Typed by Laurie Birks Dean.
Districts, Courts, Officers and Statistics of Ohio County
By an Act of the Legislature of West Virginia passed during the session of 1872-1873 and approved December 21, 1872, it was enacted that Ohio county should be laid off into not less than 10 districts, as nearly equal as might be in territory and population, and providing that in each district there should be elected by the voters thereof a commissioner, two justices of the peace and two constables, who should reside in their respective districts, and hold their respective offices--a commissioner for the term of two years, and justices of the peace and constables for the term of four years.
By this Act the county was divided into two assessment districts; one, called the city district, which included the corporate limits of the city of Wheeling, and the other the country district, including the remainder of the county without the limits of the city; and in each of these districts an assessor is elected by the voters of the county who holds his office for four years, each of whom is required to reside in his district.
The commissioners so elected in the several districts constitute a board known as the "Board of Commissioners of the County of Ohio," and by this name they may sue and be sued, and make and use a common seal, and enact ordinances and by-laws not inconsistent with the laws of the state. Their meetings are held on the firs Mondays in January, April, June, August, October and December in each year, but they may hold special and adjourned meetings at any time after their first meeting after election. They elect one of their number president, and they appoint a clerk, who holds his office at their pleasure, whose compensation is fixed by ordinance and he is paid from the county treasury.
The board has the superintendence and administration of the internal police and fiscal affairs of the county, including the establishment and regulation of roads, ways, bridges, public landings, ferries and mills, the granting of ordinary and other licenses, with the authority to lay and disburse the county levies, provided that no license shall be granted in any city, town or village without the consent of the authorities of the same first had and obtained.
The compensation of the commissioners is $3 per day for services in court to be paid out of the county treasury. For malfeasance, misfeasance or neglect of official duty, a commissioner may be indicted and upon conviction his office shall be vacated.
The board has power in the case of a vacancy, whether from resignation, removal from office, removal from district, death, or other cause, to fill the same.
The foregoing are the main and important features of the Act creating the board of commissioners of the county of Ohio.
Under the provisions of the law, the 10 districts therein contemplated are defined and bounded as follows, viz:
Beginning at the northeast corner of Richland district in the Ohio and Brooke county line, and running thence south with the east boundary of Richland district to the southeast corner thereof; thence east to the northeast corner of Triadelphia district, on the state line; thence with the state line north to the Brooke county line; thence with the Brooke county line N. 75 W. (as of 1863) to a stone standing in said county line; thence westwardly with said county line to the place of beginning.
Beginning at a stone planted immediately east of the late residence of Hugh Nichols, deceased, and in the east boundary of Washington district, and running thence with the said boundary N. 10 W. to the north corner of Washington district on the margin of the Ohio River, thence up with the meanderings of said river to the mouth of Short Creek and the county line of Brooke and Ohio counties; thence up with the meanderings of said creek to Trimble's Mill; thence eastwardly with said county line to the northwest corner of Liberty district; thence south with the west boundary of Liberty district ot the southwest corner of the same and then west to the place of beginning.
Beginning at the southwest corner of Richland district, and running thence east with the south boundary of Richland and Liberty districts to the Pennsylvania state line; thence south with said state line to the Marshall county line; thence westwardly with the Marshall county line to the southeast corner of Ritchie district; thence with the eastern boundary of Ritchie district to a double locust tree on the Reilly Hill, and in the corporation line of the city of Wheeling; thence northwardly with said line to the north bank of Wheeling Creek; thence down said bank to the east line of Washington district; then N. 10 W. with Washington district line to the place of beginning.
Beginning at a point on the Ohio River, and in the middle line of Tenth street, being the northwest corner of Clay district, and running thence eastwardly with the northern boundary of Clay district to Grand View street; thence southwardly on Grand View street to Eleventh street; then eastwardly on Eleventh street to the eastern boundary of the city of Wheeling; thence with the city line down and along said bank to a point in a line which runs N. 10 W. from a stone in the Peninsula cemetery and in the north line of Madison district, as it heretofore was; thence with the northwest line to the east bank of the Ohio River; thence down said river to the place of beginning.
The boundaries of Madison district shall be the boundaries of Wheeling Island, which island shall constitute such district.
Beginning at a point on the Ohio river in the middle line of Tenth street, being the southwest corner of Washington district, and running thence eastwardly with the southern boundaries of Washington district to the eastern boundary to the city of Wheeling; thence southwardly with the eastern boundary line of the city of Wheeling to a point in Fourteenth street prolonged eastwardly to said eastern boundary; thence westwardly with the middle line of Fourteenth street to the east bank of the Ohio River; thence up said river to the place of beginning.
Begging at a point on the east bank of the Ohio River, and in the middle line of Fourteenth street; thence eastwardly with the middle line of Fourteenth street, being the southern boundary of Clay district to a point in the eastern boundary line of the city of Wheeling in Fourteenth street prolonged; thence southwardly with the eastern boundary line of said city to Coal run; thence down Coal run to Wheeling Creek; thence down said creek to the Ohio River and up the east bank of said river to the place of beginning.
Beginning at the intersection of the eastern boundary of the city of Wheeling with Coal run, thence down said run to Wheeling Creek; thence down said creek to the Ohio River; thence down the east bank of said river to Twenty-fifth street prolonged westwardly to said river; thence eastwardly with the middle line of Twenty-fifth street prolonged to the eastern boundary of the city of Wheeling; thence northwardly with said eastern boundary of the city of Wheeling to the place of beginning.
Beginning on the east bank of the Ohio River, where the same is intersected by the middle line of Twenty-fifth street prolonged westwardly; thence eastwardly with the middle line of Twenty-fifth street, being the southern boundary of Centre district to the eastern boundary of the city of Wheeling; thence southwardly with said eastern boundary line of the city to a point where the same is intersected by the middle line of Thirty-second street prolonged eastwardly; thence westwardly with the middle line of Thirty-second street prolonged to a point where the same is intersected by the middle line of Thirty-fifth street prolonged eastwardly; thence westwardly with the middle of Thirty-fifth street, and Thirty-fifth street prolonged, to the east bank of the Ohio River; thence with said east bank of the Ohio River, northwardly to the place of beginning.
Beginning at a stone planted on the east margin of the Ohio River, being the corner of Ohio and Marshall counties; thence with the line of said counties to the southwest corner of Triadelphia district N. 12 1/4 W. 176.88 poles; thence N. 13 3/4 W. 133.72 poles; thence N. 11 3/4 W. 50.96 poles; thence N. 44 W. 249.80 poles; thence N. 54 W. 298 poles; thence N. 56 W. 25. 48 poles; thence N. 29 @. 130.56 poles; thence N. 16.10 W. 27.60 poles; thence N. 1 1/2 E. 61.36 poles to a double locust tree on the Reilly hill, and in the corporation line of the city of Wheeling; the bearings of the above lines are as of 1876; thence with said corporation line southwardly to its intersection with the southern boundary of Webster district; thence with said boundary of Webster district, being the middle line of Thirty-fifth street prolonged and with the middle line of Thirty-fifth street prolonged to the east bank of the Ohio River; thence with said bank of the Ohio River southwardly to the place of beginning.
The following persons representing the following districts are the members of the board at the present time:
U. S. Circuit Court for the District of West Virginia: Judge, Nathan Goff, residence, Clarksburg, West Virginia. U. S. District Court for the First District of West Virginia: Judge, John J. Jackson, residence, Parkersburg, West Virginia; clerk, L. B. Dellicker; George E. Boyd, Jr., deputy clerk and U. S. Commissioner; J. H. Gaines, U. S. district attorney; S. C. Burdette, of Charleston, E. W. Showalter, of Fairmont, and Elliott Northcott, of Clarksburg, assistant prosecuting attorneys. Clerk of the U. S. District Court, Jasper Y. Moore. Circuit Court, First Judicial Circuit of West Virginia, comprising the counties of Hancock, Brooke, Ohio and Marshall: H. C. Hervey and Thayer Melvin, judges; C. H. Henning, clerk; A. J. Wilson, deputy clerk. It meets as follows: Ohio county at Court House second Monday in April; first Monday in September; third Monday in November. County Court of Ohio County: Richard Robertson, clerk of the County Court of Ohio County and ex-officio recorder and probate judge; George E. Boyd, Sr., Cyrus P. Flick, George R. E. Gilchrist and T. M. Garvin, commissioners of accounts. Criminal Court of the County of Ohio: T. J. Hugus, judge; C. H. Henning, clerk. Meets first Monday in January, March, May, July, September and November in Ohio County Court House. Police Court: A. T. Sweeney, judge; William Nolte, clerk. Meets daily except Sundays at 9 A. M.; special sessions Saturdays, at 7 P. M.
Assistant Postmaster--Alfred C. Davis.
Superintendent of Mails--John T. Cowl.
There are 20 letter carriers connected with the office, and three substitute carriers.
United States Customs: Charles H. Sensency, surveyor and collector of customs.
U. S. Internal Revenue--District of West Virginia: A. B. White, collector (Parkersburg).
There are two judges in the First Judicial District, which includes Hancock, Brooke, Ohio and Marshall counties, namely: Hons. Thayer Melvin and H. C. Hervey. The clerk of the Circuit Court is Charles Henning. The judge of the Criminal Court is Hon. T. J. Hugus. Richard Robertson is clerk of the County Court. The present sheriff of Ohio county is W. W. Irwin. The prosecuting attorney is Frank Nesbitt. The assessor for the city district is Addison Israel; for the county district, Lester Smith.
According to the official census of 1900, the population of Wheeling was 38,878. The area and population of Ohio county were, respectively, area 123 square miles, population 48,024.
The coal production of Ohio county ending June 30, 1900, was 96,610 tons of 2,000 pounds per ton. The thickness of the coal underlying Ohio county is six feet.
The county of Ohio has four delegates in the Legislature.