History of the Upper Ohio Valley, Vol. 1, 1890   
WITH FAMILY HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES.
A STATEMENT OF ITS RESOURCES, INDUSTRIAL
GROWTH AND COMMERCIAL ADVANTAGES
 
Madison Wis.:
Copyright 1890, BRANT & FULLER.
 

FT HENRY

Fort Henry Sept. 11, 1782.
From an oil painting by Capt. J. S. Farris.


Presented by Linda Cunningham Fluharty.



Preface

Chapter I
THE OHIO VALLEY - CLAIMS OF FRANCE, ENGLAND AND SPAIN - M. DE CELERON'S MISSION - BRADDOCK'S DEFEAT - PONTIAC - FORT PITT - THE CONGRESS AT FORT STANWIX - THE SIX NATIONS.

Chapter II
THE ALARM ON THE BORDERS - THE KILLING OF TWO INDIANS BY THE WHITES - ATTACK UPON THE INDIANS AT CAPTINA - THE AFFAIR AT YELLOW CREEK - LOGAN ON THE WAR-PATH - LETTER OF EBENEZER ZANE - EXPEDITION COMMANDED BY COL. ANGUS MC DONALD - DUNMORE'S CAMPAIGN - BATTLE AT POINT PLEASANT - DUNMORE ENTERS INTO A TREATY WITH THE INDIANS.

Chapter III
THE BOUNDARY LINE BETWEEN PENNSYLVANIA AND VlRGINIA - THE SEIZURE OF FORT PITT BY DR. JOHN CONNOLLY - CONFLICTING CLAIMS TO THE DISPUTED TERRITORY - PROCLAMATION OF LORD DUNMORE - CIRCULAR LETTER OF THE DELEGATES OF PENNSYLVANIA AND VIRGINIA - PROPOSAL TO ESTABLISH A NEW STATE - PATRIOTISM OF THE PEOPLE - COMMISSIONERS APPOINTED BY PENNSYLVANIA AND VIRGINIA - SETTLEMENT OF THE CONTROVERSY BETWEEN THE TWO STATES.

Chapter IV
THE ERECTION OF FORT HENRY - THE DISTURBED CONDITION OF THE BORDER - COUNCIL AT CATFISH - CAPTAINS OGLE AND MEASON AMBUSHED - THE FIRST SIEGE OF FORT HENRY - COL. SWEARINGEN'S RELIEF - AN INCIDENT IN THE LIFE OF CAPTAIN OGLE - MC COLLOCH'S FAMOUS LEAP - THE MASSACRE OF COL. FOREMAN AND HIS MEN - THE TORIES - JOHN SPAHR - INDIAN DEPREDATIONS - EXPEDITION TO THE MUSKINGUM - THREATENED ATTACK 0N FORT HENRY IN 1781 - PRAYING INDIANS - CRAWFORD'S EXPEDITION - LETTERS OF DAVIES, HARRISON AND IRVINE - THE FATE OF MAJOR SAM MC COLLOCH - INDIAN COUNCIL AT CHILLICOTHE - THE SIEGE OF FORT HENRY, 1782 - POWDER EXPLOIT - FRANCIS DUKE - LETTERS OF JAMES MARSHALL AND EBENEZER ZANE - ROLL OF HONOR.

Chapter V
THE ATTACK ON RICE'S FORT - THE KILLING OF GEORGE HUMPHREY - THE KILLING OF WILLIAM COCHRAN -LEWIS WETZEL AND THOMAS MILLS - CAPTURE OF TWO BOYS - THE DEATH OF JOHN NEISWANGER - THE MURDER OF THE VAN METRE FAMILY - JOHN VAN METRE - CAPTURE OF JOHN WETZEL AND ANOTHER BOY.

Chapter VI
PREDATORY INCURSIONS OF THE INDIANS - THE CAPTURE AND RELEASE OF MRS. GLASS - THE CAPTURE OF HENRY BAKER - A REMINISCENCE OF PIONEER LIFE - AN ATTACK UPON A HUNTING PARTY - AN ATROCIOUS MURDER - THE ATTACK ON KIRKWOOD'S CABIN - A TIMELY WARNING - THE KILLING OF GRINDSTAFF - THE CAPTURE OF THE CROW GIRLS - MEMORIAL OF THE INHABITANTS OF MIDDLE WHEELING - LETTER OF COL. SHEPHERD - THE DEATH OF PARRON THE SCOUT - ESCAPE OF CUPPY - JOSHUA MEEK THE SCOUT - THREE HUNTERS WAYLAID AND KILLED - THE LAST BATTLE BETWEEN THE WHITES AND INDIANS IN THE UPPER OHIO VALLEY.

Chapter VII
COL. BROADHEAD'S CAMPAIGN - TREACHEROUS CONDUCT AND MURDER BY THE MILITIA - WILLIAMSON'S CAMPAIGN - THE "PRAYING INDIANS" - FRIENDLY TO THE WHITES - REMOVAL OF THE CHRISTIAN DELAWARES TO DETROIT - SUSPECTED BY WHITES AND INDIANS - MURDERS CHARGED TO THE MORAVIAN INDIANS - EXPEDITION ORGANIZED - ARRIVAL AT THE MORAVIAN TOWNS - INDIANS SURRENDER - THEIR TREATMENT - REVOLTING MURDER - CRAWFORD'S CAMPAIGN - THE VIRGINIA FRONTIER PATROLLED - EXPEDITION AGAINST INDIAN TOWNS RESOLVED UPON - RENDEZVOUS AT MINGO - THE INDIANS ON THE ALERT - PROPOSED RETREAT OF THE WHITES OVERRULED - THE FIGHT -- THE RETREAT - CAPTIVITY OF COL. CRAWFORD - HIS TERRIBLE FATE - DR. KNIGHT'S ESCAPE - SLOVER'S CAPTIVITY AND ESCAPE - ST. CLAIR'S EXPEDITION - THE ARMY MARCHES TOWARD THE INDIAN TOWNS - FORTS HAMILTON AND JEFFERSON BUILT - ENGAGEMENT WITH THE INDIANS - ST. CLAIR'S DEFEAT - THE ARMY RETURNS TO FORT WASHINGTON - ST. CLAIR UNJUSTLY CENSURED - COMMUNICATION TO CONGRESS BY THE PRESIDENT - ACCOMPANYING PAPERS - GEN. WAYNE'S CAMPAIGN.

Chapter VIII
CONDITION OF THE PEOPLE AT THE CLOSE OF THE REVOLUTION - THEIR POVERTY - MODE OF EMIGRATION TO THE WEST - THE FORTITUDE OF FEMALES - THE ERECTION OF THE CABIN - PERILS AND DANGERS TO WHICH THE PIONEER WAS EXPOSED - A MORAL AND INTELLIGENT PEOPLE IN THE MAIN - THEIR PLACES OF WORSHIP - EDUCATION OF THE YOUNG - RECREATIONS OF THE EARLY SETTLERS - IMITATIVE SOUNDS OF ANIMALS AND BIRDS - THROWING THE TOMAHAWK - ATHLETIC SPORTS - DANCING - SHOOTING AT A MARK - DRAMATIC NARRATIONS - SINGING - DESCRIPTION OF THE MODE OF BUILDING - FURNITURE OF THE CABIN - THE DRESS OF THE SETTLERS - EMPLOYMENT OF THE FEMALES - THEFTS AND PUNISHMENTS - HOSPITALITY OF THE PEOPLE - THEIR SENSE OF HONOR - SINGLE COMBATS - THE FAMINE YEAR.

Chapter IX
OHIO COUNTY - CIVIL HISTORY - PAST EVENTS AND INCIDENTS SHOULD BE PRESERVED - ATTENTION DIRECTED TOWARD THE WEST - THE QUARREL BETWEEN THE MOTHER COUNTRY AND THE COLONIES ASSUMES VAST PROPORTIONS - VIRGINIA CONVENTION OF 1775 - THE LIMITS OF THE DISTRICT OF WEST AUGUSTA - THE BOUNDARIES OF OHIO COUNTY DEFINED - ITS ORIGINAL AREA - LANDHOLDERS OF THE COUNTY MEET AND SELECT A PLACE FOR HOLDING COURT - ORGANIZATION OF THE COUNTY - STEPS TAKEN FOR THE ERECTION OF A COURT HOUSE - COL. DAVID SHEPHERD ARRAIGNED BY THE COURT FOR CONTEMPT - THE FIRST ATTORNEYS -NUMBER OF TITHABLES - FIRST PURCHASE OF PUBLIC GROUND - FIRST WILL RECORDED - SECOND DEED - RETRACTION OF A LIBEL - SPINNING WHEELS EXCHANGED FOR LAND - SETTLEMENT OF BOUNDARY BETWEEN OHIO AND YOUGHIOGHENY COUNTIES - BILL OF SLAVES - FIRST MARRIAGE LICENSE - PARTIES FINED FOR SELLING LIQUOR WITHOUT LICENSE - COMMON SWEARERS FINED - IMPRIS0NMENT INFLICTED FOR SPEAKING DISRESPECTFULLY OF THE COURT - RATES FOR ORDINARY KEEPERS FIXED - LEVIES - PROPOSALS FOR A NEW COURT HOUSE - REMOVAL OF THE COUNTY SEAT.

Chapter X
BLACK'S CABIN - FIRST SETTLERS - BLACK AND HOOD VISIT REDSTONE TO OBTAIN PROVISIONS - ARE LOST ON THEIR RETURN - DISCOVERED BY CURTIS - CURTIS PROPOSES TO RETURN TO BERKELEY COUNTY, AND UNDERTAKES TO DO SO - IS MET BY VANMETRE AND TURNS BACK - SHORT CREEK COUNTY SETTLED BY MARYLANDERS, VIRGINIANS AND NORTH CAROLINIANS - PROMINENT EARLY SETTLERS - ABSALOM RIDGELEY -CONFUSION OF NAMES OF FORTS - THE BIGGS FAMILY - IMPROVEMENTS MADE BY SOME OF THE EARLY SETTLERS - THE LONGEVITY OF SOME OF THE EARLY SETTLERS - THE EARLY SETTLERS FOND OF FUN - AN INDIVIDUAL WHO LIVED AT BEECH BOTTOM - NO MURDERS BY INDIANS IN THE EASTERN PART OF THE COUNTY - SOME FRIGHTS, HOWEVER - INSTANCES.

Chapter XI
THE NATIONAL ROAD - THE ROAD FROM CUMBERLAND TO THE OHIO RIVER AUTHORIZED BY CONGRESS IN 1806 - EFFORTS TO SECURE THE TERMINI OF THE ROAD AT DIFFERENT POINTS ON THE OHIO - THE COST OF THE ROAD UP TO 1817 - PRESIDENT MONROE'S INTERNAL IMPROVEMENT MESSAGE - COL. MOSES SHEPHERD, JOHN MC LURE, DANIEL STEENROD AND OTHERS, CONTRACTORS - LITIGATION - TRAVEL AND TRADE ON THE ROAD - PROPOSED CHANGE OF LOCATION - HENRY CLAY THE FRIEND OF WHEELING - THE OLD ROAD FROM WHEELING TO WEST ALEXANDER - SIXTY ODD YEARS AGO - THE "LAND ADMIRAL"- COACHES RUN FIRST TIME DAY AND NIGHT ACROSS THE ALLEGHENIES IN 1827 - ROBBERY OF THE MAIL - ARREST AND PUNISHMENT OF THE ROBBERS - IN 1835 TWO LINES OF STAGES BETWEEN WHEELING AND FREDERICK - OPPOSITION LINES - AN INCIDENT - TAVERNS OF THE OLD NATIONAL ROAD - THE WAGONERS - THE "REGULARS" AND THE "MILITIA," SO CALLED - PRICE OF MEALS - THE "CONTINENTAL" LINE - THE OLD STAGE COACH A MEMORY.

Chapter XII (a)
MASON AND DIXON'S LINE.

Chapter XII (b)
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES - OHIO, BROOKE & HANCOCK COUNTIES.

Chapter XIII
EDUCATION - EARLY SCHOOL TEACHERS - SCHOOL-HOUSES - THE PUBLIC SCHOOL SYSTEM - PREJUDICE AGAINST IT - SOME PROMINENT INSTITUTIONS OF LEARNING - EARLY RELIGIOUS HISTORY.

Chapter XIV
SETTLEMENT OF WHEELING - ORIGIN OF THE NAME - POPULATION AT DIFFERENT PERIODS - BROOKE COUNTY - IDENTIFIED LOCATIONS - PATRIOTISM OF THE PEOPLE - MARSHALL COUNTY - TOMLINSON, THE FIRST SETTLER - EDUCATION - CHURCHES - BENWOOD - REMARKS OF A TRAVELER IN 1807 - HANCOCK COUNTY - EARLY INHABITANTS - FIRE CLAY INDUSTRY - STATISTICAL - GAS AND OIL - WOOL - IRON AND STEEL - GLASS MANUFACTORIES - POTTERIES - CIGARS AND TOBACCO - THE WHOLESALE TRADE - CONCLUSION.

Chapter XV
BENCH AND BAR OF THE PAN-HANDLE - FIRST COURT IN OHIO COUNTY - EARLY ATTORNEYS - SKETCHES OF LEADING LAWYERS OF OHIO COUNTY - EARLY JUDICIARY OF BROOKE COUNTY - PROMINENT MEMBERS OF THE BROOKE COUNTY BAR - EARLY COURTS OF MARSHALL COUNTY - LAWYERS OF MARSHALL COUNTY - COURTS OF HANCOCK COUNTY - SOME LEADING LAWYERS OF HANCOCK - THE BENCH - SKETCHES OF JUDGES.

Chapter XVI
NEWSPAPERS - THE PRESS OF WHEELING - HISTORY OF WELLSBURG PRESS - NEWSPAPERS OF MOUNDSVILLE - HANCOCK COUNTY PRESS.

Chapter XVII
BANKS.

Chapter XVIII (a)
THE HEALING ART IN THE PAN-HANDLE - EARLY METHODS OF PRACTICE - EARLY PHYSICIANS - SKETCHES OF MEDICAL MEN - MEDICAL AND CHARITABLE ORGANIZATIONS - MEDICAL JOURNAL.

Chapter XVIII (b)
EPIDEMICS.

Chapter XVIII (c)
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES - MARSHALL COUNTY.


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