Pension Abstract of John Caldwell


From: Virginia Revolutionary Pension Applications, Abstracted & compiled by John Frederick Dorman.

CALDWELL, John. S.9146
10 Aug. 1832. Ohio Co., Va. John Caldwell of said county, aged 79, declares he entered service in 1776 as a volunteer under Captains Herrod and Wall for eight months near Grave Creek in Ohio County. He went with others under Capt. Herrod to a place a little below the mouth of Little Kanawha River to bury some men who had been killed by the Indians and to save and bring up some men who had been badly wounded and were lying in the woods.

In 1777 he served as a volunteer under Capt. or Lt. Samuel Masson for four months at Shepherd's Fort at the Forks of Wheeling Creek in Ohio County about six miles from the present town of Wheeling.

In 1778 he served as a volunteer guard in Raills Fort for six months. Rail's Fort was on the waters of Buffalo Creek in Washington Co., Pa. In 1779 he served in like manner at Rail's Fort for six months.

In 1779 he served under Col. Broadhead as a volunteer in Capt. Samuel Masson's company up the Allegheny against the Munsee Indians. He served four months from May 1779 and returned to Pittsburgh the last of August and was discharge there. They had a battle at the commencement of which Capt. Hardin was shot in the thigh.

He served as a volunteer guard in Wheeling Fort in 1777, 1778 and 1779 for six months at least under Capt. Masson. He was on the frontiers of Virginia the whole time between 1776 and 1783 and served as a volunteer in different expeditions against the Indians and watching and keeping guard in different frontier forts or block houses and scouting parties.

He was born in 1753 in Ireland and emigrated with his father James Caldwell when ten years old to Baltimore, Md., and moved to Ohio,County in 1773. His age is recorded in the family Bible brought from Ireland and now in his possession.

9 Aug. 1832. Ohio Co., Va. Joseph Alexander, aged 77, declares John Caldwell of Ohio County and he came to Grave Creek Fort in said county in July 1776 and volunteered to guard the frontiers under Capt. Harrod and Capt. Wall during that summer and fall. They were ordered out by Capt. Wall to go down the Ohio River to bury some men that were killed by the Indians below Little Kanawha, in the last of October, and to bring up some of the company that were lying in the woods badly wounded.

Caldwell served as a volunteer under Capt. Mason in Wheeling Fort during the summer and fall of 1777 and under Capt. Mason in the summer and fall of 1778 and spring of 1779, until May 1779 when Caldwell and he volunteered to go with Capt. Mason on an expedition under Col. Broadhead up the Alleghany River to the Munsey towns. They had a skirmish with the Indians and returned to Pittsburgh the last of August and spent the remainder of that fall on the frontiers in and near Wheeling. John Caldwell was in the battle of Wheeling when Indians attacked the fort in Sept. 1777, where a number of men were killed. Alexander helped to bury the dead the next day.

9 Aug. 1832. Ohio Co., Va. Abraham McCullock, aged 70, declares he and John Caldwell of said county went on a campaign under Col. Broadhead up the Alleghany River to the Munsey towns in the summer of 1779, had a skirmish with the Indians and returned to Pittsburgh where they were discharged. John Caldwell was in the battle with the Indians when they attacked Wheeling Fort in Sept. 1778.

9 Aug. 1832. Ohio Co., Va. John Mills declares he has been acquainted with John Caldwell since 1772. Caldwell was in the battle of Wheeling when the Indians attacked in Sept. 1778 and he and Caldwell were on the Munsey campaign commanded by Col. Broadhead in the summer of 1779 and returned to Pittsburgh the last of August or first of September.

4 July 1835. Report of W. G. Singleton, special agent of the Pension Office: He saw the old gentleman on 30 June and found him blind and very much enfeebled... In 1776 he volunteered under Capt. Herod for two months and served at Grave Creek at its junction with the Ohio River. He was engaged in building a fort and there were about one nundred men at that station. Capt. Herod was sent from Monongalia with about fifty men. He furnished his own arms and clothing and drew ammunition and rations; never received any pay. Capt. Herod was relieved by Capt. Wall. After serving two months under Herod he served two months under Wall. The men were engaged in bul-lding-the fort, scouting and ranging. Caldwell's father's family lived in the fort.

In the spring of 1777 his father and his family moved from Grave Creek to the forks of Wheeling Creek. There was a station of about fifty troops at that place under Capt. Samuel Mason. He volunteered and was in service until late in the fall, not less than six months. He and twenty-three others were sent to range through the adjacent country. The party was attacked by the Indians and twenty of their number killed by the Indians. Four made their escape to Dement's fort and joined Col. Shepherd's command, about 150 men, and marched to the relief of Wheeling Fort. On arriving they found the Indians had retreated.

In 1778 and 1779 he aided his father (who then lived near where Washington, Pa., now stands) in the early parts of the summer in raising the crops when his services could be spared. In July of each year he went down to Wheeling and volunteered and aided in the defense of the station. In these years he served not less than six months. He drew rations and ammunition but no pay. Capt. Bigs and Maj. Varnon commanded.

He was with Gen. Brodhead in an expedition up the Alleghany River against the Minsha Towns. The towns were destroyed and seven Indians killed. He was a volunteer and served about two months.

In 1780 he aided in building Rail Fort near Washington, Pa., and was out on several expeditions as a volunteer up and down and across the Ohio River and served not less than three months.

When there was an alarm he always turned out as a volunteer and aided in beating off the Indians. In this service the officers were generally selected from among the settlers.

He was once a man of property and consequence but is now reduced to great proverty. His is the most respectable family in the county. Judge Caldwell (Federal judge) is his brother.

John Caldwell of Ohio Co., Va., private in the company of Capt. Wall in the Virginia line for two years, was placed on the Virginia pension roll at $80 per annum under the Act of 1832. Certificate 12115 was issued 20 March 1833.


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