Compiled by Linda Cunningham Fluharty.
OHIO COUNTY REVOLUTIONARY WAR PENSIONS
OHIO COUNTY REVOLUTIONARY WAR SOLDIERS' GRAVES, Etc. - Submitted by Gary Timmons.
JOHN BAKER, b. about 1740, Germany, came to America about 1760, m. Elizabeth Sullivan, Philadelphia, PA. Was in service of the Colony of Virginia much of the time during the war but little record of him. After the war built Baker's Station near upper end of Cresap's Bottom, now Marshall County, WV, for protection against Indians. Was killed in a conflict with Indians near the station in 1787, buried near a stream, Grave Yard Run. Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index.
(Source: History of Marshall County, by Scott Powell, 1925.)
BENJAMIN BIGGS, b. 3/1/1753, Philadelphia, PA, s/o Benjamin Biggs, an Englishman, & Henrietta P. D. Munday. Entered service 1777 from Ohio County, VA/WV. Attained rank of Captain, received bounty land warrant 6/3/1791. Also served in War of 1812. Married 8/26/1795, Priscilla Metcalf, d/o Allen & had 10 children: Henrietta M., b. 7/11/1796, w/o William Irwin; Juliann, b. 4/13/98, w/o William Anderson; Benjamin F., b. 7/6/1800, h/o Lydia A. Carney; Allen M., b. 6/11/02, m. (1) Mary Trimble, (2) Mrs. Nancy Bell; George, b. 4/3/04, h/o Margaret Anderson; Margaret M., b. 8/26/06, d. at age 18; Zaccheus, b. 6/7/09, h/o Viney Gorsuck; Washington L., b. ?/22/11, h/o Mary A. Roland; Priscilla I., b. 1813, w/o John Beatty; John H., b. 12/1815, h/o Sarah A. Cramp. All data from family bible. Benjamim Biggs died at home 12/2/1823, near West Liberty, Ohio County, VA/WV. Widow received pension, 1849. Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index.
(Source: Virginia/West Virginia Genealogical Data From Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty Land Warrant Records,
by Patrick G. Wardell.)
JOSEPH BIGGS, b. 1755, MD, d. 2/1/1833, VA. Married 1/14/1794, Mary Daily. Served as a Captain in Wm. McMahon's company, Col. Benj. Biggs' Regiment of Virginia rangers, and while stationed at a block-house on the west side of the Ohio River, opposite Wheeling, then in command of a detachment of Virginia Rangers, he was wounded by the Indians, nature of wound not stated. Entered service from VA, disability pension 6/29/1796, Brooke County, VA. Widow applied for pension age 70, Marshall County, VA/WV, 1840, & pension application rejected, not married before 1794. At "first siege"* of Fort Henry, 9/1/1777. Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index, Ensign, Virginia.
(Sources: Virginia/West Virginia Genealogical Data From Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty Land Warrant Records, by Patrick G. Wardell; Lewis Wetzel, The Life and Times of a Frontier Hero, by C. B. Allman, 1939; History of Marshall County, by Scott Powell, 1925.)
JOHN BOGGS, b. 3/3/1739, PA, d. 2/6/1826, OH. Married (1) Jane Irwin, (2) in 1785, Mary (Williamson) Barr, widow of Robert Barr, the daughter of John and Mary Williamson. Commissioned Captain for his French & Indian War service. With Bounty Land from French & Indian War, staked "Tomahawk Claim" to land between acreage of James Caldwell & William McMechen, now known as "Boggs Run". In 1768 was assigned with Virginia militia to Virginia's western frontier, moving his family frequently. Helped with construction of Fort Henry in Wheeling. A commander at Catfish Camp. Was sheriff of Ohio County, VA/WV, 1785. Listed in the D.A.R. Patriot Index, Patriotic Service, PA & VA.
(Source: Time Steals Softly, by Virginia Jones Harper)
LYDIA BOGGS, b. 2/26/1766, Berkeley County, VA/WV (formerly Frederick County, VA), d. 9/29/1867, Wheeling, WV, d/o Capt. John Boggs and Jane Irwin. Married (1) Col. Moses Shepherd, (2) 1833, Gen. Daniel Cruger, a member of Congress from New York State. At age 16, Lydia was at the "second siege"** of Ft. Henry in Wheeling, 9/11/1782, assisting with melting bullets, etc. In statement to Lyman Draper, historian, Lydia claimed it was Molly Scott, not Betty Zane, who saved the fort by carrying gun powder in her apron, past the Indians, to the soldiers who had run out of ammunition. After marriage, Lydia was a wealthy plantation mistress and socialite, active in politics, entertained presidents. Buried at Stone Church Cemetery, Ohio County, WV.
(Source: Time Steals Softly, by Virginia Jones Harper.)
LEWIS BONNETT, b. 1737, Paoli, Chester County, PA, d. 3/9/1808, VA/WV. Parents were from French Flanders. Brother, Samuel, took charge of family after parents' deaths and moved to the Monongahela country. In the fall of the same year, Samuel was killed by a falling tree. Lewis enlisted in Virginia Rangers and, at age 18, was under George Washington in Braddock's defeat. Married Elizabeth Waggoner in the South Branch and took part in the Indian scouting parties. In 1764, moved to Wheeling Creek and moved to mouth of Dunkard Creek on the Monongahela. About 1781, moved back to Wheeling Creek, where he died 1808. Buried on the farm in a family cemetery. Sister, Mary, was the mother of Lewis Wetzel. Wife's father, Wilhelm Waggoner, killed by Indians; her brother John's wife and children were killed by Indians at a later time. Children: Lewis, Jr., b. 1778, John, Mary, Elizabeth, Barbara. Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index, Private, VA.
JOHN CALDWELL, b. 1750, VA, d. 1841, VA, married Louisa Wetzel. Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index, Sgt., VA.
Revolutionary Service per D.A.R. papers of Mrs. Rhoda Caldwell Ferris, National # 173195, Mexico, Missouri, 1921: John Caldwell enlisted as a private in Captain Charles Fleming's Co. 7 VA Reg for one year. Served also under Lt. Col. Wm Heth and under Col. Wm Russell. Was appointed Sergeant Dec. 1, 1778. Was in service in 1779. (Source given in application: Record from Office of Adj Genl.. the rest illegible.)
John Caldwell was born in the area that is now Marshall County, WV. He married in 1790, Louisa Wetzel, born 1762, died 1835, Their children were: Ezekiel, who resided in Marshall Co. in 1840; Brownhill, who resided in Illinois; John, born 1799, died 1856, married in 1829, Sarah Lashley, born 1809, died 1890.
The children of John & Sarah Lashley Caldwell were: Ezekiel, married (1) Miss Bradley, (2) Fannie Stone; Samuel, married (1) Kate Hunt, (2) Mrs. Ellen Smith; Sarah married John Dice; John Newton, born 1854, married (1) Nina Reeves, born 1857, (2) Dora Wells.
The children of John Newton and Nina Reeves Caldwell were: Saml(?), married Ollie Moore; Bert, married Lucy English; Alice, married Elmer Paris; Noel, married Jewell Smith; Lester, married Berta Westfall; Rhoda, married Edward Ferris.
JOHN CALDWELL, b. 1/22/1753, County Tyrone Ireland, s/o James & Elizabeth Alexander Caldwell, emigrated to Harve de Grace & Baltimore, MD age 10, to Ohio County, VA/WV, 1773. Married Jane Boggs, d/o Ezekiel and Jane (Johnson) Boggs. Children: James, died as child; Nancy, b. 1779, m. 1801, James Ryan; Elizabeth, b. 1782, m. Mr. Kerr; Rebeckah, b. 1784, m. 3/24/1808 William Gill; Margaret, b. 1786; Sarah, b. 1788, died young; Louisa, b. 11/29/1797, m. ca 1812, John Reed; Ezekiel, b. 1790, m. Chloe/Clarissa Wetzel, d/o Martin Wetzel & Mary Coffield; Jane, b. 1792, m. 8/13/1813, D. Caldwell; Alexander, b. 8/4/1798, m. Ruhama Wetzel, d/o Martin; Maria, b. 8 May 1805, m. 9/3/1822, William Tidball; Lovely, m. (Brownhill) John Tidball. Entered service 1776 as volunteer near Grave Creek, Ohio County. Served at Shepherd's Fort, Rail's Fort, was in Col. Broadhead's Expedition against the Munsee Indians. Served as guard 6 months at Fort Henry 1777, 1778, 1779 under Capt. Masson. 1776-83, volunteer on expeditions. Lived in area known as "Caldwells's Bottom", Sand Hill District, Marshall County, WV. Listed in 1840 Marshall County Census, age 90. Received pension. Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index, Private, VA.
(Sources: Pension Application & info from Phyllis Dye Slater, Sylvia Sligar, Dorothy Jamison, Jerry Bruhn.)
EDWARD D. CARNEY, b. Ireland, served in Snow's Virginia Militia, fought at Battle of Germantown, wounded multiple times, buried at West Liberty Cemetery. Tombstone reads, "Revolutionary War Soldier, Snow's Virginia Militia". Grandfather of Eliza Jane Conner b. 1822, d. 1877, and Edward Conner of West Liberty.
(Sources: Ann Miller; Graves of Revolutionary War Patriots, by Patricia Law Hatcher.)
JOHN CARPENTER, b. England, d. 9/3/1806, OH, married Nancy (Hartness ?). Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index, Quartermaster Sergeant, VA.
MOSES CATON CHAPLINE, b. 20th Oct. 1754; d. 10th Feb. 1812; was clerk of all the courts of Frederick Co., Md. One of the earliest citizens of Wheeling, W. Va. Served with high credit in the Revolutionary War, and received public thanks of Gen. Washington for his bravery in one of the severest affairs of the war. Was present at and participated in battles of Long Island, Brooklyn Heights, White Plains, storming of Fort Washington, Trenton and Princeton. Wounded at the Battle of Cowpens. First Lieutenant Md. Battalion of the Flying Camp, June to [p.177] December, 1776. First Lieutenant 6th Maryland, 10th Dec. 1776; Captain 20th Feb. 1777. He was sent out after Braddock's defeat to Ohio Co. VA, to guard the frontiers against the French and Indians; on this expedition was accompanied by Col. Ebenezer ZANE, Col. John CALDWELL, Major John GOOD, Col. CRESAP, and Col. Lawrence WASHINGTON. He is buried in the Stone Church cemetery, Wheeling, Ohio Co,WV m. Mary CALDWELL, sister of Col. John CALDWELL.
(Contributed by Jerry Bruhn.)
PATRICK CONNER, b. Ireland, served at the Battle of Germantown, father of William Conner, b. 1792, Delaware. William, grandfather of Eliza Jane Conner, moved to West Liberty in 1821. Possibly buried at Woodhill Cemetery.
ISAAC COX, b. 1716, Germany, d. 1783, VA/WV, married Susan Tomlinson. Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index, Colonel, Civil Service, VA.
MICHAEL CRESAP, b. 6/29/1742, Old Town, MD, s/o Thomas Cresap, b. ca 1694, who immigrated ca 1710 from Yorkshire, England and played key role in expansion of Western MD. (Thomas m. Hannah Johnson in 1727, fought and held captive in the Conjacular War, a PA/MD land dispute. He settled Old Town, was officer in both the French & Indian and Rev Wars.) Michael married Mary Whitehead 8/4/1764, St. Paul's Church, Philadelphia, PA. Captain of Cresap's Rifle Company in MD during Revolutionary War. Claimed land at Round Bottom, later contested. Was accused of killing Mingo Leader, known as "Logan", long debated. Died New York City, 10/18/1775, buried with military honors in Trinity Churchyard, NYC. Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index - Captain, MD, VA. Son, Michael, Jr. was buried at Cresap Cemetery, moved to Graysville Cemetery.
(Sources: The History of Marshall County, by Scott Powell, 1925; Information from Karen E. Cresap, 2ONLINE@prodigy.net; Biographical Sketch of the Life of the Late Captain Michael Cresap, 1971, McClain Printing. Introduction by Otis K. Rice.)
RICHARD CRESWELL, born circa 1748 Baltimore-Near Baltimore County, Maryland, served as a Private in Maryland under Captain Owens and Colonel Luck. Pension Number S6779. Wife was Elizabeth Lane. Richard died 25 Jan 1839 in Brooke County, (W) Va.
PETER CROW, b. 1763, PA, d. 11/15/1826, VA, married Susan Earlewine. Scout, PA. Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index.
JOHN CUMMINS (CUMMINGS), age 85 in 1840 Marshall County, VA/WV Census, d. 4/28/1852, age 96 yrs. 6 mo. 28da. Entered service 1778, MD. Pension age 60, Ohio County, VA/WV, when wife Araminta age 59 & son Robert, age 21. Buried Beallsville, Monroe County, OH.
(Sources: Virginia/West Virginia Genealogical Data From Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty Land Warrant Records, by Patrick G. Wardell; The Soldiery of West Virginia, by Virgil A. Lewis, 1978.)
JOHN CURTIS, age 89 in 1840 Ohio County, WV Census.
GEORGE DEMENT, b. 1/10/1742, d. 1798, VA, married (1) Sarah Gordon, (2) Jocasta Wealaxton. Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index, Private, VA.
BAZEL DUKE, a participant in the defense of Fort Henry in 1777.
DAVID FERREL, age 75 in 1840 Marshall County, WV Census.
ELIJAH FOOTE served and saw military action in the Eighth Regiment of the Connecticut Line of the Continental Army. He enlisted September 3, 1777 for three years and was in Captain Comstock's Company. Elijah fought under General McDougall at Germantown October 4, 1777. They wintered at Valley Forge, 1777-1778, and on June 28th following were present at the battle of Monmouth. He was discharged September 3, 1780. His Militia group was called up by General George Washington in the late summer of 1776. Foote served in this capacity as part of the Sixteenth Regiment of Connecticut Militia (Captain John Botsford's Company), which comprised trainbands (local militia groups) from Danbury, Ridgefield, New Fairfield, and Newtown. Elijah enlisted in the Continental Line from service in the 16th. The regiments that served that brief time under Washington were heavily recruited for extended Continental service.
Elijah Foote and his family moved into the West Liberty area where he died Oct 15. 1813. His will is on record at the Ohio County Court house.
Submitted by George Ruch, descendant.
JOHN FOX, Sr., age 85 in 1840 Marshall County, VA/WV Census; Revolutionary War pensioner. Taken prisoner by Shawnee Indians at Fort Lawrence, remained captive seven years until the war was over.
THOMAS GORBY, b. ca 1730, Chester County, PA, d. 3/24/1814, Ohio County, VA/WV, will probated June 1814. Married 1768-70, Elizabeth Allman, d. Ohio County, VA/WV after 1814. Children: Rebecca, b. 1772, m. ___ Elliott; Faithful, b. 1775, m. 1795, Joseph Clark; Eli, b. 1777, m. 1816, Mary Ann Ryan; Thomas Jeahue, b. 1779-80, m. (1) ___ Parsons, (2) Elizabeth West; Ebenezer, b. 1784, m. 1805, Prudence Parsons; Jesse Gorby, b. 1789, m. ___ Wade; John Gorby, b. 5/25/1792, m. Elizabth Barnett; Job Gorby, b. 1760-70, m. Hannah Richmond; Hannah Gorby, b. 1782, m. ca 1809, Henry Parsons. Thomas Gorby served as a Private in Captain Andrew Lynn's Company of Westmoreland County, PA. Served as a Private in Captain Stokeley's Company of Frontier Rangers of Westmoreland County, PA. A return to the State of Captain Stokeley's Company of Rangers for the month of April, 1783, of the 3rd., 4th., and 5th. class drafted and returned by Captain Andrew Lynn. Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index.
HARMON GREATHOUSE, Jr., b. 6/30/1762, PA, d. 7/5/1849, KY, married Mercy Buche. Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index, Private, PA.
GEORGE GREER, a participant in the defense of Fort Henry at the "second siege"**, 9/11/1782.
JAMES HOLLIDAY, age 86 in 1840 Ohio County, WV Census.
RACHEL JOHNSON, b. 10/10/1736, a slave, freed by Ebenezer Zane. He gave her property and she was a milliner. *Interviewed by Lyman Draper, historian, 10/1845, when she was 109. D. summer, 1847, at 111 years.
MORGAN JONES, b. DE circa 1740. Rank: Ens PS. Service: VA & PA. Death: PA 5 Nov 1820. Not Pensioned. Spouse: (1) Mary Davis.
By Roger Hanneman
MATTHEW KERR, of Scotch descent, was born in Ireland, probably about 1734. He married Margaret ____, and they brought their young family from northern Ireland to Philadelphia PA before the Revolutionary War (17) about 1769 (from his children's birthplaces). He was a merchant there.
"At the outbreak of the Revolutionary War, Matthew KERR enlisted (as CARR) in the Continental Army for the duration. He served as a private in Capt. Wilkinson's Co., 5th PA reg. On Jan. 3, 1777 he transferred to the 6th PA Reg. was with that regiment in George Washington's army during 1778 and 1780, then in Gen. Greene's division in the South during 1781 and 1782. He was mustered out in January of 1783" (1, 29). Soon after the war he moved his family west of the mountains to Chartier's Creek, near Ft. Pittsburg, then to Ft. Henry at Wheeling.
Jane Kerr, the daughter of Matthew and Margaret Kerr, married Peter Neighswonger, also a Revolutionary Patriot. Matthew subsequently moved to Washington County, OH.
JOHN LEE - From Colonial Families of the United States of America - Volume 2: "Chapline: Josiah, b. 25th Feb. 1781; m. Sallie LEE, his first cousin, dau. of Major John LEE, of Revolutionary War." (Submitted by Jerry Bruhn.)
There is a Major John Lee, VA, in the D.A.R. Patriot Index: "John Lee b c 1738 VA d 1803 KY m Elizabeth Bell Maj VA."
JOHN LYNN/LINN, Indian Scout in Ohio Valley, at "first siege"* of Fort Henry, 9/1/1777. Before "second siege"** of Fort Henry, 9/11/1782, warned people of possible attack in time for them to get to Fort Henry. Killed by Indians about 1789/90 with party led by John Wetzel, while trying to get revenge on Indians for stealing horses.
(Sources: Lewis Wetzel, The Life and Times of a Frontier Hero, by C. B. Allman, 1939; The History of Marshall County, by Scott Powell.)
ABRAM McCULLOCH, b. 1760, VA, d. 5/5/1839, VA, married Alcy Boggs. Pensioned. Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index, Private, Scout, Patriotic Service, VA.
JOHN McCULLOCH, Jr., b. 1752, VA, s/o Samuel, Sr. & Rachael, d. 4/6/1821, VA, married Mary Bukey. Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index, Private, VA.
SAMUEL McCOLLOCH, Colonel, a participant in the defense of Fort Henry in 1777. Said to have been the man who jumped his horse over Wheeling Hill to escape Indians.
WILLIAM McMAHON, b. 1/9/1749, DE, d. 6/30/1794, OH, married Ann Cox. Was killed by Indians at Ft. Recovery in Ohio and is buried there. Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index, Physician/Surgeon, VA.
JAMES McMECHEN, b. 12/25/1748, MD, d. 7/8/1825, VA, married 1779, Hannah Davidson, b. 1757, d. 1841. Served as a private in Capt. William Harrod's company of Virginia troops to patrol the Ohio Valley. Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index.
NOTE: James McMechen's WILL provides a more accurate date of death. His will was signed in July 1823, and was proved in April 1824. He is buried at the Locust Grove Cemetery. More information about James McMechen is found there.
WILLIAM McMECHEN, b. 1724, DE, d. 11/27/1797, Ohio County, VA/WV, married (1)Rachel Rosanne Nivens, (2) -- Halnsley, (3) Sidney Johnson. Captain, VA. Commanded a company in the Virginia militia, 1775. Came from South Branch of the Potomac River about 1773. Was the first settler on a bottom five miles below Wheeling, now McMechen, Marshall County, WV. At "first siege"* of Fort Henry. Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index.
(Sources: D.A.R. Lineage Book, Vol. 160, page 104; Lewis Wetzel, The Life and Times of a Frontier Hero, by C. B. Allman, 1939; History of Marshall County, by Scott Powell, 1925.)
SAMUEL MILLER, age 85 in 1840 Ohio County, WV Census; living with Joseph Miller.
PETER NEIGHSWONGER was born in 1755 near Winchester, Frederick County, VA. He and his brothers, Jacob and John, moved to the Wheeling, presently WV, area in 1773. They were Rangers in the Virginia militia under Capt. Peter Helphenstine. Jacob died in 1775. John was killed by Indians in 1783 on a hunting expedition down the Ohio river, near Little Grave creek. His partner, Joseph Heffler, escaped as their canoe floated off down river. John was found some months later near Captiva island still in his canoe. Hamilton Kerr, Peter's brother-in-law, eventually killed the Indian that killed John. Peter then served under Lt. David Enoch. Peter was married to Jane Kerr and their son, Hamilton, was born in 1784 (Probably named after his uncle). Peter was a hunter and defender of the settlement at Wheeling and Fort Henry.
CONSTANTINE O'NEIL, b. 1753, Ireland, d. 9/16/1834, Jackson County, VA/WV, married Catherine Shepherd, b. 1764, d. 1847. Served as a private in the Pennsylvania troops under Colonels Mackey and Bayard. Was also in Colonel Morgan's rifle corps. Claimed land between Big Grave Creek and Middle Grave Creek. Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index, Private, PA.
STEPHEN PARR, b. 1730, MD, d. 1800, VA, married Mary Davis. Settled near Little Grave Creek on land that adjoined that of the Tomlinson brothers. A run and a point bear his name. Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index, Soldier, VA.
CHRISTOPHER PARROTT/PARRIOTT, b. 3/25/1755, Prince George County, MD, d. 10/1/1820, Hampshire County, VA/WV. Married 1/21/1781, Marlborough, Prince Georges Co., MD, Martha Clark, d/o Abraham Clark. Martha d. 3/20/1839, Moundsville, Marshall Co., WV, buried First Street Cemetery, Moundsville. Christopher was a Sergeant in the Continental Army, 2nd Maryland regiment, under Colonel Howard. Participated in the battles of Trenton, Princeton, Brandywine (wounded), Germantown, Monmouth (wounded), Stoney Point and Yorktown. Children: William, 1783-1824, m. Susan Turner; John, 1791-1855, m. Lydia Turner; Dennis, 1798->1850, m. Louise Price; Nancy, d. >1850, m. James Davis; Joseph, 1790-1887, m. Hannah Vandiver; Samuel, ca 1781-<1850; Amelia (Millie), d. 1858, m. Simeon Turner. Widow pensioned. Granddaughter, Elizabeth, daughter of Nancy Parrot & James Davis, married Robert Tomlinson. Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index.
(Sources: Phyllis Dye Slater; D.A.R. Lineage Book, Vol. 150, page 93; Guy Littman)
ABRAHAM RODGERS, a participant in the defense of Fort Henry in 1777.
JAMES SALTER of Ohio County, served as a Private in the Virginia Line. He received an annual allowance of $96; the total amount received was $629.67. His pension began 24 Aug 1827 when he was 80 years old.
SAMUEL SALTER, brother of James, also served in the American Revolution. He enlisted in May 1776 with the 12thVirginia Regiment and served until 1 May 1777. He was honorably discharged in Winchester,Va. Samuel applied for a pension, 29 Oct 1822 in Fayette Co., Pa., when he was 69 and his wife Bridget was 64. He received $8.00 a month, to begin 1 March 1823. - Bridget died 30 Apr 1831. On 19 Jan 1833, he asked that his pension be sent to Ohio where he moved to be with his son, William. Samuel received $96 per year; the total received was $1,057.03. In his pension file, he says he served for a year in the 12th Virginia Line, as a private in the company commanded by Capt. Ebenezer Zane, in the regiment commanded by Col. Joseph Wood. - Samuel was born in Baltimore, Md. and lived in Fayette Co., Pa. for most of his life. His grandson, Eli W. Salter lived and died in Marshall County, W.Va.
ANDREW SCOTT, a participant in the defense of Fort Henry at the "second siege"**, 9/11/1782.
MOLLY SCOTT, a participant in the defense of Fort Henry at the "second siege"**, 9/11/1782. Lydia Boggs Shepherd Cruger credited her, not Betty Zane, with carrying the ammunition in her apron to the soldiers.
(Source: Lewis Wetzel, The Life and Times of a Frontier Hero, by C. B. Allman, 1939; Time Steals Softly, by Virginia Jones Harper.)
COLONEL DAVID SHEPHERD, b. Jan 1733/4, Shepherdstown, VA/WV, s/o Thomas & Elizabeth Van Meter Shepherd, d. 2/2/1795, m. 1752?, Rachael Teague, d/o William & Isabella. Named as commander of militia in first court session, June 1777, Ohio County, VA/WV. At Fort Henry during the "first siege"*, 9/1/1777, by Indians and British soldiers after the people in the fort refused to surrender. Joined Col. Broadhead's Campaign against the Indian towns on the Cochocton River 1780/1. Children: William Shepherd, b. 1753 Shepherdstown, VA/WV, m. 1776, Rebecca McCullough, d. 9/1/1777 at Fort Henry; Elizabeth, b. 1757, Shepherdstown, VA/WV, m. (1) William McIntire, (2) John Lee; Sarah, b. ca 1759, Shepherdstown, VA/WV, m. (1) Francis Duke, (2) Levi Springer; Moses, b. 11/1763, Shepherdstown, VA/WV, m. 1784, Lydia Boggs, d. 4/9/1832, Wheeling, VA/WV; Ruth, b. 1767, Shepherdstown, VA/WV, m. John Mills, d. 4/9/1846, Wheeling, VA/WV. Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index - County Lieutenant, Civil Service, Patriotic Service.
(Sources: Lewis Wetzel, The Life and Times of a Frontier Hero, by C. B. Allman, 1939; That Dark and Bloody River, by Allan W. Eckert, 1995; Chronicles of Border Warfare, by Scott Withers, 1895.)
MOSES SHEPHERD, b. 11/1763, Shepherdstown, VA/WV, s/o Col. David Shepherd, married Lydia Boggs, was a participant in the defense of Fort Henry in the "second siege"**, 1782.
WILLIAM SHEPHERD, died while a participant in the defense of Fort Henry in 1777.
FREDERICK SIVERT, early settler in Sand Hill District, born Hesse Casel, Germany, came to America early part of Revolutionary War. Was a Hessian soldier in service of Great Britain, was captured by Americans under General, 26th December, 1776, at Trenton, N. J. While a prisoner of war, he learned from German citizens the real condition of the country and cause of the war, enlisted in the Continental Army and fought to the close of the war for the independence of the colonies. Married Martha Curtis, settled on Big Wheeling Creek.
DANIEL SULLIVAN, a participant in the defense of Fort Henry at the "second siege"**, 9/11/1782.
ANDREW SWEARINGEN, a participant in the defense of Fort Henry in 1777.
JAMES TOMLINSON, a participant in the defense of Fort Henry in 1777, s/o Joseph Tomlinson, Sr. & Rebecca Swearingen. Never married. Sustained head injury in fall from tree.
(Sources: Lewis Wetzel, The Life and Times of a Frontier Hero, by C. B. Allman, 1939; information from Phyllis Dye Slater.)
JOSEPH TOMLINSON, Sr., b. 10/12/1712, Ireland, d. 12/1/1797, VA/WV, married 10/21/1738, Arundel County, MD, Rebecca Swearingen, d/o Van Swearingen & Elizabeth Walker. Children: James, b. 11/6/1742; Joseph, Jr., b. 10/12/1745, m. Elizabeth Hartness; Samuel, b. 1747, d. at Fort Henry; Lucy (Elizabeth), b. 1749, m. Joshua Baker; Benjamin, b. 12/11/1752, m. Rachel Greathouse; Jesse, b. 1753, m. Elizabeth Basil; Rebecca, b. 2/14/1754, m. (1) John Martin, (2) Isaac Williams; Nathaniel, b. 1750, m. Elizabeth Baker Harvey, widow, lived in Natchez, MS, no issue.(John & Drusilla are often mentioned as children but no proof.) One of the earliest settlers, lived on Big Wheeling Creek, left land to Joseph, Jr. who later sold it. Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index, Patriotic Service, VA.
JOSEPH TOMLINSON, Jr., b. 10/12/1745, MD, d. 5/30/1825, VA/WV, married 1/25/1775, Little Meadows, MD, Elizabeth Hartness, d/ ___ Hartness & Mary Scott. Buried Mt. Rose cemetery, Moundsville. *In Oct. 1776, owing to the exposed situation of the county (Ohio) the justices organized and enrolled the militia with suitable field and company officers duly confirmed by the Governor. Joseph Tomlinson was one of the names on the roll. January 6, 1777 - Under Early proceedings of the county Court Joseph was recommended for Captain. Built the first town in Elizabethtown, named in honor of his wife, now Moundsville. Discovered The Mound, the ancient burial grounds of a prehistoric culture, for which Moundsville, WV is named. Children: Robert, b. 10/24/1775, m. Mary Delong; Druzilla, b. 4/17/1777, m. Hedakiah Bukey; Samuel, b. 1779, m. Lavisa Purdy; Issac, b. 1783, m. Anne Dement; Mary (Polly), b. 9/17/1785, m. John Kinnaird; Lucy, 3/27/1789, m. (1) Samuel Riggs, (2) William Hoskinson; Nathaniel, b. 6/7/1793, m. Margaret Ransom; Jesse, b. 6/12/1797, m. Mary Belle Martin; Elizabeth, b. 10/23/1790, m. Joseph Cox McMahon; Joseph, b. 4/7/1781, m. Susannah McMahon (sister of Joseph). Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index, Captain, Guard, VA.
(Sources: *Fort Henry Military Organization, History of the Pan-Handle by Newton; page 96; Information from Phyllis Dye Slater; History of Marshall County, by Scott Powell, 1925.)
SAMUEL TOMLINSON, b. 1747, s/o Joseph Tomlinson, Sr. & Rebecca Swearingen. Not married. Commanded garrisons at Fort Washington & Grave Creek. Was at Fort Henry and participated in the bloody conflict which occurred near it on the morning of 9/1/1777. Was one who discovered the Indians that waylaid the path leading from the fort. As he was returning from spying on the Indians, Lt. Samuel Tomlinson was killed while trying to get into the fort.
(Source: Information from Phyllis Dye Slater; The History of Marshall County, by Scott Powell; Calendar of the Frontier Wars Papers of the Draper Collection of Manuscripts, Indexed by Sam McDowell, 1991.)
JOHN VAN METER, b. 1738, Berkeley County, VA/WV, d. 1806, Brooke County, VA, married (2) 1784, Jemima (Dunn) Bukey. Served as major in the 2nd battalion, Berkeley County Virginia militia. Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index.
CHARLES WELLS, b. 4/5/1745, s/o Benjamin, also a Revolutionary Patriot. Charles d. 4/16/1815, Tyler County, VA/WV, married (1) Michal Owens, b. 1745, d. 1783, (2) Elizabeth Prather. Was a patriot who took the Oath of Allegiance and Fidelity. Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index, Patriotic Service, VA.
JOHN WETZEL, Sr., b. 1733, Holland, moved to Switzerland about 1740, married Mary Bonnett, 1756. Children: Martin, b. 1757; Christina, b. 1759; George, b. 1761; Lewis, b. Aug. 1763; Jacob, b. 9/16/1765; Susannah, b. 1767; John Jr., b. 1770. In battle of Point Pleasant under General Andrew Lewis, 10/10/1774. Rendered service as a scout, commanded a company of rangers on the frontier of West Virginia, 1778. Killed by Indians 6/11/1786, VA/WV, buried Grave Yard Run, near Baker's Station, Franklin District, Marshall County, WV. Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index, Captain, VA & PA.
(Source: D.A.R. Lineage Book, Vol. 149, page 177; Lewis Wetzel, The Life and Times of a Frontier Hero, by C. B. Allman, 1939.)
LEWIS WETZEL, b. Aug. 1763, d. 1808, age 44, Rosetta, Mississippi. Reinterred in McCreary Cemetery, Marshall County, WV, 8/2/1942. Famous Indian fighter and scout, who became an American Folk-hero for his courage and boldness in the frontier wilderness. Not married.
MARTIN WETZEL, b. 1762, VA, d. 1830, VA/WV, married Mary Coffee. He was the son of John and Mary (Bonnett) Wetzel. One of the most efficient scouts in the Upper Ohio Valley and spent much time during the long and bloody Indian war in that capacity and rendered much service by doing so. In battle of Point Pleasant, at age 17, under General Andrew Lewis, 10/10/1774. At age 20, he was a soldier under Major Samuel McColloch, the man who is said to have jumped his horse over Wheeling Hill to escape Indians. Defended Fort Henry. Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index, Private, VA.
(Sources: Lewis Wetzel, The Life and Times of a Frontier Hero, by C. B. Allman, 1939; History of Marshall County, by Scott Powell, 1925.)
ISAAC WILLIAMS, b. 1737, Chester County, PA, d. 9/20/1820. Moved to Winchester, VA as child, father died, mother married ___ Buckley. At age 18, served as scout & spy during French & Indian War in 1755. One of the early settlers of the Ohio Valley. Served under Gen. Braddock, then in 1758, under Gen. Forbes & was with the army at capture of Ft. Duquesne. Was a guard that convoyed the first train of supplies to Fort Pitt for the garrison after the French had been driven out from the Key to the West. Scout & spy in the service of Lord Dunmore of Virginia in campaign against Indians. Known as venturesome trapper along the Ohio and the Mississippi Rivers. Married Rebecca Tomlinson Martin. The city of Williamstown, WV commemorates his name.
REBECCA (TOMLINSON) MARTIN WILLIAMS, b. 2/14/1754, Wills Creek, MD, d/o Joseph Tomlinson, Sr. & Rebecca Swearingen, d. 1825, married (1)John Martin, (2) Isaac Williams. Was one of the women of the day who aided in fighting the great battles of early settlers, during long & bloody war commencing in 1777 & not ending until victory of General Wayne at Fallen Timber in August, 1794. They moulded bullets, cooled & loaded guns, shot the guns at times, cared for wounded. First husband, Martin, an Indian trader, killed by Shawnee in 1770. Married Isaac Williams, 1775. Their only child, a daughter, died age 20 without issue. Rebecca was at Fort Henry.
MOSES WILLIAMSON, b. 1723, MD, d. 1792, Ohio County, VA/WV, m. 1744, Jane Mills, b. 1726, d. 1797. A private in the Virginia militia and a signer of the Oath of Allegiance. Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index.
HENRY YOHO, b. 1752, Winchester, Frederick County, VA, d. Marshall County, WV, 3/12/1845. Married ca 1783, Catherine Baker, b. ca 1761, d. ca 1826-31, d/o Capt. John Baker and Elizabeth Sullivan. Children: George, m. (1) Jane Hartley, (2) Sarah Cook; Polly Mary, m. Joshua Garner; Rachel, m. James Buchannan; Elizabeth, m. James Brown; Rebecca, m. Nicholas Gatts; Nancy Ann, m. Frank Wykert; Margaret, m. David Twible. Henry Yoho enlisted in Greene County, PA in 1776, served two months under Lt. Samuel Swingler (or Singular) stationed at Whitely Creek. Served four months from June 1777 under Captains John Minor and Cross in Colonel Gibson's Virginia Regiment, marched to Ft. Pitt and down the Ohio River to the mouth of Wheeling Creek in pursuit of Indians. Served in 1776 for two months under Lt. Swingler, three months in Capt. John Wetzel's Company of spies. He served six months from fall of 1778 in Capt. Cross' Company, was in McIntosh's expedition to Big Beaver on the Ohio & assisted in building Forts McIntosh and Laurens. Served eighteen months from July 1779 under Jacob Cline in Col. Laughlin's Regiment in Gen. Clark's expedition to the Falls of the Ohio, during which he was an Indian scout. Served two months in 1781, stationed at Mason's Fort on Buffalo Creek, wounded in the hip in a skirmish with Indians. Received pension. Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index - Private, VA.
PETER YOHO, b. 1745, PA, d. 1817-28, VA, married Margaret Baker, twin sister of Catherine, d/o Capt. John Baker and Elizabeth Sullivan. Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index - Private, PA.
Revolutionary Service per D.A.R. papers of Wilda Parsons Siburt, National # 707631: The said Peter Yoho who resided during the American Revolution at Westmoreland County, PA, assisted in establishing American Independence, while acting in the capacity of private in Company commanded by Captain John Guthrey, 1st Battalion Washington County Militia. (Pennsylvania Archives: VI Series, Volume II, p 19 and 271.)
ANDREW ZANE, a participant in the defense of Fort Henry in 1777*.
EBENEZER ZANE, b. 10/7/1747, Berkeley County, VA/WV, d. 11/19/1812, Wheeling, VA/WV, married Elizabeth McCulloch. With his brothers, in 1769, laid claim to the area that is now Wheeling. One who directed the construction of Fort Henry, defended it at the "first siege"*, 9/1/1777. Delegate to the 1788 Virginia Assembly and served as Colonel of the Virginia troops. Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index - Patriotic Service, Colonel, VA.
ELIZABETH McCULLOCH ZANE, b. 10/30/1748, d/o Samuel, Sr. & Rachael, d. after 12/9/1800, married Ebenezer Zane 2/1768. Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index, Patriotic Service, VA.
ELIZABETH ZANE, b. 1759-63, Westmoreland County, VA, d. 1826-8, Martin's Ferry, OH, married (1) 1786, Ephraim McLaughlin, (2) Jacob Clark. Rendered service 9/12/1782 in the capacity of ammunition bearer at the "second siege"** of Fort Henry. Elizabeth secreted gunpowder in her apron and ran past the unsuspecting enemies to the defenders of the fort, who were out of ammunition. Listed in D.A.R. Patriot Index, Patriotic Service, VA.
JONATHAN ZANE, a founder of Wheeling, WV. At "first siege"* of Fort Henry, 9/1/1777.
SILAS ZANE, a founder of Wheeling, WV. At "first siege"* of Fort Henry, 9/1/1777. In command, 9/11/1772, during "second seige"** of Fort Henry.
* - "First Siege", 9/1/1777, of Fort Finecastle, built 1774, later called Fort Henry when Patrick Henry was proclaimed the first rebel governor of Virginia. Was probably located at 11th and Main in Wheeling. A large body of Indians and British soldiers appeared before the fort and asked that it surrender and be taken to Detroit & accept the terms of Governor Hamilton. 33 men, and also the women there, refused to surrender and repulsed the British and Indians after a three day seige.
** - "Second Siege" of Fort Henry, 9/11/1782 - Known as the last battle of the Revolutionary War. Was one of the most important battles fought between the Indians & Whites along the frontier, in which 40 British soldiers and 260 Indians, known as "Queen's Rangers", commanded by Captain Pratt and white renegade, George Girty, were held off by some 20 men and several women. After several days, the attackers gave up the siege. Only one wounded and none killed inside the fort.
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