ORIGIN & EARLY HISTORY OF THE GIFFEN FAMILY

As written by Rev. John Giffen, who, with his parents
Andrew Giffen and Jane Howie, came to America
in 1839, settling at Rockford, Illinois.

From the book,
"Giffen Genealogic Family History of Descendents of Robert Giffen & Mary Bane Giffen"
Written and Collaborated by Rev. J. W. Giffen. D.D., Cleveland, Ohio, 1927.

Presented on this site by Linda Fluharty.


     The origin of the name is quite obscure. Tradition locates it first in Ayreshire, Scotland, about the year 1625. During the bloody persecutions waged against the Presbyterians and Covenanters by Charles I in 1625 and by Charles II and his successors, during 64 years, until the Toleration Act by William and Mary in A.D. 1689, this family of Giffens and many others were driven from their homes to seek refuge in mountains, secluded places and other countries.

     The Marquis of Argyle in 1638 defended the Presbyterians in Parliament in Glascow and offered the persecuted an asylum in his province of Kintyre, to which many fled.

     About the year 1638 there were three Giffen brothers in Ayreshire, one of whom fled to Ireland, another to America, and a third to Argyleshire, having accepted the protection of the Marquis, and settled in Kintyre.

     In 1873 the writer visited the Keil cemetery at South End Kintyre, Scotland, in which is a tombstone with the following inscription.

"In memory of Andrew Giffen, who died 18th June, 1785, aged 71 years. Also Agnes Harvey, his spouse, who died 28 Feb., 1797, aged 75 years."

     "This Andrew Giffen was born in Kintyre just 25 years after the persecution ceased in 1689. Following is the line of descent.

     1st generation John Giffen, 1648 in Kintyre.
     2nd generation Andrew Giffen, and Agnes Harvey.
     3rd generation James Giffen, and Annie Johnston.
     4th generation Andrew Giffen and Jane Howie.
     5th generation Rev. John Giffen of Rockford, Ill."

     Doubtless these were all large families. Out of this group comes Robert Giffen, born in 1743, son of John Giffen of Kildavee near Keil cemetery, settling at Big Spring, Penna., in 1777, and later in 1787 migrating to Western Virginia, settling six miles east of Wheeling. To our cousins in Illinois we send greetings, assuring them of our kindest regards.

SIR ROBERT GIFFEN
1837-1910

     Sir Robert was the most illustrious of the Giffen family in Scotland. He was England's most famous economist and statistician of the Gladstone period. When the great Premier made his speeches in Parliament, Sir Robert stood back of him furnishing the figures and statistics. His life story is told at length in the Dictionary of National Biography, which may be found in any first class library. The Cyclopedia Brittanica also gives a short sketch of his life.

     We are indebted to the Rev. Andrew Giffen, 44 Albert Drive, Glascow, Scotland, for a brief family tree showing his connection with Sir Robert and a sidelight on his ancestry.

First generation. Robert Giffen settled at Strathaven about 1780.
     Origin of family probably Giffen Castle in Ayrshire.

Second generation. Robert Giffen, a weaver's agent. He had a
     brother who married and had a son named Robert, who
     became a grocer in Strathaven. He married a Miss
     Wiseman and their son became Sir Robert.

Third generation. Andrew Giffen, a schoolmaster at Cambusnethan, Lanarkshire.

Fourth generation. The Rev. Andrew Giffen, 44 Albert Drive, Glascow.
     A minister in the United Free Church.

     The mother of Sir Robert was a Miss Wiseman, a shop girl who was very quick at making change and was nicknamed, "Ready Penny," by her fellow townsmen. It was her son borne to a Robert Giffen mentioned above, who became the economist and statistician. Each generation above noted consisted of a large family. Prevailing first names are Robert, Andrew, Archibald, William, Mungo, Isabella, Jeannie. In occupation they were farmers, ministers, schoolmasters, weavers, masons, jewelers, merchants, journalists and lawyers. When he mentioned to Rev. Albert Giffen that our ancestor in Kintyre was a weaver, he replied, "Every family did its own weaving in those days." He also informed me that the Giffnock street car line of Glascow runs to a suburban point called Giffnock. This is an abbreviation of Giffen's knoch (knob) or hill.

HOUSE

GIFFEN HOUSE

GIFFEN ESTATE.
As offered for sale in the year 1923.

     Situation. The Estate lies in the Parishes of Beith and Dalry, and is situated 1 mile from Giffen Station, 3 miles from Dalry, 3 miles from Beith, and about 20 miles from Glascow. Easy access is obtained by rail to all parts of the country, and the Estate is also served by good roads. The property is conveniently situated for hunting with the Ayrshire, Lanark, and Renfrewshire Hounds. It is within easy reach of Ayr Race Meetings, while First-class Golf Courses are situated at Troon, Gailes, and Prestwick.

     Area. The whole Estate extends to about 885 1/2 acres, chiefly arable and enclosed land. This area includes about 54 1/2 acres of woodland and wooded policies.

     The Residence. Giffen House is a handsome, substantial, and well-built residence in the Scottish Baronial style of Architecture, in excellent structural condition. It contains 4 public rooms, 6 family bedrooms, 3 dressing rooms, day and night nurseries, bathroom, 6 servants' bedrooms, and ample kitchen and domestic accomodation making 35 rooms in all. There is good water supply and drainage. The offices include excellent stabling, garage, lodge, and coachman's house. There are seven good dairy and other farms on the Estate let to thriving tenants. In addition 1 flour mill, 1 stone quarry (over which once stood the Castle), 1 smithy and house.

     Income. Rentals [pounds]1,269-11-10. Public Burdens (taxes) [pounds]303-14-1 3/4.

     Giffen House with 26 acres was offered for $30,000 and the agent assured us that it could be bought for less.

     The residence had been built for about 50 years. The owner, a Mr. Patrick, died in January, 1923, leaving the Estate to a nephew in Edinborough. The nephew had thrown it on the market. Many other large Estates in Great Britain were being sold out in small parcels on account of the heavy taxes following the World War. You will note that the taxes on the Giffen Estate represent about 25 % of the income. It would be very appropriate for some wealthy Giffen to buy this Estate and make a headquarters for the family.

ROBERT GIFFEN

     Robert Giffen was the pioneer settler and leader of the Kintyre group of Giffens who settled in the vicinity of Wheeling, W.Va. He was born at Kildavee, South End of Argyll County, Scotland. Kintyre means headland. It is the name applied to the narrow peninsula, forty-two miles in length, which forms the west shore of the river Clyde. This venturesome pioneer was born in 1743, migrated to America in 1777, locating in Big Spring, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania. After the close of the Revolutionary War he moved to Wheeling in 1787. Here he spent his life, became the father of a remarkable group of people, made his mark on the wilderness, and helped lay the foundations of the institutions peculiar to The United States of America. He was a farmer and his descendants for three generations were mostly farmers. Today they are found in every honorable profession and in almost every state in the Union.

          Robert Giffen, died August 17, 1829, aged 86 years.
          Mary Giffen, died August 4, 1821, aged 79 years.

Old Tent Cemetery

     The above is the tombstone record of two lives which were of vast importance to us. Had they not lived, or had they fallen victim to the savages of this western border, then many whose names appear on these pages would never have graced the stage of action in this world. These tombstones are of West Virginia sandstone and are in a perfect state of preservation in this cemetery in 1923. They stand side by side in the Old Tent Cemetery, six miles east of Wheeling on the Bethany Pike and on the headwaters of Peter's Run.

     The records of the Old Tent Congregation, connected with the Second Associate Reformed Presbytery of Pennsylvania, show that Robert Giffen was a charter member and an Elder of its first Session. This congregation received a deed for land dated June 9, 1796. It is presumed that the organization took place at least one year before this date. The Rev. Alexander McCoy was licensed to preach by the above named Presbytery in 1795, and became the first pastor of this congregation which worshipped in a tent in the wilderness. This denominational organization was brought about by the introduction of Watt's psalms and hymns into the worship of the Presbyterian church, instead of the Scottish version of the psalms, which had previously been the praise book of that church.

     The Rev. R. G. Campbell, D.D., LL.D., who was pastor at the Old Tent church in 1864, writes from memory as follows: "To my youthful mind, the people who attended that Old Tent church were lovely Christians. They were so simple in their habits, so kind, so generous and hospitable. For them an affection was created which still remains, and to this day calls up the sweetest of recollections. Among others, the writer became more or less intimate with the Waddells, the Terrills, the Giffens and the Stewarts. These were the pillars in church. In their homes a generous hospitality was enjoyed, and a happy Christian communion which no man could forget."

     Robert Giffen married Mary Bane before leaving Scotland. Two children at least were born in Scotland, Daniel, Feb. 9, 1769, and John, Nov. 2, 1772. These are the only names found in the Scottish Register. If others were born in Scotland there is no explanation except that their registration was neglected. So with his little family and accompanied by his sister Jane the trip was made to America. It was a slow sailing vessel. Seven weeks were spent on the ocean before New York was sighted. Before they could make the harbor a fearful storm arose and they were driven back out to sea and it was seven weeks more, fourteen in all, before a landing was effected. The date of this migration is established by Dr. Wallace Taylor in his book entitled The Taylor Genealogy. His grandmother was Margaret Giffen Taylor, daughter of Robert Giffen. She always claimed that she was born at sea on the way to America. The inscription on her gravestone at Cadiz, O., is "Margaret Taylor, Wife, died Feb. 9, 1858, aged 81." Subtracting her age from the date of her death we have 1777 as date of birth and date of the sea journey to America. The first settlement was made at Big Spring, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania.

     In the spring of 1787 Robert with his sons Daniel and John made a trip over the Allegheny mountains to a point known as Wheeling, in the state of Virginia. Here they built a cabin and put in a 'patch' of corn near what was later known as the Steenrod place two miles east of Wheeling. This was then a wild and wooly wilderness. The Zane brothers had settled in what is now Wheeling in 1769, and had built a fort and taken part in the Indian warfare of that period. West Liberty, twelve miles northwest of Wheeling, was then the county seat town of Ohio County, Virginia. The courthouse was built there in 1777 and removed to Wheeling in 1797. The first lots laid out in Wheeling, 112 in number, was in 1793, six years after Robert Giffen came to that vicinity. Wheeling was incorporated as a town in 1806 and as a city in 1836. Robert left his sons Daniel and John, 18 and 15 years of age, to occupy the cabin and tend the corn while he returned to Cumberland County, Pa., for the remainder of the family. These boys took care of themselves during the summer and explored the regions of Belmont County, Ohio, where John afterwards settled and lived the greater part of his life. They were thrifty and turned their explorations into cash by gathering ginseng, the only commodity that would then bring financial returns. Late in the fall of that year, 1787, Robert and his family reached the cabin in the wilderness. It must have been a happy reunion after a separation of more than six months. They spent the winter there but there is no record of their ever having a deed for land in that vicinity. Robert purcdhased 107 acres of land from John McLaughlin on Short Creek near the Major Sam. McCulloch fort, September 1, 1788, for the sum of 75 pounds. Our tradition is that Robert moved back from the Wheeling region to the vicinity of Fort McCulloch in order to secure better protection from the Indians who were still hostile and made frequent raids into western Pennsylvania. We like to think, too, that he had a religious reason. It was here that he found congenial spirits who helped him establish a church of Christ in the wilderness. The first worshiping place was in a tent, and the church when built was called the Tent and the congregation established was placed on the records of Presbytery as the Tent. Later generations referred to it as the Old Tent. This church stood until the close of the Civil War when it was merged with Buchanan Hill church and the new organization called Roney's Point. After the removal of the church the cemetery was neglected. It became overgrown and the burial place of our ancestors became a worse wilderness that that to which they came as settlers. After various attempts to clean it up and expenditure of money without lasting results, it was decided to deed this cemetery to the Commissioners of Ohio County, West Virginia. This was done November 19, 1923. In this deed the Commissioners agree, "To assume perpetual care of said property in its present state, and to keep and maintain the same in a neat and sightly condition, and not to disturb the graves now located on said property." Signed by the Trustees of the Roney's Point United Presbyterian church, viz., John M. Supler, M. H. Frazier, J. C. McCutcheon, Hugh I. Dodds, J. E. Bender.

     There is another underlying reason why Robert Giffen came to Wheeling region and later moved six miles out to the Short Creek region. His brother-in-law, John Bane, had preceded him and settled at the mouth of Short Creek, twelve miles up the Ohio river from Wheeling. His patent deed, signed by Patrick Henry, Governor of Virginia, was dated January 10, 1782, and it also recognized his settlement as having been made in 1776. These kinsmen lived close together in life and in death they were not divided. Side by side in the Tent Cemetery they are buried. We give here the tombstone record for the Banes.

          John Bane, died April 19, 1819, in his 76th year of age.
          Margaret Bane, died March 10, 1815, in the 68th year of age.

Department of Public Instruction
Pennsylvania State Library and Museum
Frederick A. Godcharles, director
Harrisburg

Division of Archives and History
Hiram H. Shenk, Archivist
Jessica C. Ferguson, Genealogist

January 19, 1928.

To whom it may concern:
     I hereby certify that the name of ROBERT GIFFEN-GIFFIN appears as private, Third Class, on a return of the Second and Third Classes of Captain James Scott's Company of the Third Battalion of Washington County Militia, April 4, 1782, in the War of the Revolution.
     The name of ROBERT GIFFEN-GIFFIN also appears as private Third Class, on a return of the Third and Fourth Classes of Captain John Cotten's Company of the Third Battalion of Washington County Militia, September 4, 1782, in the War of the Revolution.
     See pages 99 and 111 of Volume 11, Pennsylvania Archives, Sixth Series.

H. H. Shenk, Archivist.

In testimony of Whereof
I hereby affix the
Seal of this Department.

Historic items gleaned from deeds at Wheeling.

1. Deed made by John McLaughlin to Robert Giffen for 107 acres of land on Short Creek, for 75 pounds, dated September 1, 1788.

2. Deed made by William Morrison to Robert Giffen for 298 acres, for 150 pounds, dated December 20, 1792.

3. Deed made by Robert Giffen and his wife Mary Giffen to their two sons Daniel and John Giffen for 298 acres, for 150 pounds current money of Pennsylvania, dated January 5, 1795.

4. Deed made by Daniel and John Giffen to George Roberts for 298 acres for 200 pounds current money of Pennsylvania, dated September, dated September 20, 1795.

5. Deed made by Kinsey Dickison to John Giffin for 100 acres on head waters of Peter's Run, for 175 pounds, dated October 2, 1797.

6. Deed made to William and Archibald Giffin for 50 acres, for $300 dated April 1, 1799, situated on head waters of Short Creek. This tract was portion of a grant to Van Meters Brothers in 1786, near West Liberty, W. Va.

7. Deed made by Daniel Giffen and his wife Agnes to John Giffen, his share of 100 acres on Peter's Run for $300, dated May 7, 1804.

8. Deed by Robert Bell to Daniel Giffen for 134 acres for $268, $2 per acre, situated on Rough and Ready Run, dated May 1, 1804.

9. Deed by Moses Shepherd to John Giffen for 46 acres for $184, situated on Wheeling Creek, dated April 1, 1805.

10. Deed by Phillip Witten to John Giffen for 251 acres for $1750, dated April 4, 1808. This was part of the original tract granted to David Shepherd containing 940 acres on Peter's Run, March 8, 1784. This was therefore public land up until 1784, just 4 years before the first Giffen deed recorded.

Will of Robert Giffen.

     We note the mixed spelling of the name in this document and that Robert signed it GIFFEN. Possibly the party who wrote the will made the mistake in spelling.

     In the name of God, Amen, I Robert Giffin of the County of Ohio and State of Virginia being in a weakly State of body but sound Mind and Memory, calling to mind my mortality and that it is appointed for all men to die and come to Judgment, I do make and ordain this my last will and testament in way and manner following and first I resign my Soul to Almighty God who gave it me and my body to the earth from whence it was taken to be buried in a Christian and decent manner and that my funderal charges and just debts be fully settled and paid and also when it shall please God to take me away from this present life that my children and heirs bury me by my wife and that they put a head and foot stone to my grave as there is to hers and in disposing of my property and first I will and bequeath to my daughter Elizabeth Downing one hundred dolalrs to be paid by my Executor out of my estate and secondly I will and bequeath fifty dollars to my son George Giffin and the remainder of my estate I will and bequeath to my three oldest children viz. Daniel Giffin, Jean Terrill, and John Giffin, to be divided equally among these three that is my real and personal estate and I also will and appoint that my son John Giffin to be my Sole Executor of this my last will and testament renouncing and making void all former wills and testaments and ordering this only to be my last will.
     In witness thereof I set my hand and seal this fifth day of December one thousand eight hundred and twenty-six.

Robert Giffen [Seal]

Witness present
Test     Samuel Frazier
          Alex M. Stewart

     I do certify that the above is a true copy of the last will and testament of Robert Giffen deceased, which was produced in Court at the September Term 1829, proven by oath of Samuel Frazier, one of the subscribing witnesses thereto, and ordered to lie for further proof. And at the November Term, in the year 1829, was again produced in Court and fully proven by the oaths of Alexander M. Stewart, another subscribing witness thereto, and ordered to be recorded.

          Test
          Wm. Chapline, C.O.C.

A True Copy: Teste: John H. Wells, Clerk of County Court,
Ohio County, State of West Virginia.

Descendants of Robert and Mary (Bane) Giffen.

(1) DANIEL - 1769-1852.
(2) JEAN - 1770-1849.
(3) JOHN - 1772-1856.
(4) MARGARET - 1777-1858.
(5) GEORGE - 1779-1839.
(6) ELIZABETH - 1784-1847.

(Note: Only one more generation is presented here; there are many more in the book.)


(1) DANIEL GIFFEN

          Daniel Giffen, died January 13, 1852, in the 84th year of his age.
          Nancy Giffen, died May 10, 1851, in the 73rd year of her age.

     So reads the record on two white marble tombstones found in the Old Tent Cemetery, six miles east of Wheeling, W.Va., on the Bethany pike. Both tombstones had fallen down and were lying on the ground previous to 1923. That of Nancy was broken in three pieces. The writer with others made a cement base over the graves and laid these stones, face upward, on this foundation. Nancy Agnes Bell became the wife of Daniel Giffen. No record can be found of the date or place of ceremony.

     Daniel was the oldest son of Robert and Mary bane Giffen and was born in Scotland February February 9, 1769. He was therefore 18 years of age when the settlement was made at Wheeling. he regaled his grandchildren with thrilling stories of the early settlements. He told with vivid memory the story of Indian warfare, of the fort at Steenrod's Bottom east of Wheeling, and of Major Sam McCulloch's leap over Wheeling hIll and escape to the Steenrod fort.

     On May 1, 1804, he purchased 134 acres of land from Robert Bell, for $268, situated on Rough and Ready Run, sometimes called Dixon's Run, near the present site of Rough and Ready school house. Here he lived and tilled his farm for the remainder of his life. He was identified with the Old Tent congregation and reared his family in the faith of his father. he died January 13, 1852 amidst the mutterings of the storm that was threatening to disrupt the Union, which resulted in the Civil War, and the birth of a new state called West Virginia. The children as follows:

          Robert. 1809-1877.
          John. - 1815-1870.
          Margaret.
          Mary
          Sarah
          Nancy. 1812-1850.


(2) JEAN GIFFEN

     Jean Giffen, second child of Robert and Mary Bane Giffen, was born in Scotland. No record of registration was found, but Robert in his will mentions his three oldest children as Daniel Giffen, Jean Terrill, and John Giffen. We know that she married Daniel Terrill and from her tombstone in the Tent Cemetery is derived this record. "Jane Terrill, wife of Daniel Terrill, died May 27, 1849, aged 79 years, 8 mo., 12 days." Beside her tombstone is that of her husband with the following inscription, "Daniel Terrill died March 2, 1847, aged 78 years, 9 mo., 27 days."

     Her father's will carries her name as Jean. In her marriage license record it is spelled Jane. Another instance of mixed spelling.

Marriage License Records, Book No. 1, page 48,
County Court, Ohio County, West Virginia.

Also that on the (18th) day of Novr. A.D. 1794
I have agreeably to the law of Virginia & by virtue of
A license Directed to any authorized Minister of the
Gospel in Ohio County Issued by the Clark
of Sd. County on the (15th) day of Novr. (1794) Solemn-
ized the right of marriage between Daniel Terril
and Jane Giffin both of the County aforesaid
Given under my hand this (1st) day of Decr. 1794.
     James Hughes VDM

A Copy Test
          Moses Chapline. Clk.

     Children of Daniel Terril and Jean Giffen. Probably not in correct order. Residence and issue not known except 10. Jeremiah.

(1) Mary
(2) Rebecca
(3) Elizabeth
(4) Jane
(5) Margaret
(6) Ruth
(7) Adam
(8) Robert
(9) Daniel
(10)Jeremiah - (b 1814; d July 2, 1903; m Martha Hemphill)


(3) JOHN GIFFEN

     John Giffen, son of Robert and Mary Bane-Giffen, was born at the estate of Christlach, in the region known as Kintyre, South End of Argyll County, Scotland, November 2, 1772. He came with his father to America in 1777, settling in the region of the Big Spring, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania. In the spring of 1787 he came with his father and brother Daniel to Wheeling as recorded before. Here he grew to manhood, sharing in the experiences incident to pioneer life in a rugged forest covered, hilly section of country, infested with American Indians. The clearings were cultivated by men, in groups, for mutual assistance and protection. A friendly Indian told the story of having skulked in the forest near the Giffen cornfields, in his unregenerate days. He had repeatedly drawn a bead on John, who was plowing the rows of corn, and could easily have killed him at the end of the row. But the group of men in the same field was so numerous and so near that he decided it was safer for him not to start any trouble. One cannot help but wonder what a difference it would have made in the history of the Giffen family, the United States, and the United Presbyterian mission fields and colleges, if that Indian had pulled the trigger. We are grateful to the divine Providence which watched over our fathers in the generations past.

     The real estate records at Wheeling reveal that John Giffen was connected with various transactions involving lands on Short Creek and the Head waters of Peter's Run, in Ohio County, W.Va. The records show that in each transaction he made some money. To one familiar with the acreage handled there is the conviction that he was a good judge of land.

     He was married to Elizabeth Morrison, October 11, 1796, who was then 17 years of age. He spent 38 years of his life in the vicinity of the Old Tent meeting house in West Virginia. The lure of the Ohio hills, contracted in boyhood journeys across the river, was in his veins and in 1825 he migrated to a farm two miles north of St. Clairsville, Belmont County, Ohio. This farm became known as the John Giffen homestead. During his stay in West Virginia he had accumulated some property and a family of ten children. During his remaining days in ohio he watched with great pleasure the development of his family and the settlement of many others of the Giffen connection, in the same general community, some coming from West Virginia and others directly from Scotland. His wife Elizabeth died in 1842 at 63 years of age. John Giffen died in 1856 at age of 84 years.

     In religion John Giffen was associated with his father's family in the Old Tent congregation of the Associate Reformed Presbytery of Pennsylvania, located six miles east of Wheeling, until his removal to St. Clairsville, Ohio, in 1825. In Ohio he became a member of the High Ridge congregation, which was under the Reformed Dissenting Presbytery. Later this congregation was merged, with its controlling presbytery, into the Associate Reformed church. He kept his membership in the High Ridge congregation until the end of his lfie. Among his descendants are nine ministers of the United Presbyterian denomination, four foreign missionaries and one college president. He was all his life a farmer, but his children are found in every honorable trade and profession. In the following pages his descendants are briefly catalogued.

(1) Mary Giffen.
(2) Robert Giffen.
(3) William Giffen.
(4) John T. Giffen.
(5) Joseph Giffen.
(6) Samuel Giffen.
(7) Elizabeth Giffen.
(8) Jane Giffen.
(9) Morrison Giffen.
(10) Sarah Ann Giffen.


(4) MARGARET GIFFEN

     Margaret Giffen was born at sea while her parents, Robert and Mary Bane Giffen, were on the journey to America. She was married to Thomas Taylor, Feb. 15, 1798, at Wheeling, Virginia, as shown by the Clerk of Courts record. They lived at various points in western Virginia until October 1, 1807, when they bought a farm one mile north of Cadiz, O. There they reared a family of fifteen children, whose first names are as follows in order of their birth.

(1) William.
(2) Nancy.
(3) Robert.
(4) John B.
(5) David.
(6) Susanna.
(7) Rebecca.
(8) Elizabeth.
(9) Mary (Polly).
(10) Thomas. (11) James.
(12) Margaret.
(13) Jane.
(14) Josiah.
(15) Urijah.

     Grave stone inscriptions. Lying flat, side by side, near their old home north of Cadiz are two stones which preserve the following inscriptions.

          Thomas Taylor. Died Nov. 21, 1845, aged 78.
          Margaret Taylor, wife. Died Feb. 9, 1858, aged 81.


(5) GEORGE GIFFEN

     George Giffen, son of Robert and Mary Bane Giffen, was born near the Big Spring, Cumberland County, Pa., July 12, 1779, and died in Belmont County, Ohio, July 21, 1839. He came with his father's family, in 1787, to the settlement made near the Old Tent, six miles east of Wheeling, Va. About 1800 he married Nancy Milligan and migrated to Belmont County, O. They reared a family of eight children. High Ridge U.P. Church. Children.

(1) Robert Giffen, born April 18, 1803.
(2) John Giffen, born 1806.
(3) Sarah Giffen, born 1809.
(4) Nancy Giffen, born 1811.
(5) George Giffen Jr., born 1813.
(6) Mary Giffen, born 1814 or 1815.
(7) Hugh Giffen, born 1816.
(8) Daniel Giffen, born 1820.

     At this point the descendants of George, like those of Daniel, changed the spelling of the family name to Giffin...


(6) ELIZABETH GIFFEN

     Elizabeth Giffen, daughter of Robert and Mary Bane Giffen, was born near the Big Spring, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, in July, 1784, and died at Radnor, Delaware County, Ohio, on June 6, 1847. She was married to Samuel Downing in Belmont County, Ohio, and later moved to Ohio County, Virginia. When three years old she had been brought by her parents to the settlement at the Old Tent, six miles east of Wheeling in Virginia. A few years of her early married life were spent in Virginia. In the year 1816 the Downing family migrated to Delaware County, Ohio. There were nine children in this family, five of which were born in Ohio County, Virginia. Children as follows.

(1) Samuel Downing.
(2) Mary Downing.
(3) David Downing.
(4) Elizabeth Downing.
(5) Jane Downing.
(6) Ann Downing.
(7) William Downing.
(8) Nancy Downing.
(9) John Downing.


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