THE HISTORY OF MARSHALL COUNTY

by Scott Powell, 1925

BAR

Contributed by Frank Manning.

ASSESSOR'S REPORTS & COUNTY RECORDS

Pages 320-325.

                           ASSESSOR'S REPORT 
                      Of Marshall County for 1860 
                               LIVE STOCK

Number of horses.......................................	    2,413
Number of milch cows...................................	    1,501
Number of work oxen and other cattle...................	    3,686
Number of sheep........................................	   10,002
Number of hogs.........................................	    8,447
Value of live stock....................................  $253,063
Value of slaughtered animals...........................	   44,944 

                               FARM LAND
 
Number of acres of improved land.......................	   59,136 
Number of acres of unimproved land.....................    62,543 
Cash value of the farms ...............................$2,499,909 
Value of farm machinery and implements.................    58,262

                            FARM PRODUCTS 

Number of bushels of wheat.............................    74,750 
Number of bushels of corn..............................   241,911 
Number of bushels of oats..............................   133,617 
Number of bushels of potatoes..........................	   46,634
Number of pounds of tobacco............................    10,590
Number of pounds of hemp...............................       146
Number of pounds of flax...............................     7,722
Number of bushels of flax seed.........................       675
Number of pounds of silk cocoons.......................        20
Number of pounds of maple sugar........................    19,520
Number of gallons of maple molasses....................     1,958
Number of gallons of sorghum molasses..................    13,954
Number of pounds of honey..............................     7,707
Number of pounds of beeswax............................       213
Value of manufactured goods and wares..................   $14,179 

                        ASSESSOR'S REPORT

                               1910

                            LIVE STOCK

Number of horses..........  4,708	Value............. $475,580
Number of cattle..........  7,786	Value.............  382,560
Number of sheep........... 29,681	Value.............  238,570 
Number of hogs............  2,735	Value.............   51,356 

                   ASSESSED VALUATION OF PROPERTY

                               1923

                          Real        Personal      Board        Total 
                         Estate       Property       P. W.       of all
Cameron District.......$3,236,460    $1,356,810   $1,143,644   $5,736,914 
Clay District.......... 1,433,970       239,000    1,487,154    3,160,124
Franklin District...... 2,497,390       430,230    1,248,016    4,175,635
Liberty District....... 2,103,960       492,390    2,560,709    5,158,259
Meade District......... 1,771,030       393,789      964,410    3,129,220
Sand Hill District..... 1,205,460       223,620      290,817    1,819,896
Union District......... 7,046,380     3,794,760    4,400,813   15,241,953
Washington District.... 1,895.230       721,170      857,952    3,474,252 
Webster District....... 1,868,580       263,420      247,764    2,379,764 
Moundsville Independent
    District .......... 7,269,140     3,297,860    1,126,591   11,693,591
                       __________    __________   __________   __________   
                      $30,427,500   $11,214,040  $14,327,870  $55,969,410 
Cameron City..........$1,294,690     $1,021,230     $136,317   $2,452,237 
Benwood City.......... 3,716,980      3,188,250    3,542,607   10,447,837 
McMechen City......... 1,508,680        323,950      602,587    2,435,117 
Moundsville City...... 6,894,720      3,141,420    1,093,836   11,129,976
                      __________     __________   __________   __________   
                     $13,415,070     $7,674.750   $5,375,347  $26,465,167


                          SALARIES OF COUNTY OFFICERS

The Board of Supervisors, at a regular session held on the twentieth day of 
May, 1864, fixed salaries for county officers for the year as follows:

For prosecuting	attorney.................... per annum,	$200
For clerk of the board of supervisors....... per annum,	 350
For clerk of the circuit court.............. per annum,	  75
For sheriff................................. per annum,	  50 
For members of the board of supervisors for
    time spent in actual service............ per diem,	   2 

On the twentieth of August, 1864, the board of supervisors completed the work 
of fixing salaries for county and township officers:

For township clerk.......................... per annum, $ 25
For county superintendent of free schools... per annum,  200
For recorder................................ per annum,   50 

The county treasurer was allowed three per centum for all county levy.

The sheriff was allowed five per centum of all taxes collected except war
tax. which per agreement with the board of supervisors, was fixed at two and 
one-half per centum of all collected.

At a regular meeting of the board of supervisors. held on the twenty-third 
of June, 1865, the salary schedule was amended: 

For county superintendent of free schools.. per annum, $400
For recorder............................... per annum,	100
For sheriff................................ per annum,	150
For clerk of the board of supervisors...... per annum,	300
 
                     SALARIES OF COUNTY OFFICERS

                                 1923

For many years county officials were remunerated for services by fees for such 
services rendered with a small salary paid them in addition to the fees received.

The sheriff of the county served also as treasurer. He received five per cent. of 
taxes he collected subject to a discount of two and one-half per cent. for taxes 
paid in a discount period of one month.

After 1916 all county officers were paid an annual salary, paid in equal monthly 
payments. The salary schedule for county officers for the year 1923, as fixed by 
the county court or otherwise provided for, was as follows:

Sheriff (and treasurer)......................... $3,500 
Clerk of the Circuit Court......................  2,250 
Clerk of the County Court.......................  2,750 
Prosecuting Attorney............................  1,800
Assessor of the county..........................  2,400 
County Road Engineer (new office)...............  2,400 

Commissioners of the County Court, each $1,200, with an additional remuneration 
of two dollars per day for each day in session as a court.

County Superintendent of Schools, $2,150 and expenses. 

At the present day there are many assistants such as deputy sheriffs, deputy 
assessor, field assistants, deputy clerks and other assistants at salaries in 
proportion to those of the several officers named above.

Fifty years ago, 1873, under the fee system, the salary schedule for the several 
officers as fixed by the county court or otherwise was as follows:

Sheriff.........................................   $200 
Clerk of the Circuit Court......................    200 
Clerk of the County Court.......................    200 
Prosecuting Attorney............................    400 
Assessors (two) each............................    400 
County Superintendent of Schools................    300 

Assessors were allowed ten cents for each birth or death reported.

No allowance was made for expenses of County Superintendent.

                               MISCELLANEOUS

Voting places as ordered by the Board of Supervisors on March 29, 1864:

Cameron Township--Cameron and Terrell's Schoolhouse. 
Clay Township--Moundsville and Roseby's Rock. 
Franklin Township--Mouth of Fish Creek and Fairview. 
Liberty Township--Big Run Schoolhouse and Forks of Fish Creek.
Meade Township--Mouth of Lynn Camp and Gorby & Gufy's Store.
Sand Hill Township--Sand Hill Schoolhouse.
Union Township--Benwood and Chestnut Grove Schoolhouse. 
Webster Township--Smart's Store and Cross Roads. 
Washington Township--Courthouse and Limestone Schoolhouse.

                      Meeting Places of the County Court

From June 19, 1835, to April 23, 1836, at a hotel kept by Mrs. Susan Parriott 
in Moundsville, then called the Lower Town.

From May 19, 1836, to September 19, 1836, at the county jail.

From September 19, 1836, until the present day, it has always met in a room at 
the courthouse.

The County Court, in the year 1858, levied taxes for county purposes to the 
amount of $4,473.25.

For the year 1918. the County Court laid a levy for county purposes of $94,438.52.	

                             EARLY RECORDS

The first marriage recorded in this county is recorded in the following letters 
and figures:

       I, John Parriott, do hereby certify that I celebrated the rite 
       of matrimony between Alexander Ogle and Mary Ann Baker, both of 
       Marshall County, on the 18th of June, 1835. 
         June 19, 1835.                            John Parriott.

The first deed of conveyance of land recorded in the records of Marshall County 
is in the proceedings of the County Court in the following swords and figures, 
and certified to by two justices of the peace present at a regular session of 
County Court.

       A deed from Shipley Martin and his wife Nancy to John Gallaher 
       for lot No. ____, situated in the addition to Moundsville, the same 
       being duly certified and admitted to record the 19th day of 
       June, 1835.

The deed conveyed a lot situated on the east side of Water Street fronting sixty-two 
and one-half feet on that street and extending back one hundred and forty-five feet 
to a sixteen foot alley. The price paid was ninety-five dollars.

The lot was the one on which a brick house now stands and in which was formerly the 
store of Joseph Gallaher, later removed into a frame building at the corner of 
Fourteenth and Water Streets.

                            BREAK IN RECORDS

In preparing this work breaks in the county records prevented complete connection. 
Records show that Arthur O. Baker was elected sheriff of this county at a regular 
annual election held on the fourth Thursday of May, 1862, to serve a regular 
term of two years from the first day of January, 1863. Records further show that 
he entered upon the discharge of his official duties at the commencement of the 
year and served until some time in the latter part of the summer of 1864. He 
enlisted in the United States service and was commissioned Captain of Company A, 
Seventeenth West Virginia Infantry, on the second day of September of that year. 
Later records indicate that Jackson Reed served as sheriff of this county the 
latter part of that year and also the two years following, that is, from the first 
of January, 1865, until the thirty-first of December, 1866.

By what authority Jackson Reed served as sheriff for that time, especially the term 
of two years, from January 1. 1865, to December 31. 1866, is impossible to ascer-
tain, as no record is found concerning it and it has passed beyond the recollection 
of the oldest citizens now living.

No record is found of any meeting of the County Court or any similar body, from a 
regular session of the County Court composed of justices of the peace of the county, 
held on the 19th of June, 1863, until the first meeting of the Board of Supervisors 
on the 26th of January, 1864, nor is there any county record of the results of the
regular annual election held on the fourth Thursday of October, 1863, and it will 
be clearly seen that the work was attended with no little difficulty.

                                   POPULATION 

                            By Magisterial Districts 

                                                  1920    1910    1900
CAMERON, including city, town and villages......  3,685   3,442   2,350
CLAY, including city and village................  1,994   1,862   1,807
FRANKLIN........................................  1,467   1,655   1,957
LIBERTY.........................................  1,487   1,874   2,297
MEADE...........................................  1,224   1,527   1,580
SAND HILL.......................................    969   1,066   1,300
UNION, including cities, town and villages...... 10,398  10,001   7,688
WASHINGTON including city, town and village..... 11,266   9,656   5,986 
WEBSTER ........................................  1,191   1,305   1,479 

                          Incorporated Cities or Towns

                                                  1920    1910     1900
BENWOOD.........................................  4,773   4,926   4,511
CAMERON.........................................  2,404   1,660     964 
McMECHEN........................................  3,356   2,291   1,465 
MOUNDSVILLE..................................... 10,669   8,918   5,352

                                                  1920    1910    1900 
MARSHALL COUNTY................................. 33,681  32,383  26,444
                     

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