia, wife of Rene Bontempt died October 24, 1890 in her sixty-first year.

Michael Dolan, native of County Larin, Ireland, died March 9, 1875, aged sixty five years.

Michael Crow, died November 19, 1884 aged fifty-five years one month.

Emily G., wife of Michael Crow, died in 1884, aged fifty-two years, seven months.

Other inscriptions copied on a second visit in 1907 are:

Lydia, wife of A.J. Bord, died 1879, aged twenty-nine years.

James K. Simpson, died 1882, aged sixty-six years.

Sarah A. Ables, who was born in 1808 and died in 1873, had a catalogue house monument. It was about fourteen inches wide, five inches thick, and twenty-four to twenty-eight inches high with its single base rock. It was well engraved, with name and dates, and was a good marble - nice design, neat and modest.

L.B. Vannoy, wife of J.W. Waggoner, died September 28, 1871, aged twenty years.

Michael Crow, died November 19, 1884, fifty-five years, one month of age.

Emily C., wife of M. Crow, December 15, 1884, fifty-two years, nine months.

In the back part of the graveyard is the grave of Ella Sams (wife of W.A. Sams) 1875 - 1903.

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The Sandyville Graveyard

Still as the forest pools at night,
Still as the outmost planet bright,
As wreck storm swept, upon the shore,
As saints newborn, that kneel before
God's throne, amazed and blest.

(Author Unknown)

The old cemetery at Sandyville is one of the best locations for a graveyard I have met in my rambles.

It lies on a little point, something after the style of the Harpold Graveyard, only neither so high nor so steep. Copper Fork comes into Left Sandy nearly at right angels and this point is thrust out into the valley, leaving level bottoms on three sides of it. The graveyard lies on the end of the point at a considerable distance from the road leading up Sandy, then crossing at the foot of the hill.

The graveyard is about sixteen by ten rods and is fenced with boards and wire. The surface is mostly level or very nearly so. The soil is a red clay. Both the graveyard and the sides of the point on which it lies, are covered with a blue grass sod of many years standing and there are numerous shade trees scattered here and there in the enclosure. One apple tree inside and others on the hill slope next Copper Fork may be a part of an old apple orchard.

East of the graveyard proper, fenced in with a cut stone wall two and a half or three feet high, is a space which would hold six or eight graves and inside are two sarcophagi or boxes of hewed stone covered with immence stone slabs. perhaps seven by four feet and some six inches thick. In these are deposited the bodies of:

Ziba Weas, born November 21, 1807, died December 19, 1885, aged seventy-eight years, and Phebe O. wife of Z. Weas, died January 4, 1865 aged forty-two years. There is one other grave in the inclosure also.

This graveyard was first used, away back in the first days of the settlement which was begun in 1820.

The first death was that of Sammy Sayre, Dan'l's boy, which occurred before the graveyard was opened. He was buried in a plum thicket.

One of the first settlers was Warren Reed, who lived at the farm where the roads of the two branches of Sandy unite, near the place now called New Era. He was the first Postmaster at what is now called Sandyville. He moved to Racine about fifty years ago. Of his childrn:

Charles Reed is buried here, also, Dorothy Reed, died May 19, 1863, aged thirty three years eight months and a child Cincinnatus, five years old died in 1837.

Mary Richard, daughter of D. and S. Richard, died in 1851, a child is also buried here named Lydia Richard who died in 1850. Parents not given.

Louisa Mairs, wife of Thomas Mairs, was born in 1822 died 1862. January 2, 1822 to July 12, 1862, aged forty years six months. By her side was Ruth Arnold, perhaps they were kin.

Ruth W. Arnold, daughter of Benjamin and Susannah Arnold died August 1856 aged twenty one. A maiden cut off in her youth, had she lived, she would now be an old woman.

David DePue, died April 11, 1885 aged sixty nine years three months. He was a son of Henry DePue. Henry DePue was in the Revolutionary War and was a native of New Jersey. Margaret DePue, wife of David, died August 12, 1885, aged sixty two years two months. If she was his first wife, her maiden name was Arnold. Thomas DePue their son, died in 1868 at three years of age.

Diana, wife of Henry Shepherd, died December 19, 1868 aged sixty four years one month. By the side of this grave was an old flag rock headstone with letters H.S. This was Henry Shepherd, (most of the family spell the name Sheppard) a son Jonathan Sheppard, the first settler on Right Reedy, he married Diana, daughter of John Smith, another of the Reedy Pioneers.

This John Smith was captured by the Indians in one of their raids, all the rest of the family being killed. He was adopted into an Indian family, being returned to the white settlements after some treaty with the tribe that he lived with, probably Boquets Treaty. Having no relations that could be found, the boy was taken by a man named Smith and given the name of John, and John Smith was all the name he ever knew, being but an infant when the Indians made him a captive. He married and moved to Reedy in 1808. He died on Thorne's Run and is probably buried at the Ott Graveyard. Jonathan Sheppard afterward married his widow.

Diana had two brothers, one being Jim Smith, who was killed in June 1863 on Little Sandy.

Joseph Howes was born December 1811 and died March 1864, aged fifty two years four months. Thought comparatively young, he was twice married, first to Jemima, daughter of Jesse Carney, and second to Letty Shepherd, daugther of Henry and Diana Shephard and widow of Charles Ingram. By him slumbers Jemima, wife of Joseph Howes, died October 4, 1851 aged twenty seven years eight months.

Another grave is that of Catharine, wife of John B. Howes, who was born on the 10th of May 1774 and died June 28, 1856, aged eighty two years one month. Truly a pioneer of somewhere (mother of Joseph Howes). Joseph Howes lived, at one time, near the mouth of Beatties Run. Catharine was probably his mother.

Amelia Adams, died August 11, 1847 aged sixteen years eleven months. Francis M. Adams died 1857. They were children of S. and M.A. Adams and probably died with that dread malaria, the Sandy Fever, which sometimes wiped out whole families. The Howes and Adams graves are all in a lot together.

Elizabeth Bower, born February 26, 1785 and died March 26, 1849 aged sixty four years one month.

Malinda, a child of T.N. and M. McFarland died 1852. Thomas McFarland was a son of Robert McFarland who came from Ireland. His wife was a daugther of Mark Custer, and they lived on Trace Fork in 1852.

Elijah Pickens born January 15, 1805 died November 12, 1865, aged sixty years nine months. He was a pioneer and father of Dave and Joe. Known not if he was related to Bart.

John L. son of James H. and Rebecca Atkins died 1856.

Jeptha Magee born July 2, 1815, died January 12, 1859 aged forty four years six months.

Hiram A. Hopkins, August 28, 1857, aged twenty seven years.

Joseph Nicholas Regnand died July 20, 1854 aged fifty four years.

Emma Louisa, daughter of L. Mercerat, died October 20, 1854 aged twelve years. These graves are side by side.

(Regnand, Bontempt, Merceret, Carez, Lisez, Fleau, Boso. Truly, Jackson Coutny has a fair sprinkling of French names.)

William H. a child of J. and L.V. Ruble died 1856.

Hepzibah, wife of Daniel Sayre, died June 21, 1861 aged sixty-six years one month. The grave is covered with a huge stone slab, bearing the inscription and ornamented with a large star carved at the head with four smaller stars above. I do not know whether they are merely for ornament or intended to be emblematic.

She was a Chapman and I think I have heard, was from Letart, Ohio.

Daniel Sayre, is buried by her side, but has no tombstone and I am unable to give his age. He was, however, one of the landmarks of Jackson County history. He, with his two brothers, Ben and Jake, were the first settlers at Sandyville, to these add Warren Reed, Lige Runner and perhaps Jesse Mrogan and you have the colony.

(I have it that Alfred Sayre died in 1868, aged eighty one years. Dan'l Sayre had a son of that name married a Seckman, but he would not have been much more than the half of eighty one years in 1868.)

Hannah, wife of Alfred Sayre, died in 1852, aged twenty-four years and four months. Their son, Ezra F. died in 1850. Ann Elizabeth, wife of Alfred Sayre, died May 28, 1875, aged thirty-five years and one month.

Stephen, son of D.W. and H. Sayre, died June 12, 1852, aged nineteen years and six months. I fancy, the older man has put the "W" to his own name later on, for he was at least twenty five or thirty years old before Daniel Webster gained much celebrity.

Virginia, daughter of Frank and Lucy Ann Fabry died in 1851, a child. Her mother was daughter of Dan'l and Hepzibah Sayre.

In the west end of the graveyard is a large black oak, three feet in diameter and with spreading top: under it lies:

Jane, wife of R. Moran, born in 1841, died 1900.

J.W. Moran and two children of G.B. and E. Sanders.

Nancy V. Morehead died April 19, 1863, at two years. She was a child of A.E. and S.E. Morehead, as also may have been Lucy F. Morehead who died in 1865, aged three years five months.

Thomas Gorrel, Co. H. 3rd West Virginia Cavalry, is the inscription on a government stone at the foot of a grave, the head stone of which records that Thomas Gorrell died August 6, 1893, aged fifty eight years two months.

Under a mound near the gate and alone, lies Lydia, wife of M. Price, died July 15, 1873, aged sixty year seven months.

There are many graves without names and room for many more to come and lie down and be at rest. The graveyard is not much used now.

When I visited the graveyard sometime in the fall of 1907, the graves were in a neglected condition. The fence was out of repair and sheep were coming and going at will.

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The Morgan Graveyard

Mrs. Custer said there is a graveyard of an acre on the Morgan place. She showed me where it was on a hill, but said it would not pay me to visit it.

Old Jess Morgan is buried there, a Mr. Parks, Magee's children and Charlie Howes' Father, but in this latter she was mistaken, as he is buried at the old Sandyville Graveyard.

I think the graveyard is in a neglected condition. She said there was a storm a few years ago that blew down all the tombstones.

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The Leroy Graveyard

The oldest graveyard on the head of the right fork of Sandy is, I am told, at Leroy. There it was that the pioneers of this vicinity laid to rest the forms of their loved ones. I was told there were headstones with dates at some of the early graves, but upon visiting the cemetery I failed to discover any inscriptions except at comparatively recent graves.

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The Liverpool Graveyard

There is a cemetery at Liverpool on the Ravenswood and Spencer Pike, seventeen miles out from the river and about one and a half from the head of the creek.

The graveyard is on the upper side of the road where it makes a sharp turn just below the village and lies directly between the P.E. Church and the road.

There is about three fourths of an acre included in the grounds enclosed by a barb wire fence and sloping, in places, rather smartly toward the south, but the graves, straight with the hill level and each row a little higher than the one below. There are two shallow "swales" in the graveyard and while there is no shade inside the grounds, there is a fringe of nice oak trees along the orad and a grove on the north side and east end.

There is a small burying ground by the side of the church, where the wife and some of the family of Irvin McPherson are sleeping the sleep that knows no waking. I have never visited it, but think it must be an ideal situation, a graveyard around a church and in the midst of a grove is as it should be.

I do not think the graveyard dates back very far. The oldest date I noticed was December, 1863 (Appalouise, a small child of Jefferson and Julia Carder) though among the many unmarked graves there may well be some earlier.

The first graves were on a little point between the road and one of the "draws" which trisect the cemetery. Most of these are the graves of the second and third generation of the Carders and Hartleys. The pioneers are said to rest in the obscure little grave plot, between the mouth of Fallen Timber and Rush Runs. The Carders came to this place in 1838 or 1839.

A curious monument is a tall carved sandstone shaft, which stands on the grave of Anderson Carder, who died about 1855, iron chains from the top of this shaft are fastened to four stone posts which mark the corners of a rectangle, several feet square. A queer conception, certainly. Though the monument is carved in a way intended to be ornamental, there is neither name nor date.

The same is true of a row of five graves with low sandstone blocks at their heads.

The Jefferson Carder, before mentioned was a son of John W., and married Julia Welch. The name is sometimes given as Geoffrey and sometimes Jeffrey, but commonly called "Jeff".

Other of the older graves are those of:

Susan, wife of T.B. Hartley, died January 3, 1880, aged fifty-six years eight months. By her side lies her husband, Thomas B. Hartley, who was born about 1824 or 1825 and died in the early ‘90's. No stone marks his resting place, but both graves are carpeted with myrtle and were, when I visited them, strewn with oak leaves, which rustled in the keen winter breeze, while the green of the patches of vines showing through in spots glistened in the bright sunshine.

What recks the sleepers if remembered or not?

Then, there were, Gary McPherson, died February 27, 1880, aged seventy-two years and some months.

Levi Coe died February 21, 1879, in his fifty-sixth year.

Elizabeth Coe, died February 11, 1876, aged forty seven years ten months.

Bertha, a daughter of J.W. and M. Hartley, died in 1874.

Lizzie Kent, died in 1870. William A. Kent, in 1878 and the mother, (presumably) Martha A. Kent in March 1901, at the age of seventy seven.

John R. Roach was born in 1837 and died in 1905. His wife Minerva Roach born 1836, are the names marking an imposing granite monument.

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The Fairview Graveyard(Sandy

‘Tis a bleak wild hill, but green and bright
In summer's warmth, and mid-day light,
There's a hum of the bee, and a chirp of the wren
And the dash of the brook from the
Mountain Glen.

On a high windy point, which is well sprinkled with limestone rocks and which rises where the ridge next below Falling Timber Run unites with the longer ridge dividing Turkey Fork from Main Sandy and overlooking the valleys of Falling Timber and Five Mile Run and another branch of Turkey Fork, is a cemetery, which, while of recent date, contains the graves of many old citizens, mayhap some of them pioneers of Jackson County.

The soil is clay and rolling on top of the point, to the east and west, while there is a steep bank on the eastern side within the bounds of the fence.

To say fence, is not exactly correct, at the time I visited the spot because though there were posts set, there was at that time, no fencing up. Probably, the intention was to fence with wire.

Down at the foot of the slope a little north of east and at the forks of the county road, where the road out the Turkey Fork Ridge leaves the Leroy and Garfield road, stands the Fairview Schoolhouse, and hear. On the opposite side of the road is the Fairview M.P. Church, and Fairview is surely an appropriate name as the church, schoolhouse and a few of the neighboring farm houses can be seen shining white and glistening for miles to the south and southwest, being visible half way to Ripley.

The graveyard is about six by twelve rods and although probably not year twenty five years since the soil was first broken for burial purposes (the oldest dates I saw were in the eighties) it is already filled with the turf heaped tenements, many of which have markers of white limestone.

There is an imposing granite monument inscribed to:

George W. Smith, born 1823 died 1902.

There is one of the numerous Smith Family (probably they are represented in every cemetery, in all the county) lived near the Red Rose Schoolhouse and was, I think , from Noble County, Ohio.

There were other graves of Smiths and several of the Nuzum family, who came from Marion County, about thirty years ago.

Sophronia Nuzum, born April 6, 1827, died September 1, 1892, aged sixty five years four months.

Sarah Jane Nuzum, born December 11, 1837, died May 19, 1894, aged fifty seven years five months.

John J. Anderson, born May 15, 1825, died January 17, 1787 (sic), aged sixty one years eight months. Elizabeth, wife of John J. Anderson, died January 17, 1787(sic) aged sixty two years three months.

There was an odd conceit of a headstone in fashion of a double portal at the graves of A.J. and A.J., twin children of A.J. and M.A. Bord. They were son of daughter of Jack Bord who was a son of Andy and grandson of Patrick Bord.

Then, there was another old man, Jonathan Balderson, born May 6, 1823 died June 14, 1886 aged sixty three years one month.

The grave of a child was marked Ralph Smith. This may have been the child of Jasper Smith, said to be a kin of the Smiths on Reedy, but I think probably he was a son of G.W. Smith and the name a coincidence.

There was no shade trees in the cemetery, but some locust trees and several cedars have been planted for ornament.

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The Garfield Graveyard

Spread the green turf above their heads,
And fold thy mantle o'er them
Roll Leths o'er their lowly beds
And shroud the doom before them.
Author Unknown.

There stands on a high knob, just this side of Garfield. An old weather beaten church house, which has been built fifteen years or more and looks as if it had never been repainted.

Still, like the proverbial city, set in a similar position, it is visible at a great distance.

It is a "Campbellite" churck. That denomination being particularity strong in the Turkey Fork Country.

Back of the Church on the side is a graveyard, about seven by fourteen rods in its dimensions, but there are as yet few graves. I only noted two inscriptions, and they are probably "foreigners" as there are few of the pioneers or their descendants in this section, most of the inhabitants being from Ohio. They were:

Jeremiah Watkins, born July 20, 1825 died April 24, 1897. Rosanna, wife of Jeremiah Watkins, born October 24, 1829 died June 30, 1903.

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The Odaville Graveyard

The Sleep is on him,
His toils are passed,
The valley lies on his breast at last,
Then, let him slumber.
Author Unknown.

Odaville is strung out along the Left Fork of Sandy, for something less than a quarter of a mile.

About a quarter of a mile above Odaville, at the point of a sharp elbow in the Creek, Turkey Fork enters from the right and a quarter of a mile further, on the bank of Turkey Fork, which is a small stream with bottoms as wide as those on Sycamore, is a new looking church house and behind it a new graveyard four by five rods, carved out of the corner of a field and nicely fenced with posts and planks.

There are no old graves, nor any graves of very old people. The oldest dates I noticed was 1886. There was a Wm. A. Smith died in 1886 at thirty two years of age.

Susanna, wife of A.J. Adkins, born 1829 died 1902.

James Balis died 1901 aged sixty six years four days.

The names Kittle and Johnson occurred.

The grounds around the church were sodded with bluegrass and everything had a fresh clean appearance. The building was marked: "Christian House of Worship 1885".

On the run bank, above the church and near the graveyard was a picturesque bank.

About a quarter of a mile above the church is an old hewed log house, weather boarded all around except the upper side on which is a wide, old fashioned porch with massive posts and railing. A man named Owens lived here before the war.

About two miles from Odaville, standing so close to the lower side of the road that it is scarred by passing wagon hubs, is a giant white oak tree known as the Hawk Oak.

This tree having stood so long in the open ground is limbed down the trunk, which is five feet in diameter and the top is dead.

Here was perpetrated one of he outrages of the war of the rebellion, in the county of Jackson, the killing of George Hawk, George Woods, a young man of eighteen was killed between this place and the house which was at the mouth of Peter's Run where Roliff now lives.

George Hawk was born in Randolph County in 1817, moved to "Sarvis" Fork in January 1857 and to Turkey Fork some time later. He was killed by the Moccasin Rangers in September 1861.

This band described as "a rugged vicious looking set" wearing moccasins, coonskin caps and shot pouches, armed with old rifles and having long beards, hair that looked like it had never been extracted from their heads and clothes to compete with it.

Another man named Hartley assisted the family in the burial and then left the country.

Hawk was probably buried on the farm.

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