History of Ritchie County

The following is taken from the book "History of Ritchie County" written by
Minnie Kendall Lowther, and published in 1910.

Transcribers are Janet Waite, Earl Cowan, Erin Stewart, Bonnie Ryan, Margaret Udell and Sylvia Cox.

[Tip: If you follow a link in the text, you will need to use your back button to return to were you were.]

CHAPTER LIII
The Blue and the Gray

Transcribed by Margaret Udell

Page 644

Ritchie County Soldiers in the Civil War

Finding it impossible at this late day to obtain a correct list of the names of the soldiers of the Civil war who enlisted from Ritchie, as no record by counties has been kept, we here give the names of those who made up the companies that were recruited from this county, as taken from the Adjutant General's Report. But, doubtless, not a few of them belonged to other parts of the state.

Company "D" of the Sixth Regiment West Virginia Infantry Volunteers: --
John Clarke, Captain; Christian Hickman, 1st. Lieutenant; B. S. Cunningham, 2nd. Lieutenant.; Zachariah P. Rexroad, 1st Sergeant; and A. J. Johnson, David Cain, Seth T. Saterfield and Cornelius H. Cain, Sergeants; John Deem, George W. Sinnett, Jacob Fouse, Wm. G. Garrison, Robert Swadley, Wilbur F. Wigner, Lewis Rogers, and John Everett, Corporals; John C. N. Wigner, Teamster; Benjamin A. Arbogast, James F. Beatty, John C. Brubaker, John G. Bumgardner, Albert W. Cain, Thomas Carder, Mortimer J. Cayton, John Clayton, James Congrove, Jasper M. Congrove, Robert J. Cross, Wm. J. Cunningham, J. W. Cunningham, Moses Cunningham, John M. Debrular, Isaiah Deem, John G. Dotson, M. H. Dotson, Jeremiah R. Douglass, Thomas H. Dougherty, John A. Farr, John M. Furr, Elias Gains, Francis Glancey, Joseph A. Grason, Ezekiel M. Gribble, Cornelius S. Gribble, Uriah Harris, George W. Hagans, Samuel Hamilton, A. R. Hulderman, Sampson P. Hull, Luther E. Hudgill, William A. Lamb, Dennis Lanham, Daniel C. Louchery, Wm. A. Lyons, Christopher N. Lyons, Isaac McCartney, Phillip N. Miller, Jacob Mullinax, Ephraim Morehead,

Page 645

, Wm. Nicholas, Wm. H. Parks, John S. Patton, Joseph Pittman, Wm. Postleweight, U. P. Postleweight, John R. Powell, Adam Rahrla, Benjamin F. Riffle, Stephen Rogers, H. C. Ross, Uriah Shrader, Charles E. Sheppard, Anthony Sharpnack, Josephus Six, Lewis Six, George S. W. Smith, James D. Smith, James L. Smith, Samuel Smith, Thomas B. Steed, George W. Stuart, William G. Stuart, Frederick L. Swiger, Alexander Tennant, Truman D. Vancourt, Thomas Williams, Mark Williams, Thomas Wilson, Isaac N. Wilcox, John Wilburn, James S. Wigner, Martin White, Abel. C. Whiteman, David C. Whiteman, Robert R. Whiteman, and Harrison Wright were the private solders of this company.

Discharged in 1863 and '64: --Thomas B. Walters, Frederick Miller, Isaiah H. Rexroad, William M. Skelton, Captain; Ezekiel Sheppard, 1st Lieutenant; Oliver P. Rolston, Sergeant: Samuel Hatfield, Abner H. Jobes, and F. W. G. Camp, Corporals; William Bennett, D. F. Bumgardner, Granville B. Cain, George B. Douglass, Nashville Elliott, John Layfield, George Layfield, Wilson Nixon, William Miller, Henry D. McGill, Tarleton Peck, Charles P. Pool, Jesse C. Roach, Levi Smith, Amos K. Steed, William Howard, William Black, Daniel Dougherty, John Howard, Wm. S. Kibbee, Alexander Lee, David J. Riddel, Elias Sharpnack, Thomas J. Stout, George T. Walters, and Joseph Wildman.

Transferred:--Phillip Sigler, Esram Arnett, Phillip T. Taylor, David B. Hogue, C. H. Rockenbaugh, and Jasper N. Wilson.

Died:--John S. Rogers, Edward Cunningham, Robert Mullinax, Timothy Tenant, James M. Stewart, James R. Douglass, Wm. J. Hogue, and Jacob W. Phillips.

Aggregate-- 145 men.

Page 646

RECORD OF COMPANY "E," SIXTH REGIMENT WEST VIRGINIA INFANTRY VOLUNTEERS WHEN MUSTERED OUT IN 1865:

Larkin Peirpoint, Captain; Charles Dotson and Amos Kendall, Sergeants; Elmore Prunty, Justus S. Goff, Abraham Exline, and Harrison Wass, Corporals; Martin Overfield, Teamster; Davis Byrd, Daniel W. Cox, John C. Coalgate, Clinton Dotson, John W. Dotson, Lehman Dotson, Thomas A. Douglass, Alexander C. Goff, A. M. Greathouse, George W. Hess, John O. Kelly, E. W. McClain, John McConnaughy, Alex McDonald, Andrew J. Nutter, Wm. J. Overfield, Isaac C. Powell, Davidson C. Riddel, James W. Robinson, B. F. Rollins, Lowman Riddel, Edward Rollins, Elijah W. Summers, E. C. Snodgrass, Robert W. Stuart, Gilbert Smith, Elijah Stevens, Wm. H. H. Sandy, Samuel Treagle, Miner P. Towner, Wm. Towner, George Webb, Joshua Wilson, James W. White, Otho G. Watson, Jasper Ward, Hickman Waldo, Granville P. Zinn, John W. Zinn, Edward D. C. Zinn, and Wm. B. Zinn.

Recruits:--G. M. Ireland, 1st Lieutenant; Nicholas Neidert, 2nd. Lieutenant; Perry J. Cunningham, 1st Sergeant; Joshua S. Osbourn, Musician; Marcus Broadwater, John B. Edwards, Elijah C. Goff, B. F. Jaco, Aaron S. Jones, Benjamin C. Powell, Wm. J. Shinn, Lewis T. Silcott, Edgar Trainer, Wm. Trainer, and Marion B. Zinn.

Veterans:--James B. Westfall, and Daniel S. Bush, Sergeant; Zebedee Brown, Bartlett Waldo, and J. H. Dougherty, Corporals; Andrew S. Brown, Silas Braden, Butcher Valentine, Shedrick C. Collins, A. E. Dotson, Garrison Dotson, George W. Dougherty, Robert V. Duckworth, Samuel Knight, John W. McDonald, Wesley McDonald, Reilly Mason, Josiah Mitchell, Robert Mitchell, John W. McGill, Wm. Miller, Wm. Phillipbar, Joseph W. Robinson, Linsey M. Stevens, Levi Smith, Jeremiah Seders, James H. Silcott, John A. Thomas, Arthur Wilson, George M. Wade, Archibald B. Wilson, Eli Wilt, Hiram Williams, Jasper Wyatt, and Henry C. Wineburg.

Page 647

Discharged:--Lloyd Dotson, 1st Lieutenant; Joseph A. Summers, 2nd Lieutenant; and Thomas Pool, in 1862.

Transferred to Maulsby's Battery in 1862:--John R. Holbert, Corporal; Jacob Barker, W. A. Duckworth, Thomas E. Nutter, and Leroy Rollins.

Died:--David H. Young, Corporal, Christian C. Byrd, George H. Kniseley, John McGraw, Marion Osbourn, Daniel R. Westfall, and George Wilson.

Deserted:--Alfred W. Flemming, and W. H. H. Goff.

Additional Recruits, Since Muster-out, For the Year '64:--Edward M. Brown, Azariah Bee, John A. Beatty, Christian Bollyard, William Braham, Thomas Braham, Alexander Collins, Philip L. Cox, David L. Clayton, Elisha C. Case, Thomas B. Case, John W. Dougherty, John W. Dumire, Ulysses Davis, James P. Eddy, John N. Finnegan, Sylvester Fisher, James E. Gaines, Martin V. Goff, Henry Goff, Andrew Harsh, Tillman H. McDaniel, Eli Mason, John Moore, Nimrod Morris, Wm. McNemer, Andrew J. Nutter, Floyd Nutter, John W. Osbourn, Daniel Powell, Wm. H. Parks, Joshua G. Robinson, David Roberts, Israel T. Summers, Thomas Sanders, Phineas R. Tharpe, Andrew J. Williams, Joseph Wetzel, David L. Whitehair, John P. Whitehair, Thomas G. Zinn, Henry C. Zinn, William Cummings.

Aggregate--159 men.

RECORD OF COMPANY 'K' OF THE TENTH REGIMENT WEST VIRGINIA INFANTRY VOLUNTEERS, IN DECEMBER, 1864:

Nimrod Kuykendall, 1st Lieutenant; Benjamin Moats, 2nd Lieutenant; Thomas S. Nutter, 1st Sergeant; James G. Kee, and A. W. Zickafoose, Sergeants; John H. Kelley, Isaiah D. Ayres, John B. Upton, Nicholas Swadley, Lemuel Furr, junior, Wm. H. Simmons, Francis M. Smith, and Henry F. Stanley, Corporals; John W. Amos, Lewis Weinrich, Alex Arrowhead, John F. Ayres, John W. Boston, Henry T. Boston, Jacob B. Bowers, Oliver Barker, James Brooks, Uz Barnes, Armenius Buzzard, Thomas W. Bayne, Thomas J. Braden, David Calhoun, J. A. Cunningham, Floyd S. Cline,

Page 648

Jesse Coleman, Phillip R. Eagle, Isaac Ellefrit, Lemuel Furr, senior, Enoch Furr, S. C. Foster, Homer Freeman, R. J. Goodwin, John D. Gregory, George W. Hammer, Lewis Hammer, Justus C. Heck, Asa Jenkins, Samuel Jenkins, A. W. Jeffrey, James Layfield, Felix Moore, F. M. Mitchell, W. J. Mullenax, Jacob Myers, John P. Moats, Samuel S. Malone, Levi Morgan, George J. Newhart, C. N. Nicholson, J. N. Pritchard, William Propst, Isaac Pool, Wirt Phillips, Joseph Raley, John M. Randall, Eli M. Stanley, Salathiel Simmons, John W. Simmons, John P. Sinnett, Edward Shifflet, Isaac Williams, Samuel Wiseman, James P. Wilson, Isaiah Welsh, John G. Webb, Michael D. Webb, Marshall L. Warner, and Milton C. Zigan.

Resigned in 1864, Thomas Hess, 1st Lieutenant.

Discharged, in '63 and 64--Hezekiah S. Davis, Alexander Hogue, Joseph Jenkins, David S. Pinnell, and Eli Ruckman.

Transferred, in '62 and '63--C. C. Meservie, Sergeant; G. A. Douglass, Corporal; John J. Clutter, A. S. Davis, and Charles Bryson.

Died:--J. P. Kuykendall, Captain; Ashbel G. Yeager and Thomas R. Barnes, Sergeants; Eli Rex Kendall, Lewis Rexroad, Job Arrowhead, Patrick Drake, R. Thomas Barnett, Aaron Barrackman, Joseph G. Carder, James W. Davis, James Drake, Corporals; Abner Fullwider, John Hawkins, Robert Jenkins, M. J. Killingsworth, Benjamin F. Leggett, W. J. Nottingham, William Stanley, William R. Shifflet, John J. Towner and Dudley G. Wells.

Aggregate--107 men.

RECORD OF COMPANY 'D' OF THE FOURTEENTH REGIMENT WEST VIRGINIA INFANTRY VOLUNTEERS IN 1864:

Jacob M. Reitz, Captain; James W. Shroyer, 1st Lieutenant; W. G. Lowther, George W. B. Martin, Lewis P. Reitz, John McMullen, and James R. Brake, 1st Sergeants; James B. Gribble, Wm. E. Griffin, Wm. Jett, Jeremiah Snodgrass, Elias Thomas, Zephaniah Martin, T. M. Bolinger, Corporals; Thomas D. Baker, Arthur G. Bee, Zedekiah Bolinger,

Page 649

Wm. B. Crihfield, Silas Cain, Eugenus Calhoun, George H. Campbell, John S. Coulson, Wm. E. Coulson, George W. Cross, John A. Cross, Stephen C. Davis, Wm. S. Drake, Eli B. Dotson, James W. Elliott, Robert L. B. Elder, Jacob H. Fronsman, Wm. C. Glover, George W. Harden, Thomas Hamrick, Simeon Helms, James P. Hess, Elijah Hissam, Francis M. Jones, Jacob Jett, Wm. E. Lough, Henry J. Lowther, William Martin, James W. McGill, Alexander McGill, George E. McGill, Gregory McMullen, Addison Osbourn, Lewis Propst, James M. Propst, John Price, John C. Parks, David F. Randolph, Fletcher S. Riddel, Lair Simons, James Q. Smith, George W. Stuart, Amos G. Thomas, Martin V. Taylor, Edmund R. Tibbs, Wm. A. Valentine, John Watson, Wilson Watson, William Wass, Harvey Westfall, and Wm. W. Wilson.

Discharged:--John W. Vanpelt, and Hiram Dotson, in 1863.

Transferred:--Eugenus Criss, Caleb D. Spencer, and James G. Morgan, in '62.

Died:--James D. Earle, Samuel R. Jones, John Hess, James H. Smith, Jonathan Baker, Amos D. Pritchard, Spencer Maley, Wilson A. Gribble, Wm. F. Boehm, James Cain, John Manear, James T. Patton, Charles A. Mahaney, Wm. McCullough, George W. Miller, Reason H. Wilson, and George S. Richards. The last two named died in the Andersonville prison.

Aggregate--87 men.

RECORD OF COMPANY "K" OF THE SIXTH REGIMENT WEST VIRGINIA CAVALRY VOLUNTEERS (late 3rd. West Va. Infantry) IN AUGUST 1864:

Galelma Law, Captain; John Sommerville, 1st. Lieutenant; Jacob W. Core, 2nd. Lieutenant; George W. Ralston, and Franklin C. Clayton, Sergeants; Benjamin F. Mitchell, Benjamin Starr, and Napoleon Wilson, Corporals; Samuel Hammer, teamster; John F. Basnett, John Hornick, E. Kirkpatrick, Francis M. Malone, Silas McGregor, Benjamin McGinnis,

Page 650

John Moore, Francis M. Morgan, John Odell, Samuel F. Randolph, Alfred Simmons, John Wricke, John Walsh, and James Woods.

Recruits:--Richard E. Bond, John Maloy, and James R. Westfall.

Discharged:--Moses S. Hall, Captain, (Promoted to Lieut. Col. of the 10th W. V. I. May 20, 1862) Josiah M. Woods, Captain, (Promoted to 2nd Lieut. Feb. 11, 1862 and later to Captain) James Z. Browning, 1st. Lieutenant; Charles Hewitt, 2nd. Lieutenant; John McGinnis, Sergeant; John M. Cox, Corporal; T. H. Bircher, Nathaniel Barker, Ishmael L. Clayton, Alexander Deem, James M. Davis, Wm. Jett, John H. Jordan, Wilson Queen, Josephus Reed, Cornelius D. Smith and Wm. B. Rogers.

Died:--John E. Day, 1st. Lieutenant; Ephraim McClasky, 2nd. Lieutenant; John P. Pew, Corporal; Enoch F. Basnett, Jacob W. Bush, James T. Benton, John G. Culp, Hundem Flesher, Joseph C. Geho, John W. Harris, Peter E. Kerns, James Malone, George W. Moats, James S. Moats, Enos E. McDougal, Zachariah Michaelson, John W. Pool, John P. Pew, James A. Simonton, Thomas A. Simonton, James A. Summers, Anthony Smith, and Wells Wricke.

Transferred:--Benjamin F. Shrieves.

Deserted:--William T. Day.

Veterans:--Alfred Malone, Porter Flesher, Wm. G. Heaton, Sergeants; Reuben E. Reed, Edgar W. Tarlton, Robert Costillo, and John B. Gorrell, Corporals; Hervey P. Miller, Bugler; George W. Brown, Henderson P. Bush, John C. Coplan, Dudley E. Dent, J. E. Dennison, John G. Elliott, Charles W. Frederick, Parker C. Gorrell, Ebenezer B. Griffin, Wm. J. Jordan, Wm. N. Jones, Levi Kirkpatrick, C. Lipscomb, John M. Lownie, James Moats, James Maloy, Jacob Morgan, Francis Nicholson, Mabray Osbourn, Jason H. Pritchard, Phillip H. Pritchard, John C. Peck, Martin Parks, George Richards, Jesse Romine, James A. Rider, Jacob Smith, Daniel M. Smith, Thomas J. Stillings, S. C. Saterfield, Barnett A. Silva, Edwin L. Welsh, Jacob Watson, George Watson, and Joseph Weekly.

Aggregate--111 Men.

Page 651

Though Captain Clammer's company, "C" of the 11th Regiment, West Virginia Infantry Volunteers, was recruited in Calhoun county quite a number of Ritchie men are included in it. Among whom are James F. MacDonald, Martin Smith, Robert H. Rogers, James S. Hardman, John R. Cunningham, Isaac S. Collins, Ezekiel Braden, Alfred Barr, W. L. Cunningham, Andrew J. Evans, John M. Evans, Wm. Hamrick, B. F. Hyman, Robert Glover, Nimrod Lough, Wm. B. Modisette, A. I. J. Rogers, Barnes N. Smith, Granville Tingler, John Tingler, M. A. Ayres, (who rose to the rank of Major), Morgan Rexroad, Francis M. Smith, and possibly others whose names we did not recognize.

In Company "M" of the Sixth Regiment, West Virginia Infantry Volunteers, which was recruited in Doddridge county, we find the names of the following Ritchians: Alex. S. Lowther, Obadiah Bee, Samuel V. Brown, John M. Brown, Andrew J. Divers, and John M. Gribble.

(Note -- Not a few others whose names have been overlooked here will be found in the different biographical sketches throughout the book.--Author.)

Note.--Grover Cleveland Lemon, the young soldier shown in the group, was born at the little village of Macfarlan, on September 15, 1884, and is the son of John B. Lemon. In 1905 he enlisted in the Signal service of the United States Army, and is now a member of the artillery corps at Fort Totten, New York. He served in Cuba for near two years and was awarded a bronze medal for good conduct; and he also has a silver medal which was awarded him for superior marksman-ship at Sandy Hook, in 1907.

Confederate Soldiers in the Civil War.--Through the courtesy of one or more ex-Confederate soldiers, we have a partial record of the citizens of this county, who fought in behalf of the Southern Confederacy:

D. M. V. Phillips, Archibald Middleton, Samuel Middleton, Alfred Tennant, Jackson Pribble, Siotha Cain, "Sud" Cain, J. W. Cain, Com. Cain, Hiram Cain, J. T. Cain, Barcus Stanley, Daniel Stanley, John Stanley, Joseph Stanley, Daniel Collins, B. J. Collins, Creed Collins, Columbus Collins, A. J. Patton, A. D. Patton, Wm. Patton, James Trader, Michael

Page 652

McGuire, William Lynch, F. J. Mayes, Michael Ayres, Patrick Delaney, James Smith, E. T. Lemon, P. J. Lemon, C. N. Lemon, F. J. Lemon, H. P. Ayres, William Lake, John W. Marshall, Allen Buckner, James Amick, Bart Hickman, Alex Goff, John Goff, James Goff, Philip Goff, L. S. Goff, Mortimer Collins, Nicklin Cline, Allen S. Hall, Leonard S. Hall, John Lafoy, Jack Pribble, Isaac Null, Louis Logue, Daniel Eddy, John Delaney, Packenham Delaney, Cebart Tingler, Cyrus Current, Jacob Dougherty, J. J. Jarvis, J. Alvin Nutter, W. L. Jackson, James Taylor, Isaiah Bee, "Deck" Neal, James Smith, Barnes Smith, P. S. Austin, John M. Patton, Eugene and Marion Tibbs.

Death has made sad inroads in the ranks of these veterans, "that once made this old continent tremble from ocean to ocean." Comparatively few of them yet remain. But five commissioned officers of the Union Army are still among us (Major M. A. Ayres, Captains John Sommerville, and G. M. Ireland, and First Lieuts, W. G. Lowther, and Daniel Bush), and only here and there a Confederate veteran is to be found; and to the memory of both alike we pay our tribute, for in many instances they were of the same household -- brother against brother, father against son.

And though we are the daughter of a Union soldier, that followed the dear old flag for three weary years, yet we cannot repress our admiration for the courageous man who wore the gray. For though he may have been wrong, did he not love the cause that he believed to be right with the same loyal devotion, and did he not as truly believe in its justice, as his brother who wore the blue?

Some of the best friends that we have known are the sons and daughters of Confederate soldiers. And as we turn from the graves of the past with a rose for the Blue and a lily for the Gray, we thank the great Author of Peace that we are a united people, that --

"No more shall the war cry sever,
Or the winding rivers be red;
They banish our anger forever,
When they laurel the graves of our dead."

Return to Table of Contents


Chapter LIV
Some Additional Ancestries*

Transcribed by Bonnie Ryan

Page 653

Some Additional Ancestries

The name "Hall" is said to be of Norwegian origin, and its meaning is hero, but its primitive spelling was Hallr--the final letter being silent.

"The old Norse hallr, hals and the Anglo-Saxon haele, haletta have the same significance." Hallett and Henry are diminutives of Hall, and Hallse means the son of Henry.

The Norwegians settled quite extensively in Scotland, hence the Scotch Halls.

"The English Manor House is another source of the name. In mediaeval documents the manor house is called "Alle," "Halle," "De Aula," and "Del Hall." The chief apartment was the hall proper, which was pressed into service as a petty court of justice, as well as a place of entertainment. Thus the principal survivor or tenant acquired the surname of De Aula, Del Hall or Dela Halle, which was retained by the eldest son, and simply became Hall.

In Welsh the name means salt and a worker in salt is a haller. A dwelling near salt works on low marshy ground near the sea is a "hallam," "hall, or halle." Hence the origin of the name of the ancient castle Halla, now city Halle, in Saxony.

The name of "Hall" is said to surpass that of any other name in point of number with the exception of Smith, Brown, Jones and Robinson, and it is even more numerous in England than in America.

Among the prominent members of the family who have written their names in the world's history are Edward Hall, an eminent English historian of the sixteenth century; Joseph

*This data was received too late to find a place in the earlier chapters.

Hall, a bishop of Norwich and Exeter, who died in 1656; and Dr. John Hall, who married Susannah Shakespeare. At Stratford-on-Avon, the ring that he placed upon the finger of Susannah when she became his bride, is still to be seen; and the old Stratford church by her side with the ashes of the immortal William Shakespeare, he lies in his last sleep.

John Hall, who was born in County Kent, England, in 1584, was one of the earliest of the name to cross to America, he having arrived at Boston in 1633, where he proved himself to be an important personage. His wife, Esther, is supposed to have died on the other side of the water. No fewer than ten "John Halls" were identified among the pioneer settlers of the New England colonies and all of them were supposed to have hailed from sunny England. Most of the family of the first generation belonged in Connecticut. The first notary public in that colony was a Hall, he being appointed by the Archbishop of Canterbury; and the first marriage that took place at Wallinfgord, Connecticut, was that of Thomas Hall and Grace Watson, on June 5, 1673. An old record shows that Thomas Hall received fifty acres of land in recognition of his father's service in the Pequot war in 1637. This same John Hall--father of Thomas, and a soldier of the Pequot war, married a young English maiden by the name of Jeanne Wollen, who was of high birth and well educated, her family being entitled to bear the crest, a demi-lion. An old relic now in the hands of the New Haven Historical Society is the long wooden-handled spear used by John Hall in the Indian wars. This weapon was called a "spoontoon," and was used by the officers to direct the movements of the troops. If placed upright in the ground, it signified halt. If pointed forward, advance; if backward, retreat.

The Revolutionary war brought the Halls into prominence in various ways. Dr. Lyman Hall, the Governor of Georgia, was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, and in the Wallingford cemetery, in Connecticut, a monument stands to his memory; and another, in Augusta, Georgia, marks his resting-place.

(The many different families of Halls in this county will doubtless find interest in this brief account of the early history of their name.)

Page 655

Harris.--This name in its original spelling eas "Haara," but it became Harry then Harris or Harrison. So Harris signifies of the family of Harry. Haara is the Anglo-Saxon for lord or master. Some of the different spellings are "Herris," Herries, Harries and herz.

In England there are branches of the family in every county and village; and about the dawning of the nineteenth century the name Harris held the twenty-fifth rank in the number of deaths, and the twentieth, in the number of marriages in Great Britain, and in Wales the family ranks in number with that of Williams and Jones.

Thomas Harris, son of Thomas and Elizabeth Harris, was the first of the name to cross the water to the Occident. And William Harris, another member of the family, assisted Roger Williams in the founding of Providence, Rhode Island.

Four of the name, John, Thomas, William and Daniel, who were supposed to have been brothers were among the early settlers of Rowley, Essex county, Massachusetts; and as each possessed a two acre house-lot they are supposed to have been men of some importance.

John Harris, an Englishman, was the first settler at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, he having made his improvement on the very site that is now marked by the city in 1726, and when the town was founded, in 1785, it took his name.

Lieutenant James Harris took part in the Colonial wars as did Thomas Harris, who was one of the twenty men who were sent from Ipswich as soldiers against the Indians in 1643. Members of the family also served in the American Revolution, and William Harris, who was a sergeant, saw service in the battles of Brandywine and Germantown. In 1811, he was commissioned as Brigadier-General and was called into service in the war of 1812, but died before the army took the field.

Among the men of letters of this name was the Rev. Dr. John Harris (born in 1667), author of "The Lexicon Technicum," one of the earliest of the many English Encyclopedias. James Harris, a well-known writer, was sent to Brunswick to seel the hand of the unfortunate Princess Caroline

Page 656

for the Prince of Wales, it being arranged for him to marry her by proxy and then conduct her to her husband, in England.

Anne Harris, a beautiful belle, was the daughter of John Harris, who came to this country early in the eighteenth century. In her youth she had the honor of being the partner of General Washington at a ball given by the financier of the Revolution, Robert Morris, whom she was visiting. And here at this ball she met her fate in Dr. Shiell, and Irish gentleman of means, and when he offered her his hand with his heart her mother vehemently protested, as she wished her daughter to retain her maiden name; but the love that has laughed at locksmiths all down the centuries did so in this instance, and they were married.

Another pretty little romance in the family traditions is that of Timothy Harris, of the second American generation, who lived in Brookline, Massachusetts. He had reached the age of thirty-two and being still "heart whole and fancy free," was considered in the light of a confirmed bachelor. But on going to the house of a neighbor by the name of Morey, one morning, and receiving no response to his knock, he opened the door and entered without farther ceremony, and by so doing aroused a sleeping infant, who at once began to cry, and Timothy set himself about hushing it to sleep by rocking the cradle. In the meantime the mother entered and jokingly remarked, "Good heart! old bachelor, I have some hope of you, yet." "Aye, good wife," replied Timothy, and not with out reason, "for I am determined to claim this little damsel for my wife, as soon as she is old enough." And true to his promise, he waited for fifteen years and claimed her in less than a month after her sixteenth birtyday. This was near the year 1697, and their daughter, Abigail, married Samuel Newell.

(Notice the similarity of names here in the Harrises of this county. No doubt they all sprang from the same common ancesters.)

Phillips.--Eleanor Lexington, in her Colonial Families of America, says, "Emperors and kings, princes and dukes have borne the name of Phillips or Philips, and the family has a rich heritage in its tradition."

Page 657

The name is of Greek origin and comes from philos or hippos, meaning a lover of horses. Phillips has been a surname in Great Britain for five hundred years, and the family can be traced back in continuous line to the year 1200; and Stratford-on Avon has been the seat of a branch of the family which spell their name "Phillippo," for centuries.

It would be no slight task to keep trace of the various spellings, but in Wales where the family have been prominent Phillipse is the customary form of the name, and the oldest coat-of-arms is that granted to the Wels branch. Phylppe, Pphillipps, Philopoe, Phillot, etc., are other spellings of the name.

The Phillipses of Staffordshire descend from Francis Phylyppe, of Neyther Teyne. He lived during the reign of Edward VI. Grace Dien Manor, in Leicester, was the home of the Phillippses. The king's sergeant during the reign of James II was a "Phillips."

Westminster Abbey guards the silent dust of the poet, John Phillips, who is distinguished as being the first individual to manifest genuine literary appreciation of Milton.

The Reverend George Phillips, the emigrant pilgrim, who came over with Governor Winthrope, is said to have been an especially gifted and godly man. This same George Phillips was a son of Christopher Phillips, of Norfol, England, and was graduated from the college of Cambridge. His salary as the first pastor of the church at Watertown, Massachusetts, was three hogsheads of meal; one hogshead of malte; four bushels of Indian corn; one bushel of oat-meal; and fifty pounds of salt fish. He also had thirty acres of land. His wife died soon after arrival on these shores, and he (George Phillips) married Elizabeth, who was probably the widow of Captain Robert Welden; and his family in all consisted of nine children. One of his sons, the Rev. Samuel Phillips, had eleven children, and his (George's) daughter, Elizabeth, who married the Rev. Edward Payson, had twenty children.

Page 658

The founder of the Long Island family was Zerobabel, the son of the Rev. George Phillips, the emigrant. Evenezer, Thomas, John, and James Phillips were also progenitors of Massachusetts families.

Walter and Andrew were Maine pioneers and Michael, Richard and Jeremiah settled in Rhode Island. John Phillips, who was born in Boston, in 1770, was the first mayor of that historic city; and he was the father of the renowned orator, Wendell Phillips.

Sergent Noah Phillips was one of the "Lexington Alarms," in the Revolution. His name is also spelled "Phelps." Other officers of the name in the Revolution were: Lieut. Thomas and Captain Samuel Phillips, of Rhode Island; Col. Joseph, of New Jersey; and Ensigns Samuel and James, from Virginia, and doubtless the ones from Virginia are the direct ancestors of the Ritchie county family.

Samuel Phillips, junior, who was born at North Andover, Massachusetts, in 1751, was a member of the Provincial Congress and of the Constitutional convention, in 1789. He was President of the Senate for fifteen years and was Lieutenant-Governor of his state. He also organized the first incorporated academy in Massachusetts, and helped to endow it.

Osbourne.--This name, with its varied spellings--Osoborn, Osbourne, Osbern, Asburn, Osbeorne, Osbiorn, Aspern, etc., comes from two words, "us" or "hus," pronounced "Os," and "bearn" meaning child--an adopted child. "Osbeorn" is the original Angle-Saxon spelling, and "Asbiorn is the old Norse."

"Os" implies a hero, and it is probable that the first one upon whom the name was conferred had proved himself to be the victor in a bear hunt. But Miss Lexington gives us this doubtful tradition of the origin of the name: At the battle of Hastings, Walter, a Norman Knight, and a great favorite with his master, William, was engaged in playing chess with him on the bank of the river "Ouse," and won all. The king threw down the board, saying that he had nothing more to play for. "Sire, there in land,"quoth Walter. "There is so," replied the king, "and if thou beat me at this game, also, thine be all the land on this side of the bourne or river which thou canst see as thou sittest."

Page 659

Walter had the good fortune to win, and William, clapping his hands on his soulder, said, "Henceforth thou shalt be called Ousebourne."

The family has been a prominent one in Kent, Norfolk, Suffolk, and London. The Lord Mayor of London being an Osbourne in 1583; and Peter Osbourne was keeper of the private purse of Edward VI.

Two ancient seats of the family are Osborne House, in Derbyshire, Tyld Hall, in Essex. The Duke of Leeds in Yorkshire is an Osbourne.

Richard Osbourne, one of the Pilgrim fathers, who came from London, England, in 1634, and settled at Windsor, Connecticut, was one among the first of the name to come to the Western world. He was the founder of the New England branch of the family, and was in the Pequot war, and for his service in this war, received a grant of eighty acres of land at Fairfield, Connecticut. His grandson and namesake, Richard, junior, was an early justice of the peace, and he walked to Danbury, a distance of ten miles, after he had passed the century mark.

Josial Osbourne, son of Daniel and grandson of Richard, senior, was a minute man in the Revolution of 1777.

John Osbourne, who was one of the founders of Lond Island, came from Kent, England. Of his line was one Thomas, a captain in the Revolution. Others from Connecticut who took up arms in behalf of Liberty were Lieutenants John and Stephen Osbourn and Ensign Samuel.

The Osbournes were large land-owners in Virginia. Balaam Osbourne, born in Loudin county, married into a well-known Maryland family by the name of Chew, his wife being Mary, duaghter of John Chew. The family have also been prominent in Pennsylvania. One of Benjamin Franklin's intimate friends was John Osbourne, of New Jersey, who at one time lived in Philadelphia.

Eleanor Lexington, in speaking of the characteristics of the family, says, that sterling integrity, superior intelligence and good judgment are traits of character. The family had twenty college graduates by the dawn of the nineteenth century, and it has men of almost every degree of letters: viz.,

Page 600

poets, authors, journalists, musical composers, statesmen and two of the name are admirals in the English army.

Mitchell.--Two theories in regard to the origin of the name "Mitchell" have their adherents. One is that it came from the Anglo-Saxon work "mycel," or mickle, meaning great, or from Michael, meaning "God's power." Michael has always been a popular name, especially in its French form "Michel." Mytchell is an old form of spelling, and this with Mitchel, is perhaps the only variation.

Miss Lexington says, "The family are rich in authors and men of science. It also has its statesmen; its solemn representatives of the law; its dignitaries of the church; and its gallant soldiers."

The Pennsylvania family trace their ancestry to William and Elizabeth Mitchell, who came from Yorkshire, England, and settled in Bermuda, and from there their descendants came to Philadelphia.

George Mitchell, of York county, Pennsylvania, was born in Scotland, in 1734.

The Mitchells of Roanoke county, Virginia, are connected by marriage to the family of Col. Zachary Lewis, whose father was a messmate of Washington's in the war with the French. And it is more than probable that this family are the progenitors of the Ritchie county families, as they came for the "Old Dominion."

The Connecticut family claim relationship with Rebecca Motte, of Revolutionary fame, and with Governor Dudley and other noted Eastern families.

Matthew Mitchell, with his wife and children, was a passenger on board the "James," in 1635; and he served as town clerk of Wethersfield, four years later, and was a representative at court from Saybrook, and a soldier in the Pequot war. In 1643, he removed to Hempstead, Long Island.

Miss Lexington says that if the Mitchells are famed for one thing more than another, it is scholarship. But they have been valiant soldiers and have always been in the front ranks when the country has been involved in war. Several of them were officers in the Revolution.

Note.--To Frances M. Smith, whose pen name is "Eleanor

Page 661

Lexington," of New York, we are indebted for the data concerning these ancestries. Miss Smith has written a large number of Genealogies of Colonial Families of America, which are published in book form as well as Copyrighted in brief story form, by the Frank Allaben Genealogical Company, New York.

The Washingtons.--As quite a number of the families of this county are in some way connected to the Washingtons, we have gathered the genealogy of this distinguished family from the Washingtons, at Charleston, West Virginia:

Two brothers, Lawrence and John Washington, came to America from England in 1659, and settled at Bridges creek, near its confluence with the Potomac river, in Virginia.

John Washington was married in England and brought his wife and two children across the water with him; but they all died in a short time after their arrival; and in 1660, John Washington was again married to Anne Pope, and four children were the result of this union; viz.,

Lawrence, born at Bridges creek, in 1661, married Mildred Warner, daughter of Col. Augustine Warner, of Gloucester.

John, born in 1663, married---------

Elizabeth, born in 1665, married to Thomas Lanier, son of Lewis Lanier, of Bordeaux. France, in 1687.

Anne, born in 1667, married --------

Lawrence Washington, the eldest child of Jahn and Anne Pope, who was born in 1661, died at Bridges creek, in 1697. He and hhis wife, Mildred Warner (above mentioned) had three children: John, Augustine, and Mildred.

John, born at Bridges creek, in 1692, married Cathrine Whitney.

Augustine, born at Bridges creek, in 1694, married Jand Butler and Mary Ball.

Mildred, born in 1694, was first married to a Mr. Gregory, and three daughters, Frances, Mildred, and Elizabeth Gregory (who became the wives of Col. Francis Thornton, Col. John Thornton, and Reuben Thornton, respectively, three brothers), were the result of this union. And after the death of Mr. Gregory, Mildred was married to Col. Henry Willis, the founder of Fredericksburg, and one son, Lewis Willis, was born of this union.

Page 662

The children of John Washington (son of Lawrence and Mildred Warner) and Cathrine Whitney, were as follows:

Warner. born at Bredges creek, in 1715, married Elizabeth Kent, and Hannah Fairfax, and had eight children.

Henry, married the daughter of Co. Thacker and had one son.

Cathrine, married Fielding Lewis.

Augustine, married --------and had one son, William Washington.

Lawrence, married-------

Mildred, married Mr. Thornton.

Frances, married Mr. Thornton.

Augustine W