AUGUSTA MEN IN THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR


Beginning in 1753 war raged along the frontier of VA, for more than 10 years. War in its most horrible form, for it was war waged with a savage people of the most cruel nature, encouraged and aided by one of the most civilized nations of Europe. This was the French and Indian War; the traditions of whose ambuscades, butcheries and scalpings are yet repeated by the descendents of those Scotch-Irish pioneers of Augusta, which at that time extended from the Great Lakes on the north of Tennessee on the south and the Mississippi on the west. It is seen that the present state of WV was therefore a part of that county. A large part of WV was peopled by growth westward of the Augusta settlements, and so it may be of interest to West Virginians to learn something of their warrior ancestors.
The battles, if they may be called such, and the isolated murders of this war with its other horrors have been so well written up by Hon. Jos. A. Waddell in his Annuals of Augusta Co, that I shall not attempt to touch upon that part of the war. Some one probably asks, what then is left to tell. It may be answered, the names of those who had part in the war. In this day of patriotic societies, such as Sons of Colonial Wars, sons of the Revolution, etc. and ancestor hunting, a list of soldiers of those early days is welcomed warmly by a great many people who have not the opportunity themselves of searching original records or rare old books for the military record of some ancestor.
In Richmond is a great mass of certificates of soldiers who proved their services in the French and Indian War, and received grants of land from VA inn payment thereof.
The following lists of more than a thousand names are taken from Volume Seven of Huming's Statutes at Large of Virginia, which has been out of print since 1820, from the so called Preston Register, a part of the Draper historical collection belonging to the Wisconsin Historical Society. This list was printed in the VA Historical Magazine in 1894, and in the Annals of Augusta Co in 1902. I have also picked out the Augusta men from some lists published several years ago by the VA Historical Society. My object in reprinting these lists is to bring them to the notice of a greater number of people in this State than would have in the first named publications.
My first list of 729 names is taken from Henning. I wish to first offer a few explanatory notes before giving the list of names. In the original there are 22 pages of names jumbled together without any arrangement either alphabetically or by commands. Mixed through the list of soldiers are the names of people who furnished provisions and horses to the troops, and others who worked on the forts, etc. Many of the names appear several times, although the different items probably refer to the same man. Where there is no distinguishing mark as Sen., Jun., or rank, I have designated the number of entries for that name by a number immediately preceding the name.
Several of the names show some slight changes in spelling, and these I have grouped under the commonly accepted form, as for example McClung, appears as McClong, McClunge and McClung. I have thought best to not take up the large amount of space in the magazine that would be needed to give the amount of money each person received.
Although there are some names in the following lists of undoubted English or German origin I have thought it best to include them with those of the Scotch-Irish.
In Sept 1758, the House of Burgesses appropriated L20,000 to settle the arrears in the pay of militia, that had been engaged in the French and Indian War previous to that date, together with the accounts due for furnishing provisions, etch to the troops, and for work on the forts. Of this amount the Augusta people received L3,866-3s-5d or nearly three times the sum received by any other county.

LIST OF MILITIAMEN

COLONELS

BUCHANAN, JOHN

STEWART, DAVID

MAJOR

SMITH, JOHN

CAPTAINS

BUCHANAN, JOHN

MAXWELL, JOHN

(2) CHRISTIAN, WILLIAM

NORWOOD, SAMUEL

DICKINSON, JOHN

PRESTON, WILLIAM

DUNLOP, JAMES

SAYERS, ALEXANDER

(2) HAYS, ANDREW

SMITH, JOHN

KIRTLEY, FRANCIS

SMITH, ABRAHAM

LOVE, EPHRAIM

LIEUTENANTS

(2) ARCHER, SAMPSON

MCDOWELL, JAMES

BINGAMAN, CHRISTIAN

PETERSON, EDWIN

(2) BUCHANAN, ARCHIBALD

RENNICK, ROBERT

CUNNINGHAM, WILLIAM

SMITH, DANIEL

HENDERSON, JAMES

SMITH, JOHN JR

HAMILTON, ALEXANDER

(2) SMITH, ABRAHAM

HOPKINS, JOHN

THOMPSON, ALEXANDER

LEWIS, WILLIAM

WILSON, CHARLES

MAXWELL, JOHN

ENSIGNS
(2ND LIEUTENANTS)

CUNNINGHAM, ---

MATTHEWS, JOHN

HENDERSON, JOHN

PAUL, ANDLEY

HENDERSON, JAMES

WILSON, JOSIAH

HOPKINS, JOHN

SERGEANTS

ARMSTRONG, ROBERT

HANSLEY, BENJAMIN

BOWIN, JOHN

HENDERSON, MICHAEL

BUCHANAN, ALEXANDER

HOWARD, EDWARD

CLARK, WILLIAM

HUDSON, THOMAS

CONDEN, JAMES

HUGART, THOMAS

(3) CRAVENS, WILLIAM

(2) KINLEY, BENJAMIN

DAVICE, JOHN

LOONEY, PETER

EDMISTON, WILLIAM

(3) MCKAY, JOHN

GAMBLE, MATHEW

OZBAN, JOHN

GALLOWAY, DAVID

WARDLAW, JOHN

CORPORALS

CADON, THOMAS

MALCOMB, ROBERT

FHARES, JOHN

MCCOME, THOMAS

FRIEND, JAMES

MINTOR, WILLIAM

GAY, JOHN

PRITCHARD, THOMAS

JAMESON, JAMES

STEVENSON, ADAM

KINLEY, BENJAMIN

TREMBLE, ROBERT

LUSK, ROBERT

PRIVATES

ABERMAN - CURRY

MCALHANEY - RUSH

DAVICE - GUNN

SALLEY - YOUNG

HAGLER - MAYERS

FROM THE JC SANDERS PAPERS

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