LEVI MORGAN, FRONTIERSMAN, INDIAN FIGHTER

AND GOVERNMENT OFFICER

1766 Virginia - 1826 Kentucky

by Pat Sheegog-Vinson and Anne Hoffpauir of Austin Texas

Date: 6/27/98 (revised 2/1/1999

Levi.JPG (24982 bytes)

Levi Morgan born 26 June 1766, in Morgantown, West Virginia was the grandson of the first white settler of West Virginia, Colonel Morgan Morgan. The Colonel was named Morgan Morgan (actually old world style: Morgan ap Morgan or Morgan of Morgan) because he was the son of two Morgan parents. The Colonel was born in Wales in 1688 and died in November, 1766. Levi was born in June, 1766. The assumption was that Levi never knew his grandfather, only his grandmother, Catherine Garrettson. She died in 1773 when Levi was seven years old.

Levi's father was Colonel Zackquill Morgan, a man very prominent in the history of Virginia, especially during the Revolutionary period. Colonel Zackquill was born 1735, at Bunker Hill, Virginia (now Berkley County, West Virginia) where his father (Col Morgan Morgan) was a colonial fur trader and wealthy land owner. He is said by many to be the first white settler in the West Virginia area. Col Zack's wife (and Levi's mother) was Drucilla Springer; her Prickett-Springer family was also very rich in the history of Virginia-West Virginia area. Col. Zack was an acquaintance of General George Washington, who thought of Zackquill when a County Lieutenant was needed to settle what became Morgantown, Monongalia County West Virginia. The Colonel owned the land with rights to sell and settle (there are many deeds found in various published books to prove this statement). His wife and children each owned portions of this area, and they were also found in the deed books of both Harrison and Monongalia counties (found by Jae and Dr. Tom Breitweiser on trips to Virginia and West Virginia.) After many years, most of this land is not owned by family members, but there are many allied descendants living in this area.

Levi Morgan is one of my favorite ancestors in over 25 years of research. Several "cousins" from this family line have worked to find the first wife of Levi and as of this date, no avail. The wedding date is known and the person performing the marriage is also known. [The Justice of Peace William Haymonds (who married them) was with Levi in the Militia, and his son wrote in his book that "Captain Levi Morgan was married 10 th July 1793 by my father."] The place was West Virginia at possibly Fort Kerns, a stockade during the Indian troubles. He was often called "Spy Man" in records.

My daughter, Anne had not been very interested in genealogy until several years ago; she helped by entering data into the computer until this report. The Morgan line (also on my father's side) and Sheegog line really began to interest me as I continued reading about the rich family history (most interesting is the Colonial, Frontier, French, Indian and Revolutionary periods.)

Levi's education was unknown; however, in the Draper Manuscripts (compiled by Lymnan Draper and found by Jae Breitweiser) a letter survives which Levi wrote and signed as "an Officer of the Government." He informed the local governor of some horse thieves and the pursuit of retrieving them; this letter was well written. It was known that he, unlike the typical frontiersman, could read and write. Therefore he had some sort of education, possibly with tutors. I-Es grandfather, Col Morgan Morgan, was educated in

London, and it was obvious that all of his children could read and write. There are wills, deeds and other public records that survive this group as proof Levi (according to Draper' information) could fluently speak the Delaware (Indian) language.

Levi grew up around the Delaware Indians (his parents and grandparents were from the Delaware area and this possibly was how he learned to speak their language.) He was an Indian Fighter most of his adult life, and several of his stories (including those crediting Simon Kenton in The Frontiersman) were included in the Allan W. Eckert books about this era. Eckert also used the Draper Manuscripts as one of his primary sources, such as the story about Levi and his brother James, when their Uncle David Morgan (an Indian Fighter) came to visit their father (Col Zack). In the book The Frontiersman, Eckert adapted this story about Simon Kenton. [We have the document directly from the Draper MSS about Levi, which proves that this is the same story!]

Levi participated in many great battles and was also a Captain at Fort Paw Paw in Marion County, West Virginia. In November of 1791, Levi was with General St Clair when he was defeated by the Indians. Over 600 of the 1,400 General Harmer men were killed and 271 wounded. The frontiersman (probably including Levi) tried to tell the generals how to fight the Indians (which they had done for some time successfully) but they would not listen. The formal British lines were used and of course, the battle lines did not hold. In some cases the British soldiers panicked as the Indians came at them howling loudly with painted faces and hatchets. Many were hacked to death or beheaded and many of the woolen uniformed British soldiers ran instead of retreating as a group. The result being the greatest defeat in America at that time.

The next year (1792) Kentucky became a state, and Levi and his two sons (David and John) came to this area some time before the 1820's. It seemed that the first (and possibly a second) wife was killed or died in West Virginia, Levi's oldest son, David, was named after Colonel Zackquill's brother, David the Indian Fighter and is our ancestor who married Martha Bunch. They later lived in Jeffersonville Clark Co. Indiana (about 1832.)

During the next several years Levi was in various military or militia battles. He possibly trained under Samuel Brady and Lewis Wetzel and became a "Spy" with General Anthony Wayne, who became known as "Mad Anthony." In 1795 his father Col Zackquill Morgan died. From both Harrison and Monongalia Counties of West Virginia, various court recorders record Levi in these areas as a bail bondsman; he owned a grist mill in Catawba. Levi also testified in many court trials as a character witness; so apparently, he was well respected in these communities. He did not move from Monongalia to Harrison county; Harrison was formed from Monongalia in 1784.

One of the most interesting court cases (found by Jae and Tom is Morgan vs Stealey, OS 82, NS28) in January 1802, this was the result of the entire Morgan family (of siblings etc.) being sued by Levi to regain his Morgantown, West Virginia, property and cabin. Levi (in 1799) had "gone down the river to New Orleans" with some boats belonging to a friend, but did not return until 1802. His family and others thought he had died. He sued, but over several years of court battles, gave up the lawsuit and eventually left West Virginia. He married Elizabeth Graham in 1815, They moved to Kentucky, but in 1913, he was in the Kentucky militia and in the Battles in Vincennes.

In 1813 Levi's mother, Drucilla Springer Morgan, signed a deed in Morgantown, which was the last time a document with her signature appeared. She may have died about this time. Levi left West Virginia soon after this time. However, some documents show that he was still in West Virginia, until 1818-22. His child with Elizabeth (Melinda, her first) but often called Solinda in old records, was born in Jefferson County, Kentucky, in 1818, and the other two children (sons, Springer Newton and Elias Graham) born within several years.

The last known record which concerned Levi was a marriage bond in September 1825. He signed for his niece Catherine (daughter of his favorite brother James) to marry her cousin John H. Morgan in Jefferson County, Kentucky. John is the son of James, who's father was David the Indian Fighter, Levi's cousin. A lot of the Morgans had come to the Kentucky Indiana area by that time. Many other went to Illinois, others later to Oregon.

Levi hunted and trapped most of his life and may have lived on 650 acres near the Salt River and Ohio River. This was apparently one of his hunting grounds. In 1825 (sometime after September) he was hunting in this area and an early blizzard caught him unprepared. He was found some time later "frozen to death in a favorite tree," a camp hideout. In those days, Sycamore trees were large enough inside for a person to make camp.

Levi was fifty-nine when he died. His last child, Elizabeth was born nearly eight months after his death. According to our ancestor, David, in the account he gave to Lymnan Draper in 1850, "Levi was 5'9", stocky built with black hair and had seven children." In the various accounts, Levi was buried near the spot he was found dead. Jae and I think this area became a part of the "eminent domain land" in Fort Knox, Kentucky. [His actual place of burial is not known. We do know he was not buried in the Fairdale, Kentucky, churchyard where most of his wife's descendants and their family are buried.)

Levi has many descendants who are interested in the history of this ancestor. Many live in the Kentucky area, the area where he settled in the 1800's (near Louisville.) I think that his death is as interesting as his life. He was always the frontiersman, hunter, government spy, militiaman and Indian Fighter; and he died the way he lived, hunting and communing with nature. I think Levi really is one of our most interesting ancestors and because of him, we have been able to explore the time and history in connection with his life.

Sources:

I - Index to the Draper Manuscript

2. Lynman Draper: Draper Manuscripts

3. French Morgan: Descendants of Colonel Morgan Morgan

4. Allan W. Eckert: The Frontiersman

5. Allan W. Eckert: That Dark and Bloody Rive

6. Harrison County (West Virginia )Court Records

7. Monongalia County, (West Virginia) Court Records

8. Glenn Lough: Now and Long Ago

9. The History of Carothersville Indiana (commemorative pamphlet)

10. Alvin M. Josephy Jr.: 500 Nations (Stories & other facts about Indians by an Indian)

11. Various Census Records of Delaware, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky & Indiana

12. Genealogical Records of Patricia Anne Vinson Hoflpauir of Austin Texas (1975-1999)

13. Genealogical Records of Lynda Jae Day Breitweiser (Mrs Thomas) of Madison Indiana (who both gathered most of the public records & publications)

14. Levi Morgan Estate record found 10/1998 with Jae Day Breitweiser at the Jefferson County Court House (on the first floor room) original tax files in large books (other tax roll #38052 1817-25 Louisville Kentucky. Archivists was David Morg (could he be related ?)

LEVI MORGAN (1766-1825) called "SPY MAN"

Most of info from research of Jae Day Breitweiser of Madison Indiana and Patricia Anne Sheegog-Vinson of Austin Texas Draft 1: 4/18/98, revised 8/29 & 9/16/1998 & 2/12/1999

1.  1766  26 Jun 1766 Born to Col Zackquill Morgan and wife, Drucilla Springer in probably Rivesville Virginia area (which became West Virginia) or Frederick County Virginia.

1a. 1767-1780  What type of education and where did he go to school ?? Family tutors ??  Most of family probably had some formal schooling by tutors.

2.  1781 Fort Paw Paw was built and (see 1787) was in Marion Co West Virginia.  Fort in Rivesville area.

2a. 1785  American Treaty Fort McIntosh near Pittsburgh with the Indians, including Delaware, Shawnee & other Ohio Nations. (source   2a & 2b: 500 Nations p 278 & p 287 by Alvin M. Josephy Jr. I have a copy.) Both treaties were deemed fraudulent by the Indians with British & Americans.

2b. 1786  American Treaty Fort Finney on the Ohio River with Indians (above) also.  Levi spoke Delaware language beautifully according to Draper Manuscripts. (Series ) Where & how did he learn it ??. * ....................................................

3.  1786  Levi Morgan (age 20) had lot #87 in Morgantown (Monongalia Co.) West Virginia in log cabin near the springs on the North   half of lot. (later part of lawsuit see 1802)

4.  1787  Levi Morgan was Captain of Fort Paw Paw in Marion County West Virginia

 5.  1787  Levi Morgan was at the Buffalo Settlement as Ensign for Monongalia County (source: Vol I I Chronicles of Scot-Irish in Virginia) Also w/Lewis Wetzel (Col Morgan Morgan book by French Morgan) killed several Indians.

6.  1787  Levi Morgan served in the West Virginia Militia during Indian troubles thru 1795.

7.  1788 Levi Morgan on Monongalia County Virginia tax rolls page 1321 (alone & would have been age 22) His father Col. Zackquill Morgan there also with 3 slaves. We think Col Z & family lived in Rivesville and most never lived in Morgantown, only owned property and sold lots there.

8.  1790 Census Monongalia County West Virginia "Levy" Morgan on in the Trickett District (Joseph Trickett was the census taker who lived in same district)

9.  1790  Levi Morgan Captain of Fort Paw Paw in Marion County (W) Virginia (source: Now and Long Ago )

10.  1791 Nov 4th 1791 Levi Morgan (with General Arthur St Clair) in the Battle of Harmer's "Defeat" Over 600 of the 1,400 men were killed, 271 were wounded and this was the greatest defeat of Americans by the Indians. General Harmer would not listen to frontiersmen on way to fight the Indians, therefore the British style of formal military fighting was used and resulted in "defeat".

11.  1792 KENTUCKY BECAME A STATE

12.  1793 William Haymond appointed "Spy" under Levi Morgan (see Haymond Diary) (also p 366 in the History of Harrison County

12a. 1793 Levi Morgan & married 10 July 1793 probably Berkley County (W) Virginia by Captain William Haymond's father? William (a JP).at the stockade (probably Fort Kerns) during the Indian troubles.  Source: Letter #8 as found in History of Harrison Co. (W Va) p367. (See William Haymond's letter written 1842 to Lymnan Draper of Draper MSS)

l2b. 1793  Prior to Wayne's Treaty Levi lived on Buffalo Creek abt 8 miles from the Monongalea, River near the present site of Farmington (on the Baltimore & Ohio railroad line.)

13.  1794  Lt. Levi Morgan in Nov 1794 at Fishing Creek in Harrison County (West) Virginia took several Indians prisoner. (source: History of Harrison County p 134)

13a. 1794  Aug 20, 1794 Battle of Fallen Timbers with ........

14. 1795  Jan 1, 1795  Levi's father Col Zackquill Morgan died.

14a. 1795  Letter from Levi Morgan an "Officer of the Government" (found in Draper MSS Section 1E p20) written in Nov 1795. (Jae found at Filson Club) also p 130 History of Harrison County. Excellent written English!

14b. 1795  Levi was with General ("Mad") Anthony Wayne as a "Spy."

14c. 1795  Levi Morgan in military service (1787-95) listed as Captain in Militia during Indian troubles (was this for Virginia or West Virginia?)

14d.  1796 - 1797 ............................................................................................................

15. 1798  Levi Morgan signed deed (I I Apr) to John Francisco & other to 100 acres on Prickett's Creek Deed Bk Vol 1-4 p 114 Monongalia County (W) Virginia 1784-1810.

16. 1799  Levi Morgan signed deposition of Abner Harp & his brother Nehemiah (14 Nov) at his house in Monongalia County (W) Virginia. Found: p 81 Vol 4 Monongalia County District Court records.

17. 1800 Levi Morgan had a grist mill in Catawba (W) Virginia. I think this is Marion County and may be where the Morgan's Fort (by Fairdale) was also near Fort Prickett in Marion County (W) Virginia. Jan 1800 is date of deed (for the property given to Levi by his parents in Morgantown.)

17a. 1800  Census

l7b. 1800 Levi Morgan summoned to answer plea of debt for Monongalia County Court (W) Virginia to John Stealey's store for women's sewing things in "past due account" p 146 (for wife ??)

17c. 1800  May 1800 Levi Morgan summons for District court Grand Jury, excused (this maybe when he went down river to New Orleans?)

18. 1801 Levi Morgan Tax list Joseph Trickett District Monongalia County (W) Virginia p 68 records of District Court. Listed I black age 16+, 2 horses, I male over 16. (p55 Monongalia Co. Records.)

19. 1802  January 1802 Levi served lawsuit (Morgan vs Stealey) OS 82 (NS28), Monongalia County (W) Virginia. Levi served John Stealey for the return of his property in Morgantown given to him by his father & mother in 1786. He was in "New Orleans for 2 years (1799-1802) w/John Laidley boats." Later he appears to have left the area and is not in attendance for appeal. probably gave up fight!

20. 1803  Levi Morgan in Harrison County (W) Virginia, Harrison County was formed in 1784 from Monongalia County (W) Virginia.

20a. 1803 11 Feb 1803 Levi Morgan testified against Jesse Barnett, laborer who was indicted for counterfeiting Spanish coins (and tendering them to pay his debts) in Harrison County District Court (Monongalia County District Court Records. Barnett was found not guilty.

21. 1804 Levi Morgan and wife# I - Unknown _ had son, David Morgan (my ancestor), who appears to have been named for his father's brother, David Morgan the Indian Fighter of White Day Creek in West Virginia.) Where was our David Morgan born ?? His Mother is still not known ?

21 a. 1804 8 Oct 1804 Levy Morgan "Power of Attorney" for Col Zack Morgan (his father) for deeds and rents.

22. 1805   Levi Morgan summonsed in slander suit to testify for James West Jr. against Jeremiah Wilson. p 30 Monongalia County District Court Records.

22a. c1805 Levi Morgan and wife 41 had 2nd son, John Morgan (b. 1805 to 1814) Where was John Morgan born ?? West Virginia.

23. 1806 Sep 11,1806. Levi Morgan (p 126) Levi Morgan on jury. Case of Robert Harper charged with stealing silver dollars. p 113 Monongalia County court Records.

23a, 1806 26 Dec 1806 Levi Morgan was security for James Collins. p123 Monongalia County Court Records.

24. 1807 15 Sep 1806 Thomas Laidley summoned Thomas Grayharn (is he related to future wife Elizabeth Graham ?) Levi Morgan secured the appearance bond on. p 152 District Court of Monongalia County (W) Virginia.

25. 1808 6 Jun 1808 Levi signed conveyance bond (with brothers) p 318 6 Feb 1808 Listed all of Col Zackquill's children (with daughter of wife #1 Nancy Ann and her husband, William Stevenson.  Monongalia County (W) Virginia.

25a. 1808 Nov Levi Morgan suit John Stealey Judgement of horse and property, resulted in loss.

26. 1809

27. 1810 Census Monongalia Co. p4l Index #1051 shows Levy Morgan with I female age 16-26 & 3 males ages 16 plus (Jae thinks these are Levi with his three youngest brothers and a younger sister. Had wife #1 died and is two young sons, David & John gone to live with relatives. Who?

28. 1811  Levi Morgan summoned to testify for Joseph Sevems p 243 Monongalia County Court Records Vol 8.

28a. 1811   9 Mar 1811 Levi Morgan secured appearance bond for Vol 8 (Same book)

28b. 1811  Levi Morgan signed bond for Arch Wilson to act as Constable Vol 8 p 290 Monongalia County (W) Virginia.

29. 1812  War of 1812 Was Levi a soldier ??

30. 1813  Levi Morgan lead the Kentucky Militia troops to Fort Vincennes. (source:  ..........).

30a. 1813   Last time Levi's mother, Druscilla Springer Morgan signed for land deed in Morgantown. When did she die ??

31. 1814   30 Mar 1814 Levi Morgan paid bail bond for Richard W. Smith, p 3 Vol 8 Monongalia County (W) Virginia.

32. 1815   15 Feb Levi Morgan at Monongalia Superior Court swore his personal worth to be $328 after debts. He signed an injunction bond for brother, James Morgan who owed their Uncle Henry Dun $140. (see p207-08 Monongalia County Superior Court Records.

32a. 1815   14 Sep Levi Morgan married Elizabeth Graham, daughter of Elias Graham & Margaret Brewer. They were married in Jefferson County Kentucky.

32b. 1815 -18 Were there other children who died ??? Did wife #1 die in childbirth ??  was Levi gone??

33. 1816

34. 1817

35. 1818   Levi Morgan signed Bond for James Collins (Appearance Bond) p249 Vol 8 Monongalia West Virginia County Court Records. (Ours' or another Levi ???)

35a. 1818   Melinda Ann Morgan, daughter of Elizabeth Graham & Levi Morgan born in Jefferson County Kentucky. (Conceived about nine months before Jan 1818, so Levi in Kentucky. at that time. Solinda often given as name)

36. 1819   May 6 Levi Morgan signed Bail Bond for John Carter in Monongalia County West Virginia (Vol 8 p 165)

37. 1819-1822 Date of Jefferson Straight (son of Levi Morgan and Temperance Straight). Info given to me by Mary Johnston of California late 1970's. (Is this our Levi or a different one who was in Buffalo Creek area of West VA) Temperance never married Levi (or is this because he had left the West Virginia area for KY by time she was pregnant with Jefferson and Levi never knew about child ??)

38. 1819   Oct 1819 Springer Newton, son of Elizabeth Graham & Levi Morgan born. Conceived about Jan 1819, so Levi was in JeffersonCounty at that time.

39. 1820   Census

40. 1821 ........................................................................................................

41. 1822   Nov 9, 1822 Elias Graham, son born to Elizabeth Graham & Levi Morgan (named for Elizabeth's father, Elias Graham. and conceived about Feb 1822.)

41a 1822  Jefferson County Kentucky tax list (first time on) Levi Morgan, lived near John May, value of land $8 per acre (rental). Fishpool ? John, Elias, Andrew, James & Thomas Graham on same list with James Morgan. (Pg 22 Jefferson County Kentucky Tax records.)

42. 1823   Levi Morgan land F(loyds) Fork Jefferson County Kentucky (I st rate $150, 2nd $700) Flemning (is this a neighbor or land owner ??) Pg 26 Jefferson County Kentucky Tax List 1823-35.

43. 1824   Levi Morgan Jefferson County Mill Creek, I white male, 2 horses, value of land $75. (see #42 above for source.)

43a. 1824   Levi Morgan, same place and info as above (source: same)

44. 1825   Mar 25 Levi Morgan signed the Marriage Bond in Jefferson County Kentucky of niece (daughter of Levi's brother James Morgan & wife, Dorothy Prickett) bride: Catherine Morgan to 2nd cousin groom:  John H. Morgan (son of James Morgan, son of David Morgan Indian Fighter with wife Margaret Jolliff). Descendents moved to Oregon.

44a. 1825  Sep 1825 Levi Morgan died in an early blizzard (found in large hollow tree said to be one of his favorite places to camp near Salt River while hunting.) He was age 59. He was buried near spot. Was this on Bullitt County or Jefferson County Kentucky side ???? Where is he burial now, in the Fort Knox sealed area ????. (lands taken in Ft Knox "eminent domain" area.)

45. 1826   12 May 1826 Last child of Levi and Elizabeth Graham born, named Elizabeth Morgan. She was born after the death of her father and died 1854.

45a. 1826  15 Sep 1826 Appraisal for Estate of Levi Morgan listed (Jae got copy of this record Jefferson County Kentucky. Jefferson County tax files 1811-14 roll 98052 1817-25. 1 saw these 10/1998 at the Jefferson County Court House in Louisville Kentucky with Jae Day Breitweiser. They were in a room on the first floor, shown by Kat Kadlec & archivist, David Morgan?? Could he be related ??)

46. 1830   Elizabeth Graham Morgan on Census Jackson County Indiana (Carothersville/Grassy Fork) with children: I male -5, 2 females -5, 1 female age 20-30 (widow) (where was the other child ?) Her brothers were in Jackson County 1820)

47. 1833    Elizabeth G. Morgan married James Washington Fisher on 15 Jan in Jefferson County Kentucky she had another son, James Washington Fisher 11.

48. 1855   Articles written about this Morgan family in Morgantown (W VA) American Union newspaper and rewritten in 1885!

49. 1867  Levi had only one sister alive & living in West Virginia (see letter Draper MSS) from Drucilla Morgan Swisher) written May 5th, 1867. She had PO address of White Day Creek, Monongalia County West Virginia. (have photocopy of info given to Draper from Zack Morgan, a nephew)

49a. 1867  James Evans letter written to Draper May 18th, 1867. He stated brothers Levi & James Morgan both moved & settled in Jefferson County Kentucky, about 15 miles from Louisville. "Both in St Clair's Defeat 1791" letter stated he "knows nothing of Levi's children and that James Morgan had two son living in Jeffersonville Kentucky."

49b. 1867  June 5th letter from J(oseph) H. Powell ( ) letter to Draper (source:  Draper MSS)

50. 1868     Levi's son, David Morgan (my ancestor) was interviewed by Lymnan Draper about his father. David stated: "Levi was five feet ten inches tall, robust form, was twice married and had seven children." A copy of this interview was found in the Draper MSS ( Section : 25 S p168-183)

51.  1868    Letter written April 20, 1868 by J. H. Powell ( ) stated (Levi's brother) James Morgan's son Alexander Morgan lived in Indianapolis Indiana (Thomas his brother there also.) Draper MSS

52. 1902    Monument (statute with Levi in frontiersman suit) erected in the Court House Square at New Martinsville (Wetzel County) West Virginia by the State of West Virginia.

53. 1998    October 13-18 1 visited Indiana and Kentucky and saw for my self these area's where Levi and his family lived. Thanks to Anne Hoflpauir, Sarah Vinson Baggett, Margaret Sheegog, Jae Day Breitweiser, Anne Sheegog Jones (Mr & Mrs Nelson), Bobbie Lou Sheegog Cravens and others in Kentucky. (Special Thanks by Patricia Anne Sheegog-Vinson Hoffpauir 10/1998)

This page was last updated on 03/06/99.

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