May 19, 1911


The grass in the meadows is remarkably short for this time of the year. this surely is a May drought.
The twelfth commencement of the Elk Garden Graded School will be held in the ME Church, South, Sat evening, May 20. The class is the largest in the history of the school, there being fourteen members. The County Superintendent, Rev George S Arnold, will present the diplomas. Admission ten cents.
Misses Mary and Hannah Mason were at Piedmont last Mon.
Dr P S Keim made a business trip to Keyser last Mon.
Mrs Rosa Dean and Mrs Myrtle Keim were calling on friends at Bayard one day last week.
F S Enos was found dead at Oakmont last Sun morning. From all the circumstances that surrounded the case his death was a pure case of alcoholism. He has a brother at No 15 mine. The body was brought to Elk Garden by undertaker F C Rollman and prepared for burial which took place at Cumberland on Tues.
Justice J E Aronhalt left last Sun evening for Connecticut to attend the Supreme Lodge of the Mystic Chain.
We are sorry to learn of the death of Miss Beulah Warnick, daughter of Mrs Adna Warnick, of Cumberland. She died of typhoid fever May 14th, aged 18 years and the body was interred at Cumberland on Tues.
Mrs Nathan Warnick attended the funeral of James Simpson at Westernport last Fri. He was a resident of Cumberland but was engaged at the Wabash mines as assistant boss.
Black Hawk Tribe of Westernport Md, very generously donated $50 to be distributed by the Red Men here among the needy ones of the mine horror.
The baseball fever is on. Last Sat the second nine of this place engaged the second nine of Kitzmiller on our home diamond in a spirited game. The score stood 7 to 5 in favor of Elk Garden. Frank Kenny and John Clark were the batteries for the home team.
The first nine went to Piedmont and crossed bats with the Tri-Towns players last Sat in an eight-inning game. Score 7 to 5 in favor of Elk. Batteries for Elk, the Raley brothers, and for Piedmont White and Wilson pitchers, and Daily catcher.


I Gip Vanmeter of Davis, arrived here yesterday evening on a visit to relatives.
Rev Alexander Earle and family left last week for a visit to relatives in Va and other points.
W F Friddle and Hugh Bean left Mon morning for Moundsville on a short visit to friends in this city.
Chas McNary of Wheeling, spent Tues night here. Mr McNary came here to purchase the Taylor Pharmacy.
Charlie Cunningham, who has been located here for the past year, left this morning for Kentucky. His many friends here regret to see him leave.
Miss Mattie Baker sold to H S Carr last week her lot on Winchester Ave for $1200.
Miss Baker purchased a lot of Miss Mamie Alexander on the same street for $1200.
R C Jackson and wife, of Kingwood, who were recently married are spending their honeymoon in Moorefield. Mr Jackson was an engineer on the construction of the Hampshire Southern Railroad.
Tom Williams had a valuable horse to get in the trestle work of the bridge that crosses Fort Run, near his home, and break its leg, Sun night. Jessie Fisher had one to meet with the same accident Mon. Both horses had to be killed.


Dry and warm.
Kitzmiller and Luzier have finished sawing on the Arnold place and moved their saw mill to Jas Endler's where they will saw a small set.
D W Idleman, was visiting home folks Sat and Sun.
The monotony of the regular routine in our community was broken last week by the music of wedding bells. The contracting parties were Mr G Edward Kitzmiller and Miss Hansford. the ceremony was performed at the home of the bride near Eglon.
"Miss Hansford was a prominent school teacher, while Mr Kitzmiller is one of our leading business men, now engaged in the sawmill business. We extend congratulations and best wishes. They will live in the Fisher house.
Jas J Idleman and Mrs J W Idleman, visited Mr and Mrs R L Neville, Kerney, last Sun.
Mrs J H Schaeffer and son, Harry, were calling on friends in Gormania last Sun.
Dr Bear, who operated on Irvin Neville, at Johns Hopkins Hospital a few weeks ago, has written to Dr Drinkwater that he found the trouble to be an old fracture in the neck of the femur where it fits into the hip bone. Nature in trying to repair the damage caused a friction that set up an irritation that caused the whole trouble. Dr Bear removed this growth and he says the boy will certainly get well.
About three years ago, Irvin fell from the top of D W Idleman's barn, a distance of about 25 feet, landing on his hip, and it is now supposed that the fracture was made at that time.
Rev Nim Alkire filled the pulpit in the M E Church here sun morning very acceptably, the pastor, Rev E P Idleman being detained at home because of the serious illness of their little boy, Core.
As we close this communication, the sad news comes over the phone that the boy died last night. We extend our deepest sympathy to the afflicted parents.


Jacob P Shobe and family left last Sat for Laneville where they will spend the summer at their farm.
County Commissioner, D O Fout and wife, and the latter's mother, were visiting here on Thurs of last week.
I S Alt, who recently purchased some land of the South Branch Development Co near Johnston school house, is erecting a dwelling on it.
Mrs Sallie Mumbert died last week at Williamsport. Mrs Mumbert was about 90 years old, and years ago lived a few miles west of Petersburg.
D K Hughes, Keyser, who is visiting in this county, and B C Vauce of Authur, were in Petersburg Fri.
They went from here to Hardy Co.
Last week, W A Wise, J Leonard Deegan, S F Klinger, Chis. H Honold bought of Louis Evans on the mountain, near here, 31 acres of land which will be planted in an orchard and will be known as the Penn Orchard Co.


Mrs Emma Ayers has moved from Westernport hill to Barton.
Mr Tom Fazenbaker has moved into the property vacated by Mrs Ayers.
Mrs Thos. Gocke left Sat last to be present at the graduating exercises of the Maryland Medical College, Baltimore. Her son, Dr Wm Gocke, is a graduate this season, and carries the honors of his class.
Mr J K Frost, of Cumberland, was a business visitor her on Sat.
Mr James Fraley, of Fairmont, is visiting relatives and friends here.
Miss Stewart Arnold was a visitor to Cumberland Sat.
Miss Blanche Chrisman, of Keyser, is visiting her sister, Mrs Harry Renshaw, of Fairview St.
Born on Mon May 15, 1911, to Mr and Mrs W B Rapley, of Luke, a son.
Miss Mary Doyle and Mr Wm Ledlow spent Sun in Frostburg, the guest of Miss Helen Doolin.
Mrs Mary O'Gorman, had the misfortune to fall at her home on Back Street about a week ago, receiving severe bruises and sprains, which will confine her to the house for some time. Her sister, Miss Kate is spending some time with her.
Miss Katherine Burke, of Wheeling, who has been visiting Miss Nellie Mullen for some time past has returned home.
Mr Edward F Hines, engineer on the 17 mile grade had the misfortune to have several fingers scalded a few days ago.
Mrs C E Dellinger and little daughter, Martha, who have been visiting relatives in Baltimore, returned to their home in Westernport Sat evening.
J S Helfersty left Fri last on a trip to Baltimore.
Mr J V Bell, of Keyser, was a visitor to Piedmont Sat.
Mr Frank Jameson, who has been quite sick at his home in Westernport, for some time past, is in a much improved condition.


At last we are having nice warm weather, and Ye Scribe was so busy last week making garden and planting "taters" that he had no time to write.
We are having it unusually dry here for the time in the year and forest fires have been raging throughout this entire community for the last ten days; many of them, however, have done but little damage, having been stopped before they got into any farms, but several have struck farms and consumed quite a lot of fencing. The heaviest losers so far are Ed Blackburn, H C Homan, D W and F O Idleman. While we write there are two heavy fires in sight of us, both of which were checked last evening, but have broken out again today; one is burning through the woodland inside Mack Inskeep's farm and going straight toward D W Idleman's homeplace and if not soon checked his house and barn are in great danger. The other fire is on Schell Hill and is now inside J G Hanlin's farm, where there is a force of hands fighting it from his barn. On Sun 7th the house and barn on D W and F O Idleman's farm, occupied by Charley Welch, were saved, only by the heroic efforts of a lot of neighbors.
The grass is quite short, yet, but stock is now beginning to live very well upon it.
Mrs Anna Poole, of Kitzmiller Md, has been spending the past ten days among her old friends and neighbors of this community. She will return to her home tomorrow accompanied by Mrs J W Roderick, who will spend a week there and in Blaine.
We noticed the Presbyterian minister, who is to preach for us here this summer, accompanied by his wife, disembarked at Schell yesterday and drove out to Highland Croft. We failed to learn his name.
Charley Head, of Seymour Heights, Grant County, is transacting business in our neighborhood today.
We hear of no sickness in our community except a few cases of measles among some of the young people.
Wed morning 17th - Another heavy fire came up from the railroad last evening on the hill below Schell, which, had it not been checked, would have burned Arley Blackburn's and Mrs Weem's farms out but was checked at a road below them. The fires were all checked last night, but if the wind raises, today it will be impossible to hold them. The extent of the damage done is not yet fully learned, but it is heavy. More than one half of A M Inskeep's farm was burned out last evening, when the fire crossed the road at D W Idleman's and burned quite a lot of fencing near his house and barns. Empire school-house was saved only by a force of men fighting nearly all night. The men are now all completely worn out and if the fire starts again, we see no chance to stop it, and there is no hope of rain soon.
Uncle John


Messrs A W Arbogast, and Marian Burr, of Marlinton, and Mr J Ed Arbogast, of Monterrey, came to Keyser Sun night in an auto. They made the trip from Monterey in about 8 hours. Mr A W Arbogast is the Superintendent of a telephone line in Pocahontas Co, WVA and Mr J Ed Arbogast is the sheriff of Highland Co, Va, they are brothers of our fellow townsman, Mr C C Arbogast.
Mrs George W Bane attended the funeral of a little nephew at Westernport last Sat.
Mr and Mrs Elmer Biggs of Ridgeley, were guests of Mr and Mrs George W Bane Sat evening.
R H Kookus, of Romney, spent Sun in Keyser.
Mr C E Kiser, of Alaska, spent Sat night in Keyser.
Mr S S Rees was in Keyser on business Thurs.
Rev J M Beane was in Romney this week on church business.
Prof Harvey, of the Beryl Public School, brought his pupils to Keyser Wed and they visited and inspected the seventh and eighth grades of our public school.
Thurs morning, Mr and Mrs T H Davis and Atty. Taylor Morrison left for Baltimore in Mr Morrison's auto. They left here at 5:15 and by 10 o'clock had arrived at Winchester. They will return to first of the week.
Mr Valentine Simmons was in Keyser on business Wed.
Mr Edgar Shillingburg was in Keyser with him team Wed.
Mr and Mrs Morgan Bane and son were in Keyser Tues and Wed.
The Potomac Milling and Ice Co have gotten a new Ice Wagon for their spring deliveries.
Mr Fred Ashenfelter, spent Tues and Wed with home folks, at Swanton.
Mr Wm Sibert of Cumberland was a business visitor to Keyser Thurs.
Misses Fidessa Workman and Beulah Fisher were visitors to Piedmont last Fri evening.
Mr and Mrs Arthur Fisher, of Davis, were called to Keyser on account of the death of Mrs Will Johnson.
House cleaning time is here, windows must be washed, you need a step ladder - Frye & Sons have the best.
Dr P S Keim was in Keyser on business Mon. The Dr is contemplating a professional visit to Philadelphia some time in June.
Mr A S Veach visited in Keyser last Sun.
Mr P M Spangler has ordered his Tribune changed from Waynesboro Penn to Pen Mar, of the same state.
Mr and Mrs B H Kiser attended the Hoffman Hospital Commencement at the High
School Auditorium Tues evening.
J M Bright sold a high class Studebaker top buggy to James Mott last Tues.
Mr Edward Rogers was in Oakland on business Wed.
Miss Helen Bane, of Elk Garden, who had been visiting relatives in Keyser for ten days, returned home Tues.
Piedmont is suffering the effects of the drought, but it is still wet enough in Westernport.
Corn is coming up. You will want single and double shovel plows, cultivators, etc. We have them. Frye and Sons.
Mr George Dunbrack, who has served out his three years of enlistment in the US Army, returned to Keyser last Tues.
Mr Robert Johnston, of Fairmont, and Miss Dora Johnston of Clarksburg, attended the funeral of their sister in law, Mr W A Johnston yesterday.
Peach Baskets. We have them. Don't fail to see our samples and get our prices. Frye & Sons
Miss Nellie Ravenscroft returned Sun from a two weeks' visit in the east.
A full line of Oliver Chilled Plows and repairs. The Keyser Hardware Co.
Miss Cora Kidwell is visiting her sister at Morgantown W Va.
Dr and Mrs L L Edgell went to Pennsboro this week for business and recreation.
Get your cool dress and negligee shirts of D Long & Son.
Miss Laura Davis, of Ridgeville, is visiting friends and relatives in Keyser.
Mr Orlando Harrison, of Berlin Md, is in Keyser on business today. He represents the Harrison Nursery.
Mr and Mrs C G Umstot were Keyser visitors Thurs.
Hon George S VanMeter, Sam Peer, member of the legislature from Grant Co, spent Sat night in Keyser and left Sun night for Charleston to attend the extra session of the Legislature.
It was a beautiful sight to see 103 little children in the Infant Dept of Grace M E Church South, last Sun forenoon, each wearing a white flower in honor of their mother, and to watch their bright faces as they sang their expressions of appreciation of a mother's love. May they always be worthy of such love.
Mr Dan Arnold was here on business yesterday.
This hot weather suggests a dainty lawn dress, and a dainty wash dress suggests I M Long's store as the place to get it.
Dr F P Edgel made his Keyser friends a visit Wed and Thurs of this week.
Miss Lillian Goshorn spent Tues here with friends.
Mr Roy Rafter has moved his family from Cumberland to Argyle St.
Dr Frank Wright and the boys were in Keyser last Sat.
Mr James H Whipp was in Keyser on business Sat.
Mr S Arnold of Cumberland was here Sun.
Mrs Sarah Somerville, of Cumberland, was in Keyser on business Mon.
Mr J P Everett, of Romney, was in Keyser on business this week.
Mr W T Ice, Jr of Philippi, was a guest at Hotel Reynolds this week.
Dr A P Butt, of Davis, was here this week.
Rev H C Smith of Rawlings, was a Keyser visitor last Mon.
Mr and Mrs M F Stone and daughter, Mable, left last Mon night on No 7 for Bird City, Kansas, to visit Mrs Thomas Shahan, his sister, and will stop at Garret Ind to visit their son, Charles, they will also visit other western cities.
Miss Blanche Chrisman had a pleasant trip to Piedmont the first of the week.
Mr William Broom has moved his family to Rowlesburg. Keyser regrets to lost them.
Miss May Arnold, who taught in the Oakland High School, returned home Wed, her brother Silas came over after her. The commencement exercises of the school were held Tues evening.
Miss Niota Liller, who taught at Elkhorn W Va, and made a visit to Miss E Head enroute, returned to her home at Purgitsville yesterday.
Dr and Mrs Pinnell, of Piedmont, were in Keyser Wed. They came down in their auto.
Mr and Mrs Dan Hoffman are in Moorefield visiting Mrs Hoffman's home folk. The left here Tues and expect to return Sun.
Mr and Mrs Gilbaugh, who have been guest of their daughter, Mrs Anna Kolhorst, for some time have returned to their home at Newburg. Their son, Mr Ed. Gilbaugh, and daughter, Mrs Joseph Shaffer, accompanied them home, returning to Keyser Sun.
A few mornings ago, as Mr James Davis and family were at the breakfast table, a chicken hawk was chasing a bird, which flew into their house through the open window and the hawk followed it into the dining room The window were hurriedly closed and the hawk was killed.
Mr H A Blair was in Clarksburg last Sun.
Mr Thomas Holen has been promoted to leading night inspector of the B&O yards here.
There was a slight wreck in the yard Wed morning, no one was hurt and the tracks were soon cleared.
Mr E H Ravenscroft was in Cumberland on business Wed.
Editor John Ed Frye was in Cumberland on business Tues.
Mrs Lawson of Sharpless St, is visiting friends in Thomas, Durbin and other points up the Western Md RR.
Miss Margaret Cunningham, of Hendricks, visited Miss Katherine Sharpless form Sat until Tues.
Mr J A Smith was in Keyser on business Tues.
Mr W R Nethken, on of the most prominent business men of Dodson, was in Keyser on business Tues.
Atty Wm MacDonald was in Cumberland on business Tues.
Atty C N Finnell was attending to legal matters in Cumberland Tues.
Mr and Mrs L O Mott attended the funeral of Mrs Baker Ward at Frankfort last Sun.
We feel sure that we shall have our long season in May, even if it does not come until June.
Mrs Sloan Arnold and daughter visited in Keyser Mon forenoon.
Rev M B Lambdin was dong evangelistic work in Gormania and vicinity last week.
Mr Frank Healey spent a part of his vacation in Keyser this week.
Hon J J Cornwell was in Keyser Mon on legal business.
We regret to not that Mrs Chas P Peters has been quite sick this week.
Miss N E Rvenscraft returned home Sun from an extended visit to the eastern cities.
Messrs William Ravenscroft, Ray Rice and R D Shoemaker visited in Grafton Sun.
Atty C N Finnell, who had been absent on a two week's trip to New Mexico, returned last Fri, greatly pleased with the trip and the conditions in that state.
Mrs John Morris accompanied by her daughter, Mrs Harry Miller, has returned from a pleasant visit to Baltimore.
Mr George Kinkead, of Barnum, visited Keyser last Mon.
Col Wm E Reid, of the Cumberland Dry Goods and Notion Co, was looking after business interests in Keyser this week.
Mr Geo B Shank came over to Keyser Mon in his auto, and while here attended to various business interests.
Mrs D W Eagle was shopping in Keyser yesterday and made the Tribune a pleasant call.

The annual conclave of the Knights Templars, of W Va, was held in Wheeling this week.
Atty F C Reynolds, attended the session of the Supreme Court in Charleston this week.
Judge F M Reynolds made a very interesting and helpful address before the Reynolds Literary Society at the Preparatory School last Fri evening.
Mr James Mason of near Burlington, was on our streets yesterday.
Mr E E Purinton and Thos O'Brian, who attended the O R C Convention at Jacksonville, Fla, returned home Wed night.
Mrs George Barker and daughter were shopping in Cumberland Sat.
Messrs Albert Davis and Malcolm Frye visited in Romney Sat and Sun.
Mr and Mrs W W Dawson visited Mrs David Bothwell in Piedmont Sun.
Miss Nellie Allen and Susie Drenning visited Keyser friends last Sun.
Prof J D Muldoon spent Sun with home folk in Shepherdstown.
Fred Ravenscroft visited Piedmont friends Sun.
William Crooks and Arthur Dowson were in Piedmont last Sun.


On a farm not far from the town of South Boston, Va, lives a very eminent educator and ex-slaveholder by the name of Col. Barksdale. I remember that my last conversation with him was concerning the Old Negro and the so-called New Negro. He seemed to think that the psychology of the former when contrasted with that of the latter, is so marked, that one may thoroughly understand the one, but would fail in the other, a new problem. Moreover, he seemed to think that the New Negro's idea of an education is to read a few books, and assume to know what he read, and forever after that, wear a collar and a boiled shirt, or if a woman, a dress with a ruffle on it, and carefully study every known method of dodging hard work or honest toil.
Far be it from me, Dear Reader, to quote incorrectly the above named gentleman that I might, by so doing, attempt to show how far wrong he is in his conclusions concerning my people, but I have found by experience that he undoubtedly knew more about the problem than I do. I am aware of the fact that my father, who is an old time Negro, stands extremely high among the White People in his community, because of their simplicity of manner and address. I have never yet seen my father speak to any one with his hat on, man or woman; and though I am classed with the New Negro, I find that habit of my father both feasible and valuable in my line of work.
This is my tenth year in the school room as teacher, and in looking over the list of graduates who are going out this year, I find it to be a fact as in former years, that the six graduates are, in almost every case, children of men and women who work hard with their hands for an honest living.
William Buckner, a boy of about fifteen years is one of the graduates. He is a grandson of Mr Barber Stewart. It is to be remembered that Mr Stewart is perhaps the wealthiest colored man in the city, and the largest colored taxpayer; but he is an old-timer. He wants his children educated, not above work, but down to it. What he has accumulated is the product of much hard labor by himself and faithful wife.
Edith Walker, another one of the graduates, is a girl fourteen years old. She is a daughter of Edward Walker, who for many years has been working for Mr Markwood as a drayman. Mr Walker told me that he is anxious for his children to be educated, but his idea of an education is to prepare his children to work. He speaks of the Hampton School Method of training in the highest terms.
Frances Gilmore, another graduate, is fifteen years of age, and is a daughter of Mr James Gilmore. Mr Gilmore works with his hands, he, with his wife, having been sweeping the city school-rooms for a number of years. Mr Gilmore is a member of the old-timer set in every sense of the term.
Mabel Hardy is another graduate. She is a girl of sixteen; and Mr Joseph Jacobs, her guardian, is a hard laboring man, being constantly employed by Mr Fetzer. Mr Jacobs seems to think that the average young Negro, after he gets a little education, is not fit for anything but to dress up in the afternoon and parade the streets until twelve o'clock at night, at which hour they come in and drop into an unmade bed where they remain until half past ten o'clock the next morning. Whether Mr Jacobs is right or not in his opinion, I will not attempt to say, but I will add, that a little learning in the head of a young colored boy or girl is like a razor in the hands of a baby, there being, of course, some exceptions. The semi-educated to my mind, find the moral road much more stony than the extreme ignorant. Unchaperoned young colored girls who have been sufficiently educated to be more conspicuous and therefore more enticing should be off the streets and public highways and at home with their parents by half past nine o'clock at night at the very latest. However, I am only suggesting.
Lula Fiddler, another of the graduates, is a girl of about sixteen years. Her mother, Mrs Martha Fiddler, has for a number of years been a cook for the Rev Mr Wolfe. She is of the old stock, and has the old fashioned ideas about learning. She firmly wants her girls to learn to work intelligently, and her aim in sending her children to school is an attempt to accomplish this desire.
Pauline Davis, a little girl about thirteen years old, is also a graduate. Her father, Rev Davis, though a Baptist preacher, is a worker in cement by trade.
It is interesting to note that in each of the foregoing cases, the parent or guardian is a man or woman who works hard for his or her living with the hands; but there is also, even here in Keyser, amount the colored people, who hold the idea of the so called New Negro, that is, they are clamoring for the Higher Education, but showing no reason why. I had a class in my school this year who were studying the High Commercial Arithmetic. I suggested one morning that it would strengthen their reasoning capacity if they could study Milnes' Elements of Algebra. The little book cost sixty cents, and is not in the course of study for the public schools, but each member of the class got that sixty cents at noon of that day from somewhere, and handed it to me that afternoon. The books were bought, and they began the study of them with all the enthusiasm of our amateur detective. A few days after that I noticed that Agriculture is one of the subjects that is to be taught in the public schools of the state, and since the class wanted to graduate this year, I suggested also that they get a little sixty cent text book on Agriculture. The class, as a whole, with the exception of one, decided that they would not get it. That they did not want it. That they did not need it. That it is no good now, and soforth; and when I explained to them that they would have to pass examination in it before they could graduate, it seemed that they didn't want to graduate even, for they took their books and went home. Now, Dear Reader, I have studied both Algebra and Agriculture. To teach the average colored boy or girl Algebra, is like sitting a man to a table, and giving him a plate, knife and fork, and then telling him to fall to when there is not a blooming thing to eat on the table. Whereas, on the other hand, when we teach colored boys and girls Agriculture, we are giving them the secrets of the foundation of all human life. How to take one ear of seed corn and make two hundred and fifty from it. How to know the soil on which we walk day by day, and how to look to it as did our fathers, for our daily bread. How to raise poultry in our back lots. How to mow clover so as to get four crops instead of two. How to prune fruit trees, and a score of other things valuable to colored people; and I feel safe in saying the things they will have to do in the near future, the so called easy jobs having been taken from them. I say this because I know that colored chambermaids and house help in general in nearly all the New England and Middle Atlantic states are being replaced by foreign White help. White cooks and waiters likewise are taking the colored man's place in that line. Steam laundrys will eventually run the colored washerwoman out of business; and I am told by prominent white people here in Keyser, who have been in the habit of hiring colored girls to do their housework and cooking, that they have been compelled to get White help, on account of the inconstancy of the colored girl. In some cases, I find that the colored girl desires too much man company on the lot; and some come in too late at night to suit the White lady with whom she is staying. There are various other reasons that are barring the young New Negro from the old professions followed by our fathers who felt that they had an undisputed right to them. I see no other alternative but the farm, the very place we learn about in the study of Agriculture which subject, as afore stated, colored boys and girls are trying to dodge. I thank Almighty God that they study of Agriculture knocked sufficient pride out of my being that I find myself perfectly at home with a keg of cow stable manure supported by a strap from my shoulders tramping alongside a row of corn dropping a handful by each hill.
I believe that the time is not far distant when the White people of Keyser will be thoroughly educated to the fact, as in some Southern cities at present, that the best education for their colored population is that education that prepares the boy to take his father's place on the farm, on the dray, carrying the hod, or swinging the sledge in the blacksmith shop, when his father drops out of service. That the educated colored girl should be prepared to go into a kitchen and keep it; or, as a maid, to clean a room, and not clean at all; to be able to do up shirts and collars as well as socks; in fact, an educated set of young, colored boys and girls who have been trained in the public and industrial schools, and who, by reason of such training, are clean in person, manly in manner, alert, honest, truthful, looking for hard work; and when they find the job are willing to stick to it.
I find already in this city that that class of people who spend most of their time in going from door to door gossiping about one another, are very unpopular with the White people. I am also glad to know that the White friends always investigate the character of the critic before he investigates the person he is criticizing. My methods of teaching may not suit all, as i am strictly the product of the so called Old Negro, that class of the Negro race who believe in working hard for what they get, and my friends and critics alike, may rest assured that while I am in the school-room the following verse by Miss Alice Cary is my motto:
Work, and your house shall be duly fed,
Work, and rest shall be won;
I hold that a man had better be dead,
Than alive when his work is done.
Prin. Keyser Col. School


Report of attendance: Room No 1 Pupils neither absent nor tardy during entire term of school 1910-1911: Cora Sollars, Alda Foreman, Essy Green, Edna Junkins, Alverda Ott and Lucretia Kitzmiller.
Those absent on account of sickness, death and other causes: Sloan McDowell 2 days, George Kitzmiller 3 days, Clarence Green 7 days, Roy Broll 6 days, James Foreman 3 days, George Heffner 3 days, Frank Crozier 1 day, Ethel McDowell 2 days, Hester Hickle 11 days, Leafy Faucet 11 days, Essie Bell 8 days, Velma Green 7 days, Veda Grimm 9 days, Leafy Jones 7 days, Margret Kitzmiller 13 days, Fred Hertzog 23 days, non member not included. May Hickle 33 days, including non member; Eliza Foreman 35 days, including non member, on an account of sickness; Grace Sollars, 44 days, including non member; 44 days, including non member; Mary Hertzog 36 days including non member.
Absence includes non member in all except Margaret Kitzmiller, Leafy Jones and Veda Grimm.
E L Haines, Teacher



Mr Raymond Clarke Barroros and Miss Harriet Alice Hibbs and Mr Philip Hamilton Head and Miss Virginia Marshall, of Mannington WVa, were the principals in a double wedding at the Imperial Hotel, Cumberland, Sat, Rev Joseph H Balthis, pastor of Central Methodist Episcopal Church, South, officiating.


Married Wed afternoon at Dodson Md, by Rev L C Messick, Mr E H Rexroad of Maysville, and Miss Myrtle Townsend of Dodson. Thursday, they went to Maysville, where they will reside. May they have many happy years together.



Miss Beulah Warnick, 18 years old died at the home of her mother, 4 Glenn St, Cumberland MD, Sun morning of typhoid fever. She was buried in Cumberland Tues. The family moved from Elk Garden to Cumberland and Miss Warnick will be mourned by many friends and relatives in Elk Garden and vicinity.


Fillmore Enos died suddenly at Oakmont, this county, near Elk Garden, Sat evening, aged 43 years. He was the son of Mrs Priscilla Enos, of Cumberland, his father was Daniel Enos, who died recently. He had one daughter, four sisters and a brother.


James Gillum, colored, died at his home in South Keyser last Sun and was buried from the Colored Methodist Church last Tues. He was about 35 years old and was well known in Keyser. The funeral services were conducted by Rev J M Beane.


A 6 month old son of Mr and Mrs H B Rice died last Tues and was buried Wed afternoon. Rev F H Havenner conducted the services.


Mrs Baker Ward, died at her home in Frankfort District, this county, early last Fri. morning, aged 52 years, and was buried at Frankfort Sun. She had been in declining heath for about one year, and while her death was not a surprise to her loved ones, it was nevertheless a great shock to her immediate family and a source of grief to the entire community.
She was a native of Iowa, where Mr Ward and she were married more than thirty years ago. They have lived in this county near all of their married life. Her maiden name was Allsup. Mrs Ward was the mother of sixteen children, three of them preceded her to the spirit world; nine sons and four daughters, with her husband, are left to mourn their irreparable loss.
The funeral services were conducted by her pastor, Rev H L Myerly, of the M E Church,South, and Rev J F Edwards, a former pastor. A very large crowd of sorrowing friends attended the services.
Mrs Ward was a consistent Christian woman, a fond wife, a devoted mother and a highly prized neighbor. Mr Ward is one of Mineral County's most prominent citizens, and he and his children have the genuine sympathy of a large circle of true friends.


Elizabeth Donaldson, the two year old daughter of Mr and Mrs M B Kuykendall, who live at the Glebe, was severely scalded Sat morning by falling backwards into a pail of boiling water. Dr Thomas was immediately called and did what he could for the little sufferer, but her sufferings continued until relieved by death Sun afternoon.
The funeral services were held at the house Mon afternoon, conducted by Rev Dr Brooke. Interment in Indian Mound Cemetery, Romney


B&O Fireman Edward Clark, running on west bound passenger train 55, was seriously injured Sun afternoon at Rawlings Station, when in the act of observing the target signal, he was hit in the face by a loose car door on a train 96 going east. Clark was struck a fearful blow in the face, hurling him across the cab, the back of his head striking the reverse bar of engine No 2141, his body almost knocking Engineer Sinclair from his seat.
The train was stopped, and the injured fireman, bleeding profusely, was lifted out and taken to the baggage car, In a semi-conscious condition. Attention was given him by the crew with such means at hand, and the train was hurried to Keyser and Mr Clark removed to the Hoffman Hospital.
Mr Clark was about 26 years of age, married and lived at the corner of First St and Grand Ave, Cumberland. He was a native of Preston Co, W Va, his family living near Terra Alta. He was well known among trainmen on the Third division by the soubriquet of "Happy." The injured man showed wonderful fortitude, and nerve and soon recovered consciousness, and conversed with his wife, who went to his bedside in the hospital Sun night.
the door after striking Clark a moment later, was torn off by the steel baggage coach of 55's train.
Mr Clark died of his injuries Tues morning and his body was taken to Cumberland that forenoon where he was buried Fri morning. His wife and sister were with him until the end came Tues morning.


Mrs Lucy Johnston, wife of Mr W A Johnston, of Davis WV, died at the home of Mr J J Johnston, 59 James Street, Keyser, last Monday at 8:10 PM. Mr and Mrs Johnston came from Davis to Keyser last Monday forenoon, the purpose of their visit being to consult a physician, as Mrs Johnston had been in delicate health; while on the train she was taken worse and was unconscious when they arrived in Keyser about noon, she was taken to the home of Mr Johnston's brother where she died that evening.
Mrs Johnston, who was about 27 years old, was a daughter of Mr and Mrs B Willis Davis, and a niece of Sheriff L O Davis.
The funeral services were held at the home of the parents, three miles above Keyser, Thursday forenoon, conducted by the pastor of the Davis M E Church, and the interment was in Queens Point Cemetery.
Mrs Johnston was a member of the Methodist Church and a beautiful Christian character. Her early death is mourned by a large circle of friends and relatives.


Mr T C Kessel, died of apoplexy, at Mosco, Idaho, May 12, his body reached Keyser yesterday evening, May 19, and was taken to the home of his parents, near Greenland this morning, where he will be buried tomorrow. He was a son of Mr Jesse Kessel, and was 22 years old. He had been in business in Idaho for about two years.


The untimely death of Clyde Earl Veach, who passed so suddenly away at the home of his brother, John A Veach, in Burlington, Wed morning, May 10th, at 9:30 o'clock, is almost unprecedented. Until a few weeks ago, he was the picture of health and gave promise of a long life. On Fri, he was brought home from Petersburg, where he was engaged in business, to Burlington. He was feeling badly, but was not considered dangerously ill until Wed morning, when he passed away without warning. He was kind, genial, thoughtful and courteous, and his pleasing manner and thoughtfulness of others gained for him many friends. His fine and manly bearing gave him prestige among all he met. Although strong and manly, his heart was strung with a tender chord. this was especially manifested in his frequent visits to his mother's grave, where he would often spend hours, sometimes in sleet and rain.
His sudden passing away deprived him of any immediate preparation for the future life, and the opportunity to speak a word to his friends and relatives. HE had, however, signified his intention to unite with the church and among the few things found in his satchel was a nice Bible.
A very impressive funeral service was held in the Methodist Church at Purgittsille, by the pastor, attended by a large concourse of friends. He was laid to rest beside the mother he had loved so tenderly.
The passing of this strong young man, just 23 years of age, reminds us that death is no respecter of youth, and well we may enquire as to his next victim.



J R Cole, 51 years old, a prominent merchant of Westernport, died Mon at the result of a stroke of apoplexy, received while attending a baseball game at Potomac Park, Westernport, Sat. He is survived by his wife, who was Miss Tonry before her marriage and three children, Robert, James and Nellie Cole, all grown and at home. He was a member of the Episcopal church.

Miss Josephine Kight, daughter of Mr and Mrs Josh Kight of Cross was badly injured on Sat morning last. Miss Kight and Miss Biggs were driving down Piedmont hill, when some part of the harness broke, which frightened the horse, causing it to run away.
Both girls jumped from the buggy. Miss Biggs escaped with slight injuries, but Miss Kight injured her head and back and was rendered unconscious. She was taken to the home of Mrs Charity Renshaw, Hampshire St, and put to bed. She is in serious condition.
The horse was so badly injured that it was killed the same evening.


The graduating exercises of the training school of the Hoffman Hospital took place at the High School Auditorium last Tues evening, beginning at 8 o'clock. The opening prayer was made by Rev M B Lambdin, a very appropriate and able address was delivered by Rev F H Havenner, the diplomas were presented by Dr C S Hoffman and the benediction was pronounced by Rev J H Brunk.
First class music was furnished by the McIlwee Orchestra.
The Class of 1911 is composed of: Miss Albina M Giffin, of Virginia; Miss Elia I Harness of W Va;; Miss Mabel Dayton of W Va and Miss Mattie H Dear of Va. At the conclusion of the program, at the auditorium about 100 especially invited guests attended the Nurses Reception held at the Hospital, which was a very brilliant social affair. The Hospital was tastefully decorated for the occasion and very dainty and delicate refreshments were served. The ice cream and cake that were served and the decorations of the Hospital were i the class colors - Lavender and White. There was a profusion of beautiful and fragrant flowers.
The Hospital never presented a more attractive appearance, and the graduates never looked prettier.
Since the opening of this Hospital, 1280 patients have been admitted, 919 males and 316 females. The whole number of cases treated are 466 medical and 1377 surgical, 834 surgical operations have been performed.
Excluding those patients which died soon after reaching the Hospital and in which no treatment could be given, the mortality for the past two years has been 27, or a death rate of 6 2/3 per cent.
Surely the Hoffman Hospital has been a great benediction to suffering humanity in Keyser and the surrounding country for many miles distant.


The fire whistle blew about seven o'clock Mon morning, the occasion was a small blaze in the rear of the K P Restaurant building, 30 Armstrong St, the blaze was soon extinguished and very slight damage was done.


Only 16 lots remain unsold in the Baily Field Addition. To close out in the next 60 days, they will be sold very cheap. Two very desirable lots fronting Main St at the corner of Third Street. Others fronting on Second, Third and Davis Streets.
These Lots are going to be sold SOON. See me first.
Jas T Carskadon


Last Sat the Prep ball team went to Romney to cross bats with the D D& B team of that town. The score was 6-4 in favor or the Romney team.
Those who went from Keyser to witness the game are: Prof J C Sanders, wife and two children, Mrs Ida Menefee, Misses Maude Orebaugh, Vira Frye, Pauline Maxfield, Kathleen Welton, Lora Fowler, Florence Hamil, Elsie Wagoner, Susan Abernathy, Lucy Trask; Messrs Morris K Repp, Paul Goshorn, Odus Nordeck, Bartley Inskeep, Lieut
Alfred Christopher, Loren High, Paul Douglas, Prof A E Shedd, Earl MacFarland, Prentiss Watson, Perry Greenwade, Sheridan Kenny, Aristottle Steorts, Paul Davis, C B Hott, West Hardy and W E Smith.


Dodson took a double header from Barton Sat on the home grounds. The morning game resulted in a 8-4 score. Dodson scored in the 4th, 5th and 8th innings. Barton could do nothing to Fazenbaker's offerings until the 9th, when he let up a little, they scoring 3 runs. The game was featured by the hard hitting of Collett and the throwing of Chas. Jones.
Barton drove Cross from the box in the 5th inning of the second game, when they put two over theleft field fence.
The afternoon game, won by a score of 13-11, was featured by the hard hitting of Collett and Whorrel, the latter getting two home runs and two singles in four times up. Chas Jones caught a brilliant ball. Currance, a new man, made a good showing on third base. C Jones was knocked unconscious by a thrown ball, but continued in the game.


No, Never. It's foolish to fear a fancied evil when there are real and deadly perils to guard against in swamps and marshes, bayous, lowlands. These are the malaria germs that cause ague, chills and fever, weakness, aches in the bones and muscles and may induce deadly typhoid.
But Electric Bitters destroys and casts out these vicious germs from the blood. "Three bottles drove all the malaria from my system." wrote Wm Fertzwell of Lucama, NC, "and I've had fine health ever since." Use this safe, sure remedy, only 50c at all druggists.


P R Wotring and Geo. Pugh, of Grafton, and Dr A H Hosack and Dr H C Grusendorf of Keyser have purchased a part of the Hilleary Dawson land, Dawson Md, and will plant a commercial orchard on it. Already the work has been begun, it is called the Edgemont Orchard Co and will be incorporated in the state of Md.


Next Mon the Western Maryland Hospital, of Cumberland, will hold its graduating exercises. The class of 1911 is composed of Miss Mary Ward Stevenson of Keyser; Miss Mary McNeill Williams of Moorefield; Miss Carrie Drucilla Wagoner of Hyndman; Miss Ada Brotemarkle of Cumberland and Miss Margaret Conroy of Mount Savage.


Mr R M Workman, who for years has had his meat shop in the building on the lot where the new Bank Building is to be erected, has moved his place of business to the Suter building, 71 Armstrong St, where he is prepared to serve his customers with his usual promptness and general satisfaction.