From Confederate Military History, edited by Gen. Clement A. Evans, 1899
Presented by .
LIEUTENANT JAMES P. ADAMS, a Confederate veteran has resided at Wheeling, W. Va., entered the service in June, 1861, as a member of the Shriver Grays, an organization formed in Ohio county, in the heart of the "Panhandle," and mustered into service as Company G, of the Twenty-seventh Virginia infantry regiment. With this command Mr. Adams served as a private until the winter of 1863-64, in the meantime participating in the early skirmishes on Virginia soil before Washington, D. C., and in the spring of 1862 serving under Stonewall Jackson in his famous Shenandoah campaign, including the battles of Kernstown, Cross Keys, and Port Republic, in which Private Adams was a gallant participant. In the winter of 1863-64 he was transferred to Clark's Baltimore battalion as first lieutenant. In this rank he fought in the campaigns of 1864, particularly in the battle against Grant's army at Cold Harbor, and in the battle of New Market, where he lost his right arm, an injury which ended his active service. Nevertheless he continued in the army, and in the winter of i865 he was put in charge of the invalid corps at Richmond, where he remained until the evacuation. At the time of the surrender of the army of Northern Virginia he was at Charlottesville. He was paroled at Richmond in June, 1865, and soon afterward returned to Wheeling, where he has subsequently resided and is now in the insurance business.
LIEUTENANT JOSEPH COLEMAN ALDERMAN, of Wheeling, W. Va., distinguished among the Confederate soldiers of Greenbrier county for faithful and devoted service, was born at Locust Grove, Amherst county, Va., October 19, 1839, the home of his maternal grandfather, John Coleman. His father, Rev. L. A. Alderman, a few years later removed to the old stone mansion opposite the town of Alderson, on the Greenbrier river, where young Alderson was reared. He was educated at the Lewisburg academy and Alleghany college, at Blue Sulphur Springs, an institution which was destroyed by the war. In his senior year at this college he enlisted on April 15, 1861, in the Greenbrier cavalry, a company which served in the West Virginia campaign of 1861 as bodyguard for General Garnett until his death, and afterward as bodyguard to Gen. R. E. Lee and as his couriers until he left that department. In December following the company was disbanded. Alderson was a young man of remarkable physical development and a famous athlete, qualities which, added to great personal daring, made him a natural leader among his fellows. He devoted his talents to the Confederate cause by raising a new cavalry company, of which he was elected second lieutenant. This company was assigned to the Fourteenth cavalry regiment, and Lieutenant Alderson a few months later organized another company, of which he was made first lieutenant, declining, as in the previous instance, the rank of captain. This became Company A, of the Thirty-sixth Virginia battalion of cavalry, distinguished in the commands of General Jenkins and W. E. Jones. Lieutenant Alderson commanded this company from June 12, 1863, to the close of the war, and was frequently in command of the battalion, acting as major. During his four years' service he never had but eight days' leave of absence from his command. He commanded his company at the fight at Buchanan, Upshur county, was in the fights at Weston, W. Va.; Ravenswood and Racine, on the Ohio river; Charleston and Buffalo, W. Va., and in the winter of 1862 was sent on detailed service to Roanoke, Va. Returning in the early summer of 1863, he passed through Lexington, Va., on the day of the interment of the body of Stonewall Jackson, and his company fired the military salute over the dead hero's grave. He next fought at Opequon, captured and brought in eight Yankees at North Mountain Gap, and then participating in the Pennsylvania campaign skirmished every day and night as far as Carlisle, Pa., whence he was sent with an escort of five men to carry important dispatches to General Early, near York, seventy miles away, through the enemy's country, one of his most daring exploits. He was with his command at Gettysburg, carried the first order on the first day from General Ewell to General Rhodes, and at night gave General Lee the first news of the Federal reinforcements. In the cavalry fight which followed from Hagerstown to Williamsport he was wounded by a fragment of shell and disabled two months. In 1864 he was in battle at Jonesville, W. Va.; Cumberland Gap, Rogersville, Tenn.; Waynesboro, Va., and Pettit's Mill. In the last encounter he was captured by the enemy. His conduct while a prisoner strikingly displayed his unconquerable spirit. He had hardly well started on the road north before he secured the escape of twenty-seven of his Confederate comrades, and while confined at Camp Chase, Ohio, he made three ineffectual attempts to escape by tunneling. He refused alike to take the oath or to give his parole on condition of remaining North. Finally, in February, 1865,he was sent to Fort McHenry and Point Lookout, and in the following month was exchanged at City Point. While on his way to rejoin the army he was informed of the end of the war. He took part, in all, in over two hundred engagements, and his service was frequently of the most arduous character, as in the winter of 1863-64, when he was in daily fighting, and in the Tennessee campaign, under General Jones, when he was on the march every night. Going west in 1865 he had charge of the middle division of the Butterfield overland express through the Indian country until it was broken up by the red men, when he joined his father and farmed near Atchison, Kan. Since 1869 he has resided at Wheeling, and has conducted an extensive insurance business and dealt largely in coal and timberlands. He has declined political advancement, but served as a West Virginia commissioner at the Ohio Valley centennial at Cincinnati in 1888 and at the Washington centennial in New York in 1889. He married Miss Mary, daughter of ex-Gov. Samuel Price, of Virginia.
MAJOR THOMAS D. ARMSEY, a citizen of Harrison county who enlisted in the Confederate service at the beginning of the war, and gained the rank of major by his gallantry and efficiency, became particularly famous through his unpleasant connection with one of the most famous disputes between the Confederate and United States governments regarding the treatment of prisoners. When he enlisted he did so as a Virginian, in a Virginia county, and he continued to regard western Virginia as a part of Virginia which had seceded from the United States and become a part of the Confederate States. Consequently he felt entirely justified by the laws of war in going back to his native county in 1863 to enlist recruits for the Confederate army. Other officers, as Robert White, had been authorized by the Confederate Government to do the same thing: raise a command within the enemy's lines. But Armsey was captured near Johnstown, April 18th, by part of the Sixth West Virginia infantry, Col. Nathan Wilkinson. He was given a military trial and condemned to death for "clandestinely enlisting for the Confederate service," but the sentence was commuted to solitary confinement for fifteen years, by President Lincoln, and Armsey disappeared within the walls of Fort Delaware. The Confederate government protested, to no avail, and as a measure of retaliation, when Maj. Nathan Goff, since the war very prominent in the State and secretary of the navy under President Hayes, was captured in January, 1864, he was put in close confinement. Goff was a native of the same county, and held the same rank, as Armsey, making the retaliation very fit. It is but justice to Goff to say that he bore his misfortune as bravely as did his old neighbor in Fort Delaware, and wrote his government that if Armsey were guilty he should suffer the penalty without regard to his own fate. But the inevitable result of this argument ad hominum followed. The two majors were exchanged, after Goff had remained in solitary confinement for a few months. At a subsequent period in his career Major Armsey was again captured, and taken to Clarksburg, where it appeared from the angry demonstration that his life was in danger. But Major Goff, happening there in the nick of time, gave him protection, and secured him honorable treatment as a prisoner of war.
COLONEL WILLIAM WILEY ARNETT, a distinguished jurist of Wheeling, W. Va., was born in Marion county, October 23, 1843, the son of Ulysses N. Arnett, who resided many years on the Monongahela river and served in the Virginia and West Virginia legislatures and in the constitutional convention of 1872. At the age of sixteen years he entered Allegheny college at Meadville, Pa., where he was graduated in 1860. He then studied law under Judge A. F. Hammond, and was admitted to the bar, but closed his office in April, 1861, to enlist as a private in Company A of the Thirty-first Virginia regiment of infantry. After three months' service in this capacity he was commissioned lieutenant-colonel by Governor Letcher, and put in command of a battalion of seven companies, afterward known as the Twenty-fifth Virginia infantry. About three months later he was given command of the Twenty-third regiment, but resigned this commission and re-enlisted in the Thirty-first regiment as a private. In December, 1861, he was elected captain of Company A, and subsequently he was transferred to the Twentieth Virginia cavalry, with the rank of colonel, in which command he served until the close of the war. During his military career, which was distinguished by soldierly devotion and skill as a commander, he participated in a large number of engagements, and was wounded at Cross Keys and Bristoe Station. He was in the fight at Camp Bartow, on Greenbrier river, West Virginia, in (October, 1861; went through Stonewall Jackson's campaign in the Shenandoah valley in the spring of 1862, and continued under Jackson's command through the Manassas and Maryland campaigns of that year, participating in the battles at McDowell's, Winchester, Cross Keys, Port Republic, Gaines' Mill, Frayser's Farm, Malvern Hill, Cold Harbor, Slaughter's Mountain, Second Manassas, Chantilly, Harper's Ferry, and Sharpsburg. After this arduous service in the infantry he took command of the Twentieth cavalry regiment, W. L. Jackson's brigade, and was distinguished at Droop Mountain and Covington. With the army under General Early in the Shenandoah valley he fought in several noted engagements, including Winchester and Fisher's Hill, and later in the year he was on detached duty on the western line of operations in Virginia, in command of his regiment, until March 1, 1865, when he marched to the relief of General Early at Staunton, and then moved to Lynchburg and pursued Sheridan to Ashland, skirmishing and harassing the Federal troops on their withdrawal. Returning to the protection of Staunton, he remained there until the close of the war, being paroled in May, 1865. On account of the test oath then in force in West Virginia he did not return there immediately after the war, but practiced law at Berryville, Va., until 1872, and from that time until 1875 at St. Louis, Mo., where he attracted attention as a successful criminal lawyer in several noted cases. Since 1875 he has resided at Wheeling, and has been engaged in a large number of famous legal contests, including the litigation attending the removal of the State capital. He is regarded as one of the leading lawyers of the State. In 1862 he was elected to the legislature while on duty in the army, but did not serve. After the war he served two terms as the representative of Clark county in the Virginia legislature, and in 1896 he was nominated for Congress from the First West Virginia district. In this contest, though not elected, he reduced the adverse Republican Majority Over 2,000 Votes.
ENOS S. ARNOLD, of Charleston, W. Va., prominent for many years in the wholesale trade of that city, was born in Berkshire county, Mass., May 10, 1820, the son of John and Prudence Arnold, natives of Connecticut. After a few years in business in New York city, Mr. Arnold removed to Charleston in 1842, and became one of the pioneer merchants of the city. In 1858 he was elected sheriff of the county, and on account of this official position, to which he was re-elected in 1860, he was unable to enter the Confederate service among the earliest volunteers. He had been active in the organization of the Kanawha Riflemen, of which he was orderly-sergeant in 1861, but a special order of Governor Letcher's forbade all sheriffs leaving their posts. In May, however, he resigned the office, and was at once detailed in the quartermaster's department by Col. C. Q. Tompkins. During the first part of his service he was on duty at White Sulphur Springs and at Richmond, Va., and subsequently was stationed at Salem, Va., in charge of the manufacture of clothing and shoes for the Confederate soldiers. Though much embarrassed by lack of supplies and raw material he labored earnestly in this important part of the service and earned the gratitude of all friends of the cause. When peace was restored he returned to Charleston, and resumed the dry goods business, which in 1877 was devoted exclusively to the wholesale trade. He continued in this business with much success for ten years, then retiring. He has also during his business career been largely engaged in the manufacture of salt, and has dealt extensively in real estate. He is an active member of thc Presbyterian church, holding the position of deacon, and has long been one of the most valued members of the community. He was married at Charleston in 1847, to Cynthia, daughter of Isaac Noyes, and two children were born to them: Isaac N. and Catherine, wife of F. W. Abney. A brother of Mr. Arnold, Alanson Arnold, served as a sergeant in the Twenty-second Virginia infantry throughout the greater part of the war, until killed at the second battle of Cold Harbor.
LIEUTENANT CHARLES NEWTON AUSTIN, M. D., a prominent physician of Lewisburg, was distinguished for loyalty to the State of Virginia during the crisis of 1861. He was born in Augusta county in 1832, and was there reared until fourteen years of age, when he removed with his parents to Harrison county, now within the limits of West Virginia. He was graduated as doctor of medicine by the Cleveland medical college, Ohio, in 1856, after which he located and embarked in his profession at Ripley, Jackson county. In the spring of 1861 he was the principal organizer of a company of infantry in that county, which in June was assigned to the Twenty-second Virginia infantry regiment as Company B. Of this company he was made second lieutenant and he served in that capacity until General Wise, in command of the forces at that time, moved from White Sulphur Springs to Big Sewell Mountain, when all the sick and wounded were left at the former place in charge of Lieutenant Austin, with orders to establish a hospital. Soon afterward he received a commission as assistant surgeon, and about a year later was promoted surgeon. Immediately after the battle of Lewisburg he was assigned to duty as surgeon of Edgar's battalion, and with that command he continued on duty in the field with the exception of the period when the battalion served in the Shenandoah valley, and later when it joined the army of Northern Virginia. In the spring of 1864, on account of physical disability, he was compelled to retire from the service. During the course of his military service he participated in the battle of Fayetteville, W. Va., and the Confederate advance from that point to Charleston. Since the close of hostilities Dr. Austin has been engaged in the practice of his profession at Lewisburg.
LIEUTENANT SAMUEL HUNTER AUSTIN, M. D., of Lewisburg, W. Va., was born in Augusta county, Va., in 1840, of distinguished and patriotic ancestry, his great-grandfather, Alexander McClanahan, a native of Virginia, having held the rank of colonel in the Revolutionary army. He was reared from the age of five years in Harrison county, and was educated at the Virginia military institute. Destined for the medical profession, he had taken a course of lectures at the Winchester medical college when he put aside educational work for the defense of his beloved commonwealth. In May, 1861, he joined as a private in the organization of the Jackson Rifles, a volunteer company formed at Ripley, Jackson county, and first assigned to the Thirty-sixth Virginia infantry, and in July transferred to the Twenty-second regiment as Company B. A few days after his enlistment he was elected second lieutenant, and in May, 1862, was promoted first lieutenant. He continued in the latter rank until the spring of 1863, when he was appointed assistant surgeon and assigned to the hospital at White Sulphur Springs. In the spring of 1864 he was transferred to field duty and attached to the Twentieth Virginia cavalry, Col. W. W. Arnett commanding, with which command he continued until the close of the war. He participated in a great number of engagements in the campaigns in West Virginia, the valley of the Shenandoah and Maryland, in the list of which the most prominent names are: Cross Lanes, Carnifex Ferry, Fayetteville, Big Sewell Mountain, Lewisburg, Narrows of New River, Lynchburg, Hagerstown, Monocacy, Martinsburg, Darkesville, Winchester, Cedar Creek, Fisher's Hill, Mount Jackson, Waynesboro, Kernstown, and Opequon. His regiment disbanded at Buckhannon, and he was paroled at Staunton. He then made his home at Lewisburg and was married there in June, 1865, to Mary C., daughter of the late Joel McPherson. In the following year he was graduated in medicine at the medical college of Virginia, and embarked in the professional work which he has since continued with much success at Lewisburg. Dr. Austin has seven children: Amanda J., wife of William R. E. Byrne, of Charleston; Mary A., Addie L., Samuel McPherson, Charlie Virginia, Erie H., and Hale Blanch.
JOHN WILLIAM AYLOR, M. D., of Charleston, W.Va., a faithful soldier of Pickett's division, army of Northern Virginia, was born in Madison county, Virginia, in 1842, and there enlisted in April, 1861, as a private in the Seventh Virginia infantry. With this regiment he participated in the great Confederate triumph at Manassas in the summer of 1861, served at Yorktown and in the withdrawal of the forces toward Richmond, fought at Seven Pines, and at Frayser's Farm received a gunshot wound in the neck which disabled him for four months. He rejoined his command, participated in the battles of Fredericksburg, Va., and Plymouth, N. C., and shared the illustrious service of Pickett's division at Gettysburg. During the Wilderness campaign of May, 1864, he was captured on the skirmish line about twenty miles from Fredericksburg, and being sent to Point Lookout was held there until February, 1865, when he induced a doctor to put him on a boat for exchange of the sick, and by that strategem reached Richmond. After a short furlough he rejoined his command just after the battle of Five Forks, and remained on duty until three days before the surrender, when most of his regiment was captured. He soon afterward walked to his home, seventy-five miles distant, without waiting for surrender and parole. In 1868 he was graduated in medicine by the university of Virginia. After practicing in various places he made his home in 1889 at Charleston.
JAMES MADISON AYRES, of Hinton, W. Va., a gallant Confederate soldier identified with the record of Echol's brigade, was born in Greenbrier county in 1843. He is the grandson of John Ayres, a native of Rockbridge county, Va., who served with the Virginia troops in the war of 1812. Mr. Ayres was among the first to prepare for defense of the Old Dominion, enlisting April 11, 1861, in the Rock Point Grays, a company organized in Greenbrier county, and assigned as Company G, and later as Company F, to that distinctively western Virginia regiment, the Twenty-second infantry. He was promoted corporal in the winter of 1861, orderly-sergeant in the summer of 1862, and sergeant-major on the battlefield of New Market. He subsequently served as sergeant-major and acting adjutant of the regiment until the close of the war. In July, 1861, he participated in the fight at Scary, W. Va., and subsequently took part in the principal engagements in that region and southwest Virginia, including Tyler Mountain, Cross Lanes, Cotton Hill, Lewisburg, Montgomery's Ferry, Big Sewell Mountain, Dry Creek, and Droop Mountain. He took part in the defeat of Sigel's Federal command at New Market in May, 1864, and soon afterward, being called to eastern Virginia, was at the artillery fight of Totopotamoy, and was eight days under fire at Cold Harbour, also participating in the bloody repulse of Grant's army. He fought in the defense of Lynchburg against Hunter, and then marching down the valley, was engaged at Salem and Martinsburg, and, crossing the Potomac, fought at Sharpsburg; was under fire two days and nights at Maryland Heights, and was slightly wounded in the defeat of Wallace at Monocacy, but remained with his command and participated in the demonstration made by Early's army against the defenses of Washington, D. C. Returning to Virginia he fought at Leesburg, Snicker's Gap, Snicker's Ford, Kernstown, Winchester, September 19, 1864; Fisher's Hill, Cedar Creek, and Rude's Hill, December, 1864. At the battle of Winchester his brother, William A. Ayres, color-guard of the Twenty-sixth battalion, was among the killed. After the close of hostilities Adjutant Ayres resided in Greenbrier county until 1882, with the exception of two years or more in Craig county, and then made his home in Summers county. Here he soon attained a prominent position in the community, and in 1890 began an honorable official career as deputy clerk of the county court. In 1893 and 1894 he was chosen city recorder of Hinton, and in 1896 he was elected county clerk for a term of six years. Mr. Ayres was married in 1870 to Belle W. Ingles, who died in 1881, leaving one son, William Ayres. In July, 1892, he was married at Hinton, to Priscilla F. Young.
CAPTAIN EUGENE BAKER, a veteran of the Ninth Virginia cavalry, W. H. F. Lee's brigade, army of Northern Virginia, and for many years high sheriff of Jefferson county, was born at Winchester, Va., in 1838. He removed with his parents to Caroline county in 1855, where in 1859 he became a member of the Caroline Light Dragoons, a company of mounted militia of which he was sergeant when it was mustered into the Confederate service. During the early part of the war period the company was on duty about eighteen months as couriers for Gen. T. H. Holmes, also in picket service on the Potomac river between Dumfries and Brooks Station. At the expiration of that time it was assigned as Company B to the Ninth Virginia cavalry. Sergeant Baker participated in the service of his command at the battles of First Manassas, the Seven Days' campaign before Richmond, the Maryland campaign, including the battle of Sharpsburg, and the cavalry engagement at Brandy Station. After the battle of Chancellorsville he was appointed captain and assistant quartermaster, to succeed Capt. James Forbes, who had been killed at Chancellorsville, and in this capacity he served during the remainder of the war. Among the later engagements in which he participated was one in Charles City county, in which his brother, Cecil Baker, lieutenant of Company B, Ninth cavalry, lost his life. At the close of hostilities Captain Baker returned to Caroline county, and farmed for a season, and since then has been a resident of Jefferson county, with his home at Charlestown. He was elected high sheriff of his county in 1876, and has held the office continuously, except one term, from 1881 to 1885. This prolonged trust by the people who know him best is a sufficient commentary upon the sterling character of this worthy Confederate soldier. In 1859 Captain Baker was married in Jefferson county to Anne M. Wiltshire.
NEWTON D. BAKER, of Martinsburg, W. Va., a veteran of Stuart's cavalry, was born in Washington county, Md., but in infancy was brought by his parents to Virginia, where he was reared, principally in Jefferson county. He enlisted in June, 1861, as a private in Company F of the First Virginia cavalry, under Col. J. E. B. Stuart, and shared the services of the regiment until the close of the war, at Appomattox having the rank of corporal, and acting as ordnance sergeant of the regiment. Among the many battles in which he participated were: First Manassas, the Seven Days before Richmond, Second Manassas, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Brandy Station, Early's Maryland campaign, including tho skirmishing before Washington, Winchester and Fisher's Hill. In the latter engagement, in the fall of 1864, his horse was killed and he received a wound in the leg which disabled him for six weeks. Captured in Jefferson county, he was sent to Fort McHenry, but exchanged ten days later. Finally paroled at Winchester, he entered upon the study of medicine, and was graduated in 1868 at the university of Maryland. Since then he has practiced his profession at Martinsburg. He is a valued member of thc State medical society, was its president in 1896-97, is railroad surgeon of the second division of the Baltimore & Ohio railroad company, and from 1883 to 1897 was a member of the West Virginia board of health, holding the office of secretary from 1888 to 1897. Dr. Baker was married in 1868 to Mary, daughter of Henry Durkehart, of Baltimore, and they have four sons.
CAPTAIN DENISON BUTLER BALDWIN, of Bluefield, W. Va., one of six brothers who served in the Confederate cause, was born at Wytheville, Va., in the year 1832, He is a descendant of Maj.-Gen. George W. Denison, of the British army, who was stationed at Stonington, Conn., in 1621, and there gave his daughter in marriage to the son of an early settler, Sylvester Baldwin. In July, 1861, Captain Baldwin entered the Confederate service as first lieutenant of Company K, Fifty-first Virginia infantry, Floyd's brigade, and continued in that rank until just before the battle of Fort Donelson, when Company K with several others were organized in a battalion under command of Maj. William P. Cecil, and Baldwin was made captain of his company. At the reorganization in the spring of 1862 he was again elected captain of Company D, Twenty-third battalion, Virginia infantry, commanded by Lieut.-Col. Clarence Derrick, of Washington, D. C. In this rank he continued until the close of the war. In the fall of 1863 he was detailed by Secretary of War Seddon as chief enrolling officer of the Ninth congressional district of Virginia, with headquarters at Abingdon, and his service in this capacity was performed with such fidelity and tact that Maj. James B. Dorman, in command of the camp of instruction at Dublin, Va., asked that Captain Baldwin should be promoted to major and continued upon the detail. Secretary Seddon signified his willingness to order this promotion, but Colonel Derrick protested, desiring to retain Captain Baldwin with the regiment. Consequently he returned to his command in the field in the summer of 1864, and remained with it, on duty in the Shenandoah valley, until the regiment was disbanded by General Echols at Christiansburg, Va., April 16, 1865. During the course of his military career Captain Baldwin participated in many of the daring expeditions and spirited combats on the Virginia border and in West Virginia, including the expedition under General Loring in 1863, and the affairs at Cotton Hill, McCoys, Fayetteville, Montgomery's Ferry, Camp Pyatt, Charleston and Elk River. On one occasion by order of General Echols he crossed the Ohio river at Ravenswood into Meigs county, Ohio, upon a reconnoissance, accompanied only by Capt. Robert Williams. Upon their return they were pursued by twenty Federal cavalrymen, with whom he and his companion had a spirited skirmish at Ripley, Jackson county. While with the western army he participated in the battle of Fort Donelson, and leaving there with Floyd's brigade, took part in the evacuation of Nashville, and was with his brigade at Chattanooga, Murfreesboro and Knoxville, Tenn. During the Shenandoah campaign of 1864 he participated in the fight near Woodstock and the battles of Strasburg, and was field officer at the storming of the breastworks at Cedar Creek. After the close of the war he farmed in Tazewell county, Va., one season, carried on a mercantile business at Tazewell until 1885, and then removed to Charleston, W. Va., and embarked in real estate and insurance, in which he has been engaged since 1888 as a citizen of Bluefield. During his residence at Tazewell he served as mayor and four terms as treasurer of the county. In February, 1858, he was married to Sallie W., daughter of William Barnes, and they have nine children living: William G., Denison O., Robert M., John M., Albert R., Sallie C., Amanda K., Louisa V. and Bettie L. The five brothers of Captain Baldwin who were in the Confederate service were: David T. Baldwin, a veteran of the Mexican war, who served as a private in Colonel Duncan's regiment at First Manassas, and lost his life in that battle; James H., assistant quartermaster at Wytheville, now living at Pocahontas; Robert G., of Staunton, Va., who, going to California in 1849, organized an expedition in 1854 to revolutionize northern Mexico, was shipwrecked and captured and held as a prisoner twenty-three months at the city of Mexico, and subsequently served as second lieutenant in the Forty-fifth Virginia regiment; William T., of Abingdon, a private of the Wythe Grays, Fourth Virginia regiment, Stonewall brigade, and afterward captain in Beckley's battalion of cavalry; and Albert Haller Baldwin, a private in the Forty-fifth Virginia infantry, who died in the service in September, 1861, a the age of sixteen years.
COLONEL ANDREW RUSSELL BARBEE, M.D., a soldier and surgeon, now residing at Point Pleasant, W. Va., was born at Hawsburg, Rappahannock county, Va., December 9, 1827. His father, Andrew R. Barbee, was of French and Welch descent; his mother, Nancy (Britton) Barbee, of Irish and German ancestry. After receiving an academic education at Petersburg, Va.; he studied medicine at the Richmond medical college, and the university of Pennsylvania, where he was graduated in April, 1851. His practice was begun in his native county and continued in Madison county, and he subsequently engaged in planting in addition to his professional work at Poca Bottom, Putnam county, where he resided at the outbreak of the war. Though he and his father held slaves in this period, of the value of some, $30,000, they were not attached to the institution; and they were firm supporters of the Union as long as it was a question of debate only, Colonel Barbee being so much opposed to the secession of Virginia as to canvass Kanawha and other counties, speaking in opposition to the measure. But when the mother State had cast her lot with the South he was loyal to her decision, and entered her military service as captain of a company of 161 men from Kanawha and Putnam counties, all good shots, and everyone of whom had voted against secession. The company was assigned to the Twenty-second infantry regiment, and rendered faithful service in the western Virginia department, the Shenandoah valley and south western Virginia. At the reorganization in 1862 he was elected lieutenant-colonel, and after the death of Colonel Patton at Winchester, in September, 1864, he succeeded to the command of the regiment. He also served for a time upon the staff of Gen. John C. Breckinridge, until the latter became secretary of war, and after becoming disabled from wounds he was assigned to professional duties in medical charge of the reserve forces in southwestern Virginia. He participated in the first engagement in the Kanawha valley, at Scary Creek. In the following autumn he was in the fights at Cross Lanes and Carnifix Ferry, and he subsequently took part in the West Virginia affairs at Gilestown and Lewisburg. In the spring of 1864, in the Shenandoah valley, he commanded a body of reserves at the battle of Piedmont, and was in the later fight with Averell at Rocky Gap, near White Sulphur Springs, where he received a gunshot wound in the elbow-joint, breaking a bone and severing the ulnar nerve; also was hit in the right hip by a gun barrel, which was driven into the groin, causing him great suffering and partial paralysis. In the fall of 1864 he was in the campaign with Early at Kernstown, New Market and Winchester. He was at Abingdon, Va., when Gen. John H. Morgan was killed at Greeneville, Tenn., and helped to bury the famous Confederate trooper. At Saltville, Va., in the fall of 1864, he was in command of the small force of reserves which sustained the attack of Burbridge's Federal force and fought desperately until the enemy retreated. During the latter part of his military career he devoted much of his time to professional duties, doing much to ameliorate the suffering of the wounded soldiers of either army. At a convalescing camp he encountered one of the most peculiar cases within his experience as a surgeon: that of a soldier who, in the act of applying an opprobrious epithet to a comrade, had been struck by a brick upon the head. The blow drove in the temporal bone, and the man fell unconscious, with half of his last word unuttered. He was left as dead, but Dr. Barbee relieved him by the operation of trephining, when the man instantly returned to consciousness and his previous drunken condition and finished the word he was saying forty-eight hours before. After the close of hostilities Dr. Barbee resumed his practice at Buffalo, Kanawha county, and in 1868 removed to Point Pleasant, his home since that date. He enjoys a large and lucrative practice, devoting much of his attention to surgery, and is highly regarded by his professional brethren as well as by his people. He is a member of the medical associations of his own and Gallia (Ohio) counties, and of the West Virginia and Ohio Valley medical associations. Of the State association he was president in 1875. Since 1885 he has been president of the examining board for pensions for his section of the State, and subsequent to 1881 he served for a number of years upon the State board of health. Not long after the war period he also took an active part in political affairs, and was elected to the State senate from the fifth district, by a decisive majority, in spite of the fact that he was dangerously ill during the campaign. His service in the State Senate was so satisfactory that he was nominated for Congress against Eustace Gibson. The election was so close as to require a recount, but was finally decided in favor of his competitor. In July, 1897, he was elected secretary and executive officer of the State board of health and registrar of vital and mortuary statistics for West Virginia. Early in his career Dr. Barbee was married to Margaret A. G. Thompson, daughter of his medical preceptor, Dr. J. J. Thompson, and they have four children living.
MAJOR WILLIAM LEIGH BARKSDALE, M. D., of Hinton, W. Va., is deserving of notice as particularly active in the organization of Confederate troops in western Virginia, and on account of his prominent service in a professional capacity. He was born in Halifax county, Va., in 1836, and was there reared and educated. He was graduated at the Jefferson medical college, Philadelphia, in March, 1858, and from that time until the spring of 1861 was engaged in the practice of medicine at Lewisburg, W. Va. There he became a member of the Greenbrier cavalry, organized a year or more previous to the secession, and with this company went into active service in April, 1861, as a private, with the understanding that he would act as medical attendant. The company served as couriers for General Garnett, but after his death the organization was dissolved. Dr. Barksdale then assisted in the organization of three companies in Greenbrier county, and was ordered by Gen. Henry Heth to remain in that county on medical duty. He was thus engaged four months and then joined as a private one of the companies he had assisted in forming, and was soon afterward detailed as assistant surgeon at the hospital at Giles Court House. Three months later he was promoted surgeon, with the rank of major, and assigned to Maj. T. B. Swann's battalion of rangers. This command was soon consolidated with other companies as the Nineteenth Virginia cavalry regiment, of which Dr. Barksdale served as surgeon until the winter of 1862, when he was promoted brigade surgeon of the brigade of Gen. W. L. Jackson. He acted in this capacity in the field up to General Early's campaign against Washington, D.C., during which he accompanied the Twenty-second Virginia infantry regiment as surgeon. He was subsequently assigned to the Thirty-fifth infantry battalion, and held the position of surgeon of Patton's brigade of Echol's division throughout the Valley campaign of 1864, and until the close of hostilities, at the end being with his command at Christiansburg. During his career he participated in the West Virginia engagements at Beverly, Droop Mountain an Bulltown, the important battle of Winchester, September 19, 1864, and the other engagements of General Early's valley campaign. Resuming his practice at Lewisburg after this, he returned to Halifax county on account of the death of his father, subsequently practiced at Lewisburg a year, and at Alderson, Monroe county, from 1875 to 1892. Since the latter date he has followed his profession at Hinton. Wherever he has made his home he has held high station in social and professional life. At Alderson he served upon the town council and was elected mayor.
CAPTAIN ROBERT W. BAYLOR, of Charleston, Jefferson county, was conspicuous among the strong and energetic spirits who served as rallying points of patriotism in northwestern Virginia in 1861. He held the rank of colonel of Virginia troops at the outbreak of the war, but not being continued in that position at the organization, raised a company of young men in Jefferson county, which was subsequently distinguished in the Confederate service as Company B of the Twelfth Virginia cavalry. It was a notable company in membership, many famous families of Virginia being represented, and a considerable number of them are now prominent in civil life, perhaps the most conspicuous being William L. Wilson, ex-postmaster-general and president of Washington-Lee university, and Charles Broadway Rouss, of New York. This company, known as the Baylor light horse, entered the service in Ashby's cavalry, but was not long under the command of its organizer, as he was severely wounded in an engagement at McGaheysville, April 27, 1862, and taken prisoner. He was subsequently tried by Federal court martial and condemned to be executed, on account of his activity in the Southern cause; but the sentence was set aside by General Kelly, with the approval of Secretary Stanton. He was held a prisoner until late in 1864, but when exchanged his wound still disabled him. He survived until 1883. He was of an old Virginian family, descended from John Baylor, who immigrated from England about 1694. His father, Richard Baylor, served as a private in the Baylor Dragoons, Continental army, commanded by his cousin, Col. George Baylor. Three sons of Capt. Robert W. Baylor also served in his cavalry company: Richard C., who was mentioned by General McClellan for bravery in going through the lines at Auburn to warn General Lee of the critical situation of General Stuart's command, and was killed at Parker's Store, near Fredericksburg, November 29, 1863; Robert W., who was killed at Charlestown, November 29, 1864; and George, now a prominent attorney at Charlestown, who was the brilliant leader of the company after his father's capture. Capt. George Baylor, born in Jefferson county in 1843, was educated at Dickinson college, Carlisle, Pa., and graduated in 1860, and subsequently was an instructor in the Episcopal high school in Fauquier county until April, 1861, when he enlisted in Company G of the Second Virginia infantry. He served with the Stonewall brigade during the first year of the war, took part in the battle of Manassas, and received excellent training as a soldier under his famous commander. In the spring of 1862 he joined the Baylor Light Horse, of which he was elected second lieutenant, and with this company, which formed part of the command of Turner Ashby, participated in the Valley campaign of 1862, fighting at Kernstown, Winchester, Middletown, Cross Keys, and Port Republic. After Jackson moved to the Chickahominy, his company was left in the valley, where it engaged in frequent raids upon the Federal outposts, aiding materially in causing the enemy to fall back to Harper's Ferry. They then participated in the Second Manassas campaign, the capture of Harper's Ferry, and the battle of Sharpsburg. In a fight near Charlestown he received a wound in the leg. Lieutenant Baylor was in command of his company from June, 1862, throughout its subsequent campaigns and engagements. In February, 1863, during a raid in Jefferson county, he was captured by the Fourteenth Pennsylvania regiment, and sent to Fort McHenry. Attempting to escape he was confined two weeks in a cell, and then sent to Fort Delaware, but was so fortunate as to be one of twenty officers who were exchanged in April, the only exchange of that year. Returning to his command, now Company B of the Twelfth Virginia cavalry, W. E. Jones' brigade, Stuart's cavalry corps, he participated in the operations of 1863, including the engagements at Brandy Station, Oakland and Altamont, Md.; Mine Run, Upperville, Warrenton Springs, Auburn, Bristoe Station, Parker's Store and Little Baltimore. At Warrenton Springs the Twelfth regiment being under command of Colonel Funsten, Lieutenant Baylor held the front and was ordered to charge the bridge, held by the Federals, in the dusk of the evening. He led his men in columns of four along a narrow causeway, in the face of a sharp fire, until at the abutment he found that the planks had been removed from the bridge, and he must retrace his steps and try the ford. Without the slightest confusion the command obeyed the order to right about wheel, and in a moment it was plunging through the ford, amid the wild huzzas of the Confederate infantry, and dashing up the hill, soon cleared the enemy from their rifle-pits and won a passage for the remainder of the Confederate force. For this brilliant performance Lieutenant Baylor and his troop enjoyed the unique distinction of receiving a furlough of ten days by order of General Lee. He subsequently took part in the West Virginia raids under Jones and Rosser, and at Medley, near New Creek, in January, 1864, received a wound in the shoulder which compelled his retirement until May, when he rejoined his command. Joining General Lee, he was in the advance on the morning of May 5th, in the Wilderness, his brigade opening the ball by the defeat of Wilson's Federal division of cavalry near Todd's Tavern, and subsequently fought at Hawe's Shop, Ashland (where he led the charge), Sappony Church, Trevilian's, Charles City Court House (where he was slightly wounded), Reams' Station, and the famous cattle raid. Then being ordered with his brigade to the Shenandoah valley, he was engaged at Brock's Gap, Tom's Brook, Cedar Creek and Midd1etown. On November 22d, while on a reconnoissance with six men, he stampeded at night a Federal outpost, at Allstadt's Lane, and captured thirteen men and twice as many horses. He was then detached with his company to operate in the lower valley, and on the night of November 29th attacked the camp of the Twelfth Pennsylvania cavalry at Charlestown, killing and wounding eleven of the enemy, and capturing twenty-seven prisoners and thirty-seven horses. In a subsequent fight near White Post a Federal squadron in pursuit of him suffered defeat and a similar loss. On April 5, 1865, he joined the command of Colonel Mosby, as captain of Company H, and was engaged on the same day at Millville, and on April 10th at Fairfax Station. He surrendered at Winchester, May 8, 1865, and then returned to civil life. He was graduated in law at Washington-Lee university in 1867, and after practicing at Kansas City, Mo., five years, returned to Charlestown. Here he formed a partnership with William L. Wilson, which continued until 1881, when Mr. Wilson was elected president of the West Virginia university. During the same period he held for four years the office of prosecuting attorney for his county. Since then he has continued in the practice of law, and is now counsel of the Baltimore & Ohio railroad, and distinguished in his profession.
LIEUTENANT JACOB S. BOAK, of Martinsburg, W. Va., a lieutenant of the Jackson horse artillery, was born in Berkeley county in 1839. He entered the Confederate service in April, 1861, as corporal of an artillery company later known as the Jackson horse artillery, of which he was promoted orderly-sergeant in the spring of 1862, and third lieutenant in the summer of 1863. He served throughout the war, finally being paroled at Charleston. Among the numerous engagements in which he participated were: Two-mile Creek, near Charleston, in the summer of 1861; Cross Lanes, Carnifix Ferry, Fayetteville, Big Sewell Mountain, and the series of skirmishes which followed until the command reached Dublin depot; Fort Donelson, where he was captured, afterward being held at Camp Douglas, Illinois, eight months, and exchanged at Vicksburg; the three days of battle at Gettysburg, Atlee's Station, near Richmond, the engagements with Hunter near Lynchburg, the battle of New Market, where Lieutenant Boak planted the first battery in position and directed the firing of the first shot; the defeat of Milroy at Winchester; Fisher's Hill, and Liberty Mills, where his horse was shot under him and eight bullets pierced his clothing, six of them inflicting slight wounds. Not long after the close of the war he began the study of dentistry, and has since followed that profession. He is an active member of the United Confederate Veterans, and holds the rank of chief of artillery on the staff of Gen. Robert White, commanding West Virginia division. Dr. Boak was married in 1873 to Kate A. Davis, of Maryland, and they have seven children living. Three brothers of Dr. Boak were in the Confederate service: Samuel L., of the Trans-Mississippi department, who died in 1877; William E., orderly-sergeant in the Stonewall brigade, killed at Second Manassas; and Clarence, now residing in Florida, who served throughout the war in the Jackson horse artillery.
MAJOR JOSEPH M. BROUN, of Charleston, W. Va., was born at Middleburg, Va., December 23, 1835, a descendant of William Broun, a Scotchman of French descent, who settled in Westmoreland county and practiced law in the colonial period. He was educated at the Ridgeway academy, the university of Virginia in 1853-54, and the university of Georgia in 1855. During 1857 he was with the command of Col. Joseph E. Johnston, employed in marking the thirty-seventh parallel between Kansas and Indian Territory, and in 1859 he was engaged in teaching at Bloomfield academy, near the university of Virginia, under his brother, Prof. William LeRoy Broun, now a distinguished educator residing at Auburn, Ala. He studied law at the university during 1859 and 1860, and in the fall of the latter year entered the practice with his brother, Maj. T. L. Broun, at Charleston, Kanawha county. At that place, previous to the war, he became a member of the Kanawha rifles, under Capt. George S. Patton, and in December, while using one of the flint-lock muskets with which the company were equipped, was badly crippled in the left arm by the explosion of the piece. For this reason he was not mustered in with the company in the spring of 1861, but in July of that year he accompanied his brother and a force of Boone and Logan county volunteers up the Big Coal river, meeting General Wise at White Sulphur Springs. Subsequently he was appointed by General Wise captain and assistant quartermaster of the Third Wise legion, which upon the reorganization under General Lee became the Sixtieth regiment, Virginia infantry. In December following he accompanied the regiment, under General Lee's command, to Pocotaligo, S. C. In May, 1862, the regiment was with the army of Gen. J. E. Johnston before Richmond, but in June Captain Broun was again ordered to South Carolina and stationed at Georgetown. Remaining in this department, he was transferred, in 1864, to Augusta, Ga., where he remained until early in the spring of 1865, when he was ordered to report in person to the quartermaster-general at Richmond. Starting upon the Journey, notwithstanding the interference of General Sherman with safe and comfortable travel at that time, he proceeded in company with Major Hill, a wounded Georgia soldier, in a wagon drawn by mules, until he reached Abbeville, where he learned the fate of Richmond, the surrender of Lee and the assasination of President Lincoln. Near this point President Davis had arrived, escorted by a body of mounted Kentuckians and Texans, chiefly, with whom Captain Broun and Major Hill turned back to Georgia. Quartermaster-General Lawton placed Captain Broun in charge of the specie wagon train, and the dangerous and delicate trust was faithfully executed. President Davis, foreseeing that the large escort would invite attack from the enemy, directed the troops to break up into small squads, and make their way through the country to the department commanded by Gen. Kirby Smith. At first the men refused to leave the President. One Texan, who enjoyed a remarkable resemblance to Mr. Davis, urged him to exchange personality, in order to facilitate his escape, proposing to take the risk of the Confederate presidency and turn over to Mr. Davis his Rangers' uniform. But the President refused, declaring that he would assume no disguise during his retreat to the West. Captain Broun was informally promoted major by the President and continued in charge of the specie, until it was finally disposed of under orders, undergoing not a few perils in this duty. After separating from Mr. Davis, he accompanied Major Hill to Athens, surrendered at Augusta, and finally returned to his home in Virginia. Resuming the practice of law at Charleston, he has become distinguished in his profession.
MAJOR THOMAS L. BROUN, of Charleston, W. Va., a well-known attorney and for many years prominently identified with the development of the Kanawha valley, is a native of Loudoun county, Va., the son of Edwin Conway and Elizabeth Broun, and the grandson of William Broun, a native of Scotland who settled in Westmoreland county and engaged in the practicc of law in tho colonial period. William Broun was the son of George and Margaret Broun of Scotland. Tho maternal grandparents of Major Broun were Dr. James Channel and Susan, his wife, nee Susan Pickett, of Fruit Farm, Fauquier county, Va. Dr. Robert Broun, a brother of William Broun, settled near Charleston, S. C., and the descendants of the two brothers are now prominent throughout many parts of the South. The Brouns constitute a very old and prominent family in Scotland. It is said the family originated in Bordeaux, France, where the name was spelled Brohnn, subsequently contracted into Broun, with an accent on the u, showing the abbreviation of the name. Major Broun graduated at the university of Virginia in 1848, and two years later, after teaching school in his native county, he removed to Charleston, in Kanawha county, and began the study of law in the office of the Hon. George W. Summers. He was admitted to the bar in 1852, and soon became associated in business with W. S. Rosecrans and others as the attorney for companies engaged in mining and shipping coal from the Coal River region. After the resignation of Rosecrans from the office of president of the Coal River navigation company Major Broun was elected to that position, which he held until the beginning of the war in 1861. He entered the Confederate service in April, 1861, as a private in the Kanawha riflemen, which became the nucleus for the Twenty-second Virginia infantry regiment; and shared the operations of that command until promoted, in the fall of 1861, to major of the Third regiment in Wise's legion, subsequently known as the Sixtieth regiment Virginia infantry. In November he was taken sick with camp fever on Big Sewell Mountain, Va., and remained disabled for duty until February, 1862, when he reported for duty at Richmond. His regiment having meanwhile been removed from the Wise legion and ordered to South Carolina, he was detailed at Dublin depot in Pulaski county, Va., as post commandant and quartermaster. In this capacity he continued, efficiently caring for the large interests of the Confederate government at that point, until May 9, 1864, he went into the battle of Cloyd's Mountain, near Dublin depot, as a volunteer aide-de-camp upon the staff of Col. Beuhring Jones, then commanding the Sixtieth Virginia regiment, formerly the Third regiment in the Wise legion. In the bloody battle which followed Major Broun was terribly wounded, causing his disability during the remainder of that year. In January, 1865, while convalescent, he was ordered to Wilmington, N. C., to take charge of the paper mills in the Carolinas and Georgia, which were supplying the government printing establishment at Columbia, S. C. This duty Major Broun discharged until the occupation of that territory by Sherman's army, after which he proceeded to Richmond. After the evacuation he followed our retreating army, but at Amherst Court House, Va., learned of the surrender. Two months later he returned to Charleston, W. Va., and was soon re-elected to the position of president of the Coal River navigation company, which he had relinquished in 1861. But as Confederate soldiers were at that time disbarred from the practice of law in West Virginia, he removed to New York city in June, 1866, and was there busied with professional work until November, 1870, making West Virginia law and land titles a specialty of his practice. In 1870 political disabilities were removed from Confederates by the West Virginia legislature, and lawyers who had been in the Confederate service were thereafter permitted to practice law in West Virginia. Since 1870 Major Broun has been a resident of Charleston, and has achieved high rank as a lawyer and business man. He has been active for many years in disseminating information regarding the resources of the Great Kanawha river and its tributaries, and in attracting capital to the development of the Coal River region especially. He is a member of the Masonic order, a vestryman and warden in the Episcopal church, and is a director of the Sheltering Arms hospital of Paint Creek, Kanawha county. With his old comrades he maintains an association through membership in Patton camp, with the United Confederate Veterans. In June, 1866, Major Broun was married to Mary M., daughter of Col. Edmund Fontaine, of Hanover county, Va., who was the first president of the Chesapeake & Ohio railroad, and for many years previous to that the president of the Virginia Central railroad.
E. STANARD BUFFINGTON, M. D., in these latter days of peace a prominent physician of the upper Ohio valley, residing at Huntington, W. Va., was born at the site of that city, in Cabell county, in 1847, of ancestry distinguished in the history of Virginia. He is the son of Peter Buffington, a native of Cahell county, by his marriage to Eliza Stanard Nicholas, of Richmond,Va. Peter Buffington was educated at the Ohio university, represented his county in the Virginia house of delegates, was the first mayor of Huntington, was one of the organized of the Bank of Huntington, and was its president until his death in 1875. After the secession of Virginia Dr. Buffington continued loyal to the Old Dominion, and was thoroughly devoted to the Confederacy. He entered the Virginia military Institute, and participated in many severe marches and other military service of the cadet corps under Colonel Shipp, including the battle of New Market, in the Shenandoah valley, in May, 1864, where the boys of the cadet corps were distinguished for bravery and endurance. Dr. Buffington was then but sixteen years of age, but, like his heroic young comrades, bore himself like a veteran. He continued in service with the cadets after their removal to Richmond. He was then appointed a midshipman in the Confederate States navy, a rank he held during the remainder of the war; but owing to the condition of affairs on the James river, was not permitted to engage in active service. After the close of hostilities he resumed his academic studies, and then entering upon a course of preparation for the medical profession, was graduated in 1872 by the Jefferson medical college of Philadelphia. During the quarter century and more which has since elapsed he has gained a high rank among the professional men of West Virginia, and the warm regard of his fellow citizens. He has served upon the city council and for four years was a member of the pension board at Huntington, but his professional duties have in the main entirely engrossed his attention.
LEWIS H. BURKS, a prominent business man and financier of Huntington, W. Va., was identified during the Confederate period with the Southern cause, serving mainly within the limits of the present State of West Virginia. He was born in Cabell county, May 26, 1840, the son of Bluford B. Burks, who was born in Amherst in 1811, and came with his parents to Cabell county in youth. The father was a pioneer pilot on the Ohio and Kanawha rivers, and is reputed to have piloted the first boatload of salt out of the Kanawha. For forty years he followed this occupation, then retiring to his farm, and dying at Guyandotte in 1881. Previous to the Confederate war Lewis H. Burks was a student at Marshall college until eighteen years of age, then was upon the river for a year as pilot, and after that was engaged in farming for two years. Adhering to the Confederate cause at the outbreak of war he enlisted in the early fall of 1862 as a private in the Eight Virginia cavalry. A few months later he was detailed to the quartermaster's department in the field, in the department of Western Virginia, and the remainder of his services, until the close of hostilities, were mostly rendered in this capacity. He also participated in the battles of Dry Creek and Greenbrier, West Virginia. After the restoration of peace he was engaged for fourteen months in mercantile business at Beach Fork, Wayne county, and then returned to his native county. Here his life has ever since been a busy one devoted to business pursuits in which he has been eminently successful. At first giving his attention to the grain and tobacco trade, he subsequently engaged in farming and lumber dealing which he still carries on very extensively. He is a director of the First National bank, and a man of prominence and influence in many business channels. On November 19, 1867, Mr. Burks was married to Helen, daughter of John Laidley, a well-known attorney of Cabell county.
GEORGE HENRY BURTON, of Bluefield, W. Va., commissioner of the United States circuit court for the district of West Virginia, was a faithful Confederate soldier throughout the war until he became a prisoner of war and experienced the hardships of Northern prison camps. He was born in Bedford county, Va., in 1835, and from that county entered the Confederate service, becoming a private in Company F of the Fiftieth Virginia infantry. He joined his regiment at Wytheville in June, 1861, and soon afterward was appointed commissary-sergeant. When his command had reached the narrows of New river, advancing under the brigade command of General Floyd, he was appointed brigade forage-master, a position he continued to occupy until General Floyd was relieved of command after the capture of Fort Donelson. He then returned to Wytheville, and WRS made brigade forage-master under Gen. John B. Echols. In this capacity he served until the fall of 1863, when he accompanied the Fiftieth regiment to Culpeper Court House, to enter the brigade of General Jones. He continued with his regiment as a private and participated in the first day's fighting at the Wilderness, May 5, 1864, when he was captured by the enemy. Many weary months of prison life followed, passed at Point Lookout until August, 1864, and at Elmira, N. Y., until March 6, 1865, when he was paroled on account of sickness. Before he could be exchanged, and while he was at home ill, the war came to an end. During his military service, in addition to his other important duties, he participated in the engagements at Locust Lane, W. Va.; Cloyd's Mountain, Fort Donelson, Princeton, W. Va.; Lewisburg, W. Va., and the Narrows of New river. After the close of hostilities he resided for some time in Appomattox county, where he was elected constable in 1865. He served four years in this office and two years as deputy sheriff of the county, after which he was elected collector of the southside township, an office he resigned to remove to Alabama. For a time he managed a sawmill at Tuscaloosa, in the latter State, but returned to Appomattox county and continued in the same business there until 1875. Subsequently he farmed in Buckingham county five years, and during one year managed a hotel at Mineral Hill Springs in Tennessee. After this he engaged quite extensively in the lumber business, making his headquarters in McDowell county, and managing six mills. From 1887 to 1891 he held the office of justice of the peace in McDowell county, removing at the end of his term to Bluefield, where he was appointed commissioner of the United States district court, by Judge J. J. Jackson, in 1892. From this office he was removed on account of congressional legislation in June, 1897, but was reappointed in the following September. Mr. Burton is a faithful public official and popular socially. He is a member of the Methodist church, and is fraternally connected with the Masonic order, the Odd Fellows, the Elks, and the Sons of America. He was married in 1852, in Campbell county, to Sarah Robinson, who died in 1857, leaving three children, of whom one survives, Sallie R., now the wife of John W. Casedy, of Lynchburg, Va. He was remarried in 1861, in Blount county, Tenn., to Vestina J. Landrum, and they have had twelve children, of whom seven survive: Rosa L., wife of Joseph T. Graham; Nannie E., John P., Daisy L., wife of C. V. Ferguson; Maud V., Bernard E. and Alva P. Burton.
WILLIAM F. BUTLER, former adjutant-general and State librarian of West Virginia, was born at Richmond, Va., August 10, 1837. At the city he was reared and educated and entered into business prior to the war. He entered the Confederate service in May, 1861, as a private in Company B of the Fifteenth Virginia regiment of infantry, and was soon on active duty in the field, participating in the well-remembered engagement at Big Bethel, the first considerable encounter upon the soil of Virginia. Subsequently he served upon the Peninsula, and on the retreat from Yorktown took part in the battle of Williamsburg. He was also in the two days' battle at Seven Pines, and went through the arduous and bloody campaign before Richmond, called the Seven Days' battle, which resulted in driving McClellan from his advanced position near the Confederate capital. After this, worn with fatigue and shattered in health, he lay sick at Richmond for some time, and upon partial recovery was ordered on detached duty to Georgia, where he served during the remainder of the war under General Winder, his military record being closed by parole at Augusta, Ga., in May, 1865. After the close of hostilities he returned to Virginia and removed to Wheeling, where he has made his residence for many years. Since 1887 he has held the position of bookkeeper in the bank of Wheeling. During the administration of Governor Jackson he held the office of adjutant-general and State librarian of West Virginia.
JOHN H. CAMMACK, a well-known business man of Huntington, W. Va., and during the Confederate war a faithful soldier of Virginia, was born in Rockingham county in 1843. At the age of nine years he removed with his parents to Staunton, Va., and thence, in 1859, to Harrison county, now in the State of West Virginia. Here he enlisted on May 20, 1861, in the Confederate service, becoming a private in the company of Capt. U. M. Turner, organized at Clarksburg. This command was subsequently assigned to the Thirty-first Virginia infantry as Company C, and participated in the campaign of 1861 in northwestern Virginia. He was promoted corporal in the summer of this year, and served in this capacity until May 6, 1862, when physical disability caused his discharge. In July, 1863, he rendered effective help in the organization of Lady's battalion, afterward incorporated in the Twentieth Virginia cavalry, commanded by Col. W. W. Arnett, of Wheeling, as Company I, and he received a commission from the secretary of war at second lieutenant of this company. However, he resigned this commission in favor of another, and took a place in the ranks as volunteer private until December, 1863. On January 1, 1864, he became a member of the Tenth battalion of heavy artillery at Richmond, Va., the command with which he was identified for more than a year. On January 9, 1865, he was transferred by Gen. R. E. Lee to his old cavalry command, the Twentieth, which he joined near Gordonsville, and remained with it until the close of hostilities, during the last three weeks being the only remaining representative of Company I. The record of his participation in battle is an eminently honorable one, including the affairs at Grafton and Philippi, among the earliest of the war; Carrick's Ford, Laurel Hill, Greenbrier River, and the various skirmishes thence up to Alleghany Mountain, December 13, 1861, after which fight he had command of his company for a short time. Thence proceeding to Richmond, though, as has been seen, out of the service on account of disability, he took the place of his brother, Lucius S. Cammack, as ordnance officer on the staff of Gen. Stonewall Jackson, in the Seven Days' battles. His brother had been left in hospital at Charlottesville, and J. H. Cammack, in his stead, was under fire in this campaign, and at Frayser's Farm, acted as courier for General Jackson. His next fighting was near Pocahontas Court House, W. Va. With the artillery he served the guns at Malvern Hill, fighting gunboats, and at Mechanicsville participated in the prolonged artillery duel at Dutch Gap. fought in defense of Fort Harrison, and after the capture of that stronghold took part in the defeat of the Federals at Fort Davis, where he was wounded in the right hip by a fragment of shell. This was followed by a season of hard fighting on the Charles City road, in which he was actively engaged. His long and varied service in behalf of the Confederacy was closed by his participation in the cavalry operations of his regiment in the spring of 1865, and in May of that year he was paroled at Columbia, Va. Returning to his home to take up again the duties of civil life he subsequently removed to the city of Huntington, where he has been for many years an honored and useful citizen.
LIEUTENANT WILLIAM B. CARDEN, of Charleston, W. Va., a gallant veteran of the Stonewall brigade, was born in Page county, Va., August 17, 1838. He entered the Confederate service in April, 1861, as a member of the Smith Blues, which became Company D of the Fourth Virginia regiment. In 1862 he was promoted lieutenant of his company. He participated in the battle of Manassas, July 21, 1861, sharing the honors won by his brigade upon that historic field; and during the Shenandoah Valley campaign of 1862 he took part in the battles of Kernstown, Cross Keys and Port Republic. After this campaign he was disabled about two months with an attack of small pox, but recovered in time to go into the battle of Second Manassas. He took part in the Maryland campaign, fighting at Harper's Ferry and Sharpsburg, was slightly wounded in the battle of Chancellorsville, and at Gettysburg was captured by the enemy on the third day. With this misfortune there began a long and wearing experience as a prisoner of war, during which he was confined at Point Lookout, Fort McHenry, Fort Pulaski, Fort Delaware, and was one of the six hundred Confederates who were placed under fire at Morris island, S. C., in the summer of 1864. He was finally paroled in July, 1865, after two years' detention, during which he suffered innumerable hardships and deprivations. Removing to Charleston, W. Va., in 1866, he engaged in business as a contractor and builder until 1877, when he was appointed foreman of the cabinet shop in the State's prison at Moundsville. After eighteen months' service he became foreman of a furniture factory at Belton, and two years later entered the furniture business at Fairmount, where he remained for several years. For five years he was janitor of the State house at Charleston, and for six years was superintendent of the Charleston street railroad which he had built as contractor.
MAJOR JAMES LAWRENCE CARR, a resident of Kanawha county from 1833, and prominent in the affairs of the Kanawha valley before the war, during that struggle was conspicuous among those who adhered to the fortunes of his native State, and rendered effective service to the Confederate States government. He was born in Albemarle county, Va., a grand-nephew of Thomas Jefferson, and was educated at the university of Virginia. Removing to Charleston in 1833, he embarked in the practice of law and speedily attained prominence, being associated at one time with James Kendrick and later with Isaac Read, in an extensive practice. In 1857 he was president of the bank of Kanawha, and in 1860 was president of the board of directors for the improvement of the Kanawha river, associated with the James river and Kanawha company, and the great "waterline" of Virginia. At the outbreak of the war he ardently advocated the cause of Virginia, and entering the service with the earliest volunteers, served under General Wise, and his successor, General Loring, in their campaigns in the Kanawha valley. His health failing he retired from duty on the field in the winter of 1862-63 and was assigned to duty as post commissary, with the rank of major, at Dublin Depot. From this important point he furnished supplies for the forces in southwest Virginia under Gens. Sam Jones, Breckinridge and others. After the close of hostilities he returned to Charleston, where he died February 1, 1875. He was a man of noted ability and unspotted integrity. Dr. Lawrence Carr, son of the foregoing, was born at Charleston in 1848, and was reared and educated at that city. When about sixteen years of age, in December, 1864, he entered the service as a member of the corps of topographical engineers, under Capt. A. McG. Smith, of Manchester, Va., and remained on duty until the close of the war. Previous to his enlistment he took part in the engagement at Charleston, on the occasion of General Loring's advance down the valley. After the return of peace he spent some time in Kansas, Missouri, Texas and Louisiana, and while at New Orleans studied medicine in the State university. He was graduated as Doctor of medicine in 1874 at the Louisville medical college, and since that time has been successfully engaged in the practice at Charleston, W. Va.
LIEUTENANT JOHN GAY CARR, a Confederate hero of the Kanawha valley, was born in Albemarle county, Va., but lived for many years before the war in Kanawha county, where he entered the service in May, 1861, as a private in the Riflemen. He was promoted to a lieutenancy in this gallant company, and was identified with its record and that of the Twenty-second Virginia regiment, of which it formed a part, until he was killed in battle near Lewisburg, Va., August 26, 1863. He was a promising young man, had exhibited the noblest qualities of a soldier both in the ranks and as an officer, and his death was deeply mourned by his comrades and the people of his home county.
LIEUTENANT COLONEL R. PRESTON CHEW, of Charlestown, W. Va., occupies a conspicuous place in the record of the army of Northern Virginia as an artillery officer connected with Stuart's cavalry, and during the latter part of the war as chief commander of the horse artillery of the army. His characteristics as a soldier were well epitomized in the words, "as true as steel and ever ready," used in the official report of a general to whose command he was attached early in his career. A few years ago, in a private letter, Gen. Wade Hampton wrote: "Chew was here a year or two ago, and I was delighted to see him. I always regarded him as the ablest commander of the horse artillery, though that gallant body of men at different times had very gallant and efficient officers." Colonel Chew was born in Loudoun county, Va., in April, 1843, but since 1847 his home has been in Jefferson county. In 1859 he entered the Virginia military institute, where he was a cadet at the outbreak of the war. Going to Richmond with the corps of cadets in April, 1861, he was ordered to Harper's Ferry in charge of a squad of eleven cadets, to report to Col. "Stonewall" Jackson, under whom he acted as a drill-master for a short time. He then began his illustrious career with the artillery as acting lieutenant of Deshler's battery, in Greenbrier county. After about two months' service there, he organized, at the request of Gen. Turner Ashby, at Charlestown, a company of mounted artillerymen, the first organization of the kind in the Confederate service. In command of this battery, of which he was elected captain in August, 1861, he served with Ashby's cavalry command until that gallant leader fell, two days before the battle of Cross Keys. He served throughout the Valley campaigns with Jackson, fighting at Kernstown and Port Republic, leading the advance and covering the retreat, and was mentioned with praise by Gen. C. S. Winder for volunteer cavalry service during the attack on the Federals at Charlestown, May 28th. He remained with the cavalry under command of General Robertson, when Jackson moved to reinforce Lee at Richmond, and joined Stuart's cavalry division, the artillery of which was then under command of Major Pelham, in time to participate in the Manassas campaign, fighting at Slaughter's mountain and Brandy Station. With his cavalry brigade now under Gen. T. T. Munford, he was distinguished in the gallant defense of Crampton's Gap, Md., where, according to the report of General Munford "he used his guns with great coolness and effect, retiring only when he had exhausted every round of ammunition." At Sharpsburg, serving on the left of the Confederate line, he rendered effective service, the horse artillery contributing largely to the repulse of Sumner's corps. He continued in command of his battery, sharing the operations of the cavalry, throughout 1863. On the night of May 16th, with 45 men, he made a daring attack upon a Federal cavalry company at Charleston, defeating them and capturing 86 prisoners and 75 horses. That a four-fold force of the enemy overtook him at Piedmont on the next day and recaptured the spoil, does not detract from the brilliancy of his action. He was with his battery in the fight at Fleetwood hill, one of the most famous cavalry battles of the war, and in other cavalry engagements which preceded the Gettysburg campaign. He was engaged on the second and third days of the battle of Gettysburg, aided in the protection of the army trains on the retreat, and participated in the Bristoe campaign with the division of General Hampton. In the spring of 1864 he was promoted major and placed in command of the artillery of the cavalry corps, consisting of the batteries of Breathed, McGregor, Thompson, Hart and Shoemaker, of four guns each. In this capacity he served throughout the campaign of 1864, beginning with participation in the battle of May 5th, at the Wilderness. At Trevilian's he materially aided in the discomfiture of Sheridan, General Hampton reporting that "the artillery under Major Chew was admirably handled and did good service." In the fall of that year the cavalry corps was reorganized and General Hampton placed in command of the five divisions, and Major Chew was promoted lieutenant-colonel and chief of horse artillery, in command of the corresponding five battalions of two batteries each, including 40 guns and 1,200 men. In this rank he served until the close of the war under Generals Hampton and Fitzhugh Lee, taking part in the fighting around Petersburg up to and including the last day of occupation, and the battle of Five Forks, and during the retreat protected the rear, fighting at Sailor's creek and all the way to Appomattox. After taking part in the engagement at the latter place he escaped before the surrender with about 30 men and joined the army of General Johnston, with whom he surrendered. He then returned to Jefferson county, where he is now an influential citizen. He has represented his county during three consecutive legislatures in West Virginia. In 1871 Colonel Chew was married to Louisa F., daughter of the late John A. Washington, who served with the rank of lieutenant-colonel upon the staff of Gen. R. E. Lee, until he fell in the discharge of duty, during the West Virginia campaign of 1861.
CAPTAIN WILLIAM B. COLSTON, of Martinsburg, W. Va., a veteran of the Stonewall brigade and now a prominent citizen of Berkeley county, of which he is a native, was born in 1836. He was educated at the Episcopal high school near Alexandria, and at the university of Virginia, and in April, 1861, entered the Confederate service as a private in the Hedgesville Blues, organized in Berkeley in 1859. This organization became Company E of the Second Virginia infantry, Stonewall brigade, and was the color company. About three months after enlistment he was made orderly-sergeant, and at the reorganization of the army in 1862, was elected first lieutenant. In the spring of 1863 he was promoted captain, and during the remainder of his service he had command of the company. Serving under General Jackson in the Valley campaign of 1862, he was severely wounded in the left hip at the battle of Kernstown, and disabled four months in consequence; then returning to his regiment he fought at Cedar mountain and Second Manassas. In the battle of Fredericksburg, December 13, 1862, he received a second wound, of a very serious nature, and eight months passed, six of which he was confined to his bed, before he was again fit for duty. His next important battle was Mine Run, where his brother, Raleigh T. Colston, colonel of the Second regiment, was killed. The severe wounds he had received now prevented him from further active service in the field, and he was assigned to post duty at Charlottesville. Six months later, however, tired of this inaction, he went to Petersburg, and bearing recommendations from his superior officers, applied to Gen. Clement A. Evans, commanding a division including the Stonewall brigade, for a position on his staff, which was granted by the general. Captain Colston then returned to Charlottesville to procure a horse, and on his way to rejoin General Evans, he was captured by the enemy at Farmville and paroled, the army having been surrendered. In 1863 he was elected by the soldiers from Berkeley county, then in the hands of the enemy, as representative in the legislature, and he served in that capacity during two winters, in addition to his military duties. Returning to his home after the close of hostilities he was engaged in farming until 1872. Since then he has occupied an honorable and conspicuous place in the affairs of Martinsburg and the county as a public official and journalist. From 1876 till 1880 he held the office of county assessor; from 1880 to 1884 was magistrate of the county; in March, 1885, was appointed postmaster of Martinsburg for a term of four years, and in 1890 was elected clerk of the circuit court, a position he held for six years. He has the honor of being the only Democrat who has held the latter office in Berkeley county since the war. From 1883 until 1889 he had editorial charge of the Martinsburg Statesman, which he conducted with marked ability. Captain Colston was married in 1866 to Minnie Summers, and they have four children: Susan S., Jane B., Elizabeth M., and Sophie H. The third of the Colston brothers who served in the Confederate cause was Edward, a private in the Second Virginia cavalry from 1862 until Appomattox, where he lost his left arm. He is now a prominent attorney at Cincinnati, Ohio.
LIEUTENANT WILLIAM A. CRACRAFT, chief surgeon of the West Virginia division of the United Confederate Veterans, now residing at Elm Grove, Ohio county, was born in Claysville, Pa., February 23, 1844. In 1848 his family removed to Triadelphia, Ohio county, where he was reared, receiving his academic education at West Alexander, Pa. Though but seventeen years of age at the outbreak of the war, he entered the Confederate service in 1861, as a private in Shriver's Grays, Company G of the Twenty-seventh Virginia infantry, Stonewall brigade. In Jackson's command in the Shenandoah valley he participated in all the operations during the winter of 1861-62, and until the battle of Kernstown, when he was among the captured. As a prisoner of war he was held at Fort Delaware from the latter part of March until August, 1862, then being exchanged at Aiken's landing. He at once rejoined his command, and though his year's enlistment had expired, participated in the battles of Second Manassas, Harper's Ferry and Sharpburg, when he accepted an honorable discharge, and going to Richmond re-enlisted in the cavalry service. He was detailed for recruiting service in Rockbridge county, where, and in adjoining counties, he was successful in organizing two companies of cavalry, afterward known as Lady's battalion, which formed part of the Twentienth Virginia cavalry, under Col. W. W. Arnett. brigade of Gen. W. L. Jackson. In this command Dr. Cracraft was commissioned lieutenant of Company I, the rank in which he served during the remainder of the war. As a cavalry officer he participated in a large number of battles, mainly in the Shenandoah valley and in West Virginia, and was distinguished throughout for soldierly conduct and personal daring, as well as skill in command. Among these cavalry actions the most important were those at Beverly and Bulltown, W. Va., Droop mountain, Mill Point, Panther's gap, Staunton, Waynesboro, Lynchburg, Monocacy, Md., the demonstrations before Washington. D. C., during Early's expedition, a skirmish on the old battlefield of Sharpsburg, Shepherdstown, Smithfield, Leetown and Winchester, September 17, 1864. At Fisher's Hill, soon after the battle of Winchester, he was badly hurt by the explosion of a shell, which has seriously affected his hearing to the present time and was compelled to accept a furlough of three weeks. Returning to his company in time to participate in the surprise of Sheridan's army at Cedar creek, also Lynchburg, he continued on duty in the valley during the remainder of the war, taking part in various minor actions, and being engaged in a scouting expedition in command of thirty men, at the time of the surrender of the army of Northern Virginia. He was paroled at Clarksburg, Va., in May, 1865, and soon afterward went to Staunton, where he procured a duplicate parole from General Duval, having lost the original. Leaving Staunton in June 1865, he returned to his home at Triadelphia, and entered upon the study of medicine, a profession in which his father was distinguished. He attended the university of Virginia during 1866 and 1867, where he received his medical education. After practicing at Triadelphia four years, he made his home at Elm Grove. He is regarded as one of the leading physicians of Ohio county, and has been notably successful in his professional career. From 1872 to 1893 he was physician to the county infirmary, and in 1892 he was appointed physician to the Home of the Aged at Altenheim. His appointment as chief surgeon of the West Virginia division, United Confederate Veterans, was made in 1897. Dr. George A. Cracraft, father of the foregoing, also served devotedly in the Confederate cause, from just before the battle of Gettysburg until the close of the war, as surgeon, with the rank of major, first with Gen. A. G. Jenkins' cavalry and later with the Nineteenth Virginia cavalry regiment. He was a native of Pennsylvania, born in 1815, suffered banishment from Triadelphia in 1863, on account of his sympathy with the South, and after the restoration of peace survived until April, 1888.
CAPTAIN GEORGE CULLEN, a prominent citizen of Huntington, W. Va., is a deserving veteran of Early's division of the army of Northern Virginia. He is a native of Orange Court House, Va., and during the John Brown episode of 1859, served with the Montpelier Guards, a militia company which was ordered to Harper's Ferry, and escorted john Brown to the gallows. In April, 1861, he entered the active service as first lieutenant of his company, which was assigned as Company A to the Thirteenth Virginia infantry regiment. In the spring of 1862, he was elected captain of the company, the rank in which he served during the remainder of the war, also during a large part of the time acting in command of the regiment. In the brigade of General Elzey and the division of General Ewell he took part in the Shenandoah Valley campaign of 1862, fighting at Kernstown, Front Royal, Cross Keys and Port Republic. He continued to serve in Jackson's command through the Seven Days' battles and at Cedar mountain, Winchester, Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, and afterward shared the operations of Ewell's corps at the Wilderness, in the defense of Petersburg, and on the retreat to Appomattox, where he was surrendered and paroled. He was wounded many times, seriously at Cedar mountain in the shoulder and leg, and again very severely at the Wilderness battle, when a ball penetrated his head over the right eye, and passing through cracked the skull at the back. Notwithstanding this apparently fatal injury, he walked sixteen miles to Orange Court House that day, but he was disabled for some time afterward. After the close of hostilities he remained at home until 1871, when he made his home at Huntington, W. Va. There he has attained a high standing in the community and is a popular and influential citizen. He has been twice elected mayor of the city, and has served several years as councilman and street commissioner.
CAPTAIN JAMES NEWKIRK CUNNINGHAM, of Martinsburg, W. Va., born in Berkeley county in 1838, was previous to the war of the Confederacy a member of a cavalry company commanded by John B. Hoge. He entered the service as corporal of this company April 19, 1861, his command becoming Company B of the First Virginia cavalry, of Stuart's brigade. At the reorganization in 1862 he was elected first lieutenant, and in the spring of 1863 he was detailed by General Wickham as provost. marshal of the brigade. He continued in this duty, having 20 men under his command, until the spring of 1864. While escorting 317 Federals, captured at Spottsylvania, he was met near Beaver Dam Station by Sheridans command, overpowered and the prisoners released. On the following day, at the battle of Yellow Tavern, Captain Hammond, of Company B, was killed, and Cunningham was promoted captain and given command of his company. Among the numerous engagements in which he participated are First Manassas, Fredericksburg, Sharpsburg, Tom's Brook, Gettysburg, Chancellorsville, the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Yellow Tavern, Beaver Dam, Brandy Station, Woodstock and Front Royal. He was wounded at Front Royal and again at Woodstock, disabling him for further service. He was paroled at New Market exactly four years from the time of his enlistment. Since then he has been engaged in farming. Two brothers of Captain Cunningham served with him in Company B, First cavalry: James L., now living in Berkeley county, who was wounded and captured at Gettysburg, and held in prison until the close of the war, and Charles A., who was killed at the battle of Winchester, September, 1864.
MAJOR ROBERT WOOD DAILEY, M. D., of Romney, W. Va., a medical officer of the army of Northern Virginia, was born in 1821, at the town where he now resides. He was orphaned at an early age by the death of his father, and was reared by his mother at her old home at Winchester, and educated at the Winchester academy, a noted school of that day, presided over by John Bruce. In 1842 he was graduated in medicine at the university of Pennsylvania, at Philadelphia, and then located for the practice at Romney until 1852, when he removed to Cumberland, Md. He was occupied in his profession at the latter place at the outbreak of the war, and in June, 1861, he went to Richmond, and being commissioned surgeon, was assigned to Taliaferro's brigade as brigade surgeon, with the rank of major. He served in this capacity two years, accompanying his command in the field through Jackson's campaign in the valley, the Seven Days' battles before Richmond, and at Cedar Run and Fredericksburg battles. Subsequently he was in charge of the general hospital at Lexington, Va., one year, until the hospital was closed, and he was then appointed senior surgeon of a conscript medical examining board, with headquarters at Lexington. He continued to serve in this department, rendering important services in the recruiting of the Confederate army, until the close of the war. He then returned to Romney, where he has ever since been engaged in professional work. For twenty years he has served as physician to the deaf, dumb and b1illd schoo1s at Romney. Dr. Dailey is a descendant in the fourth generation of James Wood, a native of Winchester, England, and a lieutenant in the British navy, who founded the town of Winchester, Va. His great-uncle, James Wood, was a colonel in the Revolutionary army, and governor of Virginia from 1796 to 1799, inclusive. Two sons of Dr. Dailey served in the Confederate cause: Benjamin Dailey, now living at Moorefield, who was with General Rosser as a courier from 1862 to Appomattox, and was shot through the left lung at Spottsylania, and James Dailey, now residing at Romney, who served as a private in Chew's battery, from 1863 to the close of the war.
BENAJAH THOMAS DAVIS, now a prominent druggist of Huntington, W. Va., was born at Richmond, Va., in the year 1842. He was reared and educated at that city, and there enlisted at the age of nineteen years in April, 1861, as a private in an infantry company, which was assigned as Company B to the First Virginia regiment. After a service of two months he was honorably discharged on account of physical disability. Soon afterward and while still unfitted for field duty, he was appointed warden of Camp Lee hospital at Richmond, a post he held for about eight months. In April, 1864, just before the opening of the Wilderness campaign, he volunteered as a private in Company I of the Tenth Virginia cavalry, brigade of (ten. W. H. F. Lee, whose operations he shared until the close of hostilities. About six months after his enlistment he was promoted sergeant of his company. His record as a cavalryman during this last year of the war was one of great activity, bravery and devotion. He fought at Spottsylvania Court House, Cold Harbor, White Oak creek, Stony creek, Hatcher's Run, the brilliant raid which resulted in the capture of cattle destined for Grant's army, many skirmishes before Petersburg, and finally the battle of Five Forks. He was wounded at Stony creek and while engaged in the cattle raid, and was paroled at Farmville after the surrender. His civil life since then, after the first three years, which he passed in farming on the James river, has been devoted to business pursuits. After residing successively at Columbus, Ohio, and Richmond, Va., he made his home at Huntington in 1872, and embarked in the drug trade, which he has since conducted with much success.
JAMES WARD DAVIS, of Lewisburg, W. Va., a practicing attorney since 1842, and during the past forty years a prominent lawyer and citizen of Greenbrier county, was born in Greenup county, Ky., January 17, 1819, He is the son of George Naylor Davis, who was born in Cecil county, Md., in 1781, removed to Kentucky in 1788, enlisted for the war of 1812 as lieutenant, and being promoted captain commanded a Kentucky company at the battle of the Thames, in which Tecumseh was killed. His brother, David Davis, and their father, Nicholas Davis, a native of Maryland, served in the war of the Revolution. The wife of George Naylor Davis was Harriet, daughter of Capt. Thomas Bragg of the Revolutionary army, who was a cousin of the grandfather of Gen. Braxton Bragg, C. S. A. Her mother was Lucy Blakemore, of Frederick county, Va., who died at Vanceburg, Ky., in 1862, at the age of ninety-nine years. General Washington was entertained at the home of her father, near Berryville, after the battle of Yorktown, and she frequently related to her grandson, yet living, that her brother George was a member of the general's staff, and that Washington called them all cousin, there being a somewhat remote kinship. James Ward Davis finished his education at Marietta college, Ohio, and was admitted to the practice of law in Kentucky in 1842. In 1849 he served one term in the Kentucky legislature. After practicing law in Greenup county fifteen years, he removed to Ohio and then to Greenbrier county, Va., and in 1860 was elected commonwealth attorney of Fayette county. He entered the Confederate service in April, 1861, as an aide-de-camp to General Wise, by whom he was sent to take charge of the militia in the counties of Wyoming, Logan and Boone. In Logan county, on September 25, 1861, in command of about 225 men, he fought the battle of Chapmansville, against the Thirty-fourth Ohio regiment, commanded by Colonel Piatt. He was severely wounded, a thumb and finger being shot off, his right arm broken, and a gunshot wound in the breast. Two days later he was captured and paroled, and after that saw no active service. In 1868 he resumed his professional work in Greenbrier county, and has since continuued in active practice without interruption. He was a delegate from Kentucky to the Baltimore Democratic convention which nominated Polk and Dallas, and from Ohio to the Cincinnati convention in 1856 which nominated Buchanan and Breckinridge. He was a delegate from Virginia to the Charleston and Baltimore conventions of 1860, and was a candidate for elector at large on the Douglas ticket. In 1876 he was a delegate from West Virginia to the Cincinnati convention, and made an address seconding the nomination of Hayes, and in 1880 he was chosen as a delegate to the Republican national convention at Chicago. He has frequently been called upon to act as special judge, invariably winning the compliments of the bar and local press. At the May term, 1895, of the Fayette circuit court he was elected special judge, and at the close of the session resolutions were adopted in recognition of the ability, fairness and courtesy displayed in the discharge of the duties of the office. He is yet, at nearly eighty years of age, capable of remarkable physical and mental activity, and maintains an honored place among the members of his profession. In religious faith he is a Presbyterian. May 30, 1844, he was married to Margaret Lynn Stuart, daughter of Lewis and Sarah (Lewis) Stuart, and granddaughter of Col. John Stuart, who commanded a company at the Indian battle of Point Pleasant, October 10, 1774, in which his brother-in-law, Charles Lewis, was killed. In 1795 Colonel Stuart entertained Volney, the Frenchman, afterward famous as an author, who was sent to him by Washington, with a letter of introduction, to view what the President pronounced the best part of America, Greenbrier county.
CAPTAIN ROBERT FLOURNOY DENNIS, late of Lewisburg, Va., a devoted friend of the Southern cause, was born in Charlotte county, Va., September 18, 1823, the son of Col. William H. Dennis, for many years a member of the Virginia senate, and president of that body. He was graduated at Washington college with first honors in 1845, studied law at the university of Virginia, and in 1849 embarked in the practice at Lewisburg. He served eight years as prosecuting attorney in the counties of Greenbrier, Pocahontas and Fayette, and attained great prominence as a lawyer. At the outbreak of the war he organized the first company of volunteer infantry which entered the Confederate army from Greenbrier county, and in command of this company was ordered to Harper's Ferry, where he was attached to the Twenty-seventh regiment, Virginia volunteers, of T. J. Jackson's brigade, afterward known as the Stonewall brigade. He commanded bis company in the first battle of Manassas, in the Romney expedition and the battle of Kernstown. Under the act of Congress reorganizing the army, Captain Dennis was exempted by age from active service, and he accepted a position in the transportation department, in which he served until June, 1864, when he was captured by a Federal command at Crow's Tavern, in Alleghany county. He was subsequently held as a prisoner of war at Camp Chase, Ohio, until February, 1865. Resuming his law practice as soon as possible after the war, he continued in this profession until his death in October, 1897. From 1876 to 1884 he served with distinction in the State senate, the greater part of the time as chairman of the judiciary committee, also as chairman of the commission for the revision of the West Virginia statutes.
WILLIS W. DICKIE, of Bluefield, W. Va., whose professional skill and devotion to duty as a surgeon of the Confederate army are well remembered by many a veteran throughout the South, was born in Spartan burg district, S. C., in 1834. Thence he removed in childhood to Talladega county, Ala., and from that locality in 1852 to Huntsville. Returning to Talladega two years later he entered upon the study of medicine with Dr. Nicholls, and was graduated in 1857 at the Charleston, S. C., medical college. Then making his home in Calhoun county, Ala., he practiced his profession there until June, 1861, when he entered the Confederate service. At first preferring the duty of a soldier in the ranks he served as a private in the Tenth Alabama regiment, Col. John J. Woodward, and participated in the Peninsular campaign in Virginia, in 1862, in the brigade of Gen. Cadmus M. Wilcox. He took part in the defense of Yorktown, and the battles of Williamsburg and Seven Pines, and fought with his brigade through the Seven Days' campaign against McClellan. Subsequently, with Longstreet's corps, he participated in the battles of Second Manassas and was wounded in the head by a fragment of shell. On account of this injury he was in hospital for six weeks, and on convalescence was detailed to wait upon Major Martin, of the Tenth Alabama regiment, who had been wounded by the same explosion in the battle of Manassas. At a later date Private Dickie was appointed assistant surgeon and assigned to the hospitals at Richmond. After the battle of Sharpsburg he was sent to Winchester, Va., with the reserve corps of surgeons, where he served in the hospital about four months. When the Federals took possession of the town he escaped with ninety convalescents, whom he brought in safety to Staunton. He then reported to duty at Richmond, and was ordered to report at Charleston, S. C. In this department he was assigned first to Columbus, Ga., and about ten weeks later to Atlanta, where he remained six weeks. Then returning to Richmond he was assigned to duty at Chimborazo hospital, where he remained until the close of hostilities. Since the war he has been engaged in the practice of medicine, and is now in the enjoyment of a successful practice at Bluefield.
JOHN Q. DICKINSON, now a prosperous citizen of Charleston, W. Va., rendered his service as a Confederate soldier in the famous cavalry corps led by Stuart, Hampton and Fitzhugh Lee. He was born in Bedford county, Va., in 1831, and was reared and educated in his native county. In April, 1862, he enlisted as a private in Company A of the Second Virginia cavalry regiment, under Col. T. T. Munford, with whom he served as a private until he was captured near Charlottesville, in February, 1864. The remainder of his service he very unwillingly passed amid the deprivations and misery of military prison life at the Old Capitol, Washington, and Fort Delaware, until he was finally released, in June, 1865. While in the field he participated in a number of the famous battles of the war, and many others of less note but spirited character, including the engagements of Jackson's Valley campaign at Winchester, Harrisonburg, Cross Keys, Port Republic, and Waynesboro, the Seven Days' campaign, Fredericksburg, Brandy Station, of June, 1863, and several minor fights in the same vicinity; the defeat of Milroy at Winchester, and Harper's Ferry. After the close of hostilities he removed to Morgan, Kanawha county, W. Va., and embarked in the salt industry, which he engaged in for a considerable time with much success, and is still connected with. About the year 1888 he made his home at the West Virginia capital and became president of the Kanawha Valley hank. He still holds this prominent financial position and is conspicuous among the business leaders of the valley. In 1864 he was married to Mary D., daughter of the late John D. Lewis, of Bedford county, Va.
LIEUTENANT PATRICK F. DUFFY, of Charleston, W. Va., ex-auditor of State and president of one of the banking institutions of the State capital, served during the Confederate war as one of the soldiers of the gallant Thirty-sixth regiment. He was born in Ireland, March 15, 1840, the son of Michael and Margaret (Fee) Duffy, and accompanied his parents to America in 1855. They settled in Nicholas county, where a few years later young Duffy enlisted in the Confederate cause, his sympathies being heartily with the South in her struggle for independence. He became a member of Company F, of the Thirty-sixth Virginia regiment, in June, 1861, and after participating in the Kanawha valley campaign of 1861, including the engagements at Cross Lanes and Carnifex Ferry, was promoted lieutenant of his company in the spring of 1862. He took part in the battle of Fort Donelson, with his regiment, ear1y in 1862, receiving a severe flesh wound in this famous engagement, and subsequent1y returning with the command to Virginia, took part in various campaigns in western Virginia and the valley, including the actions at Pearisburg, Fayetteville, C1oyd's Mountain, and Piedmont. In the latter action, in June, 1864, he was taken prisoner by the Union forces and sent to Camp Morton, Indiana, and thence to Johnson's island, where he was held until April, 1865. He was subsequently at Fort Delaware two months, and finally was paroled in June, 1865. Lieutenant Duffy then returned to West Virginia, and making his home at Webster Court House, was engaged in mercantile pursuits about fifteen years. In the meantime he became well known for his active and intelligent interest in political affairs, and his influence in this channel was largely increased during his four years' service as sheriff of Webster county, from 1876 until 1880. In 1884 he was a candidate for the office of auditor of State on the Democratic ticket and was elected, taking possession of that office for a four years' term in 1885. In 1888 he was re-elected. During his eight years' service as a State official he was distinguished for the faithful discharge of duty and a scrupulous regard for the interests of the people. When this official career was closed, in 1893, he continued his residence at the State capital, and was elected president of the Commercial Savings bank of Charleston, a position he yet holds.
MAJOR BENJAMIN F. EAKLE, of Lewisburg, W. Va., was distinguished among the Confederate soldiers of the Greenbrier region in the campaigns in West Virginia, the Shenandoah valley, and with Stuart's cavalry of the army of Northern Virginia. He was born in Augusta county, Va., August 7, 1826, and about the year 1847 removed to Greenbrier county, and made his home at White Sulphur Springs. In 1858 he engaged in the mercantile business at Lewisburg. In April, 1861, he enlisted in the Greenbrier cavalry, and being elected lieutenant served in that rank until the company was disbanded in the fall of 1861. He then went to Richmond and obtained authority to organize a new company of cavalry. This organization he completed in March, 1862, and he was elected captain, and assigned to duty with his command in Greenbrier and that vicinity. During the summer and fall of 1862 he served with his company under the command of General Loring and later under General Echols, in the movement down the Kanawha valley, and in the following winter was detailed on scouting duty in Greenbrier, Morrow and Mercer counties. His company was assigned, in the following spring, as Company K, to the Fourteenth Virginia cavalry, Col. James Cochrane commanding, in the brigade of Gen. A. G. Jenkins, and Captain Eakle was elected major of the regiment. In this rank he rendered the remainder of his service. Among the engagements in which he participated perhaps the most important were the fighting at Laurel Hill and Carrick's Ford, in the command of the lamented Garnett, the engagement at Chambersburg, Pa., in 1863; the cavalry fight on the third day of Gettysburg, when he had a horse killed under him, Shepherdstown and Culpeper Court House; the fighting with Hunter from Staunton to Lynchburg and at the latter place; Monocacy, Opequan, Winchester (September 19, 1864), and Cedar Creek. At the battle of Monocacy he was shot through the body, but was again in the saddle six weeks later. At the battle of Cedar Creek, October, 1864, he was captured by the enemy, and he subsequently experienced many weary months at Fort Delaware, not being released until July 25, 1865. Major Ballard acted as manager of the Exchange and Ballard hotels at Richmond from 1865 to 1872, and subsequently was connected with the White Sulphur Springs hotel as chief clerk, and later as general manager. Since 1894 he has been engaged in agriculture and stock-raising in Greenbrier county. Despite his more than four years of service in the field and prison camp, he is yet a man of fine physique, and though retired from business, actively enjoys the comforts of life and the rewards of an honorable and successful career.
CHARLES JAMES FAULKNER, of West Virginia, distinguished as a jurist and statesman in the annals of the original State of Virginia, was born in Berkeley county, at Martinsburg, in 1806, was graduated at Georgetown university, studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1829. In 1831 he entered the Virginia house of delegates, where he advocated the gradual emancipation of the blacks. He served as a commissioner on the Maryland boundary and was elected State senator in 1841. In 1848 he was again elected to the house of delegates and in 1850 was a member of the State constitutional convention. In the meantime he had gained a wide reputation as a jurist, and prominence as one of the rising statesmen of Virginia. Up to 1852 he was a Whig, but refusing to follow his party in the support of Scott, he joined the Democracy in successful advocacy of the election of Pierce. Prior to Buchanan's administration he served four terms in the United States Congress as the representative of what was the Tenth legion of the Democracy of Virginia. Such was his prominence at this period that during President Buchanan's administration Faulkner was assigned to the important post of minister to France. He arrived in Paris February 18, 1860, and was presented to the Emperor March 4th. He was soon required to handle questions of immense importance, the claims of the Confederate States for recognition, and the impending alliance of European powers for the establishment of imperial power in Mexico. His voluminous reports, all now on file at Washington, and the testimony of many of the most reputable people who were advised of his conduct as representative of the United States in France, conclusively show that while filling this position he was true to his trust. It was in accordance with the clear enunciations of the Washington government that he represented to Napoleon's minister that the United States did not contemplate coercion of the seceding States, and his prompt remonstrance against the tripartite attempt on Mexico elicited the thanks of the home government. Yet after the Confederate government had been established, he sympathized with its objects, and he became the victim of misrepresentation. Resigning after the inauguration of President Lincoln, he returned to America in August, 1861, and was at once treated as a citizen of the Confederate States by the Federal authorities, who, under the "war power," seized and confined him as a hostage for the treasurer of Pennsylvania, who had been captured and detained at Richmond. He was held about one month at Washington, six weeks in Fort Lafayette and six weeks at Fort Warren. During this detention he received marked attention from distinguished men of the Northern cities. After his exchange for Congressman Ely, in December, 1861, he lived for some months with his son-in-law, Thomas S. Bocock, in Appomattox, Va. He was appointed lieutenant-colonel and assistant adjutant-general on the staff of Gen. T. J. Jackson, and composed, from the rough notes of Gen. Stonewall Jackson, twenty-two of the official reports of that famous chieftain. After the war he returned to Berkeley county, and resumed the practice of law, in which he was distinguished before the Supreme court of the United States, as well as the courts of his State. He was a member of the State constitutional convention of 1872, and was a representative in Congress from 1875 to 1877, after which he declined re-election. His death occurred November 1, 1884.
CHARLES JAMES FAULKNER, since 1887 senator for West Virginia in the United States Congress, was born at "Boydville," the ancestral home of his family, at Martinsburg, Berkeley county, Va., September 21, 1847. His ancestor, Maj. James Faulkner, rendered distinguished service in the war of 1812. His father, Charles James Faulkner, congressman, minister of the United States to France, and assistant adjutant-general of Gen. T. J. Jackson, won by his ability, dignity and patriotism, a permanent place in history. At the age of twelve years he accompanied his father to Paris, and was given the advantages of study in the schools of that city and Switzerland. In August, 1861, he returned to America with his father, who was, upon arrival in the North, seized and held as a hostage for a prominent Pennsylvanian imprisoned at the South. Young Faulkner then went to Virginia, and in 1862, at the age of fifteen years, entered the Virginia military institute at Lexington. As a cadet at this institution, under the command of Col. Scott Shipp, military commandant, he took part in various military services, notably the battle of New Market, May 15, 1864. In this action the cadets behaved like veterans, advancing against the enemy in the face of a withering fire of artillery and musketry in which it seemed impossible that a living thing could escape, and finally driving the Federal forces in confusion across the river. During the battle it rained almost incessantly, but the brave boys of the institute, wet, hungry, and many of them shoe less, bore their hardships and losses with the heroism of old soldiers. In this brilliant Confederate victory Cadet Faulkner was distinguished for the capture, single-handed, of twenty-two Federal soldiers, whom he took to the rear. While thus occupied he met General Breckinridge, commander of the Confederate forces on this field, who, in recognition of Faulkner's gallantry, appointed him aide-de-camp upon his staff, with the rank of lieutenant. He served with Breckinridge in the valley and through the campaign against Washington, and until the general was appointed secretary of war in February, 1865, when he was transferred to the staff of Gen. Henry A. Wise, in command of a brigade of Anderson's corps. In this latter capacity he served until Appomattox, when he surrendered and was paroled with General Wise. After New Market, Lieutenant Faulkner participated in a considerable number of battles, in all of which he demonstrated soldierly qualities, such as Hatcher's Run, High Bridge, Lexington, and all the fights of his division during the retreat from Richmond. It is illustrative of the devotion of Senator Faulkner and his father to the Confederate cause, as well as of the devastation of war, that before Chambersburg, Pa., was raided, General Hunter issued an order to this effect: "Capt. F. G. Martindale, First New York cavalry, will proceed with the cavalry under his command, to Martinsburg, W. Va., and burn the dwelling-house and out-buildings of Charles J. Faulkner, not permitting anything to be taken therefrom except the family." Returning to his home after hostilities ceased, Senator Faulkner studied law under his father's tutelage, and then entering the university of Virginia, was graduated in law in 1868, and was admitted to the bar in the same year. He soon attained a prominent position among the lawyers of his circuit, and in October, 1880, his abilities as a jurist were recognized by election to the position of judge of the Thirteenth judicial circuit. His record upon the bench was such as to extend his reputation throughout the State as an able lawyer and a self- reliant and honorable public official. Meanwhile he had taken such a part in the stirring political events of his State that he was considered one of the strongest men of the Democratic party. It followed naturally that on May 5, r 887, he was called upon to resign his seat as judge to accept at the hands of the legislature a seat in the senate of the United States. His first election was to succeed J. N. Camden, and pursuant to this he served until 1893, when by re-election he entered upon a second term which expired in 1899. Since the beginning of his service as senator he has been prominent in the politics of the State and nation, and has held the positions of chairman of the Democratic State conventions of 1888 and 1892, and of the Democratic congressional campaign committee in 1894 and 1896. In the senate he served upon some of the most important committees, where his ability for work and clear comprehension of the true functions of government have been invaluable to the country. Among the committees upon which he has been distinguished are claims, pensions, appropriations, district of Columbia, immigration, Pacific railroad, railroads, territories and judiciary. At the session of 1888-89 he framed and secured the passage of a bill to prevent food and drug adulterations, the first general law on that subject. He also prepared and had passed through committee a bill regulating the railroad systems of the district. He was one of the prominent leaders in the great parliamentary contest in which the force bill was defeated, holding the floor at one time continuously for the period of twelve hours. At the same time he has been watchful of the special interests of his own State, in which his popularity has kept pace with his advancement in public life. Senator Faulkner's social qualities are attractive in a degree no less marked than the strength of his intellectual equipments, and he is altogether well adapted for the high position he holds and for still more distinguished service for his State and for the nation. He is a prominent member of the Masonic order, and in 1879 held the chair of grand master of the grand lodge of West Virginia. On November 25, 1869, he was married to Miss Sallie Winn, of Charlottesville, Va., and they have five children. She died the 31st of March, 1891, and he was again married, on the 3d day of January, 1894, to Miss Virginia Fairfax Whiting, of Hampton, Va., by whom he has had one child. He was appointed by the senate in 1898 as a member of the joint commission of the two houses to investigate the receipts and expenditures of the post-office department. He was also appointed by the President, on the 19th of September, 1898, a member of the joint high Anglo-American commission to settle by treaty a number of important questions growing out of the relations of this country with the Dominion of Canada.
E. BOYD FAULKNER, of Martinsburg, W. Va., a son of Charles James Faulkner, United States minister to France at the outbreak of the Confederate war, was born at Martinsburg in July, 1841. He is a grandson of Gen. Elisha Boyd, and kinsman to a number of prominent Virginia families, including the Hunters, Holmes, Tuckers, and Bococks. One of his ancestors, Captain Mackey, commanded a Pennsylvania regiment at the battle of Brandywine. His education was obtained at Georgetown college and the university of Virginia, and during his father's stay at the French court he traveled in Switzerland and Italy, and studied in the French college at Paris. At the age of eighteen years he was acting secretary of legation at Paris. Returning to America in the summer of 1861 he promptly allied himself with the Wise artillery, was wounded at the first battle of Manassas, and was soon afterward appointed aide-de-camp on the staff of Governor Letcher, with the rank of lieutenant-colonel of cavalry in the State service. He was also a member of the Rockbridge artillery, and first lieutenant in Colonel Porter's regiment. On reaching the age of twenty-one years he was commissioned captain in the provisional army of the Confederate States, his rank during the remainder of his service. He participated in a number of noted battles, including Cedar Mountain, Manassas, and Fredericksburg. During the Valley campaign of 1864 he served as assistant adjutant-general of the Second brigade of the army, and was distinguished for gallant service. Col. B. H. Jones, commander of the First brigade, in a report of the battle of Piedmont, refers to Captain Faulkner as "exhibiting a reckless daring." In this battle Captain Faulkner was captured by the enemy, and he was subsequently held in captivity at Johnson's island for more than a year, not being released until June, 1865. He then prepared himself for the practice of law, and being disbarred in his own State at that time on account of the "test oath," he formed a law partnership in 1868 with Judge R. T. Petree, at Hopkinsville, Ky. While in Kentucky he was an assistant elector on the Democratic ticket of 1868. Returning to his old home at Martinsburg in 1872, he has maintained his residence there, and has confined himself to the practice of law, legislative service and the administration of justice. As a lawyer he has displayed remarkable capacity and force, and upon the bench his fidelity to the public interests, his painstaking and conscientious labors, and lucid expositions of the law, have adorned the judicial service of the State. In 1876 he was elected to the West Virginia house of delegates, and in 1878 he was sent to the State senate where he declined the presidency, but rendered important service as chairman of various committees. In 1880, with Judge Dennis, he was appointed on the commission to revise the statutes, and his work was subsequently adopted by the legislature. In 1884 he entered the political arena as a candidate for the Democratic nomination for governor, and in one of the largest conventions ever held in the State was defeated by ten votes, by the combined opposition of other candidates. During President Cleveland's first administration he was tendered the positions of consul-general to Egypt and minister to Persia but declined these offices, as he subsequently declined to become a candidate for the governorship, the court of appeals, and Congress. For a considerable period he was counsel for the Baltimore & Ohio and Cumberland Valley railroads, and other corporations in Berkeley and adjoining counties. His career upon the bench began in 1892, when he was appointed and subsequently elected judge of the Thirteenth judicial circuit, embracing the counties in the eastern pan-handle. In November, 1896, he was re-elected for eight years, the Republican party declining to nominate anyone in opposition. He has also effectively served the public interests in various other capacities. In 1868 he was married to Miss Susan Campbell, of Kentucky, and they have one child living.
LIEUTENANT S. W. N. FEAMSTER, of Greenbrier county, W. Va., of which he is a native, born in 1836, entered the service at the outbreak of the war of the Confederacy as first lieutenant of the Greenbrier cavalry, a company of which he had held the rank of second lieutenant for some time previous to the enlistment. He continued in this rank until the fall of 1861, when the company was disbanded on account of the many deaths and the sickness of its members. In the spring of 1862 another cavalry company was formed, commanded by Capt. M. B. White, in which Feamster served as second lieutenant during the remainder of the war, at the time of the surrender being in command of the company, which had been assigned to the Fourteenth Virginia cavalry as Company A. During the war he participated in many cavalry affairs and battles, including those at Laurel Hill, Martinsburg, Lewisburg, Timberville, Droop Mounulin, South Mountain, Gettysburg, Brandy Station, Monocacy, and Early's battle with Sheridan at Winchester. He was wounded in the shoulder at Charlestown and in the breast at Timberville. Since the war he has been engaged in farming in Greenbrier county.
LIEUTENANT GEORGE S. FEENY, prominently connected with the wholesale trade of Wheeling, W. Va., was born in that city in the year 1841. In the fall of 1861 he entered the Confederate service as a private in Company G. of the Twenty-seventh Virginia regiment, Stonewall brigade. With the battles and campaigns of this command he was identified until just after the arduous campaign against McClellan before Richmond, when he was seized with typhoid fever, and disabled for some time for active duty. About three months after this illness began he was able to accept duty upon the staff of Maj. J. C. Johnson, with the rank of first lieutenant, to which he was promoted in recognition of his gallant and meritorious services. He served in the department of southwest Virginia and east Tennessee during the remainder of the war, was surrendered at the close with the army of General Johnston and was paroled at Augusta, Ga. The prominent battles in which he was engaged were those of Stonewall Jackson's corps in the Shenandoah valley, Kernstown, Port Republic, Cross Keys, Winchester, and Front Royal, and the Seven Days' fighting before Richmond. He was once captured by the enemy near Bristol, Tenn., and was recaptured near Jonesboro within a week. Soon after his parole he returned to Wheeling, where he has resided since, except two years spent at Cincinnati, and is now engaged in the wholesale grocery business. Mr. Feeny is the son of Hugh F. Feeny, born in Ireland in 1797, who came to America in early manhood, settling first at Louisville, Ky., where he engaged in mercantile business. Subsequently residing at Montezuma, Ind., he was elected to the State senate about 1828. He made his home at Wheeling about 1840, served as chief clerk in the postoffice many years, and was appointed postmaster by President Buchanan, after which he served as city clerk until 1872, the year of his death. While a citizen of Kentucky he was appointed in 1821 second lieutenant of militia and in 1824 captain of light artillery by Governor Adair. In 1829 he was commissioned by Gov. James B. Ray lieutenant-colonel of the Fiftieth regiment, Indiana militia.
SYDNOR GILBERT FERGUSON, a distinguished divine of the Methodist Episcopal church South, was in his youth a member of Mosby's cavalry command, and identified with some of the most famous achievements of that daring body of troopers. He was born in Fauquier county, November 12, 1845. and in his eighteenth year, October, 1863, enlisted in the command of Colonel Mosby as a private. He soon afterward participated in the capture of a Federal camp near Warrenton Springs, and in November aided in the capture of a large wagon train and three hundred mules at Brandy station. In a skirmish in Fairfax county, near the Chain bridge, in the same month, he received a severe wound, a bullet piercing his right arm, and on this account was disabled until February, 1864. In the following June Private Ferguson lead in the charge upon a body of Federal cavalry at Centreville, winning complimentary notice of his gallantry. In this action the enemy was defeated and a large number of prisoners were taken. On July 4th he was in the daring charge across the Potomac and the capture of Point of Rocks, on the Maryland side, and two days later he participated in the famous fight with the California battalion, under Major Forbes, near the old Zion church in Fauquier county, which resulted in the wiping out of the Federal battalion and the capture of its commander. In August he took part in the raid at Berryville, when Mosby's men burned a long train of wagons and captured a hundred prisoners, six hundred mules, two hundred and fifty cattle and sixty horses. The affair at Newtown, Frederick county, followed, in which Private Ferguson and his comrades captured a squad of cavalry escorting the mails. Mosby's men, fighting for their homes and animated by the most reckless daring, were practically invincible; but the odds against them were continually growing, and they were constantly called upon for greater daring and sturdier endurance. It is the chief glory of the command that they were always found equal to the emergency. They won new laurels in a terrible fight with the Eighth Illinois regiment about the house of Henry G. Delaney, near Upperville, in the fall of 1864, where Mosby, with about one hundred men, successfully engaged a Federal force of two hundred and fifty. Then came the "Blazer" fight at Myertown, Jefferson county, in which the Federal captain, Blazer, with one hundred men, in pursuit of Mosby's command, met with disaster, twenty-two of his men being killed and only fifteen escaping. In this fight Private Ferguson was distinguished by his capture of Captain Blazer, after pursuring him four miles and knocking him from his horse. In February, 1865, he took part in the action at Mount Carmel, Clarke county, in which forty of Mosby's men charged upon one hundred and twenty-five Federals and recaptured all the prisoners and all but one of the sixty horses the enemy had previously taken. Mr. Ferguson's adventurous service was ended by parole at Winchester, May 9, 1864, and he then returned to his home, and resumed his studies. He determined to enter the ministry, and after receiving private instruction, preached for eighteen months in Loudoun county. In September, 1869, he entered Randolph-Macon college, and studied there two years. In 1873 he was stationed for two years at Newtown, and after this he served one year at Front Royal, one year at Baltimore, four years at Charlestown, two years again at Front Royal, four years at Moorefield, one year in Woodstock county, four years as presiding elder of the Moorefield district, two years as presiding elder of the Lewisburg district, one year as pastor of Trinity church, Roanoke; four years at Fredericksburg, whence he was transferred to Martinsburg, W. Va., in the spring of 1897. In May, 1890, he was a member of the general conference of the church, at St.