BROMER

CHAPTER 1.

GEORGE FREDERICK BROMER

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1. GEORGE FREDERICK BROMER - October 25, 1817 - August 22, 1883

     The first BROMER to settle in the West Virginia area was G. Frederick Bromer, born October 25, 1817, somewhere in the Baden region of Germany. All of his records in the United States refer to him as Frederick. I will refer to him as G. Frederick throughout this book. G. Frederick was 24 years of age when he departed Germany. He departed from the Port of Havern De Grace sometime in June 1837. This Port is approximately 100 hundred miles north of Paris, France. The port of Havern De Grace dates back as a small fishing village, to the year 1516. The port became very popular for its large passenger traffic to the Western Hemisphere. G. Frederick departed the Port of Havern De Grace sometime in June 1837. He arrived at the Port of New York in the United States approximately August 2, 1837. This means he was on the Atlantic Ocean for 30 to 60 days. This same distance can be traveled in a matter of hours today.

     G. Frederick then arrived in Wheeling, Virginia on August 21, 1838. This means he was somewhere for one year before he settled in Wheeling. There are two possibilities. First he may have been a servant for one year. I say this because early immigrants came to the United States and their passage was paid for by a family. In return, the immigrant would work for this family for one year, to pay back the cost of passage. Second, G. Frederick may also have had money but lived in New York a year before deciding on a place to settle.

     G. Frederick decided to settle in Wheeling, Virginia only two years after Wheeling became a city. The population in Wheeling was only 5,000 people and property in the area could be purchased for three to eight dollars per acre. When G. Frederick settled in Wheeling the state was Virginia. Wheeling was in the county of Ohio. Before becoming Ohio county the county, name was Yohogania. Yohogania County was abolished in 1786 and became part of South Western Pennsylvania. But the section containing Wheeling became Ohio County, Virginia. Then in 1863 West Virginia became a State which contained Ohio County as it is today.

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     When G. Frederick settled in Wheeling, the National Road was eighteen years old. And travel from Baltimore Md. to Wheeling was a three day trip by horse and wagon. I feel this was the way G. Frederick would have made his way west because the first train west was not until sometime in 1853.

     G. Frederick was married to Margaretha Fulmer (Vollmer). Margaretha was born in Wurtenburg Germany, April 20, 1823. G. Frederick was six years older than Margaretha. I feel they were married here in the United States. I can find no record of marriage between them but their first child was born in May 1841. And G. Frederick came to the United States in 1837. This was three years after he arrived from Germany. Not having birth control methods at this time, most children were born the first year of marriage. Margaretha would have been eighteen years old at this time and G. Frederick would have been twenty four. Also, on February 1, 1841, G. Frederick, being a subject of the Grand Duke of Baden, had denounced his allegiance to the Grand Duke of Baden.

     The G. Frederick Bromer family lived and worked in this area of Ohio County for over one hundred fifty years. The area, known as the Ritchie, Bethlehem district number 209, was on the Ohio County line bordering Marshall County. G. Frederick and Margaretha raised nine of eleven children in this area. Margaretha gave birth to these children over a period of twenty years.

     G. Frederick did not purchase any property until 1846. This was 25 acres. He then continued to purchase property until he had over three hundred acres. All the property he purchased is listed in order later in this book. This means G. Frederick must have rented or lived with someone for eight years.

     Stop and think when they settled and raised their children, there were no modern conveniences. There was no electricity, no running water, no central heating, and transportation was by horse and buggy. Children were born without the aid of a doctor, only a mid-wife. When they had their first child, Tyler was the president and the States of the Union were just beginning to form.

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     G. Frederick and Margaretha lived out their lives and raised their children on their farm at 416 Fairmont Pike, sometimes referred to as Caldwell's Run. This was in the Rithie District of Bethlehem. According to death notices in the local newspaper, G. Frederick and Margaretha were both laid out in their home on Caldwell Run when they died. The Bromer homestead still stands today (1991). The home is very large by todays standards. It is of colonel style and faces the run.

     Following is a brief history of the Bromer Homestead. The house was built by G. Frederick in the early eighteen hundreds. It was willed to their daughter Margaret Bromer Spaar. The Spaars then sold the house to a family named Johnston. Mr. and Mrs. Johnston were both killed in a automobile accident on Fairmont Ave. The house was then sold to the Smith family. The Smith sold the home to the present owners in 1941. Their name is Roberts. Mrs. Hazel Roberts still lives in the house today (1991). In the late part of 1990 I visited Mrs. Roberts. She invited me and my wife to see the inside of the home. The interior had been remodeled and the house had been added on to. But it was in excellent condition for its age. Mrs. Roberts also still owns a large section of the Farm - approximately 43 acres, which extends from Caldwell Run to the top of the hill at Fisher Lane.

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PHOTOS OF BROMER HOME

     As I had wrote earlier, the Bromer family lived on the border of Ohio and Marshall Counties. Most Bromers are listed in the Ohio County court records. But some of them lived and worked on the Marshall side and therefore are listed in the Marshall County records. The section of Marshall County they owned was referred to as the Union District, Marshall County. The court house is in Moundsville, West Virginia. Also, marriages are listed at both places depending on where they were married.

     G. Frederick and Margaretha raised nine of eleven children on the farm in Ritchie District. When G. Frederick died in 1883, he owned over 300 acres of land. He may have owned more than I found. I researched his property holdings only at the Ohio Court House. The Bromer farm was the first farm to be

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recorded in Ohio county. The Bromer farm is shown in book one, plat number one, at the Ohio County court house. To have owned this much land would have made the Bromer family wealthy by the standards of this period in time.

     Two of the children born to G. Frederick and Margaretha died at an early age. The only records on them are as follows. They were shown on census records of July 14, 1860 and on death records at the Ohio County House.

     PHILLIP BROMER BORN DEC. 1852 DIED AT 8yrs. AND 1mo. He died on September 7, 1869 of Diphtheria.

     AMELIA BROMER BORN OCT. 1853 DIED AT 7yrs. AND 1mo. She died on September 15, 1860, also of Diphtheria. They are both buried at Mt. Zion Cemetery.

     Why did G. Frederick leave his homeland? This is a mystery. There are two possible reasons. First the Religious wars of the late 17th and Early 18th century. This caused a large amount of Germans to leave their homelands. The wars were mostly between the Catholics and Lutherans. And the United States offered them freedom of religion. The census in the eighteen hundreds showed the Germans as the largest percentage of the population in the United States. In fact a vote was taken to see what language was to become the language of the new world. The German language lost to the English language by only a few votes. Or we would be speaking German in the United States today. During this time period the most popular ports of embarkation were Bremer, Hamburg, Antwerp and Lavern. The second reason for G. Frederick to come to the new world. This was told to me by G. Frederick's Great Grand Daughter, Helen Hemmenn. Helen told me she was told stories by her Mother that her Great Grand Father left Germany because he married a poor English girl. This was out of his class. G. Frederick was also to have returned to Germany by himself, two or three times. But this is contradictory to G. Frederick actually being married to Margaretha who was from Wurtenburg.

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     Some interesting facts which I found on file. Vital statistics from the department of Agriculture reports dated June 1, 1860.

     F. Bromer, owned - 77 acres, value 4,000 - Equipment, value 100 - 3 horses - 6 milking cows - 6 other cows - 7 pigs, value 400. - 100 bushels of corn and 400 bushels of oats.

     Elizabeth Bromer, owned - 169 acres, value 6,700 - equipment, value 200 - 7 horses - 3 milking cows - 10 other cows - 88 sheep, value of animals 680 - produced 20 bushels of wheat - 500 bushels of corn - 580 bushels of oats - and 250 lbs of wool.

     A Blueprint on the wall of the Administration Building in Bethlehem Village shows the Bromer farm was a very large section of the Village. The property lines are shown to have bordered 29th street up the valley along what today is Mt. Zion cemetery. To the top of the hill thru Caldwell Run all the way to Mt. Olivet, then crossing the valley into Bethlehem. Following Elm Grove/Wheeling road back to 29th street. At one time Elm Grove/Wheeling Road was called Valley Road. If you were to leave 29th Street and start up Valley Road toward the top of the hill. Approximately half way up the hill is a road on the right which is called Ash st. But on all the records at the Ohio County court house, this street is shown as Bromer Ave. Also there is a stream which runs along this Avenue which is named Bromer's Run.

     After G. Frederick died the farm was willed to his wife. And it was stated in the will, the following instructions were to be followed by his wife. His wife Margaretha was to divide the farm between his children. The oldest child was Margaret Spaar Bromer. Margaret received the subdivision which contained the original Bromer homestead. The rest of the farm was divided between the other children but they were only to receive property if they had children of their own. There were two of G. Frederick's children who did not receive Bromer property. Mary Matilda Bromer married a man named Reinhardt Hellsterm. They did not bear any children of

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their own. Therefore they did not receive any of the Bromer property. The other child not to receive any Bromer property was Johanna Bromer Schneff. Johanna married Christian Schneff but did bear his children. And did have a son when G. Frederick died. I can only think she received no property because she may have married into money. This is because her husband was a Pharmacist and owned a pharmacy in downtown Wheeling.

     The G. Frederick family were members of the St. James German Evangelical Lutheran Church. G. Frederick was elected deacon of the church. The church is located on Chapline street in Wheeling. G. Frederick took this position on May 25, 1856. St. James records also show, in volume 1 page 38, Frederick Bromer and Maragretha Vollmer. But what is said is written in old German and is not translated.

     G. Frederick and Margaretha are buried in Mt. Zion cemetery. They have one of the largest tombstones in the cemetery. The name Johanna Vollmer is also inscribed on the large stone. It is not clear who this is but I believe it could be Margaretha's Mother. Also the tombstone and the small headstones all face the lands owned by G. Frederick. I am sure this was done by G. Frederick. I feel he placed the stones to face the valley of Caldwell/Frazer run because he did own the property on both sides.

     Following on the next seven pages are the transactions on how the G. Frederick property was acquired and disposed of when he and his wife died.

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     The Bromers always owned property. They started in 1846, and still today own some of the original property that G. Frederick Bromer purchased when he came to this country. Following is the transactions that were made by the Bromers with the property in and around Wheeling, Ritchie District, West Virginia. The first farm recorded in Ohio county W.Va. was that of G. Frederick Bromer.

The first parcel of property found to be recorded as purchased by G. Frederick was purchased January 1, 1845. The property was purchased jointly by G. Frederick Bromer and Michael Fulmer. It consisted of approximately 25 acres and was paid for with Virgina Currency. The amount was $475.00. The property was located on Caldwell run in Ritchie District #209. The property was purchased from the Richard's family and they were from Zanesville Ohio. Recorded in LB28-PG212.

     Then on May 9, 1864 Christian Fulmer (Vollmer), heir in law of Michael Fulmer (Vollmer) (died in Cincinnati), sold the 25 acre Fulmer share to G. Frederick Bramer for $100.00, G. Frederick also gave $100.00 to Johanna and Margareth Fulmer for the same described property. This was all done on seperate deeds with separate dates. LB48-PG61 and LB48-PG53.

     The second parcel of property found to be recorded as purchased by G. Frederick was purchased May 26, 1847. This property was purchased jointly by G. Frederick Bromer and Philip Bramer. This property consisted of approximately 47 acres of land. They paid $500.00 down from Neil McNaughten. They then made payments thru the North Western Bank of Virgina. The total paid would have been $1300.00 or $27.00 per acre. LB30-PG199.

     The third parcel of property to be recorded as purchased by G. Frederick was purchased January 5, 1850. The property was purchased jointly by G. Frederick Bromer and Philip Bromer. This property consisted of approximately 57 acres of land. They paid $1,000.00 or $17.00 per acre. This property was also purchased from Neil McNaghten, and was located on McKinley run. LB35-PG45.

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     On November 30, 1850 Philip Bromer and his wife Mary, both living in Clermont County, Ohio, gave their rights for the two tracts of land G. Frederick and Philip had purchased jointly. This indentute took place for $1.00. LB37-PG32.

     On September 18, 1851, G. Frederick Bromer purchased 18 acres of property located on Caldwell run for $454.00. This land was purchased from John Morrow, Charles Kemple, And Otho Heiskell, who jointly owned the property. LB37-PG33.

     On June 1, 1854 G. Frederick Bromer purchased ten acres of land from John and Rebecca Goudy. The property was located near the waters of Caldwell Run. The amount paid was $416.00 or $41.00 per acre. LB40-PG388

     On October 1, 1857 G. Frederick purchased lot 161 on Jane St. in East Wheeling for $5.00 down from Charles Williams. He later paid the balance of $250.00. LB42-PG503.

     On August 3, 1864 G. Frederick purchased 102 acres from John Goudy and his wife Rebecca. The land was situated on the waters of Caldwell run. Also one other parcel of land located at and on the south fork of Caldwell run sometimes called McKinleys run. The second parcel containing 10 acres. These two tracts of land were purchased for $7,000.00. LB48-PG159.

     On May 22, 1873 G. Frederick Bromer purchased 2 acres of land situated on Caldwell run, for $3.00 at a tax sale. This was held on the steps of the Wheeling City Courthouse. LB60-PG440.

     On November 8, 1873 G. Frederick Bromer purchased 2 acres of land situated on the south side of Caldwell run from A. Allison and his trustee James Rogers for the sum of $135.00. LB61-PG222.

     On July 9, 1874 G. Frederick Bromer purchased his burial site, lot 109 at Mt. Zion Cemetery for $35.00. LB62-PG228.

     On June 28, 1875 G. Frederick Bromer purchased 49 acres of land from Andrew Spear and his wife Margaret. The cost was $7,500.00 or $153.00 per acre. This property was situated on the south west side of Caldwell Run. LB63-PG460.

     This ended the buying of property by G. Frederick. When he died in 1883 he owned a total of 318 acres of property. His will directed his wife to keep his property as whole as possible, and upon her death it was to be divided among his children. This was only to be given to his children that beared children, so all but Mary Matilda Hellsterm received property.

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     On September 6, 1877 George M. Bromer, (G. Frederick Bromer's oldest son) purchased 63 acres of property from John Huss and his wife Sarah Jane Huss. George paid $7,000.00 for the land which was situated on the waters of Boggs run, which is located partly in Marshall County and partly in Ohio County W.Va. Today this is know as Mozart Heights. LB67-PG249.

     On October 26, 1885 Anton Spaar and Margaret Bromer Spaar entered into an agreement with G. Robbins of Burgett Town, Washington County, Pennsylvania, to drill gas wells on the Bromer property. LB77-PG341.

     On May 13, 1691, five years before the death of Margareth Folmer Bromer, the estate of G. Frederick Bromer was divided among his children. The deeds all show the children all paid a sum of money to Margareth for the property they received. All of the children received property except Mary Matilda Hellsterm and Johanna Schnepf. Mary, because she had no children and Johanna for reasons unknown. Following is a list of how the property was divided.

Lot #6 to Christine Bromer Hemmenn $2,425.00. LB66-PG614
Lot #3 to Frederick C. Bromer $3,000.00. LB66-PG615
Lot #2 & #6 to Margareth Bromer Spaar $2,500.00. LB66-PG617
Lot #1 to George M. Bromer $4,135.00 38 acres. LB86-PG619
Lot #5 to John J. Bromer $6,225.00. LB86-PG621
Lot #4 & #7 to Louis W. Bromer & Katherin Bromer Wolfe $9,365.00. LB86-PG622

     The total amount paid to Margareth, widow of G. Frederick, was $27,650.00. Margareth died in 1896. She had a very short will which gave all remaining property of what ever kind to be divided among her nine children. WB8-PG29 and LB86-PGS 614 to 624.

     Within a few months after the property was dispersed from the G. Frederick estate Frederick Charles Bromer started to buy some of it back from his siblings. On December 28, 1891 Frederick C. bought a portion of lot #5 for $886.50. There was a 2 1/2 foot thick vain of coal on this lot and was called the Wheeling Vain. This was sold by G. Frederick before his death on May 11, 1864 to John L. Hobbs LB48-PG38. Also on June 1, 1880 John L. Hobbs paid for more coal rights to Lot #5 LB87-PG644 and LB70-PG120.

     On April 16, 1896 Frederick C. purchased a portion of lot #1 from George Bromer and wife Louise for $1,700.00. LB95-PG248.

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     On January 16, 1900 Katherin Bromer Wolfe, along with her husband George Wolfe, sold their share of lot #7 to Louis W. Bromer. All of lot #7 was sold to Louis for $1,850.00. LB102-PG514.

     On February 4, 1903 Anton Spaar and Margareth Bromer Spaar sold property containing 631 Sq. feet to Frederick C. Bromer. LB111-PG157.

     On February 9, 1903 Margaret Bromer Spaar and her husband Anton Spaar sold to Jennetta Spaar Myers and her husband Henry Myers a parcel of property for $1500.00. This property was a little under 1 acre and was part of the original Bromer property lot #2 or lot #8, LB111-PG558.

     On May 17, 1904 Mary B. Frazer, widow, sold to Frederick C. Bromer and his wife Mary 2 acres of land on Frazer County Rd. in Rithie District for $700.00. LB115-PG509.

     On December 8, 1904 John Baker and wife Dora Baker sold to Frederick C. Bromer Land that Frederick had previous sold to them. Sold to Bakers LB111-PG453 dated 1902. Sold back for $1,150.00. This was lot #4 of Frederick C. Bromer on Mozart Rd. PBl16-PG550.

     On June 10, 1905 Ellsworth Plants and wife Mary sold back to Frederick C. Bromer lot #8 of the Frederick C. Bromer sub-divison on Mozart Rd. Bought back for $500.00. LB118- PG524.

     On June 1, 1907 Frederick C. Bromer and wife Mary sold to Thurston McDonner Thomas and Clyde Thomas a parcel of land situated on Mozart Rd. The property contained 32/100 of an acre, being a lot #5 of the Frederick C. Bromer sub-divison. The property sold for $390.00. LB125-PG100.

     On November 29, 1909 George Bromer purchased property from special commissioners George Boyd and Charles Morrision. He paid $7,200.00 for lot #5 and #6 located in South Wheeling known as Ritchie town. And lot #34 in South Wheeling formerly called Lagarange. Both properities being owned by Deceased Adam Kratz. PB132-PG210. This same property was then sold by George Bromer and wife Louise Kratz to their son Grover Bromer on December 21, 1909. These same 3 lots were again deeded to Louise Bromer from Grover Bromer and his wife Anna Bromer. This was done in deed book LB132-PG363. This property was sold and transferred back and forth but the reason why is not know. LB132-PG210.

     On August 31, 1910 Benjamin Schoenian and wife Caroline sold property on the west side of Chapline St., known as the north half of lot #3, to William E. Bromer and his wife Elizabeth Bromer. This is the lot where the Bromer Dairy sold and processed milk. LB134-PG490.

     On December 20, 1910 the McDonners and the Thomases sold property to Frederick Bromer. The property was situated on and near the waters of Caldwell run, near the Mozart Park county rd. $100.00 was paid down for land contract and the balance was paid off. February 13, 1911. LB135-PG556.

     On February 24, 1911 Frederick M. Bromer bought lot #1 from Maggie Weidman, wife of Alvin Weidman. This lot was originaly sold by Frederick M. Bromer in 1904 and then bought back. LB136-PG334.

     On April 10, 1914 Nellie L. Spaar Brown (williamsen) and her first husband Frank C. Brown of Akron, Ohio sold to Frederick M. Bromer a parcel of land situated on Caldwells Run in Ritchie

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District containing 0.97 acres LB146-PG513. On June 11, 1914 the Spaars and children sold to Frederick C. Bromer the same property described as above in LB146-PG513. A second deed was made to show all people concerned. LB147-PG297. A third sale showing the same as above was also made on June 11, 1914. LB147-PG438.

     On October 3, 1912 Louis W. Bromer and wife Mary sold a right of way to G. O. Nagle for a power line to be run thru the Bromer property. LB148-PG15.

     On July 23, 1917 Henry Brinkman and wife Helen sold property to Harry Brinkman, Fred Brinkman, Anna Bromer, Edward Brinkman and Flora Hilmes. The property was situated in Ritchietown, the south half of lot #4. LB158-PG473.

     On March 14, 1919 William E. Bromer and wife Elizabeth entered into an agreement of lease with the United Dairy Company. They leased the Bromer property at 2737 Chapline St. The lease was for ten years at $60.00 per month. LB165-PG138.

     On August 20, 1914 Grover G. Bromer and wife Anna Brinkman Bromer, Jessie Bromer Schubert and husband Lewis H. Schubert, being the only children and heirs at law of George Bromer deceased and Louise M. Bromer. This deed shows 63 acres of land and how it was divided between the Bromers and the Schuberts. See the following: LB246-PG542, LB124-201, LB143-PG224, LB138-PG565 and LB134PG19.

     On June 22, 1923 Frederick C. Bromer and wife Mary Bromer bought property from Archie Frazer and wife Martha Frazer. The deed does not describe the amount of property. LB188-PG233.

     On June 26, 1936 Louis W. Bromer sold to Harry Orum a portion, two lots plus, of West View Addition. This was a part of Sub-Division #7 of the original G. F. Bromer property. LB241-PG258.

     On October 18, 1937 Louis W. Bromer and wife Mary sold a right of way to the Chesapeake and Potomic Telephome Company of West Virginia. LB249-PG154.

     On November 24, 1939 Harry Wisenborn husband of the deceased Lotta Bromer deeded property to Elizabeth Bromer, situated in Wheeling W.Va., part of lot #8 on 7th st. LB257-PG29.

     On May 5, 1941 Louis W. Bromer sold to Fanny Leasure the following Lots in West View Addition: Lots #148, 149, 150, 151, 152, 158, 159, 160, 167, 168, 172, and 173. LB268-PG478.

     On August 10, 1942 Louis W. Bromer's widower sold to Olive P. Leasure the following Lots situated in Bromer's West View Addition: Lots #153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 171 and 174. LB268-PG479.

     On November 24, 1943 Caroline Maud Hills, widow, sold to Elizabeth Bromer, widow, the following lot situated in the Triadelphia District on Adams Ave. with dwelling House. LB273-PG230.

     On September 1, 1945 Louis W. Bromer, widower, gave to Mary Lou Bromer McGrath and husband a parcel of land, situated near Bethelehem, Ritchie District. It contained 65/100 acres and was part of lot #7 of G. F. Bromer land. LB287-PG558.

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     On September 1, 1945 Louis W. Bromer gave to Ruth E. Bromer Marsh and husband a parcel of land situated near Bethlehem in Ritchie District, containing land 34/100 acres. This was also part of G. F. Bromer's land, lot #7. LB298-PG230.

     On September 1, 1945 Louis W. Bromer gave to Lewis W. Bromer a parcel of land, situated near Bethlehem in Ritchie District, containing 65/100 acres. This was also part of G. F. Bromer's land, lot #7. LB298-PG232.

     On September 1, 1945 Louis W. Bromer gave to Lewis W. Bromer and Ruth Bromer McGrath a parcel of property, which is situated near Bethlehem in Ritchie District, containing land 65/100 acres, LB298-PG234.

     On March 15, 1946 Harry Orum, the party who bought a section of Bromer's West View Addition, sold this section to Betty May Criswell. This deed shows a detailed map of West View Addition. LB285-PG113.

     On July 8, 1946 Louis W. Bromer, widower, gave to Ray McGrath and his wife Mary Lou Bromer McGrath a parcel of land situated near Bethleham in Ritchie District. It contained 9/100 acres. LB287-PG560.

     On July 3, 1946 Elizabeth Bromer, widow, sold to Richard M. Hoffman and his wife Dora E. Her property which was situated in Triadelphia District on Adams Ave, LB292-PG84.

     On January 10, 1947 Louis W. Bromer, widower, gave the Wheeling Electric Company a right of way thru Lot #7. LB303-PG12.

     On July 25, 1947 Ruth Bromer Marsh sold to Lewis W. Bromert the land, 34/100 acres, which she received from Louis W. Bromer in 1945. LB298-PG234 This deed LB298-PG237. Ruth also gave to Lewis W. Bromer her rights to her interest to Lewis W. Bromer on the same date LB298-PG239.

     On August 12, 1947 Louis W. Bromer, widower, gave to Elizabeth Bromer, widow, a parcel of land situated in Bethlehem, Ritchie District. It contained 78/100 acres. LB299-PG20.

     On July 13, 1951 Angelo M. Mantinez and wife Evla, sold to Lewis W. Bromer Lots #13 and #14 on sub-division of Quarry lots on McColloch St. in Wheeling. LB334-PG476.

     On June 3, 1954 Louis W. Bromer gave to Elizabeth Bromer a parcel of land, situated in the Village of Bethlehem, Ritchie District, containing land 28/100 acres. LB364-PG327.

     On September 18, 1956 Elizabeth Bromer, widow, granted to Mary Lou McGrath and Ray McGrath, on a statutory deed, land containing 78/100 of an acre. LB408-PG1O6.

     On July 29, 1957 Elizabeth Bromer, widow, granted to Mary Lou McGrath and Ray McGrath, on a statuary deed, land containing 28/100 acres. LB406PG103.

     On October 2, 1957 Elizabeth Bromer, widow, gave to Carol Weisenborn, her Granddaughter, a parcel of land on 7th. st. in Wheeling W.Va. (lot#88) LB406-PG110.

     On May 13, 1960 Lewis W. Bromer and wife Winnie Bromer sold to Carl Heise and wife Angela, the three Lots he aquired in 1945 from his Grandfather Louis W. Bromer in 1949. LB419-PG64.

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     On May 20, 1960 Lewis W. Bromer and his wife Winnie Bromer sold to Alfred McCulley and wife Irene McCulley lot #13 and lot #14 on McCollough Ave. in Wheeling W.Va. LB418-PG151.

     The last and largest parcel of Bromer property to still be intact was owned by Florance B. Bromer. G. Frederick Bromer would have been his grandfather. Florance sold this to Vincent E. Lazear and wife Betty L. Lazear. This property was situated in the Village of Bethlehem, Ritchie District. The property contained 40 and 23/100 acres of land. This property contained the original site of the Bromer Dairy Barn. In the year 1990 this land has been developed into a housing development which has very expensive homes on five acre lots.

     There are sections of G. Frederick Bromer's property which I have not searched. But as of 1991 the only property still in the Bromer Bloodline are those of Bernice Bromer Hylton, located on Mozart hill, and the McGraths of Bethlehem.

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     On the next four pages you will find the Citizenship and the Naturalization on G. Frederick Bromer. These were copied and rewritten by myself and Bernice Bromer Hylton. I do have original copies in my file, but to read them is extremely hard. I feel after Bernice and myself studied them and rewrote them, they are, in fact, as close as they could be.

LEW & BERNICE

Benny Bromer Hilton & Lewis W. Bromer
1989 - At tombstone of G. Frederick Bromer
Mt. Zion Cemetery, Wheeling, W.Va.

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CITIZENSHIP OF FREDERICK BROMER

     This is the Citizenship papers of Frederick Bromer. Copied and rewritten by Lewis W. Bromer on September 23, 1988. Information is as said in order book 30, page 243, dated 1847.

Frederick Bromer a native of Baden in Germany. This day appealing to the Court to be admitted to become a citizen of the United States. Where upon that said Frederick Bromer issued a certificate of the Clerk of this Court. Having that more than five years, issued to the date here of he arrived in the United States and that more than two years age he have taken an oath in the said report. His intention to become a citizen of the United States. Which certificate is in the words and figures following Virginia. Set at a court held for the county of Ohio, on the 1st. day of feburary 1841. Frederick Bromer to the order book number 28 page 463 and it being moved to the satisfaction of the court by the test involving of Charles hettice and Evas Barbard Citizens of the said United States. who can resuring as witness on oath that find the arrival of the said Frederick Bromer as afor said he has resides within the United States five years at least and within this State one year at least. and during that time has behaved as a man of good moral character. Attached to the knowledgeable of the Constitution of the United States. And will dispose to the good orders and happiness of the same be the said Frederick Bromer. declared an oath in open court. That he will support the constitution of the United States. And that he doth absolutely and entirly summons and abjurs all Allegiances and Fidelty to every foreign prime potential State or Sovereignty what ever and particularity to the Duke of Baden, and the said verfication of said Frederick Bromer is admitted a citizen of the said United States.

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CITIZENSHIP OF FREDERICK BROMER

     This is Bernice Bromer Hylton's interpretation of the Citizenship papers of Frederick Bromer. Information obtained by Lew Bromer from the Ohio County Clerk's Office in Wheeling, West Virginia.

Frederick Bromer, a native of Baden, in Germany, this day applied to the Court to be admitted to become a citizen of the United States, whereupon the said Frederick Bromer exhibited a certificate of the Clerk of this Court showing that more than five years previous to the date hereof he arrived in the United States and that more than two years ago he had given on oath in the said Court his intention to become a citizen of the United States which certificate is in the words and figures following. Virginia Sct. At a Court held for the County of Ohio on the 1st day of February IB41 Frederick Bromer (see Order Book 28, Page 463). And it being proved to the satisfaction of the Court by the testimony of Charles Hetsell and Enas Barbard Citizens of the said United States who even assured as witnesses on oath, that since the arrival of the said Frederick Bromer, as aforesaid, he has resided within the United States five years at least and within this state one year at least and during that time has behaved as a man of good moral character, attached to the Principles of the Constitution of the United States, and well disposed to the good order and happiness of the same, he the said Frederick Bromer declared on oath, in open Court, that he will support the Constitution of the United States, and that he doth absolutely and entirely renounce and abjure all allegiance and fidelity to every foreign Prince, Potentate, State or Sovereignty whatever and particularly to Duke of Baden and thereupon the said Frederick Bromer is admitted a Citizen of the said United States.

THE END

I have underscored the words of which I was not entirely certain.

Bernice Bromer Hylton

Page 22.

NATURALIZATION OF FREDERICK BROMER

     This is the Naturalization papers of Frederick Bromer. Copied and rewrote by Lewis W. Bromer on September 23, 1988. Information is as said in order book number 28 page 463.

Frederick Bromer an alien who has lately arrived in the United States. And is desirous of being naturalized a citizen. Then of this day appears before the Clerk of Courts in his office, in heart and in presence of the act of longing, made a report of himself, which report is in the following words:

     I Frederick Bromer make the following report of myself to the County Court, for the County of Ohio, in the State of Virginia.
That is to say I report that I was born in Baden, in Germany, on or about the 25th day of October in the year 1817, being now in the 24th year of my age. That I am a subject of the Grand Duke of Baden. Owing Allegiance to that Sovereign and none other. That Immigrant from _____ on the __ day of June in the year 1837, and arrived at New York in the United States on the 2nd of August 1837. And that I arrived at Wheeling in the State of bringing to one of the United States on or about the 21st day of August 1838, where I intend to settle myself.

     And the said Frederick Bromer Declaired on oath that it is bona fide his intention to become a Citizen of the United States and to denounce forever all Allegiances and Fidelity to every Foreign prime potential state or Sovereignty whatever and particularity to the Grand Duke of Baden whose subject he now is.

THE END

Page 23.

NATURALIZATION OF FREDERICK BROMER

     This is Bernice Bromer Hylton's interpretation of the naturalization papers of Frederick Bromer. Information obtained by Lew Bromer from the Ohio County Clerk's Office in Wheeling, West Virginia.

Frederick Bromer, an alien who has lately arrived in the United states and is desirous of being naturalized a citizen thereof, this day appeared before the Clerk in his office in Court and in pursuance of the Act of Congress, made a report of himself which report is in the following words:

I, Frederick Bromer, make the following report of myself to the County Court, for the County of Ohio, in the State of Virginia, that is to say: I report that I was born in Baden, in Germany, on or about the 25 day of October, in the year 1817, being now in the 24th year of my age; that I am a subject of the Grand Duke of Baden. owing allegiance to that Sovereign, and none other, that I migrated from Havre De Grace on the __ day of June, in the year 1837, and arrived at New York in the United States, on the 2nd day of August 1837, and that I arrived at Wheeling, in the State of Virginia, one of the United States, on or about the 21st day of August 1838, where I intend to settle myself.

Frederick Bromer

And the said Frederick Bromer declared on oath that it is bona fide his intention to become a citizen of the United States, and to renounce forever all allegiance and fidelity to every foreign Prince, Potentate, State or Sovereignty whatever and particularly to the Grand Duke of Baden, whose subject he now is.

THE END

I have underscored the words of which I am not entirely certain.

Bernice Bromer Hylton

Page 24.

     What you have learned about G. Frederick Bromer so far is only part of his sixty six years of life. The question of his original place of birth is a mystery. Who he came to America with is also a mystery. But as you may have noticed G. Frederick purchased his first tract of land jointly with Michael Fulmer (Vollmer). Who was Michael Fulmer (Vollmer)? I feel he was a relation thru marriage. This is because G. Frederick Bromer's wife was a Fulmer (Vollmer) and Michael could have been her brother. Or maybe Margaretha's Father. Then on May 9, 1864 Christian Fulmer (Vollmer) inherited Michael Fulmer's (Vollmer) share of the 25 acre tract of land and sold the share back to G. Frederick Bromer.

     Also could the name Johanna Vollmer, which is on the large Bromer tombstone, and Michael Fulmer (Vollmer) been husband and wife? And could Christian and Margaretha have been brother and sister? This I don't know and is another unanswered mystery.

     Then the third tract of land G. Frederick purchased was done jointly with Phillip Bromer. Both G. Frederick and Phillip were born within two years of each other. Therefore I feel they were brothers. They, G. Frederick and Phillip, purchased forty seven acres of land together. But Phillip sold his share to G. Frederick and then moved west to New Richmond, Ohio.

     This all leads me to believe G. Frederick, Phillip and the Fulmers (Vollmers) came to the United States at the same period of time, if not together.

     Phillip Bromer will be covered in his own chapter with his own family group.

     G. Frederick and Margaretha had eleven children. I have studied these children in great depth, and I have acquired a wealth of information on each one. Therefore each child has its own section, which will follow my outline.

Page 25.

     The first child born to G. Frederick and Margareth was born in 1841, and the last born was in 1865. They had six girls and five boys.

(1) Katherine Margaret Bromer b May 16, 1841; d November 3, 1908; (M) Anton Spaar b 1836; d 1917.

(2) Mary Matilda Bromer (Tilly) b 1844; d Unknown; (M) Reinhardt Hellsterm b Unknown; d Unknown.

(3) George Michael Bromer b December 15, 1849; d August 25, 1913; (M) Louise May Kratz b December 18, 1853; d November 12, 1928.

(4) Catherine Addie Bromer b October 11, 1851/0; d May 5, 1935; (M) George Wolfe b 1840; d October 10, 1907.

(5) Phillip F. Bromer b December 1852; d September 7, 1860.

(6) Amelia Bromer b October 1853; d September 15, 1860.

(7) Johanna Amelia Bromer b January 30, 1855; d December 26, 1932; (M) Christian Schnepf b September 11, 1848; d April 17, 1903.

(8) Frederick Charles Bromer b September 29, 1857; d January 4, 1927; (M) Mary Kettler b July 30, 1862; d May 27, 1937.

(9) Lewis William Bromer b September 8, 1861; d October 22, 1954; (M) Mary Mollie Carnahan b September 7, 1861; d October 14, 1938.

(10) John Jacob Bromer b December 18, 1863; d September 26, 1945; (M) Emma Pebler b December 14, 1863; d November 22, 1935.

(11) Christina Rose Bromer b January 7, 1865; d April 14, 1956; (M) John Henry Hemmenn b March 17, 1856; d July 12, 1933.



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