THE HISTORY OF MARSHALL COUNTY

by Scott Powell, 1925

BAR

Contributed by Linda Fluharty.

WEATHER RECORD

Pages 314-316.

1816 - There was frost every month of this year. A heavy fall of snow in the early part of November was taken off with rain, causing a flood and much low ground was inundated, especially along the Monongahela River. Many cornfields were well filled with an unusual good crop of pumpkins which were carried off by the flood, which gave the flood the name of PUMPKIN FLOOD, by which it is remembered.

1831 - Winter set in early this year and was very cold. By the last of the year the Ohio River was frozen so that it was crossed by teams and coal was hauled from Pipe Creek to Elizabethtown for fuel in sleds drawn by oxen. A heavy fall of snow went off in February, which caused the flood of 1832.

1834 - There was a heavy frost this year on the morning of the first day of June.

1855 - The heaviest fall of snow recorded, commenced falling late in the night of December 24. It was a white Christmas. - On the first day of January, 1856, the temperature was zero. On the ninth of January the thermometers at the Flats of Grave Creek registered eighteen degrees below zero. Cold continued and the Ohio River was frozen so that it was used for a road and mail was carried from Wheeling to Parkersburg in a sled on the ice.
On March 1st, thermometers registered twelve degrees below zero.

1859 - There was a heavy frost on Sunday morning, June 5th, which did much damage.

1864 - The first day of January of this year is remembered as the Cold New Year. The last day of December, 1863, was an unusually warm day for the time of the year. A rain after midnight was followed by sudden cold, which became severe and was accompanied by a high wind.

1875 - The 15th day of February of this year was unusually cold. Thermometers registered as low as eighteen degrees below zero.

1890 - Trees and bushes were in bloom in February of this year. The winter had been an unusually open one, especially the months of January and February. A cold wave the latter part of February killed bloom, fruit buds and did the trees much damage.

1891 - The heaviest fall of sleet known to the oldest inhabitants of this section occurred in January of this year. It did much harm to trees of all kinds as the weight of the ice broke many limbs from them, strewing the woods with brush.

1899 - The ninth and tenth days of February of this year were very cold days. On the morning of the ninth, thermometers in a number of places registered sixteen below zero and on the following morning they regis- tered from about twenty-nine degrees to forty degrees below zero. Locations and conditions and also differences in thermometers may be accounted for part of the difference in the temperature.

1903 - This was not an unusually cold winter but was unusually long. It set in on the 18th of November and continued until late in March. - A heavy rain in January caused a flood in the river covering the low ground with ice as if nature was preparing it for Polar Bears. The flood reached the crest on the 25th of January. The break in the cold did not affect the ground and it remained frozen until in March.

1912 - There was some very cold weather this year. On the morning of the 13th of January the government thermometer at the penitentiary registered twenty-one degrees below zero. It was followed by cold weather.

1913 - On the morning of November 9th of this year, a rain turned to snow and continued to fall all day and when it ceased falling the ground was covered to a depth of eighteen inches and travel on the hills was closed for several days and rural mail carriers were prevented from making the usual daily delivery of mail for a week.

1917 - This was not an unusually cold winter but was an un- usually unpleasant one as there were so many cold, stormy days. The minimum temperature registered was seventeen degrees below zero in December.

1918 - This was a mild winter with an unusual number of clear bright days and little snow. Until the 29th of March the entire fall of snow had not aggregated one inch (.95 of an inch). On the 30th a snow fell to the depth of three inches and three-tenths of an inch. The spring was cold and late.

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