MARKER

Mason-Dixon Line Marker, Greene County, Pa.

Submitted by Pat Bondonese.

This marker was found just across the WV/PA state line in Greene County, Pa. According to a former gas line walker, this marker was along the Mason-Dixon Line, commonly known as the separating point between the north and the south. WV is inscribed on one side and PA on the other.

The significance of the date on this marker, 1883, is not known. Please write if you know the meaning.

There is much information online about the Mason-Dixon Line. This is the definition from Encarta Encyclopedia: "Boundary between Pennsylvania and Maryland (running between lat. 39°43?26.3??N and lat. 39°43?17.6??N), surveyed by the English astronomers Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon between 1763 and 1767. The ambiguous description of the boundaries in the Maryland and Pennsylvania charters led to a protracted disagreement between the proprietors of the two colonies; the dispute was submitted to the English court of chancery in 1735. A compromise between the Penn and Calvert families in 1760 resulted in the appointment of Mason and Dixon. By 1767 the surveyors had run their line 244 mi (393 km) W from the Delaware border, every fifth milestone bearing the Penn and Calvert arms. The survey was completed to the western limit of Maryland in 1773; in 1779 the line was extended to mark the southern boundary of Pennsylvania with Virginia (the present-day West Virginia). Before the Civil War the term "Mason-Dixon Line popularly designated the boundary dividing the slave states from the free states, and it is still used to distinguish the South from the North."

From The History of the Upper Ohio Valley:
History of Mason & Dixon's Line.

News articles about Marshall-Wetzel line markers:
Marshall-Wetzel Line Markers.

January 14, 2015: I was just looking through the old photographs on the Marshall GenWeb page and saw the one entitled “Old Mason Dixon Line Marker?” submitted by Pat Bondonese. Pat asked if anyone knew the significance of the date 1883 on the marker. It is in all likelihood one of the markers set by Cephus Sinclair. He resurveyed the western section of the Mason Dixon line from 1883-1885. Bryan LeMasters - bryan@bryanlemasters.com


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